containsLocation()

This example draws a red circle when the clicked point falls outside of the specified polygon (the Bermuda Triangle), and a blue triangle when the click falls inside the polygon.

Read the documentation.

TypeScript

// This example requires the Geometry library. Include the libraries=geometry
// parameter when you first load the API. For example:
// <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&libraries=geometry">

function initMap(): void {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      center: { lat: 24.886, lng: -70.269 },
      zoom: 5,
    }
  );

  const triangleCoords = [
    { lat: 25.774, lng: -80.19 },
    { lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118 },
    { lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757 },
  ];

  const bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({ paths: triangleCoords });

  google.maps.event.addListener(map, "click", (e) => {
    const resultColor = google.maps.geometry.poly.containsLocation(
      e.latLng,
      bermudaTriangle
    )
      ? "blue"
      : "red";

    const resultPath = google.maps.geometry.poly.containsLocation(
      e.latLng,
      bermudaTriangle
    )
      ? // A triangle.
        "m 0 -1 l 1 2 -2 0 z"
      : google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE;

    new google.maps.Marker({
      position: e.latLng,
      map,
      icon: {
        path: resultPath,
        fillColor: resultColor,
        fillOpacity: 0.2,
        strokeColor: "white",
        strokeWeight: 0.5,
        scale: 10,
      },
    });
  });
}

JavaScript

// This example requires the Geometry library. Include the libraries=geometry
// parameter when you first load the API. For example:
// <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&libraries=geometry">
function initMap() {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    center: { lat: 24.886, lng: -70.269 },
    zoom: 5,
  });
  const triangleCoords = [
    { lat: 25.774, lng: -80.19 },
    { lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118 },
    { lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757 },
  ];
  const bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({ paths: triangleCoords });
  google.maps.event.addListener(map, "click", (e) => {
    const resultColor = google.maps.geometry.poly.containsLocation(
      e.latLng,
      bermudaTriangle
    )
      ? "blue"
      : "red";
    const resultPath = google.maps.geometry.poly.containsLocation(
      e.latLng,
      bermudaTriangle
    )
      ? // A triangle.
        "m 0 -1 l 1 2 -2 0 z"
      : google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE;
    new google.maps.Marker({
      position: e.latLng,
      map,
      icon: {
        path: resultPath,
        fillColor: resultColor,
        fillOpacity: 0.2,
        strokeColor: "white",
        strokeWeight: 0.5,
        scale: 10,
      },
    });
  });
}

CSS

/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}

/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Polygon Contains Location</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./index.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>

    <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. -->
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=geometry&v=weekly"
      async
    ></script>
  </body>
</html>
// This example requires the Geometry library. Include the libraries=geometry // parameter when you first load the API. For example: // <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyB41DRUbKWJHPxaFjMAwdrzWzbVKartNGg&libraries=geometry"> function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { center: { lat: 24.886, lng: -70.269 }, zoom: 5, }); const triangleCoords = [ { lat: 25.774, lng: -80.19 }, { lat: 18.466, lng: -66.118 }, { lat: 32.321, lng: -64.757 }, ]; const bermudaTriangle = new google.maps.Polygon({ paths: triangleCoords }); google.maps.event.addListener(map, "click", (e) => { const resultColor = google.maps.geometry.poly.containsLocation( e.latLng, bermudaTriangle ) ? "blue" : "red"; const resultPath = google.maps.geometry.poly.containsLocation( e.latLng, bermudaTriangle ) ? // A triangle. "m 0 -1 l 1 2 -2 0 z" : google.maps.SymbolPath.CIRCLE; new google.maps.Marker({ position: e.latLng, map, icon: { path: resultPath, fillColor: resultColor, fillOpacity: 0.2, strokeColor: "white", strokeWeight: 0.5, scale: 10, }, }); }); }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Polygon Contains Location</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="map"></div> <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. --> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyB41DRUbKWJHPxaFjMAwdrzWzbVKartNGg&callback=initMap&libraries=geometry&v=weekly&channel=2" async ></script> </body> </html>

Try Sample

Clone Sample

Git and Node.js are required to run this sample locally. Follow these instructions to install Node.js and NPM. The following commands clone, install dependencies and start the sample application.

  git clone -b sample-poly-containsLocation git@github.com:googlemaps/js-samples.git
  cd js-samples
  npm i
  npm start

Other samples can be tried by switching to any branch beginning with sample-SAMPLE_NAME.

  git checkout sample-SAMPLE_NAME
  npm i
  npm start