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Places Service

PlacesService class

google.maps.places.PlacesService class

Contains methods related to searching for places and retrieving details about a place.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Constructor
PlacesService
PlacesService(attrContainer)
Parameters: 
  • attrContainerHTMLDivElement|Map
Creates a new instance of the PlacesService that renders attributions in the specified container.
Methods
findPlaceFromPhoneNumber
findPlaceFromPhoneNumber(request, callback)
Parameters: 
Return Value:  None
Retrieves a list of places based on a phone number. In most cases there should be just one item in the result list, however if the request is ambiguous more than one result may be returned. The PlaceResults passed to the callback are subsets of a full PlaceResult. Your app can get a more detailed PlaceResult for each place by calling PlacesService.getDetails and passing the PlaceResult.place_id for the desired place.
findPlaceFromQuery
findPlaceFromQuery(request, callback)
Parameters: 
Return Value:  None
Retrieves a list of places based on a query string. In most cases there should be just one item in the result list, however if the request is ambiguous more than one result may be returned. The PlaceResults passed to the callback are subsets of a full PlaceResult. Your app can get a more detailed PlaceResult for each place by calling PlacesService.getDetails and passing the PlaceResult.place_id for the desired place.
getDetails
getDetails(request, callback)
Parameters: 
Return Value:  None
Retrieves details about the place identified by the given placeId.
nearbySearch
nearbySearch(request, callback)
Parameters: 
Return Value:  None
Retrieves a list of places near a particular location, based on keyword or type. Location must always be specified, either by passing a LatLngBounds, or location and radius parameters. The PlaceResults passed to the callback are subsets of the full PlaceResult. Your app can get a more detailed PlaceResult for each place by sending a Place Details request passing the PlaceResult.place_id for the desired place. The PlaceSearchPagination object can be used to fetch additional pages of results (null if this is the last page of results or if there is only one page of results).
textSearch
textSearch(request, callback)
Parameters: 
Return Value:  None
Retrieves a list of places based on a query string (for example, "pizza in New York", or "shoe stores near Ottawa"). Location parameters are optional; when the location is specified, results are only biased toward nearby results rather than restricted to places inside the area. Use textSearch when you want to search for places using an arbitrary string, and in cases where you may not want to restrict search results to a particular location. The PlaceSearchPagination object can be used to fetch additional pages of results (null if this is the last page of results or if there is only one page of results).

PlaceDetailsRequest interface

google.maps.places.PlaceDetailsRequest interface

A Place details query to be sent to the PlacesService.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
placeId
Type:  string
The Place ID of the Place for which details are being requested.
fields optional
Type:  Array<string> optional
Fields to be included in the details response, which will be billed for. If no fields are specified or ['ALL'] is passed in, all available fields will be returned and billed for (this is not recommended for production deployments). For a list of fields see PlaceResult. Nested fields can be specified with dot-paths (for example, "geometry.location").
sessionToken optional
Type:  AutocompleteSessionToken optional
Unique reference used to bundle the details request with an autocomplete session.

FindPlaceFromPhoneNumberRequest interface

google.maps.places.FindPlaceFromPhoneNumberRequest interface

A find place from text search request to be sent to PlacesService.findPlaceFromPhoneNumber.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
fields
Type:  Array<string>
Fields to be included in the response, which will be billed for. If ['ALL'] is passed in, all available fields will be returned and billed for (this is not recommended for production deployments). For a list of fields see PlaceResult. Nested fields can be specified with dot-paths (for example, "geometry.location").
phoneNumber
Type:  string
The phone number of the place to look up. Format must be E.164.
locationBias optional
Type:  LocationBias optional
The bias used when searching for Place. The result will be biased towards, but not restricted to, the given LocationBias.

FindPlaceFromQueryRequest interface

google.maps.places.FindPlaceFromQueryRequest interface

A find place from text search request to be sent to PlacesService.findPlaceFromQuery.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
fields
Type:  Array<string>
Fields to be included in the response, which will be billed for. If ['ALL'] is passed in, all available fields will be returned and billed for (this is not recommended for production deployments). For a list of fields see PlaceResult. Nested fields can be specified with dot-paths (for example, "geometry.location").
query
Type:  string
The request's query. For example, the name or address of a place.
locationBias optional
Type:  LocationBias optional
The bias used when searching for Place. The result will be biased towards, but not restricted to, the given LocationBias.

