Gerar métricas históricas

As métricas históricas fornecem métricas sobre o desempenho anterior das palavras-chave na Pesquisa Google, incluindo:

  • Média de pesquisas mensais (últimos 12 meses)
  • Volume de pesquisa mensal aproximado (por mês)
  • Nível da concorrência
  • Índice da concorrência
  • 20o percentil dos lances
  • 80o percentil dos lances

É possível usar métricas históricas para reduzir um grande conjunto de palavras-chave a um tamanho mais gerenciável com base no desempenho. Se você já conhece as palavras-chave que quer usar, pule as métricas históricas e vá direto para as métricas de previsão.

Gerar métricas

Para gerar métricas históricas, chame KeywordPlanIdeaService.GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetrics com os parâmetros que você quer incluir.

Java

private void runExample(GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, Long customerId) {
  GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest request =
      GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest.newBuilder()
          .setCustomerId(String.valueOf(customerId))
          .addAllKeywords(Arrays.asList("mars cruise", "cheap cruise", "jupiter cruise"))
          // See https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/geotargets for the
          // list of geo target IDs.
          // Geo target constant 2840 is for USA.
          .addGeoTargetConstants(ResourceNames.geoTargetConstant(2840))
          .setKeywordPlanNetwork(KeywordPlanNetwork.GOOGLE_SEARCH)
          // See
          // https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/codes-formats#languages
          // for the list of language constant IDs.
          // Language constant 1000 is for English.
          .setLanguage(ResourceNames.languageConstant(1000))
          .build();

  try (KeywordPlanIdeaServiceClient keywordPlanIdeaServiceClient =
      googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createKeywordPlanIdeaServiceClient()) {
    GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsResponse response =
        keywordPlanIdeaServiceClient.generateKeywordHistoricalMetrics(request);
    for (GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsResult result : response.getResultsList()) {
      KeywordPlanHistoricalMetrics metrics = result.getKeywordMetrics();
      System.out.printf("The search query: %s%n", result.getText());
      System.out.printf(
          "and the following variants: %s%n", Joiner.on(",").join(result.getCloseVariantsList()));
      System.out.println("generated the following historical metrics:");

      // Approximate number of monthly searches on this query averaged for the past 12
      // months.
      System.out.printf(
          "Approximate monthly searches: %s%n",
          metrics.hasAvgMonthlySearches() ? metrics.getAvgMonthlySearches() : null);

      // The competition level for this search query.
      System.out.printf("Competition level: %s%n", metrics.getCompetition());

      // The competition index for the query in the range [0,100]. This shows how
      // competitive ad placement is for a keyword. The level of competition from 0-100 is
      // determined by the number of ad slots filled divided by the total number of slots
      // available. If not enough data is available, null will be returned.
      System.out.printf(
          "Competition index: %s%n",
          metrics.hasCompetitionIndex() ? metrics.getCompetitionIndex() : null);

      // Top of page bid low range (20th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
      System.out.printf(
          "Top of page bid low range: %s%n",
          metrics.hasLowTopOfPageBidMicros() ? metrics.getLowTopOfPageBidMicros() : null);

      // Top of page bid high range (80th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
      System.out.printf(
          "Top of page bid high range: %s%n",
          metrics.hasHighTopOfPageBidMicros() ? metrics.getHighTopOfPageBidMicros() : null);

      // Approximate number of searches on this query for the past twelve months.
      metrics.getMonthlySearchVolumesList().stream()
          // Orders the monthly search volumes by descending year, then descending month.
          .sorted(
              (a, b) ->
                  ComparisonChain.start()
                      .compare(b.getYear(), a.getYear())
                      .compare(b.getMonth(), a.getMonth())
                      .result())
          // Prints each monthly search volume.
          .forEachOrdered(
              monthlySearchVolume ->
                  System.out.printf(
                      "Approximately %d searches in %s, %s%n",
                      monthlySearchVolume.getMonthlySearches(),
                      monthlySearchVolume.getMonth(),
                      monthlySearchVolume.getYear()));
    }
  }
}
      

