開啟及回應對話方塊

本頁面說明 Chat 應用程式如何開啟及回應對話方塊。

對話方塊是以視窗形式的資訊卡式介面,可供 Chat 應用程式與使用者互動。為了協助使用者完成多步驟程序,Chat 應用程式可以開啟循序對話方塊。

對話方塊適用於下列使用者互動類型:

  • 收集使用者資訊
  • 使用網路服務驗證使用者
  • 調整 Chat 應用程式設定

開啟、提交或取消對話方塊,需要來自 Chat 應用程式與 DialogEventType 的同步回應。以非同步架構 (例如 Pub/Subcreate 訊息方法) 建構的 Chat 應用程式不支援對話方塊。如果您的 Chat 應用程式採用非同步架構,請使用資訊卡訊息,而不是對話方塊。

必要條件

Node.js

  • 可存取 Google ChatGoogle Workspace 帳戶。
  • Chat 應用程式。如要建構 Chat 應用程式,請按照這個quickstart操作。
  • 如果為了回應斜線指令開啟對話方塊,請設定斜線指令,並選取「開啟對話方塊」

Node.js 程式碼範例是以 Cloud 函式的形式執行。

Apps Script

  • 可存取 Google ChatGoogle Workspace 帳戶。
  • Chat 應用程式。如要建構 Chat 應用程式,請按照這個quickstart操作。
  • 如果為了回應斜線指令開啟對話方塊,請設定斜線指令,並選取「開啟對話方塊」

Python

  • 可存取 Google ChatGoogle Workspace 帳戶。
  • Chat 應用程式。如要建構 Chat 應用程式,請按照這個quickstart操作。
  • 如果為了回應斜線指令開啟對話方塊,請設定斜線指令,並選取「開啟對話方塊」

Python 程式碼範例是使用 Python 3.9 以 Cloud 函式執行編寫。

開啟對話方塊

當使用者點選資訊卡訊息上的按鈕時,Chat 應用程式可以開啟對話方塊。

按一下資訊卡中的按鈕,即可開啟對話方塊。
圖 1:按一下資訊卡上的按鈕,即可開啟對話方塊。

您的 Chat 應用程式可以開啟對話方塊來回應使用者發出斜線指令

按一下資訊卡中的按鈕,即可開啟對話方塊。
圖 2:發出斜線指令以開啟對話方塊。

使用者開啟對話方塊時,Chat 應用程式會收到含有下列資訊的互動事件

  • isDialogEventtrue
  • DialogEventType 指定使用者採取下列其中一項動作:

    • REQUEST_DIALOG:開啟對話方塊。
    • SUBMIT_DIALOG:點選對話方塊中的按鈕。
    • CANCEL_DIALOG:取消對話方塊。

例如,當使用者開啟對話方塊時,您的 Chat 應用程式會收到類似以下的互動事件:

JSON

{
  "type": enum (EventType),
  "eventTime": string,
  "threadKey": string,
  "message": {
    object (Message)
  },
  "user": {
    object (User)
  },
  "space": {
    object (Space)
  },
  "action": {
    object (FormAction)
  },
  "configCompleteRedirectUrl": string,
  "isDialogEvent": true,
  "dialogEventType": "REQUEST_DIALOG",
  "common": {
    object (CommonEventObject)
  }
}

Chat 應用程式可以傳回 "type": "DIALOG"ActionResponse,並搭配 DialogAction,其中包含對話方塊的 JSON 說明,藉此開啟對話方塊:

JSON

{
  "action_response": {
    "type": "DIALOG",
    "dialog_action": {
      "dialog": {
        "body": {
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Add new contact",
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textInput": {
                    "label": "Name",
                    "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                    "name": "contactName"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "textInput": {
                    "label": "Address",
                    "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                    "name": "address"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "text": "Add to favorites",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "SWITCH",
                      "name": "saveFavorite"
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "SWITCH",
                      "name": "mergeContact",
                      "selected": true
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "text": "Next",
                        "onClick": {
                          "action": {
                            "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

開啟對話方塊來回應資訊卡按鈕

如要讓資訊卡按鈕開啟對話方塊,請指定以下內容:

使用者點選資訊卡上的按鈕時,您的 Chat 應用程式會收到互動事件,其中含有下列資訊:

如要開啟對話方塊,請回覆以下內容:

在本範例中,Chat 應用程式會回應 MESSAGE 互動事件,並提供含有可開啟對話方塊按鈕的資訊卡:

Node.js

/**
* Responds to messages that have links whose URLs
* match URL patterns configured for link previews.
*
* @param {Object} event The event object from Chat
* API.
*
* @return {Object} Response from the Chat app
* attached to the message with the previewed link.
*/
exports.onMessage = function onMessage(req, res) {

  // Store the Google Chat event as a variable.
  const event = req.body;

  if (req.method === "GET" || !event.message) {
    res.send("Hello! This function is meant to be used in a Google Chat " +
      "Space.");
  }

  // Responds with a card that prompts the user to add a contact
  else {
    res.json({
      "cardsV2": [{
        "cardId": "addContact",
        "card": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Rolodex",
            "subtitle": "Manage your contacts!",
            "imageUrl": "https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/2x/contacts_48dp.png",
            "imageType": "CIRCLE"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "text": "Add Contact",
                        "onClick": {
                          "action": {
                            "function": "openDialog",
                            "interaction": "OPEN_DIALOG"
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }]

