Modificación de prácticas recomendadas

Nombres de recursos temporales

GoogleAdsService.Mutate admite nombres de recursos temporales a los que se puede hacer referencia más adelante en la misma solicitud. Esto te permite, por ejemplo, crear una campaña y sus grupos de anuncios, anuncios, palabras clave, etc., todo en una sola solicitud.

Para ello, especifica el resource_name del recurso nuevo a fin de usar un ID negativo. Por ejemplo, si creas una campaña y especificas su nombre de recurso como customers/<YOUR_CUSTOMER_ID>/campaigns/-1, cuando crees el grupo de anuncios en una operación posterior, podrás hacer referencia a él por ese nombre de recurso, y el -1 que especificaste se reemplazará por el ID real de la campaña creada de forma automática.

A continuación, se mencionan algunos aspectos que debes tener en cuenta cuando usas nombres de recursos temporales:

  • El nombre de un recurso temporal solo se puede usar después de que se haya definido en un recurso. En el siguiente ejemplo, la operación del grupo de anuncios debería aparecer después de la de la campaña en la lista de operaciones.
  • Los nombres de recursos temporales no se recuerdan en trabajos o solicitudes de mutación; para hacer referencia a un recurso creado en un trabajo anterior o en una solicitud de mutación, usa su nombre de recurso real.
  • Para un solo trabajo o solicitud de mutación, cada nombre de recurso temporal debe usar un número negativo único, incluso si provienen de diferentes tipos de recursos. Si un ID temporal se vuelve a usar en un solo trabajo o en una solicitud de mutación, se mostrará un error.

Ejemplo

Para dar un ejemplo más concreto de la situación mencionada anteriormente, supongamos que deseas agregar una campaña, un grupo de anuncios y un anuncio en una sola solicitud a la API. Deberías crear una estructura para tu solicitud análoga a la siguiente:

mutate_operations: [
  {
    campaign_operation: {
      create: {
        resource_name: "customers/<YOUR_CUSTOMER_ID>/campaigns/-1",
        ...
      }
    }
  },
  {
    ad_group_operation: {
      create: {
        resource_name: "customers/<YOUR_CUSTOMER_ID>/adGroups/-2",
        campaign: "customers/<YOUR_CUSTOMER_ID>/campaigns/-1"
        ...
      }
    }
  },
  {
    ad_group_ad_operation: {
      create: {
        ad_group: "customers/<YOUR_CUSTOMER_ID>/adGroups/-2"
        ...
      }
    }
  },
]

Ten en cuenta que se usa un nuevo ID temporal para el grupo de anuncios, ya que no podemos reutilizar el -1 que usamos para la campaña, y también hacemos referencia a este grupo de anuncios cuando creamos un anuncio del grupo de anuncios. El grupo de anuncios en sí hace referencia al nombre de recurso que establecimos para la campaña en una operación anterior de la solicitud, mientras que resource_name en ad_group_ad_operation no es necesario, ya que ninguna operación adicional hace referencia a él.

Agrupa operaciones del mismo tipo

Cuando usas GoogleAdsService.Mutate, es importante agrupar las operaciones según su recurso en el array de operaciones repetidas. En esencia, este método de mutación sirve como una forma de llamar de forma secuencial y automática al propio método de mutación de cada recurso individual. Para ello, lee en operaciones hasta que encuentra uno para un tipo diferente de recursos y, luego, agrupa en lotes todas las operaciones del mismo tipo en una solicitud.

Por ejemplo, si tienes 5 operaciones de campaña, seguidas de 10 operaciones de grupo de anuncios en el campo repetido operations de tu llamada a Mutate, el sistema realizará dos llamadas totales en el backend, una a CampaignService para 5 operaciones y la siguiente a AdGroupService para 10 operaciones. Sin embargo, si los agruparas de forma diferente, el rendimiento podría ser mucho peor. Si solo creas 2 campañas y 2 grupos de anuncios, pero los combinas para que las operaciones se ordenen como [campaña, grupo de anuncios, campaña, grupo de anuncios], esto generará un total de cuatro llamadas en el backend. Esto tendrá como resultado un rendimiento más lento de la API y, en casos extremos, incluso puede generar tiempos de espera.