PlaceSearchRequest interface

google.maps.places.PlaceSearchRequest interface

A Place search query to be sent to the PlacesService.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
bounds optional
The bounds within which to search for Places. Both location and radius will be ignored if bounds is set.
keyword optional
Type:  string optional
A term to be matched against all available fields, including but not limited to name, type, and address, as well as customer reviews and other third-party content.
location optional
Type:  LatLng|LatLngLiteral optional
The location around which to search for Places.
maxPriceLevel optional
Type:  number optional
Restricts results to only those places at the specified price level or lower. Valid values are in the range from 0 (most affordable) to 4 (most expensive), inclusive. Must be greater than or equal to minPrice , if specified.
minPriceLevel optional
Type:  number optional
Restricts results to only those places at the specified price level or higher. Valid values are in the range from 0 (most affordable) to 4 (most expensive), inclusive. Must be less than or equal to maxPrice, if specified.
name optional
Type:  string optional
Restricts the Place search results to Places that include this text in the name.
openNow optional
Type:  boolean optional
Restricts results to only those places that are open right now.
radius optional
Type:  number optional
The distance from the given location within which to search for Places, in meters. The maximum allowed value is 50 000.
rankBy optional
Type:  RankBy optional
Specifies the ranking method to use when returning results. Defaults to PROMINENCE. Note that when rankBy is set to DISTANCE, you must specify a location but you cannot specify a radius or bounds.
type optional
Type:  string optional
Searches for places of the given type. The type is translated to the local language of the request's target location and used as a query string. If a query is also provided, it is concatenated to the localized type string. Results of a different type are dropped from the response. Use this field to perform language and region independent categorical searches. Valid types are given here.

TextSearchRequest interface

google.maps.places.TextSearchRequest interface

A text search request to be sent to the PlacesService.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
bounds optional
Bounds used to bias results when searching for Places (optional). Both location and radius will be ignored if bounds is set. Results will not be restricted to those inside these bounds; but, results inside it will rank higher.
location optional
Type:  LatLng|LatLngLiteral optional
The center of the area used to bias results when searching for Places.
query optional
Type:  string optional
The request's query term. For example, the name of a place ('Eiffel Tower'), a category followed by the name of a location ('pizza in New York'), or the name of a place followed by a location disambiguator ('Starbucks in Sydney').
radius optional
Type:  number optional
The radius of the area used to bias results when searching for Places, in meters.
type optional
Type:  string optional
Searches for places of the given type. The type is translated to the local language of the request's target location and used as a query string. If a query is also provided, it is concatenated to the localized type string. Results of a different type are dropped from the response. Use this field to perform language and region independent categorical searches. Valid types are given here.

RankBy constants

google.maps.places.RankBy constants

Ranking options for a PlaceSearchRequest.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Constants
DISTANCE Ranks place results by distance from the location.
PROMINENCE Ranks place results by their prominence.

LocationBias typedef

google.maps.places.LocationBias typedef

A LocationBias represents a soft boundary or hint to use when searching for Places. Results may come from outside the specified area. To use the current user's IP address as a bias, the string "IP_BIAS" can be specified. Note: if using a Circle the center and radius must be defined.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

LatLng|LatLngLiteral|LatLngBounds|LatLngBoundsLiteral|Circle|CircleLiteral|string

LocationRestriction typedef

google.maps.places.LocationRestriction typedef

A LocationRestriction represents a strict boundary to use when searching for Places.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

LatLngBounds|LatLngBoundsLiteral

PlacesServiceStatus constants

google.maps.places.PlacesServiceStatus constants

The status returned by the PlacesService on the completion of its searches. Specify these by value, or by using the constant's name. For example, 'OK' or google.maps.places.PlacesServiceStatus.OK.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Constants
INVALID_REQUEST This request was invalid.
NOT_FOUND The place referenced was not found.
OK The response contains a valid result.
OVER_QUERY_LIMIT The application has gone over its request quota.
REQUEST_DENIED The application is not allowed to use the PlacesService.
UNKNOWN_ERROR The PlacesService request could not be processed due to a server error. The request may succeed if you try again.
ZERO_RESULTS No result was found for this request.

PlaceSearchPagination interface

google.maps.places.PlaceSearchPagination interface

An object used to fetch additional pages of Places results.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
hasNextPage
Type:  boolean
Indicates if further results are available. true when there is an additional results page.
Methods
nextPage
nextPage()
Parameters:  None
Return Value:  None
Fetches the next page of results. Uses the same callback function that was provided to the first search request.