    });
  }

  // Respond to button clicks on attached cards
  if (event.type === "CARD_CLICKED") {

    if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openDialog") {
      openDialog(event);
    };

    /**
    * Opens and starts a dialog that lets users add details about a contact.
    *
    * @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
    *
    * @return {object} open a dialog.
    */
    function openDialog(event) {
      res.json({
        "action_response": {
          "type": "DIALOG",
          "dialog_action": {
            "dialog": {
              "body": {
                "sections": [
                  {
                    "header": "Add new contact",
                    "widgets": [
                      {
                        "textInput": {
                          "label": "Name",
                          "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                          "name": "name"
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "textInput": {
                          "label": "Address",
                          "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                          "name": "address"
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "decoratedText": {
                          "text": "Add to favorites",
                          "switchControl": {
                            "controlType": "SWITCH",
                            "name": "saveFavorite"
                          }
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "decoratedText": {
                          "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                          "switchControl": {
                            "controlType": "SWITCH",
                            "name": "mergeContact",
                            "selected": true
                          }
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "buttonList": {
                          "buttons": [
                            {
                              "text": "Next",
                              "onClick": {
                                "action": {
                                  "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                                }
                              }
                            }
                          ]
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                ]
              }
            }
          }
        }
      });
    };
  }
}

Apps Script

/**
* Responds to a MESSAGE event in Google Chat with a card with a button
* that opens a dialog.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {object} open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
*/
function onMessage(event) {
  return {
    "cardsV2": [{
      "cardId": "addContact",
      "card": {
        "header": {
          "title": "Rolodex",
          "subtitle": "Manage your contacts!",
          "imageUrl": "https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/2x/contacts_48dp.png",
          "imageType": "CIRCLE"
        },
        "sections": [
          {
            "widgets": [
              {
                "buttonList": {
                  "buttons": [
                    {
                      "text": "Add Contact",
                      "onClick": {
                        "action": {
                          "function": "openDialog",
                          "interaction": "OPEN_DIALOG"
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                },
                "horizontalAlignment": "CENTER"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }]
  };
}

/**
* Responds to a CARD_CLICKED event in Google Chat.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Google Chat
*/
function onCardClick(event) {
  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openDialog") {
    return openDialog(event);
  }
}

/**
* Opens a dialog in Google Chat.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {object} open a Dialog in Google Chat.
*/
function openDialog(event) {
  return {
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Name",
                      "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                      "name": "contactName"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Address",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "address"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Add to favorites",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "saveFavorite"
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "mergeContact",
                        "selected": true
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Next",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };
}

Python

from typing import Any, Mapping

import flask
import functions_framework

@functions_framework.http
def main(req: flask.Request) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Responds to a MESSAGE event in Google Chat that includes the /createContact
     slash command by opening a dialog.

  Args:
      req (flask.Request): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """

  if req.method == 'GET':
    return 'Sorry, this function must be called from a Google Chat.'

  request = req.get_json(silent=True)

  if request.get('type') == 'CARD_CLICKED':
    if request.get('common', dict()).get('invokedFunction') == 'open_dialog':
      return open_dialog(request)

  else:
    return {
      'cardsV2': [{
        'cardId': 'addContact',
        'card': {
          'header': {
            'title': 'Rolodex',
            'subtitle': 'Manage your contacts!',
            'imageUrl': 'https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/2x/contacts_48dp.png',
            'imageType': 'CIRCLE'
          },
          'sections': [
            {
              'widgets': [
                {
                  'buttonList': {
                    'buttons': [
                      {
                        'text': 'Add Contact',
                        'onClick': {
                          'action': {
                            'function': 'open_dialog',
                            'interaction': 'OPEN_DIALOG'
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }]
    }

def open_dialog(request: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Opens a dialog in Google Chat.

  Args:
      request (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """
  return {
    'action_response': {
      'type': 'DIALOG',
      'dialog_action': {
        'dialog': {
          'body': {
            'sections': [
              {
                'header': 'Add new contact',
                'widgets': [
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Name',
                      'type': 'SINGLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'name'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Address',
                      'type': 'MULTIPLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'address'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Add to favorites',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'saveFavorite'
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Merge with existing contacts',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'mergeContact',
                        'selected': True
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'buttonList': {
                      'buttons': [
                        {
                          'text': 'Next',
                          'onClick': {
                            'action': {
                              'function': 'open_sequential_dialog'
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

開啟對話方塊以回應斜線指令

當使用者使用用於開啟對話方塊的斜線指令開啟對話方塊時,您的 Chat 應用程式會收到含有下列資訊的互動事件:

如要開啟對話方塊,請回覆以下內容:

在本範例中,Chat 應用程式會開啟對話方塊來回應 /createContact 斜線指令:

Node.js

/**
* Responds to messages that have links whose URLs
* match URL patterns configured for link previews.
*
* @param {Object} event The event object from Chat
* API.
*
* @return {Object} Response from the Chat app
* attached to the message with the previewed link.
*/
exports.onMessage = function onMessage(req, res) {

  // Store the Google Chat event as a variable.
  const event = req.body;

  if (req.method === "GET" || !event.message) {
    res.send("Hello! This function is meant to be used in a Google Chat " +
      "Space.");
  }