Recupera atributos mutables de la respuesta

Si configuras el response_content_type de tu solicitud de mutación en MUTABLE_RESOURCE, la respuesta contendrá los valores de todos los campos mutable para cada objeto creado o actualizado por la solicitud. Usa esta función para evitar una solicitud search o searchStream adicional después de cada solicitud de mutación.

Si no estableces el response_content_type, la API de Google Ads se configura de forma predeterminada como RESOURCE_NAME_ONLY y la respuesta solo contendrá el nombre del recurso de cada recurso creado o actualizado.

El siguiente es un ejemplo de cómo recuperar un recurso mutable de una llamada a la API:

Java

private String createExperimentArms(
    GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId, long campaignId, String experiment) {
  List<ExperimentArmOperation> operations = new ArrayList<>();
  operations.add(
      ExperimentArmOperation.newBuilder()
          .setCreate(
              // The "control" arm references an already-existing campaign.
              ExperimentArm.newBuilder()
                  .setControl(true)
                  .addCampaigns(ResourceNames.campaign(customerId, campaignId))
                  .setExperiment(experiment)
                  .setName("control arm")
                  .setTrafficSplit(40)
                  .build())
          .build());
  operations.add(
      ExperimentArmOperation.newBuilder()
          .setCreate(
              // The non-"control" arm, also called a "treatment" arm, will automatically
              // generate draft campaigns that you can modify before starting the experiment.
              ExperimentArm.newBuilder()
                  .setControl(false)
                  .setExperiment(experiment)
                  .setName("experiment arm")
                  .setTrafficSplit(60)
                  .build())
          .build());

  try (ExperimentArmServiceClient experimentArmServiceClient =
      googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createExperimentArmServiceClient()) {
    // Constructs the mutate request.
    MutateExperimentArmsRequest mutateRequest = MutateExperimentArmsRequest.newBuilder()
        .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
        .addAllOperations(operations)
        // We want to fetch the draft campaign IDs from the treatment arm, so the easiest way to do
        // that is to have the response return the newly created entities.
        .setResponseContentType(ResponseContentType.MUTABLE_RESOURCE)
        .build();

    // Sends the mutate request.
    MutateExperimentArmsResponse response =
        experimentArmServiceClient.mutateExperimentArms(mutateRequest);

    // Results always return in the order that you specify them in the request. Since we created
    // the treatment arm last, it will be the last result.  If you don't remember which arm is the
    // treatment arm, you can always filter the query in the next section with
    // `experiment_arm.control = false`.
    MutateExperimentArmResult controlArmResult = response.getResults(0);
    MutateExperimentArmResult treatmentArmResult = response.getResults(
        response.getResultsCount() - 1);

    System.out.printf("Created control arm with resource name '%s'%n",
        controlArmResult.getResourceName());
    System.out.printf("Created treatment arm with resource name '%s'%n",
        treatmentArmResult.getResourceName());

    return treatmentArmResult.getExperimentArm().getInDesignCampaigns(0);
  }
}
      

C#

/// <summary>
/// Creates the experiment arms.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="client">The Google Ads client.</param>
/// <param name="customerId">The customer ID for which the call is made.</param>
/// <param name="baseCampaignId">ID of the campaign for which the control arm is
/// created.</param>
/// <param name="experimentResourceName">Resource name of the experiment.</param>
/// <returns>The control and treatment arms.</returns>
private static (MutateExperimentArmResult, MutateExperimentArmResult)
    CreateExperimentArms(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId, long baseCampaignId,
        string experimentResourceName)
{
    // Get the ExperimentArmService.
    ExperimentArmServiceClient experimentService = client.GetService(
        Services.V14.ExperimentArmService);

    // Create the control arm. The control arm references an already-existing campaign.
    ExperimentArmOperation controlArmOperation = new ExperimentArmOperation()
    {
        Create = new ExperimentArm()
        {
            Control = true,
            Campaigns = {
                ResourceNames.Campaign(customerId, baseCampaignId)
            },
            Experiment = experimentResourceName,
            Name = "Control Arm",
            TrafficSplit = 40
        }
    };

    // Create the non-control arm. The non-"control" arm, also called a "treatment" arm,
    // will automatically generate draft campaigns that you can modify before starting the
    // experiment.
    ExperimentArmOperation treatmentArmOperation = new ExperimentArmOperation()
    {
        Create = new ExperimentArm()
        {
            Control = false,
            Experiment = experimentResourceName,
            Name = "Experiment Arm",
            TrafficSplit = 60
        }
    };

