مكتبات العملاء

توفر مكتبات العملاء لدينا طرق عرض عالية المستوى وكتل برمجية أساسية لوظائف إعلانات Google API، مما يسهّل تطوير التطبيقات بسرعة. ننصحك بالبدء بواحد إذا كنت مبتدئًا في استخدام واجهة برمجة التطبيقات.

مكتبة العميل المصدر التوزيع أمثلة على التعليمات البرمجية
Java google-ads-java Maven، tar.gz العرض على GitHub
.NET google-ads-dotnet nuget وtar.gz وzip العرض على GitHub
PHP google-ads-php tar.gz العرض على GitHub
Python google-ads-python tar.gz ، zip العرض على GitHub
ياقوت أحمر google-ads-ruby جوهر، tar.gz، zip العرض على GitHub
Perl google-ads-perl tar.gz ، zip العرض على GitHub

إصدارات واجهة برمجة التطبيقات المتوافقة

يعرض الجدول مكتبات العملاء التي تعمل مع إصدارات واجهة برمجة التطبيقات.

Java

مكتبة العملاء لـ Java
v16 Min: 30.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 28.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 26.0.0
Max: -

C#

مكتبة العملاء لنظام .NET
v16 Min: 18.1.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 17.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 16.1.0
Max: -

PHP

مكتبة العملاء للغة PHP
v15 Min: 21.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 19.2.0
Max: -

Python

مكتبة العملاء للغة بايثون
v15 Min: 22.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 21.2.0
Max: -

Ruby

مكتبة عملاء Ruby
v15 Min: 25.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 23.0.0
Max: -

Perl

مكتبة العملاء للغة Perl
v16 Min: 21.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 19.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 17.0.0
Max: -

الإعداد

توفِّر كل مكتبة لبرامج عملاء Ads API إعدادات ضبط وطرق تحميل مختلفة يمكنك استخدامها لتخصيص طريقة عملها.

في ما يلي متغيرات البيئة الشائعة في جميع مكتبات العميل والتي يمكن تحميلها لضبط إعدادات التهيئة:

  • مكتبة العملاء
    • GOOGLE_ADS_CONFIGURATION_FILE_PATH: المسار إلى ملف الإعداد
  • OAuth2
    • وضع التطبيق
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID : اضبط هذه القيمة على معرِّف عميل OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_SECRET : اضبط هذه القيمة على سر عميل OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_REFRESH_TOKEN : اضبط هذه القيمة على رمز مميّز تم إنشاؤه مسبقًا لإعادة تحميل OAuth2 إذا كنت تريد إعادة استخدام رموز OAuth2 المميزة. هذا الإعداد اختياري.
    • وضع حساب الخدمة
      • GOOGLE_ADS_JSON_KEY_FILE_PATH : اضبط هذه القيمة على مسار ملف إعداد OAuth2 JSON.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_IMPERSONATED_EMAIL : يجب ضبط هذه القيمة على عنوان البريد الإلكتروني للحساب الذي تنتحل هويتك.
  • Google Ads API
    • GOOGLE_ADS_DEVELOPER_TOKEN : اضبط هذا الخيار على الرمز المميز للمطوِّر.
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LOGIN_CUSTOMER_ID : هذا هو الرقم التعريفي للعميل الخاص بالعميل المفوّض لاستخدامه في الطلب، بدون واصلات (-).
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LINKED_CUSTOMER_ID : هذا العنوان مطلوب فقط للطرق التي تُعدِّل موارد أحد الكيانات عند الحصول على إذن من خلال "الحسابات المرتبطة" في واجهة مستخدم "إعلانات Google" (المورد AccountLink في Google Ads API). اضبط هذه القيمة على الرقم التعريفي للعميل الخاص بمزوّد البيانات الذي يحدّث موارد الرقم التعريفي للعميل. ويجب ضبطها بدون واصلات (-). لمزيد من المعلومات حول الحسابات المرتبطة، يُرجى زيارة مركز المساعدة.

يتم عادةً تعريف متغيرات البيئة في ملف إعداد bash، مثل ملف .bashrc أو .bash_profile المتوفّر في دليل $HOME. يمكن أيضًا تحديدها باستخدام سطر الأوامر.