  // Checks for the presence of event.message.slashCommand.
  // If the slash command is "/help", responds with a text message.
  // If the slash command is "/createContact", opens a dialog.
  if (event.message.slashCommand) {
    switch (event.message.slashCommand.commandId) {
      case 1: // /help
        res.json({"text": "Contact bot helps you update your address book!"});
      case 2:  // /createContact
        openDialog(event);
    }
  }
};

/**
* Opens and starts a dialog that lets users add details about a contact.
*
* @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
*
* @return {object} open a dialog.
*/
function openDialog(event) {
  res.json({
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Name",
                      "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                      "name": "name"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Address",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "address"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Add to favorites",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "saveFavorite"
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "mergeContact",
                        "selected": true
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Next",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  });
};

Apps Script

/**
* Responds to a MESSAGE event in Google Chat that includes the /createContact
* slash command by opening a dialog.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {object} open a Dialog in response to a slash command.
*/
function onMessage(event) {

  // Checks for the presence of event.message.slashCommand.
  // If the slash command is "/help", responds with a text message.
  // If the slash command is "/createContact", opens a dialog.
  if (event.message.slashCommand) {
    switch (event.message.slashCommand.commandId) {
      case 1: // /help
        return {"text": "Contact bot helps you update your address book!"}
      case 2:  // /createContact
        return openDialog(event);
    }
  }
}

/**
* Opens a dialog in Google Chat.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {object} open a Dialog in Google Chat.
*/
function openDialog(event) {
  return {
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Name",
                      "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                      "name": "contactName"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Address",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "address"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Add to favorites",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "saveFavorite"
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "mergeContact",
                        "selected": true
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Next",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };
}

Python

from typing import Any, Mapping

import flask
import functions_framework

@functions_framework.http
def main(req: flask.Request) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Responds to a MESSAGE event in Google Chat that includes the /createContact
     slash command by opening a dialog.

  Args:
      req (flask.Request): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a slash command.
  """
  if req.method == 'GET':
    return 'Sorry, this function must be called from a Google Chat.'

  request = req.get_json(silent=True)

  if slash_command := request.get('message', dict()).get('slashCommand'):
    command_id = slash_command['commandId']
    if command_id == 1:
      return {'text': 'Contact bot helps you update your address book!'}

    elif command_id == 2:
      return open_dialog(request)

def open_dialog(request: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Opens a dialog in Google Chat.

  Args:
      request (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a slash command.
  """
  return {
    'action_response': {
      'type': 'DIALOG',
      'dialog_action': {
        'dialog': {
          'body': {
            'sections': [
              {
                'header': 'Add new contact',
                'widgets': [
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Name',
                      'type': 'SINGLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'name'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Address',
                      'type': 'MULTIPLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'address'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Add to favorites',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'saveFavorite'
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Merge with existing contacts',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'mergeContact',
                        'selected': True
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'buttonList': {
                      'buttons': [
                        {
                          'text': 'Next',
                          'onClick': {
                            'action': {
                              'function': 'open_sequential_dialog'
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

開啟連續對話方塊

使用者互動需要多個對話方塊時,您可以傳回序列中的下一個對話方塊來回應 SUBMIT_DIALOG DialogEventType,以開啟另一個對話方塊。

包含各種不同小工具的對話方塊。
圖 3:開啟對話方塊,提示使用者新增聯絡人。

在更新對話方塊的資訊卡按鈕中,傳回 onClick.action.function 做為開啟下一個對話方塊的函式名稱,並保持未指定 onClick.action.interaction

包含各種不同小工具的對話方塊。
圖 4:第二個對話方塊會提示使用者提供更多資訊。

完成後,Chat 應用程式會以 JSON 格式接收使用者在對話方塊中輸入的值。透過文字或資訊卡訊息回應,通知使用者互動成功。

當使用者點選對話方塊中的按鈕時,您的 Chat 應用程式會收到互動事件,其中含有下列資訊:

在本範例中,Chat 應用程式會開啟另一個對話方塊,藉此回應對話方塊按鈕的 CARD_CLICKED 互動事件:

Node.js

// Respond to button clicks on attached cards
if (event.type === "CARD_CLICKED") {

  // Open the first dialog.
  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openDialog") {
    openDialog(event);
  }

  // Open the second dialog.
  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openSequentialDialog") {
    openSequentialDialog(event);
  }
}

/**
* Opens and starts a dialog that lets users add details about a contact.
*
* @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
*
* @return {object} open a dialog.
*/
function openDialog(event) {
  res.json({
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Name",
                      "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                      "name": "name"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Address",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "address"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Add to favorites",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "saveFavorite"
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "mergeContact",
                        "selected": true
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Next",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  });
};

/**
* Opens a second dialog that lets users add more contact details.
*
* @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
*
* @return {object} open a dialog.
*/
function openSequentialDialog(event) {
  res.json({
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Notes",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "notes"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "selectionInput": {
                      "type": "RADIO_BUTTON",
                      "label": "Contact type",
                      "name": "contactType",
                      "items": [
                        {
                          "text": "Work",
                          "value": "Work",
                          "selected": false
                        },
                        {
                          "text": "Personal",
                          "value": "Personal",
                          "selected": false
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Submit",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "confirmDialogSuccess",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "confirmDialogSuccess",
                                  "value": "confirmDialogSuccess"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    "horizontalAlignment": "END"
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  });
}

Apps Script

/**
* Responds to a CARD_CLICKED event in Google Chat.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Google Chat
*/
function onCardClick(event) {

