Wednesday, April 16, 2008
Planning on moving your site to a new domain? Lots of webmasters find this a scary process. How do you do it without hurting your site's performance in Google search results?
Your aim is to make the transition invisible and seamless to the user, and to make sure that
Google knows that your new pages should get the same quality signals as the pages on your own
site. When you're moving your site, pesky
404 (File Not Found) errors can harm the user experience
and negatively impact your site's performance in Google search results.
Let's cover moving your site to a new domain (for instance, changing from
www.example.org). This is different from moving to a
new IP address; read
this post for more information on that.
Here are the main points:
Test the move process by moving the contents of one directory or subdomain first. Then use a
301Redirect to permanently redirect those pages on your old site to your new site. This tells Google and other search engines that your site has permanently moved.
Once this is complete, check to see that the pages on your new site are appearing in Google's
search results. When you're satisfied that the move is working correctly, you can move your
entire site. Don't do a blanket redirect directing all traffic from your old site to your new
home page. This will avoid
404errors, but it's not a good user experience. A page-to-page redirect (where each page on the old site gets redirected to the corresponding page on the new site) is more work, but gives your users a consistent and transparent experience. If there won't be a 1:1 match between pages on your old and new site, try to make sure that every page on your old site is at least redirected to a new page with similar content.
- If you're changing your domain because of site rebranding or redesign, you might want to think about doing this in two phases: first, move your site; and second, launch your redesign. This manages the amount of change your users see at any stage in the process, and can make the process seem smoother. Keeping the variables to a minimum also makes it easier to troubleshoot unexpected behavior.
external and internal links to pages on your site.
Ideally, you should contact the webmaster of each site that links to yours and ask them to
update the links to point to the page on your new domain. If this isn't practical, make sure
that all pages with incoming links are redirected to your new site. You should also check
internal links within your old site, and update them to point to your new domain. Once your
content is in place on your new server, use a link checker like
to make sure you don't have broken legacy links on your site. This is especially important if
your original content included absolute links (like
https://www.example.com/cooking/recipes/chocolatecake.html) instead of relative links (like
- To prevent confusion, it's best to make sure you retain control of your old site domain for at least 180 days.
- Add your new site to your Webmaster Tools account, and verify your ownership of it. Then create and submit a Sitemap listing the URLs on your new site. This tells Google that your content is now available on your new site, and that we should go and crawl it.
Finally, keep both your new and old site verified in Webmaster Tools, and review
regularly to make sure that the
301errors from the old site are working properly, and that the new site isn't showing unwanted
We'll admit it, moving is never easy - but these steps should help ensure that none of your good web reputation falls off the truck in the process.