建立飯店商家資訊群組

影片:觀看 2019 年研討會的「商家資訊群組」演講

飯店廣告群組支援將飯店劃分成多個飯店商家資訊群組,而且您可利用多個維度來調整各個群組的出價。設想下方的樹狀圖,在第一層,飯店已經大致分為 5 星級飯店、4 星級飯店和其他飯店。在第二層,其他飯店星級的飯店可能已分割為「美國」飯店、「英國」的飯店和其他地區的飯店。

樹狀結構中的每個節點都是子產品群組或單元,如 ListingGroupType 所定義。子產品群組在樹狀結構中引進了新的層級,而單位則是樹葉。每個子產品群組都必須完全分區,因此必須包含代表「其他」的節點。在範例中,根節點和「飯店類別:(其他)」節點是子產品群組。這種含有子群組和單元的樹狀結構,可讓您設定單位層級的出價,同時確保每個飯店資訊在樹狀結構中只會歸入一個單位節點。

節點是 ListingGroupInfo 類別的物件,其中包含 ListingGroupType 欄位,用來表示節點是單位或子產品群組。將 ListingGroupInfo 設為 AdGroupCriterionlisting_group,會將其連結至 AdGroup

設定單次點擊出價百分比

您只能在單元節點上設定 AdGroupCriterionpercent_cpc_bid_micros。嘗試在子產品群組節點上這麼做會失敗,並顯示錯誤。

產品資訊維度

ListingGroupInfo 也具有 case_value,也就是包含多種維度類型的 ListingDimensionInfoListingGroupInfo 代表與飯店相關聯的值,例如飯店 ID、飯店所在國家/地區或飯店星級。如需可用 ListingDimensionInfo 類型的完整說明,請參閱參考說明文件

子產品群組的每個直系子項都必須具有相同 ListingDimensionInfo 子類型的 case_value。只有根節點不含 case_value

請注意,每個子產品群組都必須含有正確類型的「空白」case_value,代表「所有其他值」。

詳情請參閱下列程式碼片段,其中加入了商家資訊群組樹狀結構的第一層。

Java

private static String addLevel1Nodes(
    long customerId,
    long adGroupId,
    String rootResourceName,
    List<AdGroupCriterionOperation> operations,
    long percentCpcBidMicroAmount) {
  // Creates hotel class info and dimension info for 5-star hotels.
  ListingDimensionInfo fiveStarredDimensionInfo =
      ListingDimensionInfo.newBuilder()
          .setHotelClass(HotelClassInfo.newBuilder().setValue(5).build())
          .build();
  // Creates listing group info for 5-star hotels as a UNIT node.
  ListingGroupInfo fiveStarredUnit =
      ListingGroupInfo.newBuilder()
          .setType(ListingGroupType.UNIT)
          .setParentAdGroupCriterion(rootResourceName)
          .setCaseValue(fiveStarredDimensionInfo)
          .build();
  // Creates an ad group criterion for 5-star hotels.
  AdGroupCriterion fiveStarredAdGroupCriterion =
      createAdGroupCriterion(customerId, adGroupId, fiveStarredUnit, percentCpcBidMicroAmount);
  // Decrements the temp ID for the next ad group criterion.
  AdGroupCriterionOperation operation = generateCreateOperation(fiveStarredAdGroupCriterion);
  operations.add(operation);

  // You can also create more UNIT nodes for other hotel classes by copying the above code in
  // this method and modifying the value passed to HotelClassInfo() to the value you want.
  // For instance, passing 4 instead of 5 in the above code will create a UNIT node of 4-star
  // hotels instead.

  // Creates hotel class info and dimension info for other hotel classes by not specifying
  // any attributes on those object.
  ListingDimensionInfo otherHotelsDimensionInfo =
      ListingDimensionInfo.newBuilder()
          .setHotelClass(HotelClassInfo.newBuilder().build())
          .build();
  // Creates listing group info for other hotel classes as a SUBDIVISION node, which will be
  // used as a parent node for children nodes of the next level.
  ListingGroupInfo otherHotelsSubdivision =
      createListingGroupInfo(
          ListingGroupType.SUBDIVISION, rootResourceName, otherHotelsDimensionInfo);
  // Creates an ad group criterion for other hotel classes.
  AdGroupCriterion otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion =
      createAdGroupCriterion(
          customerId, adGroupId, otherHotelsSubdivision, percentCpcBidMicroAmount);
  operation = generateCreateOperation(otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion);
  operations.add(operation);

  return otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion.getResourceName();
}
      