  // When a user clicks a card, the Chat app checks to see which function to run.
  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openDialog") {
    return openDialog(event);
  }

  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openSequentialDialog") {
    return openSequentialDialog(event);
  }
}

/**
* Opens and starts a dialog that lets users add details about a contact.
*
* @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
*
* @return {object} open a dialog.
*/
function openDialog(event) {
  return {
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Name",
                      "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                      "name": "contactName"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Address",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "address"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Add to favorites",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "saveFavorite"
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "mergeContact",
                        "selected": true
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Next",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {

                              // Specifies which function to run
                              // in response to the card click.
                              "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };
}

/**
* Opens a second dialog that lets users add more contact details.
*
* @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
*
* @return {object} open a dialog.
*/
function openSequentialDialog(event) {
  return {
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Notes",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "notes"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "selectionInput": {
                      "type": "RADIO_BUTTON",
                      "label": "Contact type",
                      "name": "contactType",
                      "items": [
                        {
                          "text": "Work",
                          "value": "Work",
                          "selected": false
                        },
                        {
                          "text": "Personal",
                          "value": "Personal",
                          "selected": false
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Submit",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {

                              // Specifies which function to run
                              // in response to the card click.
                              "function": "receiveDialog",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "receiveDialog",
                                  "value": "receiveDialog"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    "horizontalAlignment": "END"
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };
}

Python

from typing import Any, Mapping

import flask
import functions_framework

@functions_framework.http
def main(req: flask.Request) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Responds to a MESSAGE event in Google Chat that includes the /createContact
     slash command by opening a dialog.

  Args:
      req (flask.Request): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """

  if req.method == 'GET':
    return 'Sorry, this function must be called from a Google Chat.'

  request = req.get_json(silent=True)

  if request.get('type') == 'CARD_CLICKED':
    if invoked_function := request.get('common', dict()).get('invokedFunction'):
      if invoked_function == 'open_dialog':
        return open_dialog(request)

      elif invoked_function == 'open_sequential_dialog':
        return open_dialog(request)

def open_dialog(request: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Opens a dialog in Google Chat.

  Args:
      request (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """
  return {
    'action_response': {
      'type': 'DIALOG',
      'dialog_action': {
        'dialog': {
          'body': {
            'sections': [
              {
                'header': 'Add new contact',
                'widgets': [
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Name',
                      'type': 'SINGLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'name'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Address',
                      'type': 'MULTIPLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'address'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Add to favorites',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'saveFavorite'
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Merge with existing contacts',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'mergeContact',
                        'selected': True
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'buttonList': {
                      'buttons': [
                        {
                          'text': 'Next',
                          'onClick': {
                            'action': {
                              'function': 'open_sequential_dialog'
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

def open_sequential_dialog(request: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Opens a second dialog that lets users add more contact details.

  Args:
      request (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """
  return {
    'action_response': {
      'type': 'DIALOG',
      'dialog_action': {
        'dialog': {
          'body': {
            'sections': [
              {
                'header': 'Add new contact',
                'widgets': [
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Notes',
                      'type': 'MULTIPLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'notes'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'selectionInput': {
                      'type': 'RADIO_BUTTON',
                      'label': 'Contact type',
                      'name': 'contactType',
                      'items': [
                        {
                          'text': 'Work',
                          'value': 'Work',
                          'selected': False
                        },
                        {
                          'text': 'Personal',
                          'value': 'Personal',
                          'selected': False
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'buttonList': {
                      'buttons': [
                        {
                          'text': 'Submit',
                          'onClick': {
                            'action': {
                              'function': 'receiveDialog',
                              'parameters': [
                                {
                                  'key': 'receiveDialog',
                                  'value': 'receiveDialog'
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    'horizontalAlignment': 'END'
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

從對話方塊接收表單資料

當使用者按一下對話方塊上的按鈕時,他們輸入的資料就會提交至 Chat 應用程式,您的 Chat 應用程式也會收到含有下列資訊的互動事件:

互動事件中使用者輸入的資料可做為 Event.common.formInputs 使用,這種地圖中的鍵是指派給每個對話方塊小工具的字串 ID,而值則代表使用者為每個小工具的輸入內容。不同物件代表不同的輸入資料類型。舉例來說,Event.common.formInputs.stringInputs 代表字串輸入內容。

當使用者提交對話方塊時,Chat 應用程式會從 Chat 收到如下的互動事件:

JSON

{
  "type": enum (EventType),
  "eventTime": string,
  "threadKey": string,
  "message": {
    object (Message)
  },
  "user": {
    object (User)
  },
  "space": {
    object (Space)
  },
  "action": {
    object (FormAction)
  },
  "configCompleteRedirectUrl": string,

  // Indicates that this event is dialog-related.
  "isDialogEvent": true,

  // Indicates that a user clicked a button, and all data
  // they entered in the dialog is included in Event.common.formInputs.
  "dialogEventType": "SUBMIT_DIALOG",
  "common": {
    "userLocale": string,
    "hostApp": enum (HostApp),
    "platform": enum (Platform),
    "timeZone": {
      object (TimeZone)
    },

    // Represents user data entered in a dialog.
    "formInputs": {

      // Represents user data entered for a specific field in a dialog.
      "NAME": {

        // Represents string data entered in a dialog, like text input fields
        // and check boxes.
        "stringInputs": {