    // We want to fetch the draft campaign IDs from the treatment arm, so the
    // easiest way to do that is to have the response return the newly created
    // entities.
    MutateExperimentArmsRequest request = new MutateExperimentArmsRequest
    {
        CustomerId = customerId.ToString(),
        Operations = { controlArmOperation, treatmentArmOperation },
        ResponseContentType = ResponseContentType.MutableResource
    };


    MutateExperimentArmsResponse response = experimentService.MutateExperimentArms(
        request
    );

    // Results always return in the order that you specify them in the request.
    // Since we created the treatment arm last, it will be the last result.
    MutateExperimentArmResult controlArm = response.Results.First();
    MutateExperimentArmResult treatmentArm = response.Results.Last();

    Console.WriteLine($"Created control arm with resource name " +
        $"'{controlArm.ResourceName}.");
    Console.WriteLine($"Created treatment arm with resource name" +
      $" '{treatmentArm.ResourceName}'.");
    return (controlArm, treatmentArm);
}

      

PHP

private static function createExperimentArms(
    GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient,
    int $customerId,
    int $campaignId,
    string $experimentResourceName
): string {
    $operations = [];
    $experimentArm1 = new ExperimentArm([
        // The "control" arm references an already-existing campaign.
        'control' => true,
        'campaigns' => [ResourceNames::forCampaign($customerId, $campaignId)],
        'experiment' => $experimentResourceName,
        'name' => 'control arm',
        'traffic_split' => 40
    ]);
    $operations[] = new ExperimentArmOperation(['create' => $experimentArm1]);
    $experimentArm2 = new ExperimentArm([
        // The non-"control" arm, also called a "treatment" arm, will automatically
        // generate draft campaigns that you can modify before starting the
        // experiment.
        'control' => false,
        'experiment' => $experimentResourceName,
        'name' => 'experiment arm',
        'traffic_split' => 60
    ]);
    $operations[] = new ExperimentArmOperation(['create' => $experimentArm2]);

    // Issues a request to create the experiment arms.
    $experimentArmServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getExperimentArmServiceClient();
    $response = $experimentArmServiceClient->mutateExperimentArms(
        MutateExperimentArmsRequest::build($customerId, $operations)
            // We want to fetch the draft campaign IDs from the treatment arm, so the easiest
            // way to do that is to have the response return the newly created entities.
            ->setResponseContentType(ResponseContentType::MUTABLE_RESOURCE)
    );
    // Results always return in the order that you specify them in the request.
    // Since we created the treatment arm last, it will be the last result.
    $controlArmResourceName = $response->getResults()[0]->getResourceName();
    $treatmentArm = $response->getResults()[count($operations) - 1];
    print "Created control arm with resource name '$controlArmResourceName'" . PHP_EOL;
    print "Created treatment arm with resource name '{$treatmentArm->getResourceName()}'"
        . PHP_EOL;

    return $treatmentArm->getExperimentArm()->getInDesignCampaigns()[0];
}
      

Python

def create_experiment_arms(client, customer_id, base_campaign_id, experiment):
    """Creates a control and treatment experiment arms.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: a client customer ID.
        base_campaign_id: the campaign ID to associate with the control arm of
          the experiment.
        experiment: the resource name for an experiment.

    Returns:
        the resource name for the new treatment experiment arm.
    """
    operations = []

    campaign_service = client.get_service("CampaignService")

    # The "control" arm references an already-existing campaign.
    operation_1 = client.get_type("ExperimentArmOperation")
    exa_1 = operation_1.create
    exa_1.control = True
    exa_1.campaigns.append(
        campaign_service.campaign_path(customer_id, base_campaign_id)
    )
    exa_1.experiment = experiment
    exa_1.name = "control arm"
    exa_1.traffic_split = 40
    operations.append(operation_1)