C#

public void Run(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId)
{
    KeywordPlanIdeaServiceClient keywordPlanIdeaService =
            client.GetService(Services.V15.KeywordPlanIdeaService);

    GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest request =
        new GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest()
    {
        CustomerId = customerId.ToString(),
        Keywords = { "mars cruise", "cheap cruise", "jupiter cruise" },
        // See https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/geotargets
        // for the list of geo target IDs.
        // Geo target constant 2840 is for USA.
        GeoTargetConstants = { ResourceNames.GeoTargetConstant(2840) },
        KeywordPlanNetwork = KeywordPlanNetwork.GoogleSearch,
        // See  https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/codes-formats#languages
        // for the list of language constant IDs.
        // Language constant 1000 is for English.
        Language = ResourceNames.LanguageConstant(1000)
    };

    try
    {
        GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsResponse response =
            keywordPlanIdeaService.GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetrics(request);

        foreach (GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsResult result in response.Results)
        {
            KeywordPlanHistoricalMetrics metrics = result.KeywordMetrics;

            Console.WriteLine($"The search query {result.Text}");
            Console.WriteLine("and the following variants: " +
                $"{String.Join(",", result.CloseVariants)}");
            Console.WriteLine("Generated the following historical metrics:");

            // Approximate number of monthly searches on this query averaged for the past 12
            // months.
            Console.WriteLine($"Approximate monthly searches: {metrics.AvgMonthlySearches}");

            // The competition level for this search query.
            Console.WriteLine($"Competition level: {metrics.Competition}");

            // The competition index for the query in the range [0,100]. This shows how
            // competitive ad placement is for a keyword. The level of competition from 0-100 is
            // determined by the number of ad slots filled divided by the total number of slots
            // available. If not enough data is available, null will be returned.
            Console.WriteLine($"Competition index: {metrics.CompetitionIndex}");

            // Top of page bid low range (20th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
            Console.WriteLine($"Top of page bid low range: {metrics.LowTopOfPageBidMicros}");

            // Top of page bid high range (80th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
            Console.WriteLine($"Top of page bid high range: {metrics.HighTopOfPageBidMicros}");

            // Approximate number of searches on this query for the past twelve months.
            foreach (MonthlySearchVolume month in metrics.MonthlySearchVolumes)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Approximately {month.MonthlySearches} searches in " +
                    $"{month.Month}, {month.Year}");
            }
        }

    }
    catch (GoogleAdsException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Failure:");
        Console.WriteLine($"Message: {e.Message}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Failure: {e.Failure}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Request ID: {e.RequestId}");
        throw;
    }
}
      

PHP

public static function runExample(
    GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient,
    int $customerId
): void {
    $keywordPlanIdeaServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getKeywordPlanIdeaServiceClient();
    // Generates keyword historical metrics based on the specified parameters.
    $response = $keywordPlanIdeaServiceClient->generateKeywordHistoricalMetrics(
        new GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest([
            'customer_id' => $customerId,
            'keywords' => ['mars cruise', 'cheap cruise', 'jupiter cruise'],
            // See https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/geotargets for
            // the list of geo target IDs.
            // Geo target constant 2840 is for USA.
            'geo_target_constants' => [ResourceNames::forGeoTargetConstant(2840)],
            'keyword_plan_network' => KeywordPlanNetwork::GOOGLE_SEARCH,
            // https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/codes-formats#languages
            // for the list of language constant IDs.
            // Language constant 1000 is for English.
            'language' => ResourceNames::forLanguageConstant(1000)
        ])
    );

    // Iterates over the results and print its detail.
    foreach ($response->getResults() as $result) {
        /** @var GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsResult $result */
        $metrics = $result->getKeywordMetrics();
        printf("The search query: '%s' ", $result->getText());
        printf(
            "and the following variants: '%s' ",
            implode(',', iterator_to_array($result->getCloseVariants()->getIterator()))
        );
        print "generated the following historical metrics:" . PHP_EOL;

        // Approximate number of monthly searches on this query averaged for the past 12 months.
        printf(
            "Approximate monthly searches: %s%s",
            $metrics->hasAvgMonthlySearches()
                ? sprintf("%d", $metrics->getAvgMonthlySearches())
                : "'none'",
            PHP_EOL
        );