          // An array of strings entered by the user in a dialog.
          "value": [
            string
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "parameters": {
      string: string,
      ...
    },
    "invokedFunction": string
  }
}

您的 Chat 應用程式可在 event.common.formInputs.NAME.stringInputs.value[0] 存取使用者首次輸入的值,其中 NAMETextInput 小工具的 name 欄位。

收到對話方塊表單資料後,Chat 應用程式應回應 ActionResponse

  • 如要確認收據成功,請使用含有 "actionStatus": "OK"ActionResponse 回應。這樣會關閉對話方塊,但不會發布回應。
  • 如要使用文字或資訊卡訊息回覆,請使用 ActionResponse 進行回應,其中包含 NEW_MESSAGEUPDATE_MESSAGEUPDATE_USER_MESSAGE_CARDSResponseType。詳情請參閱「回應對話方塊」。
  • 如要傳回錯誤,請使用含有 "actionStatus": "ERROR MESSAGE"ActionResponse 回應。

以下範例會檢查是否存在 name 值。如果沒有,Chat 應用程式會傳回錯誤。如果有,Chat 應用程式會確認收到表單資料,並關閉對話方塊。

Node.js

/**
* Checks for a form input error, the absence of
* a "name" value, and returns an error if absent.
* Otherwise, confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* Confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {Object} open a Dialog in Google Chat.
*/
function receiveDialog(event) {

  // Checks to make sure the user entered a name
  // in a dialog. If no name value detected, returns
  // an error message. Any "actionStatus" value other than "OK"
  // gets returned as an error.
  if (event.common.formInputs.WIDGET_NAME.stringInputs.value[0] === "") {
    res.json({
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": "Don't forget to name your new contact!"
        }
      }
    });

    // Otherwise the Chat app indicates that it received
    // form data from the dialog. An "actionStatus" of "OK" is
    // interpreted as code 200, and the dialog closes.
  } else {
    res.json({
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": "OK"
        }
      }
    });
  }
}

Apps Script

/**
* Checks for a form input error, the absence of
* a "name" value, and returns an error if absent.
* Otherwise, confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* Confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {object} open a Dialog in Google Chat.
*/
function receiveDialog(event) {

  // Checks to make sure the user entered a name
  // in a dialog. If no name value detected, returns
  // an error message. Any "actionStatus" value other than "OK"
  // gets returned as an error.
  if (event.common.formInputs.WIDGET_NAME[""].stringInputs.value[0] === "") {
    return {
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": "Don't forget to name your new contact!"
        }
      }
    };

    // Otherwise the Chat app indicates that it received
    // form data from the dialog. An "actionStatus" of "OK" is
    // interpreted as code 200, and the dialog closes.
  } else {
    return {
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": "OK"
        }
      }
    };
  }
}

Python

def receive_dialog(event: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Checks for a form input error, the absence of a "name" value, and returns
     an error if absent. Otherwise, confirms successful receipt of a dialog.

  Args:
      event (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: the response.
  """

  if common := event.get('common'):
    if form_inputs := common.get('formInputs'):
      if contact_name := form_inputs.get('WIDGET_NAME'):
        if string_inputs := contact_name.get('stringInputs'):
          if name := string_inputs.get('value')[0]:
            return {
              'actionResponse': {
                'type': 'DIALOG',
                'dialogAction': {
                  'actionStatus': 'OK'
                }
              }
            }
          else:
            return {
              'actionResponse': {
                'type': 'DIALOG',
                'dialogAction': {
                  'actionStatus': 'Don\'t forget to name your new contact!'
                }
              }
            }

回應對話方塊

您可以使用新訊息或現有訊息的更新來回應對話方塊。

以新訊息回覆對話方塊

如要利用新訊息回應對話方塊表單提交,Chat 應用程式會回傳 NEW_MESSAGE 類型的 ActionResponse,以及指出新訊息內容的標記。收到此回應後,系統會關閉對話方塊並張貼新訊息。

以下程式碼是 Chat 應用程式傳送對話方塊的 JSON 回應範例,該回應是由 Chat 應用程式傳送以建立新的回覆訊息:

JSON

{
  "actionResponse": {
    "type": "NEW_MESSAGE",
  },
  "text": "This message is a reply to a dialog form submission.",
  "cardsV2": [
    {
      "cardId": "reply-card-id",
      "card": {
        "header": {
          "title": "Reply card title"
        },
        "sections": [
          {
            "widgets": [
              {
                "textParagraph": {
                  "text": "Reply card message"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}

Chat 應用程式也可以透過文字資訊卡訊息以非同步方式回覆。

以更新的訊息回應對話方塊

使用更新的訊息回應對話方塊時,您可以更新現有的 Chat 應用程式訊息,或是更新連結預覽。

Chat 應用程式訊息

若要針對透過 Chat 應用程式傳送的現有訊息來回應對話方塊表單提交,系統會傳回 UPDATE_MESSAGE 類型的 ActionResponse。回應包含表示已更新訊息內容的標記。收到此回應後,對話方塊會關閉,訊息也會更新為新的內容。

以下程式碼是 Chat 應用程式傳送用於更新現有 Chat 應用程式訊息的對話方塊 JSON 回應示例:

JSON

{
  "actionResponse": {
    "type": "UPDATE_MESSAGE",
  },
  "text": "This message has been updated with new content in response to a dialog form submission.",
  "cardsV2": [
    {
      "cardId": "updated-card-id",
      "card": {
        "header": {
          "title": "Updated card title"
        },
        "sections": [
          {
            "widgets": [
              {
                "textParagraph": {
                  "text": "Updated card message"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}

Chat 應用程式也可以使用 Google Chat API,以非同步方式更新 Chat 應用程式訊息

為了根據對話方塊提交內容來更新連結預覽,Chat 應用程式會傳回 UPDATE_USER_MESSAGE_CARDS 類型的 ActionResponse。回應會包含用於更新連結預覽的新資訊卡訊息的標記。收到此回應後,對話方塊會關閉,連結預覽也會隨著新的資訊卡訊息更新。

下列 JSON 回應範例會更新連結預覽,並顯示新的資訊卡訊息:

JSON

{
  "actionResponse": "UPDATE_USER_MESSAGE_CARDS",
  "cardsV2": [
    {
      "cardId" : "updated-card-id",
      "card" : {
        "header": {
          "title": "Updated card title"
        },
        "sections": [
          {
            "widgets" : [
              {
                "textParagraph": {
                  "text": "Updated card message"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}

回應應用程式首頁資訊卡訊息的對話方塊

僅針對應用程式首頁資訊卡訊息,有兩種方法可關閉對話方塊:

  • CLOSE_DIALOG:關閉對話方塊,並返回應用程式首頁資訊卡訊息。
  • CLOSE_DIALOG_AND_EXECUTE:關閉對話方塊,並重新整理應用程式主畫面資訊卡訊息。

Python

以下程式碼範例使用 CLOSE_DIALOG 關閉對話方塊,並返回應用程式首頁資訊卡訊息:

def close_dialog():
  """Handles dismiss dialog request from Chat."""
  return {
      'render_actions': {
          'action': {
              'navigations': [{
                'end_navigation': {'action': 'CLOSE_DIALOG'}
              }]
          }
      }
  }

Apps Script

以下程式碼範例使用 CLOSE_DIALOG 關閉對話方塊,並返回應用程式首頁資訊卡訊息:

function closeDialog(event) {
  return {
    render_actions: {
      action:{
        navigations:[{
          end_navigation:{
            action: "CLOSE_DIALOG"
          }
        }]
      }
    }
  };
}

完整範例:Rolodex 管理 Chat 應用程式的聯絡人

在此範例中,Chat 應用程式會開啟對話方塊,讓使用者能夠新增姓名、電子郵件和地址等聯絡人詳細資料:

Node.js

/**
* Responds to messages that have links whose URLs
* match URL patterns configured for link previews.
*
* @param {Object} event The event object from Chat
* API.
*
* @return {Object} Response from the Chat app
* attached to the message with the previewed link.
*/
exports.onMessage = function onMessage(req, res) {

  // Store the Google Chat event as a variable.
  const event = req.body;

  if (req.method === "GET" || !event.message) {
    res.send("Hello! This function is meant to be used in a Google Chat " +
      "Space.");
  }

  // Checks for the presence of event.message.slashCommand.
  // If the slash command is "/help", responds with a text message.
  // If the slash command is "/createContact", opens a dialog.
  if (event.message.slashCommand) {
    switch (event.message.slashCommand.commandId) {
      case 1: // /help
        res.json({"text": "Contact bot helps you update your address book!"});
      case 2:  // /createContact
        openDialog(event);
    }
  }

  // If the Chat app doesn"t detect a slash command, it responds
  // with a card that prompts the user to add a contact
  else {
    res.json({
      "cardsV2": [{
        "cardId": "addContact",
        "card": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Rolodex",
            "subtitle": "Manage your contacts!",
            "imageUrl": "https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/2x/contacts_48dp.png",
            "imageType": "CIRCLE"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "text": "Add Contact",
                        "onClick": {
                          "action": {
                            "function": "openDialog",
                            "interaction": "OPEN_DIALOG"
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }]
    });
  }

  // Respond to button clicks on attached cards
  if (event.type === "CARD_CLICKED") {

    if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openDialog") {
      openDialog(event);
    }

    if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openSequentialDialog") {
      openSequentialDialog(event);
    }

    if (event.common.invokedFunction === "confirmDialogSuccess") {
      confirmDialogSuccess(event);
    }

  }
};

/**
* Opens and starts a dialog that lets users add details about a contact.
*
* @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
*
* @return {object} open a dialog.
*/
function openDialog(event) {
  res.json({
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Name",
                      "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                      "name": "name"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Address",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "address"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Add to favorites",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "saveFavorite"
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "mergeContact",
                        "selected": true
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Next",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  });
};

/**
* Opens a second dialog that lets users add more contact details.
*
* @param {object} event the event object from Google Chat.
*
* @return {object} open a dialog.
*/
function openSequentialDialog(event) {
  res.json({
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Notes",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "notes"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "selectionInput": {
                      "type": "RADIO_BUTTON",
                      "label": "Contact type",
                      "name": "contactType",
                      "items": [
                        {
                          "text": "Work",
                          "value": "Work",
                          "selected": false
                        },
                        {
                          "text": "Personal",
                          "value": "Personal",
                          "selected": false
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Submit",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "confirmDialogSuccess",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "confirmDialogSuccess",
                                  "value": "confirmDialogSuccess"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    "horizontalAlignment": "END"
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  });
}

