تغيير خدمة الأحداث

تنظيم صفحاتك في مجموعات يمكنك حفظ المحتوى وتصنيفه حسب إعداداتك المفضّلة.

يوفر حدث التغيير تحليلاً مفصلاً لما تم تغييره في حسابك. عند الإبلاغ عن عملية إنشاء، يتم عرض جميع قيم الحقول الجديدة، وعند الإبلاغ عن عملية تحديث، يتم عرض القيم الجديدة والقديمة، مما يمنحك صورة كاملة للتغييرات الفردية.

علاوة على ذلك، تتم الإشارة إلى نوع البرنامج (مثل واجهة برمجة التطبيقات أو عميل الويب) الذي تم استخدامه لإجراء التغيير، وكذلك اسم المستخدم الذي أجرى التغيير، على افتراض أن المعلومات مرئية أيضًا في سجل التغييرات لبرنامج الويب.

تغيير أنواع الأحداث

تتتبّع خدمة "تغيير الحدث" حاليًا التغييرات التي طرأت على أنواع الموارد التالية:

نوع المورد القيمة
إعلان AD
المجموعة الإعلانية AD_GROUP
نوع الإعلان للمجموعة الإعلانية AD_GROUP_AD
معدِّل عروض أسعار المجموعات الإعلانية AD_GROUP_BID_MODIFIER
معيار المجموعة الإعلانية AD_GROUP_CRITERION
الحملة CAMPAIGN
ميزانية الحملة CAMPAIGN_BUDGET
معيار الحملة CAMPAIGN_CRITERION
خلاصة المجموعة الإعلانية AD_GROUP_FEED
خلاصة الحملة CAMPAIGN_FEED
الخلاصة FEED
عنصر الخلاصة FEED_ITEM
مادة العرض ASSET
مادة عرض العميل CUSTOMER_ASSET
مادة عرض الحملة CAMPAIGN_ASSET
مادة عرض المجموعة الإعلانية AD_GROUP_ASSET

طلب البحث

يجب فلترة قائمة التغييرات حسب التاريخ (يجب أن يكون النطاق الزمني خلال آخر 30 يومًا).

يجب أن يتضمّن طلب البحث أيضًا عبارة LIMIT تقصر النتائج على 10,000 صف كحدّ أقصى. إذا كنت مهتمًا بأكثر من 10000 نتيجة، فدوّن الطابع الزمني للإدخال الأخير في مجموعة النتائج المعروضة، ثم عيّن النطاق الزمني في طلب البحث التالي للبدء بعد ذلك الوقت للمتابعة من حيث توقفت.

يمكن أن يستغرق التغيير مدة تصل إلى ثلاث دقائق لينعكس في نتائج حدث التغيير.

يوضح المثال التالي كيفية جلب أحداث التغيير ومعالجتها، بما في ذلك تحديد الشخص الذي أجرى التغيير، ونوع العميل الذي استخدمه لإجراء التغيير، والقيم القديمة والجديدة لكل حقل في التغيير:

لغة Java

private void runExample(GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId) {
  // Defines a GAQL query to retrieve change_event instances from the last 14 days.
  String query =
      String.format(
          "SELECT"
              + "  change_event.resource_name,"
              + "  change_event.change_date_time,"
              + "  change_event.change_resource_name,"
              + "  change_event.user_email,"
              + "  change_event.client_type,"
              + "  change_event.change_resource_type,"
              + "  change_event.old_resource,"
              + "  change_event.new_resource,"
              + "  change_event.resource_change_operation,"
              + "  change_event.changed_fields "
              + "FROM "
              + "  change_event "
              + "WHERE "
              + "  change_event.change_date_time <= '%s' "
              + "  AND change_event.change_date_time >= '%s' "
              + "ORDER BY"
              + "  change_event.change_date_time DESC "
              + "LIMIT 5",
          LocalDate.now().toString("YYYY-MM-dd"),
          LocalDate.now().minusDays(14).toString("YYYY-MM-dd"));

  // Creates a GoogleAdsServiceClient instance.
  try (GoogleAdsServiceClient client =
      googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
    // Issues the search query.
    SearchPagedResponse response = client.search(String.valueOf(customerId), query);