        // The competition level for this search query.
        printf(
            "Competition level: '%s'%s",
            KeywordPlanCompetitionLevel::name($metrics->getCompetition()),
            PHP_EOL
        );

        // The competition index for the query in the range [0,100]. This shows how
        // competitive ad placement is for a keyword. The level of competition from 0-100 is
        // determined by the number of ad slots filled divided by the total number of slots
        // available. If not enough data is available, null will be returned.
        printf(
            "Competition index: %s%s",
            $metrics->hasCompetitionIndex()
                ? sprintf("%d", $metrics->getCompetitionIndex())
                : "'none'",
            PHP_EOL
        );

        // Top of page bid low range (20th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
        printf(
            "Top of page bid low range: %s%s",
            $metrics->hasLowTopOfPageBidMicros()
                ? sprintf("%d", $metrics->getLowTopOfPageBidMicros())
                : "'none'",
            PHP_EOL
        );

        // Top of page bid high range (80th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
        printf(
            "Top of page bid high range: %s%s",
            $metrics->hasHighTopOfPageBidMicros()
                ? sprintf("%d", $metrics->getHighTopOfPageBidMicros())
                : "'none'",
            PHP_EOL
        );

        // Approximate number of searches on this query for the past twelve months.
        $monthlySearchVolumes =
            iterator_to_array($metrics->getMonthlySearchVolumes()->getIterator());
        usort(
            $monthlySearchVolumes,
            // Orders the monthly search volumes by descending year, then descending month.
            function (MonthlySearchVolume $volume1, MonthlySearchVolume $volume2) {
                $yearsCompared = $volume2->getYear() <=> $volume1->getYear();
                if ($yearsCompared != 0) {
                    return $yearsCompared;
                } else {
                    return $volume2->getMonth() <=> $volume1->getMonth();
                }
            }
        );
        // Prints each monthly search volume.
        array_walk($monthlySearchVolumes, function (MonthlySearchVolume $monthlySearchVolume) {
            printf(
                "Approximately %d searches in %s, %s.%s",
                $monthlySearchVolume->getMonthlySearches(),
                MonthOfYear::name($monthlySearchVolume->getMonth()),
                $monthlySearchVolume->getYear(),
                PHP_EOL
            );
        });
        print PHP_EOL;
    }
}
      

Python

def main(client, customer_id):
    """The main method that creates all necessary entities for the example.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: a client customer ID.
    """
    generate_historical_metrics(client, customer_id)


def generate_historical_metrics(client, customer_id):
    """Generates historical metrics and prints the results.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: a client customer ID.
    """
    googleads_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")
    keyword_plan_idea_service = client.get_service("KeywordPlanIdeaService")
    request = client.get_type("GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest")
    request.customer_id = customer_id
    request.keywords = ["mars cruise", "cheap cruise", "jupiter cruise"]
    # Geo target constant 2840 is for USA.
    request.geo_target_constants.append(
        googleads_service.geo_target_constant_path("2840")
    )
    request.keyword_plan_network = (
        client.enums.KeywordPlanNetworkEnum.GOOGLE_SEARCH
    )
    # Language criteria 1000 is for English. For the list of language criteria
    # IDs, see:
    # https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/codes-formats#languages
    request.language = googleads_service.language_constant_path("1000")

    response = keyword_plan_idea_service.generate_keyword_historical_metrics(
        request=request
    )

    for result in response.results:
        metrics = result.keyword_metrics
        # These metrics include those for both the search query and any variants
        # included in the response.
        print(
            f"The search query '{result.text}' (and the following variants: "
            f"'{result.close_variants if result.close_variants else 'None'}'), "
            "generated the following historical metrics:\n"
        )

        # Approximate number of monthly searches on this query averaged for the
        # past 12 months.
        print(f"\tApproximate monthly searches: {metrics.avg_monthly_searches}")