PlaceResult interface

google.maps.places.PlaceResult interface

Defines information about a Place.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
address_components optional
Type:  Array<GeocoderAddressComponent> optional
The collection of address components for this Place’s location. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
adr_address optional
Type:  string optional
The representation of the Place’s address in the adr microformat. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
aspects optional
Type:  Array<PlaceAspectRating> optional
The rated aspects of this Place, based on Google and Zagat user reviews. The ratings are on a scale of 0 to 30.
business_status optional
Type:  BusinessStatus optional
A flag indicating the operational status of the Place, if it is a business (indicates whether the place is operational, or closed either temporarily or permanently). If no data is available, the flag is not present in search or details responses.
formatted_address optional
Type:  string optional
The Place’s full address.
formatted_phone_number optional
Type:  string optional
The Place’s phone number, formatted according to the number's regional convention. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
geometry optional
Type:  PlaceGeometry optional
The Place’s geometry-related information.
html_attributions optional
Type:  Array<string> optional
Attribution text to be displayed for this Place result. Available html_attributions are always returned regardless of what fields have been requested, and must be displayed.
icon optional
Type:  string optional
URL to an image resource that can be used to represent this Place’s category.
international_phone_number optional
Type:  string optional
The Place’s phone number in international format. International format includes the country code, and is prefixed with the plus (+) sign. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
name optional
Type:  string optional
The Place’s name. Note: In the case of user entered Places, this is the raw text, as typed by the user. Please exercise caution when using this data, as malicious users may try to use it as a vector for code injection attacks (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_injection).
opening_hours optional
Type:  PlaceOpeningHours optional
Defines when the Place opens or closes.
permanently_closed optional
Type:  boolean optional
A flag indicating whether the Place is closed, either permanently or temporarily. If the place is operational, or if no data is available, the flag is absent from the response.
photos optional
Type:  Array<PlacePhoto> optional
Photos of this Place. The collection will contain up to ten PlacePhoto objects.
place_id optional
Type:  string optional
A unique identifier for the Place.
plus_code optional
Type:  PlacePlusCode optional
Defines Open Location Codes or "plus codes" for the Place.
price_level optional
Type:  number optional
The price level of the Place, on a scale of 0 to 4. Price levels are interpreted as follows:
  • 0: Free
  • 1: Inexpensive
  • 2: Moderate
  • 3: Expensive
  • 4: Very Expensive
rating optional
Type:  number optional
A rating, between 1.0 to 5.0, based on user reviews of this Place.
reviews optional
Type:  Array<PlaceReview> optional
A list of reviews of this Place. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
types optional
Type:  Array<string> optional
An array of types for this Place (for example, ["political", "locality"] or ["restaurant", "establishment"]).
url optional
Type:  string optional
URL of the official Google page for this place. This is the Google-owned page that contains the best available information about the Place. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
user_ratings_total optional
Type:  number optional
The number of user ratings which contributed to this Place’s PlaceResult.rating.
utc_offset optional
Type:  number optional
The offset from UTC of the Place’s current timezone, in minutes. For example, Sydney, Australia in daylight savings is 11 hours ahead of UTC, so the utc_offset will be 660. For timezones behind UTC, the offset is negative. For example, the utc_offset is -60 for Cape Verde. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
utc_offset_minutes optional
Type:  number optional
The offset from UTC of the Place’s current timezone, in minutes. For example, Sydney, Australia in daylight savings is 11 hours ahead of UTC, so the utc_offset_minutes will be 660. For timezones behind UTC, the offset is negative. For example, the utc_offset_minutes is -60 for Cape Verde. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
vicinity optional
Type:  string optional
The simplified address for the Place, including the street name, street number, and locality, but not the province/state, postal code, or country. For example, Google's Sydney, Australia office has a vicinity value of "48 Pirrama Road, Pyrmont". Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
website optional
Type:  string optional
The authoritative website for this Place, such as a business' homepage. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.

PlaceAspectRating interface

google.maps.places.PlaceAspectRating interface

Defines information about an aspect of the place that users have reviewed.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
rating
Type:  number
The rating of this aspect. For individual reviews this is an integer from 0 to 3. For aggregated ratings of a place this is an integer from 0 to 30.
type
Type:  string
The aspect type. For example, "food", "decor", "service", or "overall".

BusinessStatus constants

google.maps.places.BusinessStatus constants

The operational status of the Place, if it is a business, returned in a PlaceResult (indicates whether the place is operational, or closed either temporarily or permanently). Specify these by value, or the constant's name (example: 'OPERATIONAL' or google.maps.places.BusinessStatus.OPERATIONAL).

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Constants
CLOSED_PERMANENTLY The business is closed permanently.
CLOSED_TEMPORARILY The business is closed temporarily.
OPERATIONAL The business is operating normally.

PlaceGeometry interface

google.maps.places.PlaceGeometry interface

Defines information about the geometry of a Place.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
location optional
Type:  LatLng optional
The Place’s position.
viewport optional
Type:  LatLngBounds optional
The preferred viewport when displaying this Place on a map. This property will be null if the preferred viewport for the Place is not known. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.