    // Processes the rows of the response.
    for (GoogleAdsRow row : response.iterateAll()) {
      ChangeEvent event = row.getChangeEvent();

      // Prints some general information about the change event.
      System.out.printf(
          "On '%s', user '%s' used interface '%s' to perform a(n) '%s' operation on a '%s' with"
              + " resource name '%s'.%n",
          event.getChangeDateTime(),
          event.getUserEmail(),
          event.getClientType(),
          event.getResourceChangeOperation(),
          event.getChangeResourceType(),
          event.getResourceName());

      // Prints some detailed information about update and create operations.
      if (event.getResourceChangeOperation() == ResourceChangeOperation.UPDATE
          || event.getResourceChangeOperation() == ResourceChangeOperation.CREATE) {
        // Retrieves the entity that was changed.
        Optional<Message> oldResource =
            getResourceByType(event.getOldResource(), event.getChangeResourceType());
        Optional<Message> newResource =
            getResourceByType(event.getNewResource(), event.getChangeResourceType());

        // Prints the old and new values for each field that was updated/created.
        for (String changedPath : row.getChangeEvent().getChangedFields().getPathsList()) {
          // Uses the FieldMasks utility to retrieve a value from a . delimited path.
          List<? extends Object> oldValue =
              oldResource.isPresent()
                  ? FieldMasks.getFieldValue(changedPath, oldResource.get())
                  : Collections.emptyList();
          List<? extends Object> newValue =
              newResource.isPresent()
                  ? FieldMasks.getFieldValue(changedPath, newResource.get())
                  : Collections.emptyList();
          // Prints different messages for UPDATE and CREATE cases.
          if (event.getResourceChangeOperation() == ResourceChangeOperation.UPDATE) {
            System.out.printf("\t %s changed from %s to %s.%n", changedPath, oldValue, newValue);
          } else if (event.getResourceChangeOperation() == ResourceChangeOperation.CREATE) {
            System.out.printf("\t %s set to %s.%n", changedPath, newValue);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
      

#C

public void Run(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId)
{
    // Get the GoogleAdsService.
    GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService = client.GetService(
        Services.V12.GoogleAdsService);

    // Construct a query to find details for recent changes in your account.
    // The LIMIT clause is required for the change_event resource.
    // The maximum size is 10000, but a low limit was set here for demonstrative
    // purposes.
    // The WHERE clause on change_date_time is also required. It must specify a
    // window of at most 30 days within the past 30 days.

    string startDate = DateTime.Today.Subtract(TimeSpan.FromDays(25)).ToString("yyyyMMdd");
    string endDate = DateTime.Today.Add(TimeSpan.FromDays(1)).ToString("yyyyMMdd");
    string searchQuery = $@"
        SELECT
            change_event.resource_name,
            change_event.change_date_time,
            change_event.change_resource_name,
            change_event.user_email,
            change_event.client_type,
            change_event.change_resource_type,
            change_event.old_resource,
            change_event.new_resource,
            change_event.resource_change_operation,
            change_event.changed_fields
        FROM
            change_event
        WHERE
            change_event.change_date_time >= '{startDate}' AND
            change_event.change_date_time <= '{endDate}'
        ORDER BY
            change_event.change_date_time DESC
        LIMIT 5";

    try
    {
        // Issue a search request.
        googleAdsService.SearchStream(customerId.ToString(), searchQuery,
            delegate (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse resp)
            {
                // Display the results.
                foreach (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow in resp.Results)
                {
                    ChangeEvent changeEvent = googleAdsRow.ChangeEvent;
                    ChangedResource oldResource = changeEvent.OldResource;
                    ChangedResource newResource = changeEvent.NewResource;

