Add-on in einer beliebigen Programmiersprache erstellen

Stay organized with collections Save and categorize content based on your preferences.

Alternativ zu Apps Script können Sie ein Add-on in einer beliebigen Programmiersprache erstellen, solange Sie korrekt formatierte JSON-Codes für die Schnittstelle zurückgeben können, die als Karten gerendert werden sollen.

Laufzeit einrichten

Wählen Sie Ihre Hostinginfrastruktur aus und richten Sie Ihre HTTPS-Endpunkte ein. Wenn Sie Ihr Add-on in Google Cloud erstellen und hosten möchten, empfehlen wir die Verwendung von Google Cloud Run.

Deployment-Ressource erstellen

Wenn Sie das Add-on in einer anderen Sprache erstellen, müssen Sie die Bereitstellungsressource des Add-ons in Google Cloud konfigurieren. Die Bereitstellungsressource funktioniert wie die Manifestdatei eines Apps Script-Projekts.

Führen Sie die folgenden Schritte aus, um die Bereitstellungsressource für das Add-on zu konfigurieren.

  1. Erstellen Sie ein Google Cloud-Projekt für Ihr Add-on, falls Sie das noch nicht getan haben.
  2. Geben Sie im Google Cloud-Projekt oben in der Suchleiste Google Workspace Marketplace SDK ein und drücken Sie die Eingabetaste.
  3. Klicken Sie in den Suchergebnissen auf Google Workspace Marketplace SDK.
  4. Klicken Sie auf Aktivieren, wenn Sie das Google Workspace Marketplace SDK noch nicht aktiviert haben. Wenn Sie sie aktiviert haben, klicken Sie auf Verwalten.
  5. Klicken Sie links auf Alternative Laufzeiten.
  6. Klicken Sie unter „Add-ons-API für Google Workspace“ auf Aktivieren.
  7. Klicken Sie oben auf Neue Bereitstellung erstellen.
  8. Geben Sie einen Namen für die Bereitstellungsressource ein und klicken Sie auf Weiter.
  9. Fügen Sie die Informationen für das Add-on im JSON-Format hinzu und klicken Sie auf Senden.

Beispiel: Bereitstellungsressource

Unten finden Sie ein Beispiel für eine Bereitstellungsressource, die in Gmail die Verwendung einer eindeutigen Startseite mit einem HTTPS-Endpunkt auslöst.

{
  "oauthScopes": ["https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.execute", "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.metadata"],
  "addOns": {
    "common": {
      "name": "My HTTP Add-on",
      "logoUrl": "https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/i/googlematerialicons/markunread_mailbox/v6/black-24dp/1x/gm_markunread_mailbox_black_24dp.png",
      "homepageTrigger": {
        "runFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/HttpAddOn/exampleWidgets"
      }
    },
    "gmail": {
          "contextualTriggers": [
            {
              "unconditional": {},
              "onTriggerFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/GmailExample/simpleMessageInfo"
            }
          ]
     },
    "calendar": {},
    "drive": {}
  }
}

JSON-Karten erstellen

Gestalten Sie Ihre Add-on-Schnittstelle mit dem Kartenframework. Verwenden Sie JSON anstelle des Apps Script Card Service, um Karten zu erstellen. Ausführliche Informationen zu JSON-Objekten für Karten finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation.

Beispiele für JSON-Karten finden Sie unter Schnittstellen für JSON-Karten.

JSON-Antwortobjekte erstellen

Jeder eindeutige Einstiegspunkt im Manifest Ihres Add-ons benötigt ein eindeutiges JSON-Antwortobjekt.

Unten finden Sie beliebte Google Workspace Add-on-Einstiegspunkte mit JSON-Beispielschemas.

Häufige Einstiegspunkte für Gmail, Google Kalender, Google Drive und die Editoren

EinstiegspunktBeschreibungJSON-Antwort
homepageTrigger.runFunctionDer Nutzer öffnet die Startseite des Add-ons.renderActions
OnClick.action.functionDer Nutzer klickt im Add-on auf Aktionen.bei Klick
TextInput.autoCompleteAction.function Der Nutzer gibt Text ein und das Add-on liefert automatische Vorschläge.getAutocompleteResponse

Einstiegspunkte für Gmail

EinstiegspunktBeschreibungJSON-Antwort
contextualTrigger.onTriggerFunction Der Nutzer öffnet eine E-Mail. renderActions
composeTrigger Der Nutzer öffnet die Schreiben-Ansicht. renderActions

Einstiegspunkte für Google Kalender

EinstiegspunktBeschreibungJSON-Antwort
eventOpenTrigger Der Nutzer öffnet einen Termin.renderActions
eventUpdateTrigger Der Nutzer aktualisiert einen Termin.calendarClientActionMarkup

Einstiegspunkte für Drive

EinstiegspunktBeschreibungJSON-Antwort
onItemsSelectedTrigger Der Nutzer wählt eine Datei aus.renderActions

Einstiegspunkte für Mitbearbeiter

EinstiegspunktBeschreibungJSON-Antwort
onFileScopeGrantedTrigger Der Nutzer hat als Reaktion auf eine requestFileScopeForActiveDocument-Aktion den Dateizugriff abgeschlossen.renderActions

JSON-Anfragen validieren

Eine Anfrage, die an Ihren Endpunkt gesendet wird, ist eine POST-Anfrage mit einem JSON-Ereignisobjekt im Anfragetext.

Schützen Sie Ihren HTTPS-Endpunkt ordnungsgemäß, damit Anfragen an Ihr Add-on nur von Google ausgeführt werden. Das ist besonders wichtig, wenn dein HTTPS-Endpunkt Nutzerdaten von deinem Dienst zurückgibt.

Verwenden Sie authorizationEventObject-ID-Tokens, um auf Google-Dienste zuzugreifen und Nutzer und Dienstkonten zu validieren.

ID-Tokens

TokenfeldTypBeschreibung
authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken StringDas OAuth-Zugriffstoken des Endnutzers, das mit den angeforderten Bereichen autorisiert wurde.

In diesem Beispiel

authorizationEventObject.userIdToken StringEin Endnutzer-ID-Token. Die E-Mail-Adresse des Nutzers ist im ID-Token des Endnutzers codiert, das als JSON-Webtoken formatiert ist.

In diesem Beispiel

authorizationEventObject.systemIdTokenStringEin ID-Token für das Google Workspace Add-ons-Dienstkonto für eine bestimmte Bereitstellung. Hiermit kann geprüft werden, ob die Anfrage von Google stammt.

In diesem Beispiel

Beispiel: Gmail-Daten des Nutzers abrufen

Wenn Sie auf Google-Daten von Nutzern zugreifen möchten, fordern Sie den entsprechenden Bereich in der Bereitstellungsressource Ihres Add-ons an. Verwenden Sie dann authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken, um die API-Aufrufe zu übergeben.

