Complex Marker Icons

This example creates complex markers to indicate beaches near Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Read the documentation.

TypeScript

// The following example creates complex markers to indicate beaches near
// Sydney, NSW, Australia. Note that the anchor is set to (0,32) to correspond
// to the base of the flagpole.

function initMap(): void {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      zoom: 10,
      center: { lat: -33.9, lng: 151.2 },
    }
  );

  setMarkers(map);
}

// Data for the markers consisting of a name, a LatLng and a zIndex for the
// order in which these markers should display on top of each other.
const beaches: [string, number, number, number][] = [
  ["Bondi Beach", -33.890542, 151.274856, 4],
  ["Coogee Beach", -33.923036, 151.259052, 5],
  ["Cronulla Beach", -34.028249, 151.157507, 3],
  ["Manly Beach", -33.80010128657071, 151.28747820854187, 2],
  ["Maroubra Beach", -33.950198, 151.259302, 1],
];

function setMarkers(map: google.maps.Map) {
  // Adds markers to the map.

  // Marker sizes are expressed as a Size of X,Y where the origin of the image
  // (0,0) is located in the top left of the image.

  // Origins, anchor positions and coordinates of the marker increase in the X
  // direction to the right and in the Y direction down.
  const image = {
    url:
      "https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/javascript/examples/full/images/beachflag.png",
    // This marker is 20 pixels wide by 32 pixels high.
    size: new google.maps.Size(20, 32),
    // The origin for this image is (0, 0).
    origin: new google.maps.Point(0, 0),
    // The anchor for this image is the base of the flagpole at (0, 32).
    anchor: new google.maps.Point(0, 32),
  };
  // Shapes define the clickable region of the icon. The type defines an HTML
  // <area> element 'poly' which traces out a polygon as a series of X,Y points.
  // The final coordinate closes the poly by connecting to the first coordinate.
  const shape = {
    coords: [1, 1, 1, 20, 18, 20, 18, 1],
    type: "poly",
  } as google.maps.MarkerShapePoly;

  for (let i = 0; i < beaches.length; i++) {
    const beach = beaches[i];
    new google.maps.Marker({
      position: { lat: beach[1], lng: beach[2] },
      map,
      icon: image,
      shape: shape,
      title: beach[0],
      zIndex: beach[3],
    });
  }
}

JavaScript

// The following example creates complex markers to indicate beaches near
// Sydney, NSW, Australia. Note that the anchor is set to (0,32) to correspond
// to the base of the flagpole.
function initMap() {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    zoom: 10,
    center: { lat: -33.9, lng: 151.2 },
  });
  setMarkers(map);
}
// Data for the markers consisting of a name, a LatLng and a zIndex for the
// order in which these markers should display on top of each other.
const beaches = [
  ["Bondi Beach", -33.890542, 151.274856, 4],
  ["Coogee Beach", -33.923036, 151.259052, 5],
  ["Cronulla Beach", -34.028249, 151.157507, 3],
  ["Manly Beach", -33.80010128657071, 151.28747820854187, 2],
  ["Maroubra Beach", -33.950198, 151.259302, 1],
];

function setMarkers(map) {
  // Adds markers to the map.
  // Marker sizes are expressed as a Size of X,Y where the origin of the image
  // (0,0) is located in the top left of the image.
  // Origins, anchor positions and coordinates of the marker increase in the X
  // direction to the right and in the Y direction down.
  const image = {
    url:
      "https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/javascript/examples/full/images/beachflag.png",
    // This marker is 20 pixels wide by 32 pixels high.
    size: new google.maps.Size(20, 32),
    // The origin for this image is (0, 0).
    origin: new google.maps.Point(0, 0),
    // The anchor for this image is the base of the flagpole at (0, 32).
    anchor: new google.maps.Point(0, 32),
  };
  // Shapes define the clickable region of the icon. The type defines an HTML
  // <area> element 'poly' which traces out a polygon as a series of X,Y points.
  // The final coordinate closes the poly by connecting to the first coordinate.
  const shape = {
    coords: [1, 1, 1, 20, 18, 20, 18, 1],
    type: "poly",
  };

  for (let i = 0; i < beaches.length; i++) {
    const beach = beaches[i];
    new google.maps.Marker({
      position: { lat: beach[1], lng: beach[2] },
      map,
      icon: image,
      shape: shape,
      title: beach[0],
      zIndex: beach[3],
    });
  }
}

CSS

/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}

/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Complex Marker Icons</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      defer
    ></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./index.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
  </body>
</html>

All

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Complex Marker Icons</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      defer
    ></script>
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }

