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Data Layer: Polygon

This example uses the Data layer to create a polygon with two internal holes. If you don't use the data layer to create an inner hole, you must define a path wound in the opposite direction to the outer path as shown in this alternative.

Read the documentation.

TypeScript

// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
// to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.

function initMap(): void {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      zoom: 6,
      center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 }
    }
  );

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.
  const outerCoords = [
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 }, // north west
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 }, // south west
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 }, // south east
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 } // north east
  ];

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.
  const innerCoords1 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 }
  ];

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.
  const innerCoords2 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 }
  ];

  map.data.add({
    geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
      outerCoords,
      innerCoords1,
      innerCoords2
    ])
  });
}

JavaScript

// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
// to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.
function initMap() {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    zoom: 6,
    center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 }
  });
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.
  const outerCoords = [
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 },
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 },
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 },
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 } // north east
  ];
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.
  const innerCoords1 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 }
  ];
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.
  const innerCoords2 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 }
  ];
  map.data.add({
    geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
      outerCoords,
      innerCoords1,
      innerCoords2
    ])
  });
}

CSS


      

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Data Layer: Polygon</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      defer
    ></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./app.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
  </body>
</html>

All

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Data Layer: Polygon</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      defer
    ></script>
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }

      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html,
      body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
    <script>
      "use strict";

      // This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
      // to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.
      function initMap() {
        const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
          zoom: 6,
          center: {
            lat: -33.872,
            lng: 151.252
          }
        }); // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.

        const outerCoords = [
          {
            lat: -32.364,
            lng: 153.207
          },
          {
            lat: -35.364,
            lng: 153.207
          },
          {
            lat: -35.364,
            lng: 158.207
          },
          {
            lat: -32.364,
            lng: 158.207
          } // north east
        ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.

        const innerCoords1 = [
          {
            lat: -33.364,
            lng: 154.207
          },
          {
            lat: -34.364,
            lng: 154.207
          },
          {
            lat: -34.364,
            lng: 155.207
          },
          {
            lat: -33.364,
            lng: 155.207
          }
        ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.

        const innerCoords2 = [
          {
            lat: -33.364,
            lng: 156.207
          },
          {
            lat: -34.364,
            lng: 156.207
          },
          {
            lat: -34.364,
            lng: 157.207
          },
          {
            lat: -33.364,
            lng: 157.207
          }
        ];
        map.data.add({
          geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
            outerCoords,
            innerCoords1,
            innerCoords2
          ])
        });
      }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>
  </body>
</html>
"use strict"; // This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer // to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it. function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { zoom: 6, center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 } }); // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path. const outerCoords = [ { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 }, { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 }, { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 }, { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 } // north east ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path. const innerCoords1 = [ { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 }, { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 } ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path. const innerCoords2 = [ { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 }, { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 } ]; map.data.add({ geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([ outerCoords, innerCoords1, innerCoords2 ]) }); }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Data Layer: Polygon</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyCb1xprYSpXd0q_yDsJ1W2UGhfl9_YGKU0&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly" defer ></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="map"></div> </body> </html>