Im folgenden Beispiel verwendet das Add-on einen kontextbezogenen Trigger, um auf den E-Mail-Empfänger zu verweisen, während der Nutzer eine E-Mail liest. Weitere Informationen zu kontextbezogenen Triggern in Gmail finden Sie unter Nachrichten-UI erweitern.

Trigger und Bereiche hinzufügen

Aktualisieren Sie zuerst die Bereitstellungsressource, damit sie den kontextbezogenen Trigger von Gmail und einen OAuth-Bereich enthält, um Zugriff auf die aktuelle Nachricht zu gewähren.

{
  "oauthScopes": [
    "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.execute",
    "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.current.message.metadata"
  ],
  "addOns": {
    "common": {...},
    "gmail": {
      "contextualTriggers": [
        {
          "unconditional": {},
          "onTriggerFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/GmailExample/simpleMessageInfo"
        }
      ],
    }
  }
}

Geben Sie den HTTPS-Endpunkt für das Add-on an, das angewendet werden soll, wenn der Nutzer eine E-Mail aufruft.

Wenn Sie keine URL-Pfade verwenden möchten, um zwischen verschiedenen Einstiegspunkten zu unterscheiden, können Sie Suchparameter wie https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/HttpAddOn/exampleWidgets?trigger=onEmailOpen verwenden.

Wenn das Ereignis ausgelöst wird, in diesem Fall durch den Nutzer, der eine E-Mail öffnet, wird das folgende Ereignisobjekt als HTTP-Blob im HTTP-Text an das Add-on übergeben.

{
  "commonEventObject": {
     "hostApp": "GMAIL",
     "platform": "WEB"
  },
  "authorizationEventObject": {
    "userOAuthToken": "ya29...",
    "systemIdToken": "eyJhbGc...",
    "userIdToken": "jaaa45...",
  },
  "gmailEventObject": {
     "messageId": "msg-f:1234567",
     "threadId": "thread-f:2345678",
     "accessToken": "xedf241...",
  },
}

Informationen extrahieren

Das Ereignisobjekt hat nicht die E-Mail-Adresse des Nutzers oder den Inhalt der E-Mail. Zum Abrufen dieser Informationen verwenden Sie die Gmail API, um den Inhalt der E-Mail mit messageId abzurufen.

Zur Authentifizierung bei der Gmail API senden Sie das OAuth2-Token im Authorization-Header als Inhabertoken. Senden Sie das OAuth2-Zugriffstoken von authorizationEventObject.userOauthToken.

Wenn Sie einen der Bereiche pro Nachricht verwenden, fügen Sie auch das Nachrichtentoken aus gmail.accessToken in einen zusätzlichen X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token-Header ein.

Der folgende Beispielcode zeigt, wie Sie mit der Gmail API den Inhalt einer E-Mail abrufen:

Java

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonNode;
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.BearerToken;
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.Credential;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpHeaders;
import com.google.api.services.gmail.Gmail;
import com.google.api.services.gmail.model.Message;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class GmailMessageDemoController {

   @PostMapping("/message")
   public JsonNode onViewMessage(@RequestBody JsonNode event)
           throws Exception {
       String messageId = event.at("/gmail/messageId").asText();
       String messageToken = event.at("//gmail/accessToken").asText();
       String accessToken = event.at("//authorizationEventObject/userOauthToken")
               .asText();
       Credential credential = new Credential(BearerToken.authorizationHeaderAccessMethod());
       credential.setAccessToken(accessToken);

       Gmail gmailClient = new Gmail.Builder(
               GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
               JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
               credential)
               .setApplicationName("GSAO Demo")
               .build();
       HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders()
               .set("X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token", messageToken);
       Message message = gmailClient.users().messages().get("me", messageId)
               .setFormat("metadata")
               .setRequestHeaders(headers)
               .execute();
     // Build and return response...
   }
}

Node.js

import express from "express";
import { Request, Response } from "express";
import { google } from "googleapis";
import asyncHandler from "express-async-handler";
import { OAuth2Client } from "google-auth-library";

const gmail = google.gmail({version: "v1"});

const app = express();

app.post("/", asyncHandler(async (req, res) => {
   const currentMessageId = req.body.gmail.messageId;
   const event = req.body;
   const accessToken = event.authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken;
   const messageToken = event.gmail.accessToken;
   const auth = new OAuth2Client();
   auth.setCredentials({access_token: accessToken});

   const gmailResponse = await gmail.users.messages.get({
       id: currentMessageId,
       userId: "me",
       format: "metadata",
       auth,
       headers: { "X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token": messageToken }
   });

   const message = gmailResponse.data;
   const response = ...; // Build and return response
   res.json(response);
}));

Beispiel: E-Mail-Adresse des Nutzers abrufen

Verwenden Sie den folgenden Code, um das User-ID-Token zu überprüfen und die User-ID und E-Mail-Adresse zu extrahieren:

Java

import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdToken;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdTokenVerifier;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleTokenResponse;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;

final static String CLIENT_ID = "";

//...

GoogleIdToken.Payload decodeIdToken(JsonNode event) throws Exception {
    String idToken = event.at("/authorizationEventObject/userIdToken").asText();
    GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder builder = new GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder(
                GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
                JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance());
    builder.setAudience(Collections.singletonList(CLIENT_ID);
    GoogleIdTokenVerifier verifier = builder.build();
    GoogleIdToken decodedToken = verifier.verify(idToken);
    GoogleIdToken.Payload payload = decodedToken.getPayload();
    return payload;
    // E.g. payload.getEmail() for email,  payload.getSubject() for user ID
}

Node.js

const { OAuth2Client } = require('google-auth-library');
const CLIENT_ID = '';

// ...

async decodeIdToken(event) {
   const decodedToken = await oAuth2Client.verifyIdToken({
        idToken: event.authorizationEventObject.userIdToken,
        audience: CLIENT_ID
    });
    const payload = decodedToken.getPayload();
    // E.g. payload.email for email,  payload.sub for user ID
    return payload;
}

Beispiel: Anfragen von Google validieren

E-Mail-Adresse des Dienstkontos Ihres Add-ons abrufen

Sie benötigen die E-Mail-Adresse des Dienstkontos, um authorizationEventObject.systemIdToken zu bestätigen.

So rufen Sie die E-Mail-Adresse für das Dienstkonto ab:

  1. Rufen Sie im Google Cloud-Projekt des Add-ons die Seite Alternative Laufzeiten im Google Workspace Marketplace SDK auf.
  2. Kopieren Sie unter „Autorisierungsressource“ die E-Mail-Adresse des Dienstkontos.

Im folgenden Beispiel werden Anfragen von Google mit dem Systemdienstkonto des Add-ons authentifiziert. SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL ist ein Platzhalter für die E-Mail-Adresse des Dienstkontos.