                    bool knownResourceType = true;
                    IMessage oldResourceEntity = null;
                    IMessage newResourceEntity = null;
                    switch (changeEvent.ChangeResourceType)
                    {
                        case ChangeEventResourceType.Ad:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.Ad;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.Ad;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AdGroup:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AdGroup;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AdGroup;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AdGroupAd:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AdGroupAd;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AdGroupAd;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AdGroupAsset:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AdGroupAsset;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AdGroupAsset;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AdGroupBidModifier:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AdGroupBidModifier;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AdGroupBidModifier;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AdGroupCriterion:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AdGroupCriterion;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AdGroupCriterion;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AdGroupFeed:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AdGroupFeed;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AdGroupFeed;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.Asset:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.Asset;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.Asset;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AssetSet:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AssetSet;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AssetSet;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.AssetSetAsset:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.AssetSetAsset;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.AssetSetAsset;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.Campaign:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.Campaign;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.Campaign;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.CampaignAsset:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.CampaignAsset;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.CampaignAsset;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.CampaignAssetSet:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.CampaignAssetSet;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.CampaignAssetSet;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.CampaignBudget:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.CampaignBudget;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.CampaignBudget;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.CampaignCriterion:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.CampaignCriterion;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.CampaignCriterion;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.CampaignFeed:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.CampaignFeed;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.CampaignFeed;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.CustomerAsset:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.CustomerAsset;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.CustomerAsset;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.Feed:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.Feed;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.Feed;
                            break;

                        case ChangeEventResourceType.FeedItem:
                            oldResourceEntity = oldResource.FeedItem;
                            newResourceEntity = newResource.FeedItem;
                            break;

                        default:
                            knownResourceType = false;
                            break;
                    }

                    if (!knownResourceType)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine($"Unknown change_resource_type " +
                            $"'{changeEvent.ChangeResourceType}'.");
                        continue;
                    }

                    Console.WriteLine($"On #{changeEvent.ChangeDateTime}, user " +
                        $"{changeEvent.UserEmail} used interface {changeEvent.ClientType} " +
                        $"to perform a(n) '{changeEvent.ResourceChangeOperation}' " +
                        $"operation on a '{changeEvent.ChangeResourceType}' with " +
                        $"resource name {changeEvent.ChangeResourceName}.");

                    foreach (string fieldMaskPath in changeEvent.ChangedFields.Paths)
                    {
                        if (changeEvent.ResourceChangeOperation ==
                            ResourceChangeOperation.Create)
                        {
                            object newValue = FieldMasks.GetFieldValue(
                                fieldMaskPath, newResourceEntity);
                            Console.WriteLine($"\t{fieldMaskPath} set to '{newValue}'.");
                        }
                        else if (changeEvent.ResourceChangeOperation ==
                            ResourceChangeOperation.Update)
                        {
                            object oldValue = FieldMasks.GetFieldValue(fieldMaskPath,
                                oldResourceEntity);
                            object newValue = FieldMasks.GetFieldValue(fieldMaskPath,
                                newResourceEntity);

                            Console.WriteLine($"\t{fieldMaskPath} changed from " +
                                $"'{oldValue}' to '{newValue}'.");
                        }
                    }
                }
            });
    }
    catch (GoogleAdsException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Failure:");
        Console.WriteLine($"Message: {e.Message}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Failure: {e.Failure}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Request ID: {e.RequestId}");
        throw;
    }
}
      

لغة PHP

public static function runExample(GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient, int $customerId)
{
    $googleAdsServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getGoogleAdsServiceClient();

    // Constructs a query to find details for recent changes in your account.
    // The LIMIT clause is required for the change_event resource.
    // The maximum size is 10000, but a low limit was set here for demonstrative
    // purposes.
    // The WHERE clause on change_date_time is also required. It must specify a
    // window of at most 30 days within the past 30 days.
    $query = 'SELECT change_event.resource_name, '
        . 'change_event.change_date_time, '
        . 'change_event.change_resource_name, '
        . 'change_event.user_email, '
        . 'change_event.client_type, '
        . 'change_event.change_resource_type, '
        . 'change_event.old_resource, '
        . 'change_event.new_resource, '
        . 'change_event.resource_change_operation, '
        . 'change_event.changed_fields '
        . 'FROM change_event '
        . sprintf(
            'WHERE change_event.change_date_time <= %s ',
            date_format(new DateTime('+1 day'), 'Ymd')
        ) . sprintf(
            'AND change_event.change_date_time >= %s ',
            date_format(new DateTime('-14 days'), 'Ymd')
        ) . 'ORDER BY change_event.change_date_time DESC '
        . 'LIMIT 5';
    // Issues a search request by specifying page size.
    // The page size is superfluous with the default limit set above, but it's
    // shown here since it's a good practice to use a reasonable page size when
    // you set a higher limit.
    $response =
        $googleAdsServiceClient->search($customerId, $query, ['pageSize' => self::PAGE_SIZE]);

