Tilt and Rotation

View Sample

Overview

You can set tilt and rotation (heading) on the vector map by including the heading and tilt properties when initializing the map, and by calling the setTilt and setHeading methods on the map. The following example adds some buttons to the map which show programmatically adjusting tilt and heading in 20-degree increments.

TypeScript

function initMap(): void {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      center: {
        lat: 37.7893719,
        lng: -122.3942,
      },
      zoom: 16,
      heading: 320,
      tilt: 47.5,
      mapId: "90f87356969d889c",
    }
  );

  const buttons: [string, string, number, google.maps.ControlPosition][] = [
    ["Rotate Left", "rotate", 20, google.maps.ControlPosition.LEFT_CENTER],
    ["Rotate Right", "rotate", -20, google.maps.ControlPosition.RIGHT_CENTER],
    ["Tilt Down", "tilt", 20, google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_CENTER],
    ["Tilt Up", "tilt", -20, google.maps.ControlPosition.BOTTOM_CENTER],
  ];

  buttons.forEach(([text, mode, amount, position]) => {
    const controlDiv = document.createElement("div");
    const controlUI = document.createElement("button");

    controlUI.classList.add("ui-button");
    controlUI.innerText = `${text}`;
    controlUI.addEventListener("click", () => {
      adjustMap(mode, amount);
    });
    controlDiv.appendChild(controlUI);
    map.controls[position].push(controlDiv);
  });

  const adjustMap = function (mode: string, amount: number) {
    switch (mode) {
      case "tilt":
        map.setTilt(map.getTilt()! + amount);
        break;
      case "rotate":
        map.setHeading(map.getHeading()! + amount);
        break;
      default:
        break;
    }
  };
}

JavaScript

function initMap() {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    center: {
      lat: 37.7893719,
      lng: -122.3942,
    },
    zoom: 16,
    heading: 320,
    tilt: 47.5,
    mapId: "90f87356969d889c",
  });
  const buttons = [
    ["Rotate Left", "rotate", 20, google.maps.ControlPosition.LEFT_CENTER],
    ["Rotate Right", "rotate", -20, google.maps.ControlPosition.RIGHT_CENTER],
    ["Tilt Down", "tilt", 20, google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_CENTER],
    ["Tilt Up", "tilt", -20, google.maps.ControlPosition.BOTTOM_CENTER],
  ];

  buttons.forEach(([text, mode, amount, position]) => {
    const controlDiv = document.createElement("div");
    const controlUI = document.createElement("button");

    controlUI.classList.add("ui-button");
    controlUI.innerText = `${text}`;
    controlUI.addEventListener("click", () => {
      adjustMap(mode, amount);
    });
    controlDiv.appendChild(controlUI);
    map.controls[position].push(controlDiv);
  });

  const adjustMap = function (mode, amount) {
    switch (mode) {
      case "tilt":
        map.setTilt(map.getTilt() + amount);
        break;
      case "rotate":
        map.setHeading(map.getHeading() + amount);
        break;
      default:
        break;
    }
  };
}

CSS

/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}

/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.ui-button {
  background-color: #fff;
  border: 0;
  border-radius: 2px;
  box-shadow: 0 1px 4px -1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
  margin: 10px;
  padding: 0 0.5em;
  font: 400 18px Roboto, Arial, sans-serif;
  overflow: hidden;
  height: 40px;
  cursor: pointer;
}
.ui-button:hover {
  background: #ebebeb;
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Tilt and Rotation</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./index.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>

    <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. -->
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&v=beta"
      async
    ></script>
  </body>
</html>
function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { center: { lat: 37.7893719, lng: -122.3942, }, zoom: 16, heading: 320, tilt: 47.5, mapId: "90f87356969d889c", }); const buttons = [ ["Rotate Left", "rotate", 20, google.maps.ControlPosition.LEFT_CENTER], ["Rotate Right", "rotate", -20, google.maps.ControlPosition.RIGHT_CENTER], ["Tilt Down", "tilt", 20, google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_CENTER], ["Tilt Up", "tilt", -20, google.maps.ControlPosition.BOTTOM_CENTER], ]; buttons.forEach(([text, mode, amount, position]) => { const controlDiv = document.createElement("div"); const controlUI = document.createElement("button"); controlUI.classList.add("ui-button"); controlUI.innerText = `${text}`; controlUI.addEventListener("click", () => { adjustMap(mode, amount); }); controlDiv.appendChild(controlUI); map.controls[position].push(controlDiv); }); const adjustMap = function (mode, amount) { switch (mode) { case "tilt": map.setTilt(map.getTilt() + amount); break; case "rotate": map.setHeading(map.getHeading() + amount); break; default: break; } }; }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; } .ui-button { background-color: #fff; border: 0; border-radius: 2px; box-shadow: 0 1px 4px -1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3); margin: 10px; padding: 0 0.5em; font: 400 18px Roboto, Arial, sans-serif; overflow: hidden; height: 40px; cursor: pointer; } .ui-button:hover { background: #ebebeb; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Tilt and Rotation</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="map"></div> <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. --> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyB41DRUbKWJHPxaFjMAwdrzWzbVKartNGg&callback=initMap&v=beta&channel=2" async ></script> </body> </html>

Try Sample

Using mouse and keyboard gestures

You can adjust tilt and rotation using the mouse and keyboard:

  • Using the mouse, hold down the shift key, then click and drag the mouse up and down to adjust tilt, right and left to adjust heading.
  • Using the keyboard, hold down the shift key, then use the up and down arrow keys to adjust tilt, and the right and left arrow keys to adjust heading.

Programmatically adjusting tilt and heading

Use the setTilt() and setHeading() methods to programmatically adjust tilt and heading on a vector map. Heading is the direction the camera is facing in clockwise degrees starting north, so map.setHeading(90) will rotate the map so that east is facing up. The tilt angle is measured from the zenith, so map.setTilt(0) is looking straight down, while map.setTilt(45) will result in an oblique view.

  • Call setTilt() to set the tilt angle of the map. Use getTilt() to get the current tilt value.
  • Call setHeading() to set the heading of the map. Use getHeading() to get the current heading value.

To change the map center while preserving tilt and heading, use map.setCenter() or map.panBy().

Note that the range of angles that can be used varies with the current zoom level. Values outside this range will be clamped to the currently allowed range.

You can also use the moveCamera method to programmatically change heading, tilt, center, and zoom. Learn more.

Impact on other methods

When tilt or rotation is applied to the map, the behavior of other Maps JavaScript API methods is affected:

  • map.getBounds() always returns the smallest bounding box that includes the visible region; when tilt is applied, the returned bounds may represent a larger region than the visible region of the map's viewport.
  • map.fitBounds() will reset tilt and heading to zero prior to fitting the bounds.
  • map.panToBounds() will reset tilt and heading to zero prior to panning the bounds.
  • map.setTilt() accepts any value, but restricts the maximum tilt based on the current map zoom level.
  • map.setHeading() accepts any value, and will modify it to fit into the range [0, 360].