Java


import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdToken;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdTokenVerifier;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

class Auth {
    static final String SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL;

   public static void authenticateRequest(HttpServletRequest httpRequest) throws Exception {
        String authHeader = httpRequest.getHeader("Authorization");

        if (authHeader == null || !authHeader.startsWith("Bearer ")) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Missing authorization header");
        }
        String idToken = authHeader.substring(7);
        String currentUrl = httpRequest.getRequestURL().toString();
        // Verify the ID token -- issued by Google & matches our current URL
        List audience = Collections.singletonList(currentUrl);
        GoogleIdTokenVerifier verifier = new GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder(
                GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
                JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance())
                .setAudience(audience)
                .build();
        GoogleIdToken decodedToken = verifier.verify(idToken);
        if (decodedToken == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Decoded token is null");
        }
        GoogleIdToken.Payload payload = decodedToken.getPayload();

        // Email should also match the service account issued for this add-on
        if (SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL != null && !serviceAccountEmail.equals(payload.getEmail())) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid email in system idToken");
        }
    }
}

Node.js

const {OAuth2Client} = require('google-auth-library');
const SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL = process.env.SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL;

async function authenticateRequest(req) {
  let idToken = req.token; // Using express-bearer-token middleware
  if (!idToken) throw 'Missing bearer token';
  const audience = `${req.protocol}://${req.hostname}${req.originalUrl}`;
  const authClient = new OAuth2Client();
  const ticket = await authClient.verifyIdToken({idToken, audience});
  if (SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL && ticket.getPayload().email !== SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL) {
    throw 'Invalid email';
  }
}

Nutzer außerhalb von Google identifizieren

Möglicherweise müssen Sie Ihr Add-on mit einer URL außerhalb von Google verknüpfen und dabei die Nutzeridentität beibehalten, z. B. die OAuth-Autorisierung für eine API anfordern. Wir empfehlen, die Ziel-App mit Google Log-in zu schützen.

Verwenden Sie das Identitätstoken, das Sie bei der Anmeldung erhalten haben, um die User-ID abzurufen. Die sub-Anforderung enthält die eindeutige ID des Nutzers und kann mit der ID aus deinem Add-on korreliert werden.

Add-on testen

Informationen zum Installieren und Testen Ihres Add-ons über die Google Cloud Console finden Sie im Abschnitt Unveröffentlichtes Add-on installieren.

Informationen dazu finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zur Add-ons API. Sie können auch gcloud-Befehle verwenden.

Unveröffentlichtes Add-on installieren

So installieren Sie Ihr Add-on zu Testzwecken oder für den privaten Gebrauch:

  1. Rufen Sie im Google Cloud-Projekt des Add-ons die Seite Alternative Laufzeiten im Google Workspace Marketplace SDK auf.
  2. Klicken Sie neben der Bereitstellung, die Sie testen möchten, auf Installieren.

Unveröffentlichtes Add-on deinstallieren

So deinstallieren Sie ein unveröffentlichtes Add-on:

  1. Rufen Sie im Google Cloud-Projekt des Add-ons die Seite Alternative Laufzeiten im Google Workspace Marketplace SDK auf.
  2. Klicken Sie neben der Bereitstellung, die Sie deinstallieren möchten, auf Deinstallieren.

JSON-Beispielschemas

Sie können die folgenden Schemabeispiele in Ihre Entwicklungsumgebung einbinden. Ein Beispiel finden Sie unter Unterstützung von Visual Studio Code für JSON.