/**
* Checks for a form input error, the absence of
* a "name" value, and returns an error if absent.
* Otherwise, confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* Confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {object} open a Dialog in Google Chat.
*/
function receiveDialog(event) {

  // Checks to make sure the user entered a name
  // in a dialog. If no name value detected, returns
  // an error message. Any "actionStatus" value other than "OK"
  // gets returned as an error.
  if (event.common.formInputs.contactName.stringInputs.value[0] === "") {
    res.json({
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": "Don't forget to name your new contact!"
        }
      }
    });

    // Otherwise the Chat app indicates that it received
    // form data from the dialog. An "actionStatus" of "OK" is
    // interpreted as code 200, and the dialog closes.
  } else {
    res.json({
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": "OK"
        }
      }
    });
  }
}

Apps Script

apps-script/dialogs/rolodex.gs
/**
* Responds to a MESSAGE event in Google Chat.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Chat API.
*
* @return {Object} open a Dialog in response to a slash command
* or a card"s button click.
*/
function onMessage(event) {

  // Checks for the presence of event.message.slashCommand.
  // If the slash command is "/help", responds with a text message.
  // If the slash command is "/createContact", opens a dialog.
  if (event.message.slashCommand) {
    switch (event.message.slashCommand.commandId) {
      case 1: // /help
        return {"text": "Contact bot helps you update your address book!"}
      case 2:  // /createContact
        return openDialog(event);
    }
  }

  // If the Chat app doesn"t detect a slash command, it responds
  // with a card that prompts the user to add a contact
  else {
    return {
      "cardsV2": [{
        "cardId": "addContact",
        "card": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Rolodex",
            "subtitle": "Manage your contacts!",
            "imageUrl": "https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/2x/contacts_48dp.png",
            "imageType": "CIRCLE"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "text": "Add Contact",
                        "onClick": {
                          "action": {
                            "function": "openDialog",
                            "interaction": "OPEN_DIALOG"
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }]

    };
  }
}

/**
* Responds to a CARD_CLICKED event in Google Chat.
*
* @param {Object} event the event object from Google Chat
*/
function onCardClick(event) {

  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openDialog") {
    return openDialog(event);
  }

  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "openSequentialDialog") {
    const contactName = fetchFormValue(event, "contactName");
    const address = fetchFormValue(event, "address");
    return openSequentialDialog(contactName, address);
  }

  if (event.common.invokedFunction === "receiveDialog") {
    const parameters = event.common.parameters;
    parameters["contactType"] = fetchFormValue(event, "contactType");
    parameters["notes"] = fetchFormValue(event, "notes");
    return receiveDialog(parameters);
  }
}

/**
 * Extracts form input value for a given widget
 * 
 * @param {Object} event the event object from Google Chat
 * @param {String} widgetName the widget name
 * @returns the form input value for the widget
 */
function fetchFormValue(event, widgetName) {
  const widget = event.common.formInputs[widgetName];
  if (widget) {
    return widget[""]["stringInputs"]["value"][0];
  }
}

/**
* Opens and starts a dialog that lets users add details about a contact.
*
*
* @return {Object} open a dialog.
*/
function openDialog(event) {
  return {
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Name",
                      "type": "SINGLE_LINE",
                      "name": "contactName"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Address",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "address"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Add to favorites",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "saveFavorite"
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "decoratedText": {
                      "text": "Merge with existing contacts",
                      "switchControl": {
                        "controlType": "SWITCH",
                        "name": "mergeContact",
                        "selected": true
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Next",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "openSequentialDialog"
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };
}

/**
* Opens a second dialog that lets users add more contact details.
*
* @param {String} contactName the contact name from the previous dialog.
* @param {String} address the address from the previous dialog.
*
* @return {Object} open a dialog.
*/
function openSequentialDialog(contactName, address) {
  return {
    "action_response": {
      "type": "DIALOG",
      "dialog_action": {
        "dialog": {
          "body": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "header": "Add new contact",
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textInput": {
                      "label": "Notes",
                      "type": "MULTIPLE_LINE",
                      "name": "notes"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "selectionInput": {
                      "type": "RADIO_BUTTON",
                      "label": "Contact type",
                      "name": "contactType",
                      "items": [
                        {
                          "text": "Work",
                          "value": "Work",
                          "selected": false
                        },
                        {
                          "text": "Personal",
                          "value": "Personal",
                          "selected": false
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Submit",
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "receiveDialog",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "contactName",
                                  "value": contactName
                                },
                                {
                                  "key": "address",
                                  "value": address
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    },
                    "horizontalAlignment": "END"
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };
}

/**
* Checks for a form input error, the absence of
* a "name" value, and returns an error if absent.
* Otherwise, confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* Confirms successful receipt of a dialog.
*
* @param {Object} parameters the form input values.
*
* @return {Object} open a Dialog in Google Chat.
*/
function receiveDialog(parameters) {

  // Checks to make sure the user entered a name
  // in a dialog. If no name value detected, returns
  // an error message.
  if (!parameters.contactName) {
    return {
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": {
            "statusCode": "INVALID_ARGUMENT",
            "userFacingMessage": "Don't forget to name your new contact!"
          }
        }
      }
    };

    // Otherwise the Chat app indicates that it received
    // form data from the dialog. Any value other than "OK"
    // gets returned as an error. "OK" is interpreted as
    // code 200, and the dialog closes.
  } else {
    return {
      "actionResponse": {
        "type": "DIALOG",
        "dialogAction": {
          "actionStatus": {
            "statusCode": "OK",
            "userFacingMessage": "Success " + JSON.stringify(parameters)
          }
        }
      }
    };
  }
}

Python

from typing import Any, Mapping

import flask
import functions_framework

@functions_framework.http
def main(req: flask.Request) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Responds to a MESSAGE event in Google Chat that includes the /createContact
     slash command by opening a dialog.