      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html,
      body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
    <script>
      // The following example creates complex markers to indicate beaches near
      // Sydney, NSW, Australia. Note that the anchor is set to (0,32) to correspond
      // to the base of the flagpole.
      function initMap() {
        const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
          zoom: 10,
          center: { lat: -33.9, lng: 151.2 },
        });
        setMarkers(map);
      }
      // Data for the markers consisting of a name, a LatLng and a zIndex for the
      // order in which these markers should display on top of each other.
      const beaches = [
        ["Bondi Beach", -33.890542, 151.274856, 4],
        ["Coogee Beach", -33.923036, 151.259052, 5],
        ["Cronulla Beach", -34.028249, 151.157507, 3],
        ["Manly Beach", -33.80010128657071, 151.28747820854187, 2],
        ["Maroubra Beach", -33.950198, 151.259302, 1],
      ];

      function setMarkers(map) {
        // Adds markers to the map.
        // Marker sizes are expressed as a Size of X,Y where the origin of the image
        // (0,0) is located in the top left of the image.
        // Origins, anchor positions and coordinates of the marker increase in the X
        // direction to the right and in the Y direction down.
        const image = {
          url:
            "https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/javascript/examples/full/images/beachflag.png",
          // This marker is 20 pixels wide by 32 pixels high.
          size: new google.maps.Size(20, 32),
          // The origin for this image is (0, 0).
          origin: new google.maps.Point(0, 0),
          // The anchor for this image is the base of the flagpole at (0, 32).
          anchor: new google.maps.Point(0, 32),
        };
        // Shapes define the clickable region of the icon. The type defines an HTML
        // <area> element 'poly' which traces out a polygon as a series of X,Y points.
        // The final coordinate closes the poly by connecting to the first coordinate.
        const shape = {
          coords: [1, 1, 1, 20, 18, 20, 18, 1],
          type: "poly",
        };

        for (let i = 0; i < beaches.length; i++) {
          const beach = beaches[i];
          new google.maps.Marker({
            position: { lat: beach[1], lng: beach[2] },
            map,
            icon: image,
            shape: shape,
            title: beach[0],
            zIndex: beach[3],
          });
        }
      }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
  </body>
</html>
// The following example creates complex markers to indicate beaches near // Sydney, NSW, Australia. Note that the anchor is set to (0,32) to correspond // to the base of the flagpole. function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { zoom: 10, center: { lat: -33.9, lng: 151.2 }, }); setMarkers(map); } // Data for the markers consisting of a name, a LatLng and a zIndex for the // order in which these markers should display on top of each other. const beaches = [ ["Bondi Beach", -33.890542, 151.274856, 4], ["Coogee Beach", -33.923036, 151.259052, 5], ["Cronulla Beach", -34.028249, 151.157507, 3], ["Manly Beach", -33.80010128657071, 151.28747820854187, 2], ["Maroubra Beach", -33.950198, 151.259302, 1], ]; function setMarkers(map) { // Adds markers to the map. // Marker sizes are expressed as a Size of X,Y where the origin of the image // (0,0) is located in the top left of the image. // Origins, anchor positions and coordinates of the marker increase in the X // direction to the right and in the Y direction down. const image = { url: "https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/javascript/examples/full/images/beachflag.png", // This marker is 20 pixels wide by 32 pixels high. size: new google.maps.Size(20, 32), // The origin for this image is (0, 0). origin: new google.maps.Point(0, 0), // The anchor for this image is the base of the flagpole at (0, 32). anchor: new google.maps.Point(0, 32), }; // Shapes define the clickable region of the icon. The type defines an HTML // <area> element 'poly' which traces out a polygon as a series of X,Y points. // The final coordinate closes the poly by connecting to the first coordinate. const shape = { coords: [1, 1, 1, 20, 18, 20, 18, 1], type: "poly", }; for (let i = 0; i < beaches.length; i++) { const beach = beaches[i]; new google.maps.Marker({ position: { lat: beach[1], lng: beach[2] }, map, icon: image, shape: shape, title: beach[0], zIndex: beach[3], }); } }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Complex Marker Icons</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyBIwzALxUPNbatRBj3Xi1Uhp0fFzwWNBkE&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly" defer ></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="map"></div> </body> </html>

Create a starter application from sample

A skeleton starter application using TypeScript, Webpack, and Babel can be generated from this sample using one of the methods below.

Run Locally

Node.js is required to run this sample locally. Follow these instructions to install Node.js and NPM.

npm i -g '@googlemaps/js-samples'
googlemaps-js-samples init icon-complex DESTINATION_FOLDER

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