Schnittstellen der JSON-Karte

Generische Karte

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The card object used to build UIs for Google Workspace add-ons.",
  "definitions": {
    "textParagraph": {
      "$id": "/properties/textParagraph",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Text paragraph widget.",
      "required": [
        "text"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text of the paragraph. Can contain formatted text."
        }
      }
    },
    "image": {
      "$id": "/properties/image",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Image widget.",
      "required": [
        "imageUrl"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "imageUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Sets the image to use by providing its URL or data string."
        },
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Sets the alternative text of the image for accessibility."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Sets an action that executes when the object is clicked.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "icon": {
      "$id": "/properties/icon",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The icon, can be specified by KnownIcon string or a URL.",
      "oneOf": [
        {
          "properties": {
            "knownIcon": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The icon specified by the string name of a list of known icons"
            },
            "iconUrl": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The icon specified by a URL."
            }
          }
        }
      ],
      "properties": {
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The description of icon which is used for accessibility."
        }
      }
    },
    "divider": {
      "$id": "/properties/divider",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A horizontal divider."
    },
    "button": {
      "$id": "/properties/button",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A button. Can be a text button or an image button.",
      "required": ["onClick", "text"],
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text of the button."
        },
        "icon": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The icon image",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/icon"
        },
        "color": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "If set, the button is filled with solid background.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/color"
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onClick action of the button.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        },
        "disabled": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If true, the button is displayed in a disabled state and doesn't respond to user actions"
        }
      }
    },
    "buttonList": {
      "$id": "/properties/buttonList",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "buttons": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
          },
          "description": "A list of buttons laid out horizontally"
        }
      }
    },
    "decoratedText": {
      "$id": "/properties/decoratedText",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "text"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "button" : {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A button that can be clicked to trigger an action",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        },
        "switchControl": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A switch widget can be clicked to change its state or trigger an action.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/switchControl"
        },
        "icon": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The icon displayed in front of the text.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/icon"
        },
        "imageType": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE"
          ],
          "description": "Define the cropping of the image."
        },
        "topLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The formatted text label that shows above the main text."
        },
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The main widget formatted text."
        },
        "wrapText": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "The wrap text setting. If true, the text is wrapped and displayed in multiline.\nOtherwise the text is truncated."
        },
        "bottomLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The formatted text label that shows below the main text."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Only the top/bottom label + content region is clickable.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "switchControl": {
      "$id": "/properties/switchControl",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the switch widget which is used in formInput."
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The value is what is passed back in the Apps Script callback."
        },
        "selected": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If the switch is selected."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The action when the switch state is changed.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        },
        "controlType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The control type, it could be either Switch or Checkbox.",
          "enum": [
            "SWITCH",
            "CHECKBOX"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "onClick": {
      "$id": "/properties/onClick",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "action": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "An action is triggered by this onClick, if specified."
        },
        "openLink": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/openLink",
          "description": "This onClick triggers an open link action if specified."
        },
        "openDynamicLinkAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "An add-on triggers this action when the action needs to open a link.\nThis differs from the openLink above in that this needs to talk to server to get the link.\nThus some preparation work is required for web client to do before the open link action response comes back."
        },
        "card": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/card",
          "description": "A new card is pushed to the card stack after clicking if specified."
        }
      }
    },
    "openLink": {
      "$id": "/properties/openLink",
      "description": "Opens a URL",
      "required": ["url"],
      "properties": {
        "url": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL to open."
        },
        "openAs": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "When an onClick opens a link, then the client can either open it as a \n full size (window if that is the frame used by the client), or an \n overlay (such as a pop-up). The implementation depends on the client\nplatform capabilities, and the value selected may be ignored if the\nclient does not support it. FULL_SIZE is supported by all clients.",
          "enum": [
            "FULL_SIZE",
            "OVERLAY"
          ]
        },
        "onClose": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "NOTHING",
            "RELOAD"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "textInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/textInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A text input is a UI item where the users can input text.",
      "required": ["name"],
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the text input which is used in formInput."
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "At least one of label and hintText is required to be specified."
        },
        "hintText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The hint text."
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The default value when no input from user."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SINGLE_LINE",
            "MULTIPLE_LINE"
          ],
          "description": "The style of the text (for example, single line or multiple line)."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onChange action (for example, invoke an Apps Script)",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        },
        "initialSuggestions": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The initial suggestions made before any user input",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/suggestions"
        },
        "autoCompleteAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "The refresh function which returns suggestions based on the user's input text."
        },
        "multipleSuggestions": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "When set to true, a user can input multiple suggestions items."
        }
      }
    },
    "suggestions": {
      "$id": "/properties/suggestions",
      "description": "A container wrapping elements necessary for showing suggestion items used in text input autocomplete.",
      "properties": {
        "items": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A list of suggestion items which will be used in are used in autocomplete.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/suggestionItem"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "suggestionItem": {
      "$id": "/properties/suggestionItem",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A Suggestion Item. Only supports text for now.",
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Text."
        }
      }
    },
    "selectionInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/selectionInput",
      "description": "A widget which creates a UI item (for example, a drop-down list) with options for users to select.",
      "required": ["name"],
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": ""
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label displayed ahead of the switch control."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of the selection.",
          "enum": [
            "CHECK_BOX",
            "RADIO_BUTTON",
            "SWITCH",
            "DROPDOWN"
          ]
        },
        "items": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/selectionItem"
          },
          "description": "The item/items in the switch control."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "If specified, form is submitted when selection changes",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        }
      }
    },
    "selectionItem": {
      "type":"object",
      "$id": "/properties/selectionItem",
      "description": "The item in the switch control.",
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text to be displayed"
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The value associated with this item which is sent back to Apps Script.\nThe client should use this as a form input value."
        },
        "selected": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If more than one items are selected for RADIO_BUTTON or DROPDOWN,\nthe first selected item is treated as selected and the after ones are all ignored."
        }
      }
    },
    "dateTimePicker": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateTimePicker",
      "description": "The widget to allow users to specify date and time",
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the text input which is used in formInput, and uniquely identifies this input."
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label for the field, which is displayed to the user."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of the date time picker.",
          "enum": [
            "DATE_AND_TIME",
            "DATE_ONLY",
            "TIME_ONLY"
          ]
        },
        "valueMsEpoch": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The value to display which can be the default value before user input or previous user input.\nIt is represented in milliseconds (Epoch time)"
        },
        "timezoneOffsetDate": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number representing the time-zone offset from UTC, in minutes."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Triggered when the user clicks on the Save, or Clear button from the date time picker dialog.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        }
      }
    },
    "borderStyle": {
      "$id": "/properties/borderStyle",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A border style.",
      "required": ["type"],
      "properties": {
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The border type.",
          "enum": [
            "NO_BORDER",
            "STROKE"
          ]
        },
        "strokeColor": {
          "description": "The border color.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/color"
        },
        "cornerRadius": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The border corner radius."
        }
      }
    },
    "imageCropStyle": {
      "$id": "/properties/imageCropStyle",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A crop style that can be applied to images.",
      "required": ["type"],
      "properties": {
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The crop type.",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE",
            "RECTANGLE_CUSTOM",
            "RECTANGLE_4_3"
          ]
        },
        "aspectRatio": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The aspect ratio for a custom rectangular crop."
        }
      }
    },
    "imageComponent": {
      "$id": "/properties/imageComponent",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An image and its properties.",
      "required": ["imageUri"],
      "properties": {
        "imageUri": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL for the image resource."
        },
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The accessibility label for the image."
        },
        "cropStyle": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/imageCropStyle",
          "description": "The crop style to apply to the image."
        },
        "borderStyle": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/borderStyle",
          "description": "The border style to apply to the image."
        }
      }
    },
    "grid": {
      "$id": "/properties/grid",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A grid that displays a collection of grid items.",
      "required": [],
      "properties": {
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the grid."
        },
        "items": {
          "description": "List of grid items.",
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/griditem"
          }
        },
        "borderStyle": {
          "description": "The border style for the grid items.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/borderStyle"
        },
        "columnCount": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number of columns in the grid."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "description": "The action that executes when a grid item is clicked.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "griditem": {
      "$id": "/properties/griditem",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An item that can be displayed in a grid widget.",
      "required": [],
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An identifier for the grid item."
        },
        "image": {
          "description": "The image to display in the grid item.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/imageComponent"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the grid item."
        },
        "subtitle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The subtitle of the grid item."
        },
        "textAlignment": {
          "description": "The text alignment for the grid item's text.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/horizontalAlignment"
        },
        "layout": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The grid item layout.",
          "enum": [
            "TEXT_BELOW",
            "TEXT_ABOVE"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "horizontalAlignment": {
      "$id": "/properties/horizontalAlignment",
      "type": "string",
      "description": "Horizontal alignment options.",
      "enum": [
        "START",
        "CENTER",
        "END"
      ]
    },
    "widget": {
      "$id": "/properties/widget",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "textParagraph": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a text paragraph in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/textParagraph"
        },
        "image": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display an image in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/image"
        },
        "decoratedText": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a decorated text item in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/decoratedText"
        },
        "buttonList": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A List of buttons",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/buttonList"
        },
        "textInput": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a text input in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/textInput"
        },
        "selectionInput": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a switch control in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/selectionInput"
        },
        "dateTimePicker": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a date/time picker in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/dateTimePicker"
        },
        "horizontalAlignment": {
          "description": "The horizontal alignment of this widget.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/horizontalAlignment"
        },
        "divider": {
          "description": "Inserts a divider.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/divider"
        },
        "grid": {
          "description": "Display a grid control in this widget.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/grid"
        }
      }
    },
    "section": {
      "$id": "/properties/section",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "widgets"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "header": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text header of a section"
        },
        "collapsible": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "Whether section can be collapsed or not."
        },
        "widgets": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/widget"
          },
          "description": "The widgets within a section. Example of a widget is TextParagraph or Image."
        },
        "uncollapsibleWidgetsCount": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number of uncollapsable widgets"
        }
      }
    },
    "color": {
      "$id": "/properties/color",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Represents a color in the RGBA color space.",
      "required": [
        "red",
        "green",
        "blue"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "red": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of red in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "green": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of green in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "blue": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of blue in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "alpha": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The alpha value of the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]. 1 is sloid color and 0 is transparent"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardHeader": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardHeader",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Optional header in the card.",
      "required": [
        "title"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Required title in the header."
        },
        "subtitle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Optional - renders beneath the title. If not specified, title will take up both lines."
        },
        "imageUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Optional - renders an image on the right of the title."
        },
        "imageType": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE"
          ],
          "description": "Define the cropping of the image in the header."
        },
        "imageAltText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The Alternative text of this image"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardAction": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardAction",
      "description": "A Card action is the action associated with the card.",
      "properties": {
        "actionLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label used to be displayed in the action menu item."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onClick action for this action item.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardFixedFooter": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardFixedFooter",
      "description": "A persistent (sticky) footer that is added to the bottom of the card.",
      "properties": {
        "primaryButton": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Primary button of the fixed footer.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        },
        "secondaryButton": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Secondary button of the fixed footer.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        }
      }
    },
    "card": {
      "$id": "/properties/card",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "sections"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "header": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Header of the card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardHeader"
        },
        "sections": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/section"
          },
          "description": "A card consist of 1 or more sections. Widgets are defined within a section."
        },
        "cardActions": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The actions of this card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardAction"
        },
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Name of the card which is used as an identifier for the card in the card navigation."
        },
        "fixedFooter": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The fixed footer that is shown at the bottom of this card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardFixedFooter"
        },
        "displayStyle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The Display Style for the peekCardHeader.",
          "enum": [
            "DISPLAY_STYLE_UNSPECIFIED",
            "PEEK",
            "REPLACE"
          ]
        },
        "peekCardHeader": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "When displaying contextual content, the peek card header acts as a placeholder so that the user can\nnavigate forward between the homepage cards and the contextual cards.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardHeader"
        }
      }
    },
    "action": {
      "$id": "/properties/action",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An action that describes the behavior when a form is submitted - triggered from an onclick event on an input widget (e.g. button).",
      "required": [
        "function"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "function": {
          "description": "The apps script callback function or the https endpoint if using alternate runtimes.",
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/card"
}