C#

private string AddLevel1Nodes(long customerId, long adGroupId, string rootResourceName,
    List<AdGroupCriterionOperation> operations, long percentCpcBidMicroAmount)
{
    // Create listing dimension info for 5-star class hotels.
    ListingDimensionInfo fiveStarredListingDimensionInfo = new ListingDimensionInfo
    {
        HotelClass = new HotelClassInfo
        {
            Value = 5
        }
    };

    // Create a listing group info for 5-star hotels as a UNIT node.
    ListingGroupInfo fiveStarredUnit = CreateListingGroupInfo(ListingGroupType.Unit,
        rootResourceName, fiveStarredListingDimensionInfo);

    // Create an ad group criterion for 5-star hotels.
    AdGroupCriterion fiveStarredAdGroupCriterion = CreateAdGroupCriterion(customerId,
        adGroupId, fiveStarredUnit, percentCpcBidMicroAmount);

    // Create an operation and add it to the list of operations.
    operations.Add(new AdGroupCriterionOperation
    {
        Create = fiveStarredAdGroupCriterion
    });

    // Decrement the temp ID for the next ad group criterion.
    nextTempId--;

    // You can also create more UNIT nodes for other hotel classes by copying the above code
    // in this method and modifying the value passed to HotelClassInfo().
    // For instance, passing 4 instead of 5 in the above code will instead create a UNIT
    // node of 4-star hotels.

    // Create hotel class info and dimension info for other hotel classes by *not*
    // specifying any attributes on those object.
    ListingDimensionInfo otherHotelsListingDimensionInfo = new ListingDimensionInfo
    {
        HotelClass = new HotelClassInfo()
    };

    // Create listing group info for other hotel classes as a SUBDIVISION node, which will
    // be used as a parent node for children nodes of the next level.
    ListingGroupInfo otherHotelsSubdivisionListingGroupInfo = CreateListingGroupInfo
        (ListingGroupType.Subdivision, rootResourceName, otherHotelsListingDimensionInfo);

    // Create an ad group criterion for other hotel classes.
    AdGroupCriterion otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion = CreateAdGroupCriterion(customerId,
        adGroupId, otherHotelsSubdivisionListingGroupInfo, percentCpcBidMicroAmount);

    // Create an operation and add it to the list of operations.
    operations.Add(new AdGroupCriterionOperation
    {
        Create = otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion
    });

    // Decrement the temp ID for the next ad group criterion.
    nextTempId--;

    return otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion.ResourceName;
}
      

PHP

private static function addLevel1Nodes(
    int $customerId,
    int $adGroupId,
    string $rootResourceName,
    array &$operations,
    int $percentCpcBidMicroAmount
) {
    // Creates hotel class info and dimension info for 5-star hotels.
    $fiveStarredDimensionInfo = new ListingDimensionInfo([
        'hotel_class' => new HotelClassInfo(['value' => 5])
    ]);
    // Creates listing group info for 5-star hotels as a UNIT node.
    $fiveStarredUnit = self::createListingGroupInfo(
        ListingGroupType::UNIT,
        $rootResourceName,
        $fiveStarredDimensionInfo
    );
    // Creates an ad group criterion for 5-star hotels.
    $fiveStarredAdGroupCriterion = self::createAdGroupCriterion(
        $customerId,
        $adGroupId,
        $fiveStarredUnit,
        $percentCpcBidMicroAmount
    );
    // Decrements the temp ID for the next ad group criterion.
    self::$nextTempId--;
    $operation = self::generateCreateOperation($fiveStarredAdGroupCriterion);
    $operations[] = $operation;

    // You can also create more UNIT nodes for other hotel classes by copying the above code in
    // this method and modifying the value passed to HotelClassInfo() to the value you want.
    // For instance, passing 4 instead of 5 in the above code will create a UNIT node of 4-star
    // hotels instead.