    // Iterates over all rows in all pages and prints the requested field values for
    // the change event in each row.
    foreach ($response->iterateAllElements() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        $changeEvent = $googleAdsRow->getChangeEvent();
        $oldResource = $changeEvent->getOldResource();
        $newResource = $changeEvent->getNewResource();

        $isResourceTypeKnown = true;
        $oldResourceEntity = null;
        $newResourceEntity = null;
        switch ($changeEvent->getChangeResourceType()) {
            case ChangeEventResourceType::AD:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAd();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAd();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::AD_GROUP:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAdGroup();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAdGroup();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::AD_GROUP_AD:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAdGroupAd();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAdGroupAd();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::AD_GROUP_ASSET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAdGroupAsset();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAdGroupAsset();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::AD_GROUP_CRITERION:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAdGroupCriterion();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAdGroupCriterion();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::AD_GROUP_BID_MODIFIER:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAdGroupBidModifier();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAdGroupBidModifier();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::ASSET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAsset();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAsset();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::ASSET_SET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAssetSet();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAssetSet();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::ASSET_SET_ASSET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAssetSetAsset();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAssetSetAsset();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::CAMPAIGN:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getCampaign();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getCampaign();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::CAMPAIGN_ASSET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getCampaignAsset();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getCampaignAsset();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::CAMPAIGN_ASSET_SET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getCampaignAssetSet();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getCampaignAssetSet();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::CAMPAIGN_BUDGET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getCampaignBudget();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getCampaignBudget();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::CAMPAIGN_CRITERION:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getCampaignCriterion();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getCampaignCriterion();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::AD_GROUP_FEED:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getAdGroupFeed();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getAdGroupFeed();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::CAMPAIGN_FEED:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getCampaignFeed();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getCampaignFeed();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::CUSTOMER_ASSET:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getCustomerAsset();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getCustomerAsset();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::FEED:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getFeed();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getFeed();
                break;
            case ChangeEventResourceType::FEED_ITEM:
                $oldResourceEntity = $oldResource->getFeedItem();
                $newResourceEntity = $newResource->getFeedItem();
                break;
            default:
                $isResourceTypeKnown = false;
                break;
        }
        if (!$isResourceTypeKnown) {
            printf(
                "Unknown change_resource_type %s.%s",
                ChangeEventResourceType::name($changeEvent->getChangeResourceType()),
                PHP_EOL
            );
        }
        $resourceChangeOperation = $changeEvent->getResourceChangeOperation();
        printf(
            "On %s, user '%s' used interface '%s' to perform a(n) '%s' operation on a '%s' "
            . "with resource name '%s'.%s",
            $changeEvent->getChangeDateTime(),
            $changeEvent->getUserEmail(),
            ChangeClientType::name($changeEvent->getClientType()),
            ResourceChangeOperation::name($resourceChangeOperation),
            ChangeEventResourceType::name($changeEvent->getChangeResourceType()),
            $changeEvent->getChangeResourceName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );

        if (
            $resourceChangeOperation !== ResourceChangeOperation::CREATE
            && $resourceChangeOperation !== ResourceChangeOperation::UPDATE
        ) {
            continue;
        }
        foreach ($changeEvent->getChangedFields()->getPaths() as $path) {
            $newValueStr = self::convertToString(
                FieldMasks::getFieldValue($path, $newResourceEntity, true)
            );
            if ($resourceChangeOperation === ResourceChangeOperation::CREATE) {
                printf("\t'$path' set to '%s'.%s", $newValueStr, PHP_EOL);
            } elseif ($resourceChangeOperation === ResourceChangeOperation::UPDATE) {
                printf(
                    "\t'$path' changed from '%s' to '%s'.%s",
                    self::convertToString(
                        FieldMasks::getFieldValue($path, $oldResourceEntity, true)
                    ),
                    $newValueStr,
                    PHP_EOL
                );
            }
        }
    }
}