Ausgaben-App

{
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Budget Performance",
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "text": "Current Quarter
Budget $18,000 (Ends in 5 days)
Spent: $410.75
", "wrapText": true } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Top Expense Category" } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Flights · 30%", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_flight_grey_64.png" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Hotels · 50%", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png" } } } ] }, { "header": "Expense Awaiting Your Approval", "widgets": [ { "decoratedText": { "text": "Submitted by Pam Bee", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcQDQGRxqHJ2XZenPL496tC1EkP2b8wtvENQ4QIClnde2Hq1C7u3" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Team Lunch (Internal)
Cost: $85.00 USD
Date: 10/16/2019
Expense no. #7453" } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Approve", "color": { "red": 0, "green": 0.4784, "blue": 0.353 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve" } } }, { "text": "Decline", "color": { "red": 1, "green": 0.07843, "blue": 0.07843 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/decline" } } }, { "text": "View Details", "color": { "red": 0.650, "green": 0.650, "blue": 0.650 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/view" } } } ] } } ] }, { "widgets": [ { "decoratedText": { "text": "Submitted by Dwight Smith", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcQDQGRxqHJ2XZenPL496tC1EkP2b8wtvENQ4QIClnde2Hq1C7u3" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Flight to New York
Cost: 530.00 USD
Date: 11/21/2019
Expense no. #9866" } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Approve", "color": { "red": 0, "green": 0.4784, "blue": 0.353 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve" } } }, { "text": "Decline", "color": { "red": 1, "green": 0.07843, "blue": 0.07843 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/decline" } } }, { "text": "View Details", "color": { "red": 0.650, "green": 0.650, "blue": 0.650 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/view" } } } ] } } ] } ] } } ] } }

Formular senden

/**
 * A sample Google Workspace Add-on with a form submit with a happy/sad button.
 */
exports.homepage = (req, res) => {
  console.log("event: ", req.body);
  console.log("headers: ",JSON.stringify(req.headers));
  let parameters = req.body.commonEventObject.parameters;
  if (parameters) {
    let happy = parameters.happy;
    if (happy == '1') {
      res.status(200).send(createHappyCard());
    } else {
      res.status(200).send(createSadCard());
    }
  } else {
    res.status(200).send(createQuestionCard());
  }
};

function createSadCard() {
  return {
    "renderActions": {
      "action": {
        "navigations": [
          {
            "pushCard": {
              "sections": [
                {
                  "widgets": [
                    {
                      "image": {
                        "imageUrl": "https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2017/08/15/12/58/emoticon-2643814_960_720.jpg"
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  };
}

function createHappyCard() {
  return {
    "renderActions": {
      "action": {
        "navigations": [
          {
            "pushCard": {
              "sections": [
                {
                  "widgets": [
                    {
                      "image": {
                        "imageUrl": "https://dg.imgix.net/do-you-think-you-re-happy-jgdbfiey-en/landscape/do-you-think-you-re-happy-jgdbfiey-9bb0198eeccd0a3c3c13aed064e2e2b3.jpg"
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  };
}

function createQuestionCard() {
  return {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textParagraph": {
                      "text": "Are you having a good day today?"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Happy",
                          "color": {
                            "red": 0,
                            "green": 0.4784,
                            "blue": 0.353
                          },
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "https://us-central1-elevated-surge-267316.cloudfunctions.net/HttpGSAO",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "happy",
                                  "value": "1"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        },
                        {
                          "text": "Sad",
                          "color": {
                            "red": 1,
                            "green": 0.07843,
                            "blue": 0.07843
                          },
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "https://us-central1-elevated-surge-267316.cloudfunctions.net/HttpGSAO",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "happy",
                                  "value": "0"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  };
}

Genehmigung

{
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "You have a new request:"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text":
                      "John Dolittle - New Device Request"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Type:",
                    "text": "Computer (laptop)"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "When:",
                    "text": "Submitted Aug 10"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Reason:",
                    "text": "Keyboard is not working"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Specs:",
                    "text": "Cheetah Pro 15"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "text": "Approve",
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "green": 0.4784,
                          "blue": 0.353
                        },
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve"
                          }
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Deny",
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "green": 0.07843,
                          "blue": 0.07843
                        },
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "https://www.domain.com/deny"
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