في ما يلي بعض الخطوات الأساسية لتحديد متغيّر بيئة باستخدام ملف .bashrc باستخدام وحدة طرفية:

# Append the line "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" to
# the bottom of your .bashrc file.
echo "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" >> ~/.bashrc

# Update your bash environment to use the most recently updated
# version of your .bashrc file.
src ~/.bashrc

يمكن أيضًا ضبط متغيرات البيئة في المثيل الطرفي مباشرةً من سطر الأوامر:

export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890

هناك بديل آخر وهو تعيين متغيرات البيئة عند استدعاء الأمر الذي يستخدمه:

GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890 php /path/to/script/that/uses/envvar.php

البحث في النتائج على صفحات

يُستخدم عادةً GoogleAdsService.Search في التطبيقات التفاعلية التي تعرض صفحات النتائج.

مكتبة البرامج لدينا تنفّذ عمليات نقل البيانات تلقائيًا عند التكرار التحسيني للنتائج كي تتمكّن من تنزيلها ومعالجتها جميعًا بشكل تسلسلي في آنٍ واحد، على سبيل المثال:

Java

private void runExample(GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId) {
  try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
      googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
    String query = "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id";
    // Constructs the SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.
    SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setQuery(query)
            .build();

    // Creates and issues a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
    ServerStream<SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse> stream =
        googleAdsServiceClient.searchStreamCallable().call(request);

    // Iterates through and prints all of the results in the stream response.
    for (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse response : stream) {
      for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getResultsList()) {
        System.out.printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%n",
            googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
      }
    }
  }
}
      

C#

public void Run(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId)
{
    // Get the GoogleAdsService.
    GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService = client.GetService(
        Services.V16.GoogleAdsService);

    // Create a query that will retrieve all campaigns.
    string query = @"SELECT
                    campaign.id,
                    campaign.name,
                    campaign.network_settings.target_content_network
                FROM campaign
                ORDER BY campaign.id";

    try
    {
        // Issue a search request.
        googleAdsService.SearchStream(customerId.ToString(), query,
            delegate (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse resp)
            {
                foreach (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow in resp.Results)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Campaign with ID {0} and name '{1}' was found.",
                        googleAdsRow.Campaign.Id, googleAdsRow.Campaign.Name);
                }
            }
        );
    }
    catch (GoogleAdsException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Failure:");
        Console.WriteLine($"Message: {e.Message}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Failure: {e.Failure}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Request ID: {e.RequestId}");
        throw;
    }
}
      

PHP

public static function runExample(GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient, int $customerId)
{
    $googleAdsServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getGoogleAdsServiceClient();
    // Creates a query that retrieves all campaigns.
    $query = 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id';
    // Issues a search stream request.
    /** @var GoogleAdsServerStreamDecorator $stream */
    $stream = $googleAdsServiceClient->searchStream(
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest::build($customerId, $query)
    );

    // Iterates over all rows in all messages and prints the requested field values for
    // the campaign in each row.
    foreach ($stream->iterateAllElements() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def main(client, customer_id):
    ga_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")

    query = """
        SELECT
          campaign.id,
          campaign.name
        FROM campaign
        ORDER BY campaign.id"""

    # Issues a search request using streaming.
    stream = ga_service.search_stream(customer_id=customer_id, query=query)

    for batch in stream:
        for row in batch.results:
            print(
                f"Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
                f'"{row.campaign.name}" was found.'
            )
      

Ruby

def get_campaigns(customer_id)
  # GoogleAdsClient will read a config file from
  # ENV['HOME']/google_ads_config.rb when called without parameters
  client = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsClient.new

  responses = client.service.google_ads.search_stream(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    query: 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id',
  )

  responses.each do |response|
    response.results.each do |row|
      puts "Campaign with ID #{row.campaign.id} and name '#{row.campaign.name}' was found."
    end
  end
end
      

Perl

sub get_campaigns {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id) = @_;

  # Create a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
  my $search_stream_request =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V16::Services::GoogleAdsService::SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest
    ->new({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      query      =>
        "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id"
    });

  # Get the GoogleAdsService.
  my $google_ads_service = $api_client->GoogleAdsService();

  my $search_stream_handler =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Utils::SearchStreamHandler->new({
      service => $google_ads_service,
      request => $search_stream_request
    });

  # Issue a search request and process the stream response to print the requested
  # field values for the campaign in each row.
  $search_stream_handler->process_contents(
    sub {
      my $google_ads_row = shift;
      printf "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.\n",
        $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id}, $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
    });

  return 1;
}
      

حسب حالة الاستخدام، قد تحتاج إلى إجراء ما يلي:

  • حسِّن عدد الصفحات التي يتم جلبها.
  • يمكنك تحسين عدد النتائج التي يتم تخزينها في أي وقت.
  • تنزيل ومعالجة صفحات النتائج بترتيب معين.