PlaceOpeningHours interface

google.maps.places.PlaceOpeningHours interface

Defines information about the opening hours of a Place.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
open_now optional
Type:  boolean optional
Whether the Place is open at the current time.
periods optional
Type:  Array<PlaceOpeningHoursPeriod> optional
Opening periods covering for each day of the week, starting from Sunday, in chronological order. Days in which the Place is not open are not included. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails.
weekday_text optional
Type:  Array<string> optional
An array of seven strings representing the formatted opening hours for each day of the week. The Places Service will format and localize the opening hours appropriately for the current language. The ordering of the elements in this array depends on the language. Some languages start the week on Monday while others start on Sunday. Only available with PlacesService.getDetails. Other calls may return an empty array.
Methods
isOpen
isOpen([date])
Parameters: 
  • dateDate optional
Return Value:  boolean optional
Check whether the place is open now (when no date is passed), or at the given date. If this place does not have PlaceResult.utc_offset_minutes or PlaceOpeningHours.periods then undefined is returned (PlaceOpeningHours.periods is only available via PlacesService.getDetails).

PlaceOpeningHoursPeriod interface

google.maps.places.PlaceOpeningHoursPeriod interface

Defines structured information about the opening hours of a Place. Note: If a Place is always open, the close section will be missing from the response. Clients can rely on always-open being represented as an open period containing day with value 0 and time with value "0000", and no close.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
open
The opening time for the Place.
close optional
Type:  PlaceOpeningHoursTime optional
The closing time for the Place.

PlaceOpeningHoursTime interface

google.maps.places.PlaceOpeningHoursTime interface

Defines when a Place opens or closes.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
day
Type:  number
The days of the week, as a number in the range [0, 6], starting on Sunday. For example, 2 means Tuesday.
hours
Type:  number
The hours of the PlaceOpeningHoursTime.time as a number, in the range [0, 23]. This will be reported in the Place’s time zone.
minutes
Type:  number
The minutes of the PlaceOpeningHoursTime.time as a number, in the range [0, 59]. This will be reported in the Place’s time zone.
time
Type:  string
The time of day in 24-hour "hhmm" format. Values are in the range ["0000", "2359"]. The time will be reported in the Place’s time zone.
nextDate optional
Type:  number optional
The timestamp (as milliseconds since the epoch, suitable for use with new Date()) representing the next occurrence of this PlaceOpeningHoursTime. It is calculated from the PlaceOpeningHoursTime.day of week, the PlaceOpeningHoursTime.time, and the PlaceResult.utc_offset. If the PlaceResult.utc_offset is undefined, then nextDate will be undefined.

PlacePlusCode interface

google.maps.places.PlacePlusCode interface

Defines Open Location Codes or "plus codes" for a Place. Plus codes can be used as a replacement for street addresses in places where they do not exist (where buildings are not numbered or streets are not named).

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
global_code
Type:  string
A plus code with a 1/8000th of a degree by 1/8000th of a degree area. For example, "8FVC9G8F+5W".
compound_code optional
Type:  string optional
A plus code with a 1/8000th of a degree by 1/8000th of a degree area where the first four characters (the area code) are dropped and replaced with a locality description. For example, "9G8F+5W Zurich, Switzerland". If no suitable locality that can be found to shorten the code then this field is omitted.

PlacePhoto interface

google.maps.places.PlacePhoto interface

Represents a photo element of a Place.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
height
Type:  number
The height of the photo in pixels.
html_attributions
Type:  Array<string>
Attribution text to be displayed for this photo.
width
Type:  number
The width of the photo in pixels.
Methods
getUrl
getUrl([opts])
Parameters: 
Return Value:  string
Returns the image URL corresponding to the specified options.

PhotoOptions interface

google.maps.places.PhotoOptions interface

Defines photo-requesting options.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
maxHeight optional
Type:  number optional
The maximum height in pixels of the returned image.
maxWidth optional
Type:  number optional
The maximum width in pixels of the returned image.

PlaceReview interface

google.maps.places.PlaceReview interface

Represents a single review of a place.

Requires the &libraries=places URL parameter. See Libraries in the Maps JavaScript API.

Properties
aspects
Type:  Array<PlaceAspectRating>
The aspects rated by the review. The ratings on a scale of 0 to 3.
author_name
Type:  string
The name of the reviewer.
language
Type:  string
An IETF language code indicating the language in which this review is written. Note that this code includes only the main language tag without any secondary tag indicating country or region. For example, all the English reviews are tagged as 'en' rather than 'en-AU' or 'en-UK'.
profile_photo_url
Type:  string
A URL to the reviwer's profile image.
relative_time_description
Type:  string
A string of formatted recent time, expressing the review time relative to the current time in a form appropriate for the language and country. For example "a month ago".
text
Type:  string
The text of a review.
time
Type:  number
Timestamp for the review, expressed in seconds since epoch.
author_url optional
Type:  string optional
A URL to the reviewer's profile. This will be undefined when the reviewer's profile is unavailable.