  Args:
      req (flask.Request): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """

  if req.method == 'GET':
    return 'Sorry, this function must be called from a Google Chat.'

  request = req.get_json(silent=True)

  if request.get('type') == 'CARD_CLICKED':
    invoked_function = request.get('common', dict()).get('invokedFunction')
    if invoked_function == 'open_dialog':
      return open_dialog(request)

    elif invoked_function == 'open_sequential_dialog':
      return open_dialog(request)

    elif invoked_function == "receive_dialog":
      return receive_dialog(request)

  else:
    return {
      'cardsV2': [{
        'cardId': 'addContact',
        'card': {
          'header': {
            'title': 'Rolodex',
            'subtitle': 'Manage your contacts!',
            'imageUrl': 'https://www.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/2x/contacts_48dp.png',
            'imageType': 'CIRCLE'
          },
          'sections': [
            {
              'widgets': [
                {
                  'buttonList': {
                    'buttons': [
                      {
                        'text': 'Add Contact',
                        'onClick': {
                                'action': {
                                  'function': 'open_dialog',
                                  'interaction': 'OPEN_DIALOG'
                                }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }]
    }

def open_dialog(request: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Opens a dialog in Google Chat.

  Args:
      request (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """
  return {
    'action_response': {
      'type': 'DIALOG',
      'dialog_action': {
        'dialog': {
          'body': {
            'sections': [
              {
                'header': 'Add new contact',
                'widgets': [
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Name',
                      'type': 'SINGLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'name'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'textInput': {
                      'label': 'Address',
                      'type': 'MULTIPLE_LINE',
                      'name': 'address'
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Add to favorites',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'saveFavorite'
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'decoratedText': {
                      'text': 'Merge with existing contacts',
                      'switchControl': {
                        'controlType': 'SWITCH',
                        'name': 'mergeContact',
                        'selected': True
                      }
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    'buttonList': {
                      'buttons': [
                        {
                          'text': 'Next',
                          'onClick': {
                            'action': {
                              'function': 'open_sequential_dialog'
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

def open_sequential_dialog(request: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Opens a second dialog that lets users add more contact details.

  Args:
      request (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: open a Dialog in response to a card's button click.
  """
  return {
    'action_response': {
      'type': 'DIALOG',
      'dialog_action': {
        'dialog': {
              'body': {
                'sections': [
                  {
                    'header': 'Add new contact',
                    'widgets': [
                      {
                        'textInput': {
                          'label': 'Notes',
                          'type': 'MULTIPLE_LINE',
                          'name': 'notes'
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        'selectionInput': {
                          'type': 'RADIO_BUTTON',
                          'label': 'Contact type',
                          'name': 'contactType',
                          'items': [
                            {
                              'text': 'Work',
                              'value': 'Work',
                              'selected': False
                            },
                            {
                              'text': 'Personal',
                              'value': 'Personal',
                              'selected': False
                            }
                          ]
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        'buttonList': {
                          'buttons': [
                            {
                              'text': 'Submit',
                              'onClick': {
                                'action': {
                                  'function': 'receive_dialog',
                                  'parameters': [
                                    {
                                      'key': 'receiveDialog',
                                      'value': 'receiveDialog'
                                    }
                                  ]
                                }
                              }
                            }
                          ]
                        },
                        'horizontalAlignment': 'END'
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                ]
              }
        }
      }
    }
  }

def receive_dialog(event: Mapping[str, Any]) -> Mapping[str, Any]:
  """Checks for a form input error, the absence of a "name" value, and returns
     an error if absent. Otherwise, confirms successful receipt of a dialog.

  Args:
      event (Mapping[str, Any]): the event object from Chat API.

  Returns:
      Mapping[str, Any]: the response.
  """

  if event.get('common', dict()) \
      .get('formInputs', dict()).get('contactName', dict()) \
          .get('stringInputs').get('value', list()):
    return {
      'actionResponse': {
        'type': 'DIALOG',
        'dialogAction': {
          'actionStatus': 'OK'
        }
      }
    }
  else:
    return {
      'actionResponse': {
        'type': 'DIALOG',
        'dialogAction': {
          'actionStatus': "Don't forget to name your new contact!"
        }
      }
    }

疑難排解

Google Chat 應用程式或資訊卡傳回錯誤時,Chat 介面會顯示「發生錯誤」或「無法處理你的要求」的訊息。Chat UI 有時不會顯示任何錯誤訊息,但 Chat 應用程式或資訊卡會產生非預期的結果,例如資訊卡可能不會顯示。

雖然 Chat UI 可能未顯示錯誤訊息,但您也可以在開啟 Chat 應用程式的錯誤記錄功能後,運用描述性錯誤訊息和記錄資料修正錯誤。如需查看、偵錯及修正錯誤的相關說明,請參閱「排解 Google Chat 錯誤並修正相關問題」。