ويمكن إجراء ذلك من خلال تخزين الرموز المميّزة للصفحة بدلاً من النتائج، ما يزيد من تعقيد الرمز.

Java

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client.
 * @param customerId the client customer ID.
 * @param query the search query.
 * @param pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
 * @param pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update.
 */
private static void fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient,
    long customerId,
    String query,
    int pageNumber,
    SortedMap<Integer, String> pageTokens) {
  int currentPageNumber;
  // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (pageTokens.containsKey(pageNumber)) {
    System.out.println(
        "The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.");
    currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
  } else {
    System.out.printf(
        "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page we know"
            + " the token for (page %d) and sequentially get pages from there.%n",
        pageTokens.size());
    currentPageNumber = pageTokens.lastKey();
  }

  // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
  // are returned.
  while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber) {
    // Fetches the next page.
    System.out.printf("Fetching page %d...%n", currentPageNumber);
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setPageSize(PAGE_SIZE)
            .setQuery(query)
            .setReturnTotalResultsCount(true)
            // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
            .setPageToken(pageTokens.get(currentPageNumber))
            .build();
    try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
        googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
      SearchPagedResponse response = googleAdsServiceClient.search(request);
      cacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response.getPage(), currentPageNumber + 1);

      // Prints only the results for the requested page.
      if (currentPageNumber == pageNumber) {
        // Prints the results of the requested page.
        System.out.printf("Printing results found for page %d:%n", pageNumber);
        for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getPage().getResponse().getResultsList()) {
          System.out.printf(
              "- Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%n",
              googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
        }
      }

      currentPageNumber++;
    }
  }
}
      

C#

/// <summary>
/// Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="googleAdsService">The Google Ads API Service client.</param>
/// <param name="request">The request.</param>
/// <param name="pageNumber">The number of the page to fetch and print results for.</param>
/// <param name="pageTokens">The cache of page tokens to use and update.</param>
/// <returns></returns>
private static void FetchAndPrintPageResults(GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService,
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request, int pageNumber, Dictionary<int, string> pageTokens)
{
    int currentPageNumber = pageNumber;

    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (pageTokens.ContainsKey(pageNumber - 1))
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it " +
            "to get the results.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
    }
    else
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was never cached, we will " +
            $"use the closest page we know the token for (page #{pageNumber}) and " +
            $"sequentially get pages from there.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
        while (!pageTokens.ContainsKey(currentPageNumber))
        {
            currentPageNumber--;
        }
    }

    SearchGoogleAdsResponse response = null;
    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page
    // results are returned.
    while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber)
    {
        // Fetches the next page.
        Console.WriteLine($"Fetching page #{currentPageNumber}...");
        request.PageToken = pageTokens[currentPageNumber - 1];
        response = googleAdsService.Search(request)
            .AsRawResponses().First();
        CacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response, currentPageNumber);
        currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    Console.WriteLine($"Printing results found for the page #{pageNumber}");
    foreach (GoogleAdsRow row in response.Results)
    {
        Campaign c = row.Campaign;
        Console.WriteLine($" - Campaign with ID {c.Id} and name '{c.Name}'");
    }
}

      

PHP

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient the Google Ads API Service client
 * @param int $customerId the customer ID
 * @param string $searchQuery the search query
 * @param array $searchOptions the search options
 * @param int $pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for
 * @param array &$pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update
 */
private static function fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient,
    int $customerId,
    string $searchQuery,
    array $searchOptions,
    int $pageNumber,
    array &$pageTokens
) {
    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (isset($pageTokens[$pageNumber])) {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.%s',
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = $pageNumber;
    } else {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page ' .
            'we know the token for (page #%d) and sequentially get pages from there.%s',
            count($pageTokens),
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = count($pageTokens);
    }