Kontaktliste

/**
 * A sample Google Workspace Add-on that creates a top level card with a list of
 * contacts. Clicking on a contact will navigate (client side) to a full contact
 * card.
 */
exports.homepage = (req, res) => {
  res.status(200).send(createListCard());
};

function createContactCard(name, title, email, phone, location) {
  return {
    "header": {
      "imageType": "CIRCLE",
      "imageUrl": "https://ssl.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/avatar_square_blue_512dp.png",
      "title": name,
      "subtitle": title
    },
    "sections": [
      {
        "widgets": [
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Email:",
              "text": email
            }
          },
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Phone Number:",
              "text": phone
            }
          },
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Location:",
              "text": location
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  };
}

function createContactListEntry(name, title, email, phone, location) {
  return {
    "decoratedText": {
      "topLabel": title,
      "text": name,
      "onClick": {
        "card": createContactCard(name, title, email, phone, location)
      },
      "icon": {
        "iconUrl": "https://ssl.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/avatar_square_blue_512dp.png"
      }
    }
  };
}

function createListCard() {
  var LIST1 = createContactListEntry("John Dolittle", "President", "john@gmail.com", "800-555-0100", "Markham, ON");
  var LIST2 = createContactListEntry("Huckleberry Finn", "CFO", "huck@gmail.com", "800-555-0111", "Kingston, ON");
  var LIST3 = createContactListEntry("Grace Harlowe", "Senior Director", "grace@gmail.com", "800-555-0122", "Toronto, ON");
  return {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  LIST1,
                  LIST2,
                  LIST3
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  };
}

JSON-Widgets

Allgemeine Widgets

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/renderActionSchema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Main Card"
          },
          "name": "Main Card",
          "peekCardHeader": {
            "title": "This is a peek card",
            "imageType": "SQUARE",
            "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
            "imageAltText": "Image of Cards",
            "subtitle": "No Subtitle"
          },
          "cardActions": [
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 1",
              "onClick": {
                "openDynamicLinkAction": {
                  "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/openLinkCallback"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 2",
              "onClick": {
                "action": {
                  "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/generic_submit_form_response"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 3",
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "onClose": "RELOAD",
                  "openAs": "OVERLAY",
                  "url": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/open_link_sample"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 4",
              "onClick": {
                "card": {
                  "header": {
                    "title": "This card is shown after card action 4 is clicked"
                  },
                  "sections": [
                    {
                      "widgets": [
                        {
                          "textParagraph": {
                            "text": "This is a sample text for the card that's shown after action 4 of the card is clicked"
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  ]
                }
              }
            }
          ],
          "fixedFooter": {
            "primaryButton": {
              "text": "Primary Button",
              "color": {
                "red": 0,
                "blue": 0,
                "green": 0
              },
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "url": "www.google.ca",
                  "onClose": "NOTHING",
                  "openAs": "FULL_SIZE"
                }
              }
            },
            "secondaryButton": {
              "text": "Secondary Button - Disabled",
              "disabled": true,
              "color": {
                "red": 0.32421,
                "blue": 0.23421,
                "green": 0.2353614
              },
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "url": "www.google.com",
                  "onClose": "NOTHING",
                  "openAs": "FULL_SIZE"
                }
              }
            }
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Section 1 - Date Time",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Time Picker - EST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - EST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -240,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Picker - CST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - CST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -300,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Time Picker - PST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - PST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -420,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 2 - Decorated Text",
              "collapsible": true,
              "uncollapsibleWidgetsCount": 2,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "CHECKBOX",
                      "name": "Name - Check Box Sample",
                      "value": "Value - Check Box Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image"
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text SWITCH",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "SWITCH",
                      "name": "Name - SWITCH Sample",
                      "value": "Value - SWITCH Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text SWITCH",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image",
                                  "onClick": {
                                    "action": {
                                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/pop_to_root"
                                    }
                                  }
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Button",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Button",
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text Button",
                    "button": {
                      "icon": {
                        "altText": "Assessment Blue",
                        "icon_url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png"
                      },
                      "text": "Assessment Blue",
                      "onClick": {
                        "openLink": {
                          "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                          "openAs": "OVERLAY",
                          "onClose": "RELOAD"
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "CHECKBOX",
                      "name": "Name - Check Box Sample",
                      "value": "Value - Check Box Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image"
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "icon": {
                      "iconUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                      "altText": "Arrow Right Blue"
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Wrap",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Wrap",
                    "text": "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam fringilla facilisis ne.",
                    "wrapText": true
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Non-Wrap",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Non-Wrap",
                    "text": "Nunc ultrices massa ut nisl porttitor, ut euismod nisl tincidunt. Vivamus pharetra, est sed sagittis consequat, arcu nisi.",
                    "wrapText": false
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 3 - Button List",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "icon": {
                          "iconUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                          "altText": "G - Button"
                        },
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "blue": 0,
                          "green": 1
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Green - Google.ca"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "blue": 0,
                          "green": 0
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "action": {
                            "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/pop_to_card_2"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Pop to Card 2"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "blue": 1,
                          "green": 0
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Blue - Google"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "blue": 1,
                          "green": 1
                        },
                        "disabled": true,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }

                        },
                        "text": "Disabled Button"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 4 - Images",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "image": {
                    "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                    "onClick": {
                      "openLink": {
                        "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                        "openAs": "FULL_SIZE",
                        "onClose": "NOTHING"
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "image": {
                    "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                    "altText": "Commute - Black",
                    "onClick": {
                      "openLink": {
                        "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                        "openAs": "FULL_SIZE",
                        "onClose": "RELOAD"
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 5 - Text Paragraph",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam fringilla facilisis neque, condimentum egestas dolor dapibus id."
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 6 - Selection Input",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Check box",
                    "label": "Selection Input Check box",
                    "type": "CHECK_BOX",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Dropdown",
                    "label": "Selection Input Dropdown",
                    "type": "DROPDOWN",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Radio",
                    "label": "Selection Input Radio",
                    "type": "RADIO_BUTTON",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Switch",
                    "label": "Selection Input Switch",
                    "type": "SWITCH",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

Benachrichtigung anzeigen

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "notification": {
        "text": "This is a sample notification"
      }
    }
  }
}

Stammkarte aufrufen

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "popToRoot": true
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

Zu einer bestimmten Karte wechseln

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "render_actions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "popToCard": "card_2"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}
{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/render_action_schema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Open Link Test Case - HTTP"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "Verify a link is opened in a new tab. When returned to Gmail, the bolded text should say AFTER.