/**
 * Converts the specified value to string.
 *
 * @param mixed $value the value to be converted to string
 * @return string the value in string
 */
private static function convertToString($value)
{
    if (is_null($value)) {
        return 'no value';
    }
    if (gettype($value) === 'boolean') {
        return $value ? 'true' : 'false';
    } elseif (gettype($value) === 'object') {
        if (get_class($value) === RepeatedField::class) {
            $strValues = [];
            foreach (iterator_to_array($value->getIterator()) as $element) {
                /** @type Message $element */
                $strValues[] = $element->serializeToJsonString();
            }
            return '[' . implode(',', $strValues) . ']';
        }
        return json_encode($value);
    } else {
        return strval($value);
    }
}
      

لغة Python

def main(client, customer_id):
    """Gets specific details about the most recent changes in the given account.

    Args:
      client: The Google Ads client.
      customer_id: The Google Ads customer ID.
    """
    googleads_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")

    # Construct a query to find details for recent changes in your account.
    # The LIMIT clause is required for the change_event resource.
    # The maximum size is 10000, but a low limit was set here for demonstrative
    # purposes. For more information see:
    # https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/docs/change-event#getting_changes
    # The WHERE clause on change_date_time is also required. It must specify a
    # window within the past 30 days.
    tomorrow = (datetime.now() + timedelta(1)).strftime("%Y-%m-%d")
    two_weeks_ago = (datetime.now() + timedelta(-14)).strftime("%Y-%m-%d")
    query = f"""
        SELECT
          change_event.resource_name,
          change_event.change_date_time,
          change_event.change_resource_name,
          change_event.user_email,
          change_event.client_type,
          change_event.change_resource_type,
          change_event.old_resource,
          change_event.new_resource,
          change_event.resource_change_operation,
          change_event.changed_fields
        FROM change_event
        WHERE change_event.change_date_time <= '{tomorrow}'
        AND change_event.change_date_time >= '{two_weeks_ago}'
        ORDER BY change_event.change_date_time DESC
        LIMIT 5"""

    search_request = client.get_type("SearchGoogleAdsRequest")
    search_request.customer_id = customer_id
    search_request.query = query
    search_request.page_size = _DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE

    results = googleads_service.search(request=search_request)

    for row in results:
        event = row.change_event
        resource_type = event.change_resource_type.name
        if resource_type == "AD":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.ad
            new_resource = event.new_resource.ad
        elif resource_type == "AD_GROUP":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.ad_group
            new_resource = event.new_resource.ad_group
        elif resource_type == "AD_GROUP_AD":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.ad_group_ad
            new_resource = event.new_resource.ad_group_ad
        elif resource_type == "AD_GROUP_ASSET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.ad_group_asset
            new_resource = event.new_resource.ad_group_asset
        elif resource_type == "AD_GROUP_CRITERION":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.ad_group_criterion
            new_resource = event.new_resource.ad_group_criterion
        elif resource_type == "AD_GROUP_BID_MODIFIER":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.ad_group_bid_modifier
            new_resource = event.new_resource.ad_group_bid_modifier
        elif resource_type == "AD_GROUP_FEED":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.ad_group_feed
            new_resource = event.new_resource.ad_group_feed
        elif resource_type == "ASSET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.asset
            new_resource = event.new_resource.asset
        elif resource_type == "ASSET_SET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.asset_set
            new_resource = event.new_resource.asset_set
        elif resource_type == "ASSET_SET_ASSET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.asset_set_asset
            new_resource = event.new_resource.asset_set_asset
        elif resource_type == "CAMPAIGN":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.campaign
            new_resource = event.new_resource.campaign
        elif resource_type == "CAMPAIGN_ASSET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.campaign_asset
            new_resource = event.new_resource.campaign_asset
        elif resource_type == "CAMPAIGN_ASSET_SET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.campaign_asset_set
            new_resource = event.new_resource.campaign_asset_set
        elif resource_type == "CAMPAIGN_BUDGET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.campaign_budget
            new_resource = event.new_resource.campaign_budget
        elif resource_type == "CAMPAIGN_CRITERION":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.campaign_criterion
            new_resource = event.new_resource.campaign_criterion
        elif resource_type == "CAMPAIGN_FEED":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.campaign_feed
            new_resource = event.new_resource.campaign_feed
        elif resource_type == "CUSTOMER_ASSET":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.customer_asset
            new_resource = event.new_resource.customer_asset
        elif resource_type == "FEED":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.feed
            new_resource = event.new_resource.feed
        elif resource_type == "FEED_ITEM":
            old_resource = event.old_resource.feed_item
            new_resource = event.new_resource.feed_item
        else:
            print(
                "Unknown change_resource_type: '{event.change_resource_type}'"
            )
            # If the resource type is unrecognized then we continue to
            # the next row.
            continue