    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
    // are returned.
    while ($currentPageNumber <= $pageNumber) {
        // Fetches the next page.
        printf('Fetching page #%d...%s', $currentPageNumber, PHP_EOL);
        $response = $googleAdsServiceClient->search(
            (new SearchGoogleAdsRequest(
                $searchOptions + [
                    // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
                    'page_token' => $pageTokens[$currentPageNumber]
                ]
            ))->setCustomerId($customerId)->setQuery($searchQuery)
        );
        self::cacheNextPageToken($pageTokens, $response->getPage(), $currentPageNumber);
        $currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    printf('Printing results found for the page #%d:%s', $pageNumber, PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($response->getPage()->getIterator() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def fetch_and_print_results(
    client, customer_id, query, page_number, page_tokens
):
    """Fetches and prints the results of a page using a cache of page tokens.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: a client customer ID.
        query: the search query.
        page_number: the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
        page_tokens: the cache of page tokens to use and update.
    """
    current_page_number = None
    # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if page_tokens.get(page_number, None):
        print(
            "The token of the request page was cached, we will use it to get "
            "the results."
        )
        current_page_number = page_number
    else:
        count = len(page_tokens.keys())
        print(
            "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use "
            f"the closest page we know the token for (page {count}) and "
            "sequentially get pages from there."
        )
        current_page_number = count

    googleads_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")
    # Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested
    # page results are returned.
    while current_page_number <= page_number:
        # Fetches the next page.
        print(f"Fetching page {current_page_number}...")
        request = client.get_type("SearchGoogleAdsRequest")
        request.customer_id = customer_id
        request.query = query
        request.page_size = _PAGE_SIZE
        request.return_total_results_count = True
        # Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
        request.page_token = page_tokens[current_page_number]

        response = googleads_service.search(request=request)
        cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response, current_page_number)
        current_page_number += 1

    # Prints the results of the requested page.
    print(f"Printing results found for the page {page_number}.")
    for row in response.results:
        print(
            f" - Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
            f"{row.campaign.name}."
        )
      

Ruby

def fetch_and_print_page_results(client, customer_id, query, page_size,
                                 return_total_results_count, page_number, page_tokens)
  if page_tokens.has_key?(page_number)
    puts 'The page token for the request page was cached. Reusing it.'
    current_page = page_number
  else
    puts "The token for the requested page has not been cached yet. We will start " \
      "at page #{page_tokens.size} and request and cache pages until we find it."
    current_page = page_tokens.size
  end

  while current_page <= page_number
    puts page_tokens
    response = client.service.google_ads.search(
      customer_id: customer_id,
      query: query,
      page_size: page_size,
      return_total_results_count: return_total_results_count,
      page_token: page_tokens[current_page],
    )
    cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response.page, current_page + 1)
    current_page += 1
  end

  puts "Printing results found for page #{page_number}."
  response.page.response.results.each do |result|
    puts "- Campaign with ID #{result.campaign.id} and name #{result.campaign.name}."
  end
end
      

Perl

# Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
sub fetch_and_print_page_results {
  my (
    $api_client,     $customer_id, $query,
    $search_options, $page_number, $page_tokens
  ) = @_;

  my $current_page_number = undef;
  # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (exists $page_tokens->{$page_number}) {
    print "The token of the requested page was cached, " .
      "we will use it to get the results.\n";
    $current_page_number = $page_number;
  } else {
    printf "The token of the requested page was never cached, " .
      "we will use the closest page we know the token for (page #%d) " .
      "and sequentially get pages from there.\n", scalar keys %$page_tokens;
    $current_page_number = scalar keys %$page_tokens;
  }

  # Fetch next pages in sequence and cache their tokens until the requested page
  # results are returned.
  my $response = undef;
  while ($current_page_number <= $page_number) {
    # Fetch the next page.
    printf "Fetching page #%d...\n", $current_page_number;
    $response = $api_client->GoogleAdsService()->search({
        customerId => $customer_id,
        query      => $query,
        %$search_options,
        # Use the page token cached for the current page number.
        pageToken => $page_tokens->{$current_page_number}});
    cache_next_page_token($page_tokens, $response, $current_page_number);
    $current_page_number++;
  }

  # Print the results of the requested page.
  printf "Printing results found for the page #%d:\n", $page_number;
  foreach my $google_ads_row (@{$response->{results}}) {
    printf
      " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.\n",
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id},
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
  }
}
      

أمثلة على التعليمات البرمجية

اطّلع على أمثلة الرموز لبعض الوظائف الشائعة في Google Ads API.