\nText BEFORE opening the link." } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Open tab, close, refresh", "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.google.ca/", "onClose": "RELOAD", "openAs": "OVERLAY" } } } ] } } ] } ] } } ] } }

Antwort auf das Senden des Formulars

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "stateChanged": true,
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "peekCardHeader": {
              "title": "Peek Card"
            },
            "header": {
              "title": "Generic Submit Form Response Card"
            },
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "image": {
                      "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat"
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

GRid

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/render_action_schema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Main Card"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Grid Widget",
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "grid": {
                    "title": "A fine collection of cats",
                    "borderStyle": {
                      "type": "STROKE",
                      "cornerRadius": 5.0
                    },
                    "columnCount": 2,
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "id": "itemA",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.001",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "First cat"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemB",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.002",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Second cat",
                        "subtitle": "Top rated"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemC",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.003",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Third cat"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemD",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.004",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Fourth cat",
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemE",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.005",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Fifth cat",
                        "subtitle": "Top rated"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemF",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.006",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Sixth cat"
                      }
                    ],
                    "onClick": {
                      "action": {
                        "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/grid_item_clicked",
                        "parameters": [
                          {
                            "key": "datasource",
                            "value": "Favorite cat pics"
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

JSON-Ereignisobjekte

Allgemein (Gmail, Google Kalender, Google Drive und Editoren)

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type":"object",
  "definitions": {
    "eventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/eventObject",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "Event objects are JSON structures that are automatically constructed and passed as parameters to trigger or callback functions when a user interacts with an add-on (https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/concepts/event-objects)",
      "properties": {
        "commonEventObject": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/commonEventObject"
        },
        "authorizationEventObject": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/authorizationEventObject",
          "description": "Set for requests to HTTP endpoints"
        },
        "gmail": {
          "$ref": "./gmail_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/gmailEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Gmail information."
        },
        "drive": {
          "$ref": "./drive_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/driveEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Drive information."
        },
        "docs": {
          "$ref": "./docs_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/docsEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Docs information."
        },
        "sheets": {
          "$ref": "./sheets_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/sheetsEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Sheets information."
        },
        "slides": {
          "$ref": "./slides_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/slidesEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Slides information."
        },
        "calendar": {
          "$ref": "./calendar_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/calendarEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing calendar and event information."
        }
      }
    },
    "commonEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/commonEventObject",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "An object containing information common to all event objects, regardless of the host application.",
      "properties": {
        "userLocale": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The user's language and country/region identifier in the format of ISO 639 language code-ISO 3166 country/region code. For example, en-US."
        },
        "hostApp": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Indicates the host app the add-on is active in when the event object is generated. Possible values include the following:\nGMAIL\nCALENDAR\nDRIVE",
          "enum": ["GMAIL", "DRIVE", "CALENDAR"]
        },
        "platform": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Indicates where the event originates (`WEB`, `IOS`, or `ANDROID`)",
          "enum": ["WEB", "ANDRIOD", "IOS"]
        },
        "timeZone": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/timeZone",
          "description": "The timezone ID and offset. To enable this field, you must set `addOns.common.useLocaleFromApp` to `true` in your add-on's manifest. Your add-on's scope list must also include `https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.locale`\n See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details"
        },
        "formInputs": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A map containing the current values of the widgets in the displayed card. The map keys are the string IDs assigned with each widget, and each value is another wrapper object with a single \"\" key.",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type":"object",
            "properties": {
              "stringInputs": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/stringInputs"
              },
              "dateTimeInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/dateTimeInput"
              },
              "dateInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/dateInput"
              },
              "timeInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/timeInput"
              }
            }
          }
        },
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Any additional parameters.",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "authorizationEventObject": {
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "userOAuthToken": {
          "description": "The end user OAuth access token, authorized with the requested scopes",
          "type": "string"
        },
        "userIdToken": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An end-user ID token, if appropriate ID scopes are requested"
        },
        "systemIdToken": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An ID token for the Google Workspace Add-ons service account for this deployment"
        }
      }
    },
    "timeZone": {
      "$id": "/properties/timeZone",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The timezone identifier of the user's timezone. Examples include: America/New_York, Europe/Vienna, and Asia/Seoul. To enable this field, you must set `addOns.common.useLocaleFromApp` to `true` in your add-on's manifest. Your add-on's scope list must also include `https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.locale`. See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details"
        },
        "offset": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time offset from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) of the user's timezone, measured in milliseconds. See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details",
          "minimum": -2147483648,
          "maximum": 2147483647
        }
      }
    },
    "stringInputs": {
      "$id": "/properties/stringInputs",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "Input parameter for regular widgets.\nFor single-valued widgets, it will be a single value list; for\nmulti-valued widgets, such as checkbox, all the values are presented.",
      "properties": {
        "value": {
          "type":"array",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "dateTimeInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateTimeInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Input Parameter for Date and Time Picker widget.",
      "properties": {
        "msSinceEpoch": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time selected by the user, in milliseconds since epoch (00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970).",
          "minimum": -9223372036854775808,
          "maximum": 9223372036854775807
        },
        "hasDate": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the input date time includes a date; if false only a time is included."
        },
        "hasTime": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the input date time includes a time; if false only a date is included."
        }
      }
    },
    "dateInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Input Parameter for Date Picker widget.",
      "properties": {
        "msSinceEpoch": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time selected by the user, in milliseconds since epoch (00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970).",
          "minimum": -9223372036854775808,
          "maximum": 9223372036854775807
        }
      }
    },
    "timeInput": {
      "description": "Input Parameter for Time Picker widget.",
      "$id": "/properties/timeInput",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "hours": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The hour number selected by the user.",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 23
        },
        "minutes": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The minute number selected by the user.",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 59
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/eventObject"
}
  

Gmail

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "gmailEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/gmailEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Gmail event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Gmail messages. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Gmail.",
      "properties": {
        "messageId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the currently open Gmail message."
        },
        "threadId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The currently open Gmail thread ID."
        },
        "accessToken": {
          "description": "The Gmail-specific access token. You can use this token with the \"X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token\" HTTP header to grant your add-on temporary access to a user's currently open Gmail message or let your add-on compose new drafts.",
          "type": "string"
        },
        "toRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"To:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        },
        "ccRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"CC:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        },
        "bccRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"BCC:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/gmailEventObject"
}