        # The competition level for this search query.
        print(f"\tCompetition level: {metrics.competition}")

        # The competition index for the query in the range [0, 100]. This shows
        # how competitive ad placement is for a keyword. The level of
        # competition from 0-100 is determined by the number of ad slots filled
        # divided by the total number of ad slots available. If not enough data
        # is available, undef will be returned.
        print(f"\tCompetition index: {metrics.competition_index}")

        # Top of page bid low range (20th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
        print(
            f"\tTop of page bid low range: {metrics.low_top_of_page_bid_micros}"
        )

        # Top of page bid high range (80th percentile) in micros for the
        # keyword.
        print(
            "\tTop of page bid high range: "
            f"{metrics.high_top_of_page_bid_micros}"
        )

        # Approximate number of searches on this query for the past twelve
        # months.
        for month in metrics.monthly_search_volumes:
            print(
                f"\tApproximately {month.monthly_searches} searches in "
                f"{month.month.name}, {month.year}"
            )
      

Ruby

This example is not yet available in Ruby; you can take a look at the other languages.
    

Perl

sub generate_historical_metrics {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id) = @_;

  my $keyword_historical_metrics_response =
    $api_client->KeywordPlanIdeaService()->generate_keyword_historical_metrics({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      keywords   => ["mars cruise", "cheap cruise", "jupiter cruise"],
      # Geo target constant 2840 is for USA.
      geoTargetConstants => [
        Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V15::Utils::ResourceNames::geo_target_constant(
          2840)
      ],
      keywordPlanNetwork => 'GOOGLE_SEARCH',
      # Language criteria 1000 is for English. See
      # https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/reference/data/codes-formats#languages
      # for the list of language criteria IDs.
      language =>
        Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V15::Utils::ResourceNames::language_constant(
        1000)});

  foreach my $result (@{$keyword_historical_metrics_response->{results}}) {
    my $metric = $result->{keywordMetrics};
    # These metrics include those for both the search query and any
    # variants included in the response.
    # If the metric is undefined, print (undef) as a placeholder.
    printf
"The search query, %s, (and the following variants: %s), generated the following historical metrics:\n",
      $result->{text},
      $result->{closeVariants}
      ? join(', ', $result->{closeVariants})
      : "(undef)";

    # Approximate number of monthly searches on this query averaged for
    # the past 12 months.
    printf "\tApproximate monthly searches: %s.\n",
      value_or_undef($metric->{avgMonthlySearches});

    # The competition level for this search query.
    printf "\tCompetition level: %s.\n", value_or_undef($metric->{competition});

    # The competition index for the query in the range [0, 100]. This shows how
    # competitive ad placement is for a keyword. The level of competition from
    # 0-100 is determined by the number of ad slots filled divided by the total
    # number of ad slots available. If not enough data is available, undef will
    # be returned.
    printf "\tCompetition index: %s.\n",
      value_or_undef($metric->{competitionIndex});

    # Top of page bid low range (20th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
    printf "\tTop of page bid low range: %s.\n",
      value_or_undef($metric->{lowTopOfPageBidMicros});

    # Top of page bid high range (80th percentile) in micros for the keyword.
    printf "\tTop of page bid high range: %s.\n",
      value_or_undef($metric->{highTopOfPageBidMicros});

    # Approximate number of searches on this query for the past twelve months.
    foreach my $month (@{$metric->{monthlySearchVolumes}}) {
      printf "\tApproximately %d searches in %s, %s.\n",
        $month->{monthlySearches}, $month->{month}, $month->{year};
    }
  }

  return 1;
}
      

As métricas, como volume de pesquisas, são atualizadas todos os meses com base no volume de pesquisas do mês anterior. Esses são os mesmos dados do Google Trends.

Mapear para a interface

KeywordPlanIdeaService.GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetrics tem uma funcionalidade semelhante no Planejador de palavras-chave da interface.

Interface do Planejador de palavras-chave API Google Ads
Inserir palavras-chave GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest.keywords
Locais GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest.geo_target_constants
Idioma GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest.language
Redes de pesquisa GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest.keyword_plan_network
Período GenerateKeywordHistoricalMetricsRequest.historical_metrics_options
Lance de CPC HistoricalMetricsOptions.include_average_cpc