    // Creates hotel class info and dimension info for other hotel classes by *not* specifying
    // any attributes on those object.
    $othersHotelsDimensionInfo = new ListingDimensionInfo([
        'hotel_class' => new HotelClassInfo()
    ]);
    // Creates listing group info for other hotel classes as a SUBDIVISION node, which will be
    // used as a parent node for children nodes of the next level.
    $otherHotelsSubDivision = self::createListingGroupInfo(
        ListingGroupType::SUBDIVISION,
        $rootResourceName,
        $othersHotelsDimensionInfo
    );
    // Creates an ad group criterion for other hotel classes.
    $otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion = self::createAdGroupCriterion(
        $customerId,
        $adGroupId,
        $otherHotelsSubDivision,
        $percentCpcBidMicroAmount
    );
    $operation = self::generateCreateOperation($otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion);
    $operations[] = $operation;

    self::$nextTempId--;
    return $otherHotelsAdGroupCriterion->getResourceName();
}
      

Python

def add_level1_nodes(
    client,
    customer_id,
    ad_group_id,
    root_resource_name,
    operations,
    percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount,
):
    """Creates child nodes on level 1, partitioned by the hotel class info.

    Args:
        client: The Google Ads API client.
        customer_id: The Google Ads customer ID.
        ad_group_id: The ad group ID to which the hotel listing group will be
            added.
        root_resource_name: The string resource name of the listing group's root
            node.
        operations: A list of AdGroupCriterionOperations.
        percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount: The CPC bid micro amount to be set on
            created ad group criteria.

    Returns:
        The string resource name of the "other hotel classes" node, which serves
        as the parent node for the next level of the listing tree.
    """
    global next_temp_id

    # Create listing dimension info for 5-star class hotels.
    five_starred_listing_dimension_info = client.get_type(
        "ListingDimensionInfo"
    )
    five_starred_listing_dimension_info.hotel_class.value = 5

    # Create a listing group info for 5-star hotels as a UNIT node.
    five_starred_unit = create_listing_group_info(
        client,
        client.enums.ListingGroupTypeEnum.UNIT,
        root_resource_name,
        five_starred_listing_dimension_info,
    )

    # Create an ad group criterion for 5-star hotels.
    five_starred_ad_group_criterion = create_ad_group_criterion(
        client,
        customer_id,
        ad_group_id,
        five_starred_unit,
        percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount,
    )

    # Create an operation and add it to the list of operations.
    five_starred_ad_group_criterion_operation = client.get_type(
        "AdGroupCriterionOperation"
    )
    client.copy_from(
        five_starred_ad_group_criterion_operation.create,
        five_starred_ad_group_criterion,
    )
    operations.append(five_starred_ad_group_criterion_operation)

    # Decrement the temp ID for the next ad group criterion.
    next_temp_id -= 1

    # You can also create more UNIT nodes for other hotel classes by copying the
    # above code in this method and modifying the hotel class value.
    # For instance, passing 4 instead of 5 in the above code will instead create
    # a UNIT node of 4-star hotels.

    # Create hotel class info and dimension info without any specifying
    # attributes. This node will then represent hotel classes other than those
    # already covered by UNIT nodes at this level.
    other_hotels_listing_dimension_info = client.get_type(
        "ListingDimensionInfo"
    )
    # Set "hotel_class" as the oneof field on the ListingDimensionInfo object
    # without specifying the optional hotel_class field.
    client.copy_from(
        other_hotels_listing_dimension_info.hotel_class,
        client.get_type("HotelClassInfo"),
    )

    # Create listing group info for other hotel classes as a SUBDIVISION node,
    # which will be used as a parent node for children nodes of the next level.
    other_hotels_subdivision_listing_group_info = create_listing_group_info(
        client,
        client.enums.ListingGroupTypeEnum.SUBDIVISION,
        root_resource_name,
        other_hotels_listing_dimension_info,
    )

    # Create an ad group criterion for other hotel classes.
    other_hotels_ad_group_criterion = create_ad_group_criterion(
        client,
        customer_id,
        ad_group_id,
        other_hotels_subdivision_listing_group_info,
        percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount,
    )

    # Create an operation and add it to the list of operations.
    other_hotels_ad_group_criterion_operation = client.get_type(
        "AdGroupCriterionOperation"
    )
    client.copy_from(
        other_hotels_ad_group_criterion_operation.create,
        other_hotels_ad_group_criterion,
    )
    operations.append(other_hotels_ad_group_criterion_operation)

    # Decrement the temp ID for the next ad group criterion.
    next_temp_id -= 1

    return other_hotels_ad_group_criterion.resource_name
      

Ruby

def add_level1_nodes(
  client,
  customer_id,
  ad_group_id,
  root_resource_name,
  operations,
  percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount)
  # Creates hotel class info and dimension info for 5-star hotels.
  five_starred_dimension_info = client.resource.listing_dimension_info do |d|
    d.hotel_class = client.resource.hotel_class_info do |c|
      c.value = 5
    end
  end