        print(
            f"On {event.change_date_time}, user {event.user_email} "
            f"used interface {event.client_type.name} to perform a(n) "
            f"{event.resource_change_operation.name} operation on a "
            f"{event.change_resource_type.name} with resource name "
            f"'{event.change_resource_name}'"
        )

        operation_type = event.resource_change_operation.name

        if operation_type in ("UPDATE", "CREATE"):
            for changed_field in event.changed_fields.paths:
                # Change field name from "type" to "type_" so that it doesn't
                # raise an exception when accessed on the protobuf object, see:
                # https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/docs/client-libs/python/library-version-10#field_names_that_are_reserved_words
                if changed_field == "type":
                    changed_field = "type_"

                new_value = get_nested_attr(new_resource, changed_field)
                # If the field value is an Enum get the human readable name
                # so that it is printed instead of the field ID integer.
                if isinstance(type(new_value), ProtoEnumMeta):
                    new_value = new_value.name

                if operation_type == "CREATE":
                    print(f"\t{changed_field} set to {new_value}")
                else:
                    old_value = get_nested_attr(old_resource, changed_field)
                    # If the field value is an Enum get the human readable name
                    # so that it is printed instead of the field ID integer.
                    if isinstance(type(old_value), ProtoEnumMeta):
                        old_value = old_value.name

                    print(
                        f"\t{changed_field} changed from {old_value} to {new_value}"
                    )
      

Ruby

def get_change_details(customer_id)
  # GoogleAdsClient will read a config file from
  # ENV['HOME']/google_ads_config.rb when called without parameters
  client = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsClient.new

  # Construct a query to find details for recent changes in your account.
  # The LIMIT clause is required for the change_event resource.
  # The maximum size is 10000, but a low limit was set here for demonstrative
  # purposes.
  # The WHERE clause on change_date_time is also required. It must specify a
  # window of at most 30 days within the past 30 days.
  query = <<~QUERY
    SELECT
      change_event.resource_name,
      change_event.change_date_time,
      change_event.change_resource_name,
      change_event.user_email,
      change_event.client_type,
      change_event.change_resource_type,
      change_event.old_resource,
      change_event.new_resource,
      change_event.resource_change_operation,
      change_event.changed_fields
    FROM
      change_event
    WHERE
      change_event.change_date_time <= '#{(Date.today + 1).to_s}'
      AND change_event.change_date_time >= '#{(Date.today - 14).to_s}'
    ORDER BY
      change_event.change_date_time DESC
    LIMIT 5
  QUERY

  # Execute the query to fetch results from the API.
  response = client.service.google_ads.search(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    query: query,
    # The page size is superfluous with the default limit set above, but it's
    # shown here since it's a good practice to use a reasonable page size when
    # you set a higher limit.
    page_size: PAGE_SIZE
  )