    # The non-"control" arm, also called a "treatment" arm, will automatically
    # generate draft campaigns that you can modify before starting the
    # experiment.
    operation_2 = client.get_type("ExperimentArmOperation")
    exa_2 = operation_2.create
    exa_2.control = False
    exa_2.experiment = experiment
    exa_2.name = "experiment arm"
    exa_2.traffic_split = 60
    operations.append(operation_2)

    experiment_arm_service = client.get_service("ExperimentArmService")
    request = client.get_type("MutateExperimentArmsRequest")
    request.customer_id = customer_id
    request.operations = operations
    # We want to fetch the draft campaign IDs from the treatment arm, so the
    # easiest way to do that is to have the response return the newly created
    # entities.
    request.response_content_type = (
        client.enums.ResponseContentTypeEnum.MUTABLE_RESOURCE
    )
    response = experiment_arm_service.mutate_experiment_arms(request=request)

    # Results always return in the order that you specify them in the request.
    # Since we created the treatment arm second, it will be the second result.
    control_arm_result = response.results[0]
    treatment_arm_result = response.results[1]

    print(
        f"Created control arm with resource name {control_arm_result.resource_name}"
    )
    print(
        f"Created treatment arm with resource name {treatment_arm_result.resource_name}"
    )

    return treatment_arm_result.experiment_arm.in_design_campaigns[0]
      

Ruby

def create_experiment_arms(client, customer_id, base_campaign_id, experiment)
  operations = []
  operations << client.operation.create_resource.experiment_arm do |ea|
    # The "control" arm references an already-existing campaign.
    ea.control = true
    ea.campaigns << client.path.campaign(customer_id, base_campaign_id)
    ea.experiment = experiment
    ea.name = 'control arm'
    ea.traffic_split = 40
  end
  operations << client.operation.create_resource.experiment_arm do |ea|
    # The non-"control" arm, also called a "treatment" arm, will automatically
    # generate draft campaigns that you can modify before starting the
    # experiment.
    ea.control = false
    ea.experiment = experiment
    ea.name = 'experiment arm'
    ea.traffic_split = 60
  end

  response = client.service.experiment_arm.mutate_experiment_arms(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    operations: operations,
    # We want to fetch the draft campaign IDs from the treatment arm, so the
    # easiest way to do that is to have the response return the newly created
    # entities.
    response_content_type: :MUTABLE_RESOURCE,
  )

  # Results always return in the order that you specify them in the request.
  # Since we created the treatment arm last, it will be the last result.
  control_arm_result = response.results.first
  treatment_arm_result = response.results.last

  puts "Created control arm with resource name #{control_arm_result.resource_name}."
  puts "Created treatment arm with resource name #{treatment_arm_result.resource_name}."

  treatment_arm_result.experiment_arm.in_design_campaigns.first
end
      

Perl

sub create_experiment_arms {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id, $base_campaign_id, $experiment) = @_;

  my $operations = [];
  push @$operations,
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V14::Services::ExperimentArmService::ExperimentArmOperation
    ->new({
      create => Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V14::Resources::ExperimentArm->new({
          # The "control" arm references an already-existing campaign.
          control   => "true",
          campaigns => [
            Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V14::Utils::ResourceNames::campaign(
              $customer_id, $base_campaign_id
            )
          ],
          experiment   => $experiment,
          name         => "control arm",
          trafficSplit => 40
        })});

  push @$operations,
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V14::Services::ExperimentArmService::ExperimentArmOperation
    ->new({
      create => Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V14::Resources::ExperimentArm->new({
          # The non-"control" arm, also called a "treatment" arm, will automatically
          # generate draft campaigns that you can modify before starting the
          # experiment.
          control      => "false",
          experiment   => $experiment,
          name         => "experiment arm",
          trafficSplit => 60
        })});

  my $response = $api_client->ExperimentArmService()->mutate({
    customerId => $customer_id,
    operations => $operations,
    # We want to fetch the draft campaign IDs from the treatment arm, so the
    # easiest way to do that is to have the response return the newly created
    # entities.
    responseContentType => MUTABLE_RESOURCE
  });

  # Results always return in the order that you specify them in the request.
  # Since we created the treatment arm last, it will be the last result.
  my $control_arm_result   = $response->{results}[0];
  my $treatment_arm_result = $response->{results}[1];

  printf "Created control arm with resource name '%s'.\n",
    $control_arm_result->{resourceName};
  printf "Created treatment arm with resource name '%s'.\n",
    $treatment_arm_result->{resourceName};
  return $treatment_arm_result->{experimentArm}{inDesignCampaigns}[0];
}