  # Creates listing group info for 5-star hotels as a UNIT node.
  five_starred_unit = create_listing_group_info(
    client,
    :UNIT,
    root_resource_name,
    five_starred_dimension_info,
  )

  # Creates an ad group criterion for 5-star hotels.
  five_starred_ad_group_criterion = create_ad_group_criterion(
    client,
    customer_id,
    ad_group_id,
    five_starred_unit,
    percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount,
  )

  operations << generate_create_operation(
    client,
    five_starred_ad_group_criterion,
  )

  # You can also create more UNIT nodes for other hotel classes by copying the
  # above code in this method and modifying the value passed to HotelClassInfo()
  # to the value you want.
  # For instance, passing 4 instead of 5 in the above code will create a UNIT
  # node of 4-star hotels instead.

  # Creates hotel class info and dimension info for other hotel classes
  # by *not* specifying any attributes on those object.
  other_hotels_dimention_info = client.resource.listing_dimension_info do |d|
    d.hotel_class = client.resource.hotel_class_info
  end

  # Creates listing group info for other hotel classes as a SUBDIVISION node,
  # which will be used as a parent node for children nodes of the next level.
  other_hotels_subdivision = create_listing_group_info(
    client,
    :SUBDIVISION,
    root_resource_name,
    other_hotels_dimention_info,
  )

  # Creates an ad group criterion for other hotel classes.
  other_hotels_ad_group_criterion = create_ad_group_criterion(
    client,
    customer_id,
    ad_group_id,
    other_hotels_subdivision,
    percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount,
  )

  operations << generate_create_operation(
    client,
    other_hotels_ad_group_criterion,
  )

  other_hotels_ad_group_criterion.resource_name
end
      

Perl

sub add_level_1_nodes {
  my ($customer_id, $ad_group_id, $root_resource_name, $operations,
    $percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount)
    = @_;

  # Create hotel class info and dimension info for 5-star hotels.
  my $five_starred_dimension_info =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V15::Common::ListingDimensionInfo->new({
      hotelClass => Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V15::Common::HotelClassInfo->new({
          value => 5
        })});

  # Create listing group info for 5-star hotels as a UNIT node.
  my $five_starred_unit = create_listing_group_info(UNIT, $root_resource_name,
    $five_starred_dimension_info);

  # Create an ad group criterion for 5-star hotels.
  my $five_starred_ad_group_criterion =
    create_ad_group_criterion($customer_id, $ad_group_id, $five_starred_unit,
    $percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount);

  my $operation = generate_create_operation($five_starred_ad_group_criterion);
  push @$operations, $operation;

  # You can also create more UNIT nodes for other hotel classes by copying the
  # above code in this method and modifying the value passed to HotelClassInfo
  # to the value you want. For instance, passing 4 instead of 5 in the above code
  #  will create a UNIT node of 4-star hotels instead.

  # Create hotel class info and dimension info for other hotel classes by *not*
  # specifying any attributes on those object.
  my $others_hotels_dimension_info =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V15::Common::ListingDimensionInfo->new({
      hotelClass => Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V15::Common::HotelClassInfo->new()}
    );

  # Create listing group info for other hotel classes as a SUBDIVISION node, which
  # will be used as a parent node for children nodes of the next level.
  my $other_hotels_subdivision =
    create_listing_group_info(SUBDIVISION, $root_resource_name,
    $others_hotels_dimension_info);

  # Create an ad group criterion for other hotel classes.
  my $other_hotels_ad_group_criterion =
    create_ad_group_criterion($customer_id, $ad_group_id,
    $other_hotels_subdivision, $percent_cpc_bid_micro_amount);

  $operation = generate_create_operation($other_hotels_ad_group_criterion);
  push @$operations, $operation;

  return $other_hotels_ad_group_criterion->{resourceName};
}
      

ListingDimensionsInfo 的可用維度

飯店廣告支援以下 ListingDimensionInfo 類型:

臨時編號

伺服器處理廣告群組條件的 change 要求前,系統不會指派廣告群組條件 ID。不過,ListingGroupInfo 在完成之前無效,因此每當您建立子產品群組時,也必須在相同作業中建立至少一個子項。

如要允許您為子項節點設定 ListingGroupInfoparent_ad_group_criterion,您可以使用臨時條件 ID。這些是本機不重複 (而非全域唯一) ID,只適用於單一 Changes 請求的情況。任何負整數 (例如 -1) 都可以做為臨時 ID。

處理要求時,會為每個 AdGroupCriterion 指派正的全域 ID。