  # Process the results and output changes.
  response.each do |row|
    event = row.change_event
    old_resource, new_resource = case event.change_resource_type
    when :AD
      [event.old_resource.ad, event.new_resource.ad]
    when :AD_GROUP
      [event.old_resource.ad_group, event.new_resource.ad_group]
    when :AD_GROUP_AD
      [event.old_resource.ad_group_ad, event.new_resource.ad_group_ad]
    when :AD_GROUP_ASSET
      [event.old_resource.ad_group_asset, event.new_resource.ad_group_asset]
    when :AD_GROUP_CRITERION
      [event.old_resource.ad_group_criterion, event.new_resource.ad_group_criterion]
    when :AD_GROUP_BID_MODIFIER
      [event.old_resource.ad_group_bid_modifier, event.new_resource.ad_group_bid_modifier]
    when :ASSET
      [event.old_resource.asset, event.new_resource.asset]
    when :ASSET_SET
      [event.old_resource.asset_set, event.new_resource.asset_set]
    when :ASSET_SET_ASSET
      [event.old_resource.asset_set_asset, event.new_resource.asset_set_asset]
    when :CAMPAIGN
      [event.old_resource.campaign, event.new_resource.campaign]
    when :CAMPAIGN_ASSET
      [event.old_resource.campaign_asset, event.new_resource.campaign_asset]
    when :CAMPAIGN_ASSET_SET
      [event.old_resource.campaign_asset_set, event.new_resource.campaign_asset_set]
    when :CAMPAIGN_BUDGET
      [event.old_resource.campaign_budget, event.new_resource.campaign_budget]
    when :CAMPAIGN_CRITERION
      [event.old_resource.campaign_criterion, event.new_resource.campaign_criterion]
    when :AD_GROUP_FEED
      [event.old_resource.ad_group_feed, event.new_resource.ad_group_feed]
    when :ASSET
      [event.old_resource.asset, event.new_resource.asset]
    when :CAMPAIGN_FEED
      [event.old_resource.campaign_feed, event.new_resource.campaign_feed]
    when :CUSTOMER_ASSET
      [event.old_resource.customer_asset, event.new_resource.customer_asset]
    when :FEED
      [event.old_resource.feed, event.new_resource.feed]
    when :FEED_ITEM
      [event.old_resource.feed_item, event.new_resource.feed_item]
    else
      puts "Unknown change_resource_type #{event.change_resource_type}."
      next
    end
    puts "On #{event.change_date_time}, user #{event.user_email} used interface " \
      "#{event.client_type} to perform a(n) #{event.resource_change_operation} " \
      "operation on a #{event.change_resource_type} with resource name " \
      "#{event.change_resource_name}."
    if [:UPDATE, :CREATE].include? event.resource_change_operation
      event.changed_fields.paths.each do |changed_field|
        new_value = get_value_from_path(changed_field, new_resource)
        if :CREATE == event.resource_change_operation
          puts "\t#{changed_field} set to '#{new_value}'."
        else
          old_value = get_value_from_path(changed_field, old_resource)
          puts "\t#{changed_field} changed from '#{old_value}' to '#{new_value}'."
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

# Given the string value of a path from the response, look up the value of the
# field located at that path on the given object.
def get_value_from_path(path, object)
  path.split(".").inject(object) {|obj, key| obj.send(key)}
end
      

Perl

sub get_change_details {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id) = @_;

  # Construct a query to find details for recent changes in your account.
  # The LIMIT clause is required for the change_event resource.
  # The maximum size is 10000, but a low limit was set here for demonstrative
  # purposes.
  # The WHERE clause on change_date_time is also required. It must specify a
  # window of at most 30 days within the past 30 days.
  my $search_query =
    "SELECT change_event.resource_name, change_event.change_date_time, " .
    "change_event.change_resource_name, change_event.user_email, " .
    "change_event.client_type, change_event.change_resource_type, " .
    "change_event.old_resource, change_event.new_resource, " .
    "change_event.resource_change_operation, change_event.changed_fields " .
    "FROM change_event " .
    "WHERE change_event.change_date_time DURING LAST_14_DAYS " .
    "ORDER BY change_event.change_date_time DESC LIMIT 5";

  # Create a search Google Ads request that will retrieve all change events using
  # pages of the specified page size.
  my $search_request =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V12::Services::GoogleAdsService::SearchGoogleAdsRequest
    ->new({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      query      => $search_query,
      # The page size is superfluous with the default limit set above, but it's
      # shown here since it's a good practice to use a reasonable page size
      # when you set a higher limit.
      pageSize => PAGE_SIZE
    });

  # Get the GoogleAdsService.
  my $google_ads_service = $api_client->GoogleAdsService();

  my $iterator = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Utils::SearchGoogleAdsIterator->new({
    service => $google_ads_service,
    request => $search_request
  });

  # Iterate over all rows in all pages and print the requested field values for
  # the change event in each row.
  while ($iterator->has_next) {
    my $google_ads_row = $iterator->next;

    my $change_event = $google_ads_row->{changeEvent};
    printf "On %s, user %s used interface %s to perform a(n) %s operation " .
      "on a %s with resource name '%s'.\n", $change_event->{changeDateTime},
      $change_event->{userEmail}, $change_event->{clientType},
      $change_event->{resourceChangeOperation},
      $change_event->{changeResourceType}, $change_event->{changeResourceName};

    if (grep /$change_event->{resourceChangeOperation}/, (CREATE, UPDATE)) {
      my ($old_resource, $new_resource) =
        _get_changed_resources_for_resource_type($change_event);

      foreach my $changed_field (split /,/, $change_event->{changedFields}) {
        my $new_value = get_field_value($new_resource, $changed_field) || "";
        if ($change_event->{resourceChangeOperation} eq CREATE) {
          print "\t$changed_field set to '$new_value'.\n";
        } else {
          my $old_value = get_field_value($old_resource, $changed_field) || "";
          print "\t$changed_field changed from '$old_value' to '$new_value'.\n";
        }
      }
    }
  }

  return 1;
}

# This method returns the old resource and new resource based on the change
# resource type of a change event.
sub _get_changed_resources_for_resource_type {
  my $change_event  = shift;
  my $resource_type = $change_event->{changeResourceType};
  if ($resource_type eq AD) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{ad}, $change_event->{newResource}{ad};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq AD_GROUP) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{adGroup},
      $change_event->{newResource}{adGroup};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq AD_GROUP_AD) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{adGroupAd},
      $change_event->{newResource}{adGroupAd};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq AD_GROUP_ASSET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{adGroupAsset},
      $change_event->{newResource}{adGroupAsset};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq AD_GROUP_CRITERION) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{adGroupCriterion},
      $change_event->{newResource}{adGroupCriterion};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq AD_GROUP_BID_MODIFIER) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{adGroupBidModifier},
      $change_event->{newResource}{adGroupBidModifier};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq AD_GROUP_FEED) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{adGroupFeed},
      $change_event->{newResource}{adGroupFeed};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq ASSET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{asset},
      $change_event->{newResource}{asset};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq ASSET_SET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{assetSet},
      $change_event->{newResource}{assetSet};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq ASSET_SET_ASSET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{assetSetAsset},
      $change_event->{newResource}{assetSetAsset};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq CAMPAIGN) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{campaign},
      $change_event->{newResource}{campaign};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq CAMPAIGN_ASSET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{campaignAsset},
      $change_event->{newResource}{campaignAsset};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq CAMPAIGN_ASSET_SET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{campaignAssetSet},
      $change_event->{newResource}{campaignAssetSet};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq CAMPAIGN_BUDGET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{campaignBudget},
      $change_event->{newResource}{campaignBudget};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq CAMPAIGN_CRITERION) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{campaignCriterion},
      $change_event->{newResource}{campaignCriterion};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq CAMPAIGN_FEED) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{campaignFeed},
      $change_event->{newResource}{campaignFeed};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq CUSTOMER_ASSET) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{customerAsset},
      $change_event->{newResource}{customerAsset};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq FEED) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{feed},
      $change_event->{newResource}{feed};
  } elsif ($resource_type eq FEED_ITEM) {
    return $change_event->{oldResource}{feedItem},
      $change_event->{newResource}{feedItem};
  } else {
    print "Unknown change_resource_type $resource_type.\n";
  }
}
      

القيود

قد لا يتضمّن حدث التغيير كل صف من سجلّ التغييرات في برنامج الويب. للحصول على طريقة عرض مماثلة لسجلّ التغييرات، استخدم مورد status status بدلاً من ذلك.

ويهدف مورد حدث التغيير إلى التوغّل في تفاصيل التغيير الفردي. يمكنك استرداد بيانات مثل قيم حقول معينة تم تغييرها، والشخص الذي أجرى التغيير، ونوع العميل الذي تم استخدامه لإجراء التغيير. ومع ذلك، لن يكون لكل التغييرات التي يتم إجراؤها على حسابك إدخال حدث تغيير مقابل.

تشمل بعض أنواع البرامج الرئيسية التي تسجِّل تغييرات استخدامها للاستخدام مع أحداث التغيير ما يلي:

  • Google Ads API
  • برنامج "إعلانات Google" على الويب

يتم استبعاد التغييرات التي تم إجراؤها باستخدام AdWords API من نتائج طلبات بحث أحداث التغيير في إعلانات Google API.