Kalender

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "calendarEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/calendarEventObject",
      "description": "The Calendar event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's calendar and calendar events. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Calendar.",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The event ID."
        },
        "recurringEventId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of a recurring event."
        },
        "calendarId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The calendar ID."
        },
        "organizer": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing the organizer of the event.",
          "properties": {
            "email": {
              "description": "The event organizer's email address.",
              "type": "string"
            }
          }
        },
        "attendees": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A list of the attendees of the calendar event.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/attendee"
          }
        },
        "conferenceData": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing any conference data associated with this event, such as Google Meet conference details.",
          "$ref": "#definitions/conferenceData"
        },
        "capabilities": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object describing the capabilities of the add-on to view or update event information.",
          "properties": {
            "canSeeAttendees": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can read the event attendee list; false otherwise."
            },
            "canAddAttendees": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can add new attendees to the event attendee list; false otherwise."
            },
            "canSeeConferenceData": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can read the event conference data; false otherwise."
            },
            "canSetConferenceData": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can update the event conference data; false otherwise."
            }
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "attendee": {
      "type": "object",
      "$id": "/properties/attendee",
      "properties": {
        "email": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee email address."
        },
        "optional": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendance for this attendee is marked as optional; false otherwise."
        },
        "displayName": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee displayed name."
        },
        "organizer": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendee is an organizer for this event."
        },
        "self": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if this attendee represents the calendar in which this event appears; false otherwise."
        },
        "resource": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendee represents a resource, such as room or piece of equipment; false otherwise."
        },
        "responseStatus": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee's response status. Possible values include the following:\naccepted: The attendee has accepted the event invitation.\ndeclined: The attendee has declined the event invitation.\nneedsAction: The attendee has not responded to the event invitation.\ntentative: The attendee has tentatively accepted the event invitation."
        },
        "comment": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee's response comment, if any."
        },
        "additionalGuests": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The number of additional guests the attendee had indicated they are bringing. Defaults to zero.",
          "default": 0,
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 2147483647
        }
      }
    },
    "conferenceData": {
      "$id": "/properties/conferenceData",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "conferenceId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the conference. This ID is meant to allow applications to keep track of conferences; you shouldn't display this ID to users."
        },
        "conferenceSolution": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing the conference solution, such as Hangouts or Google Meet.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/conferenceSolution"
        },
        "entryPoints": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "The list of conference entry points, such as URLs or phone numbers.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/entryPoint"
          }
        },
        "notes": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Additional notes (such as instructions from the domain administrator or legal notices) about the conference to display to the user. Can contain HTML. The maximum length is 2048 characters."
        },
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/parameters",
          "description": "An object containing a map of defined parameter data for use by the add-on."
        }
      }
    },
    "conferenceSolution": {
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An object representing the conference solution, such as Hangouts or Google Meet.",
      "$id": "/properties/conferenceSolution",
      "properties": {
        "iconUri": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URI for the user-visible icon representing this conference solution."
        },
        "key": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The key which uniquely identifies the conference solution for this event.",
          "properties": {
            "type": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The conference solution type. Possible values include the following:\neventHangout for Hangouts for consumers (http://hangouts.google.com).\neventNamedHangout for classic Hangouts for Google Workspace users (http://hangouts.google.com).\nhangoutsMeet for Google Meet (http://meet.google.com)."
            }
          }
        },
        "name": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The user-visible name of this conference solution (not localized)."
        }
      }
    },
    "entryPoint": {
      "$id": "/properties/entryPoint",
      "description": "Entry point objects carry information about the established means of accessing a given conference, such as by phone or video. This information is present in the event object if and only if the data is present in the Calendar event and the add-on sets its addOns.calendar.currentEventAccess manifest (https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/concepts/manifests#calendar_fields) field to READ or READ_WRITE.",
      "properties": {
        "accessCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The access code used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "entryPointFeatures": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "Features of the entry point. Currently these features only apply to phone entry points:\ntoll: The entry point is a toll phone call.\ntoll_free: The entry point is a toll-free phone call.",
          "items": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        },
        "entryPointType": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The type of entry point. Possible values are the following:\nmore: Additional conference joining instructions, such as alternate phone numbers. A conference can only have one more entry point; if present at least one other type of entry point is also required.\nphone: Join the conference via a phone number. A conference can have zero or more phone entry points. Google Calendar only displays the first two phone entry points, after formatting and sorting alphabetically.\nsip: Join the conference over SIP. A conference can have at most one sip entry point.\nvideo: Join the conference over HTTP. A conference can have at most one video entry point."
        },
        "label": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The user-visible label for the entry point URI (not localized)."
        },
        "meetingCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The meeting code used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "passcode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The passcode used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "password": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The password used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "pin": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The PIN used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "regionCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "Region code of the phone number. Needed by users if the URI doesn't include a country code. Values are based on the public CLDR list of region codes (http://cldr.unicode.org/translation/country-names)."
        },
        "uri": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The URI of the entry point. The maximum length is 1300 characters. The formatting depends on the entry point type:\nmore: A http: or https: schema is required.\nphone: A tel: schema is required. The URI should include the entire dial sequence (for example, \"tel:+12345678900,,,12345678;1234\").\nsip: A sip: or sips: schema is required. For example \"sip:12345678@myprovider.com\".\nvideo: A http: or https: schema is required."
        }
      }
    },
    "parameters": {
      "$id": "/properties/parameters",
      "description": "An object containing a map of defined parameter data for use by the add-on.",
      "properties": {
        "addOnParameters": {
          "description": "A map of parameter string keys and values. These keys and values are defined by the add-on developer to attach information to a specific conference for the add-on's use.",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/addOnParameters"
        }
      }
    },
    "addOnParameters": {
      "$id": "/properties/addOnParameters",
      "description": "A map of parameter string keys and values. These keys and values are defined by the add-on developer to attach information to a specific conference for the add-on's use.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/calendarEventObject"
}

Kraftfahrzeuge

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "driveEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Drive event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Drive and its contents. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Drive.",
      "properties": {
        "activeCursorItem": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Drive item currently active.",
          "$ref": "#definitions/driveItemMetaData"
        },
        "selectedItems": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "A list of items (files or folders) selected in Drive.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/driveItemMetaData"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "driveItemMetaData": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveItemMetaData",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the selected item."
        },
        "iconUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL of the icon that represents the selected item."
        },
        "mimeType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The MIME type of the selected item."
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the selected item."
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If true, the add-on has requested and received https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.file scope authorization for this item; otherwise this field is false."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/driveEventObject"
}

Dokumentation

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Docs event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Docs document. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Docs.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Docs UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Docs UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

Google Tabellen

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Docs event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Sheet and its contents. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Sheets.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Sheets UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Sheets UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

Präsentationen

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Slides event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Slides document. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Slides.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Slides UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Slides UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

JSON-Antwortobjekte

Formular senden

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The response to a form submit from the add-on.  The most common response will contain a navigation of cards - e.g.  pushing a card to render content to reflected the modified content.",
  "definitions": {
    "submitFormResponse": {
      "$id": "/properties/submitFormResponse",
      "type": "object",
      "required": ["renderActions"],
      "properties": {
        "renderActions": {
          "type" : "object",
          "$ref": "./renderActionSchema.json#/definitions/renderAction"
        },
        "stateChanged": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Whether the state of the cards has changed and data in existing cards is stale."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/submitFormResponse"
}

Renderingaktion

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The response to the invocation of the add-on. The most common response will contain a navigation for cards - e.g. pushing a card to render content.",
  "definitions": {
    "notification": {
      "$id": "/properties/notification",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Card action which displays a notification in the host app.",
      "properties":{
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Plain text to display for the notification, without html tags."
        }
      }
    },
    "navigation": {
      "$id": "/properties/navigation",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "popToRoot": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Card stack pops all card off except the root card."
        },
        "pop": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Card stack pops one card off."
        },
        "popToCard": {
          "type" : "string",
          "description": "Card stack pops all cards above the specified card with given card name."
        },
        "pushCard": {
          "type" : "object",
          "description": "A card to push on top of the stack, which will be shown to end users.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/card"
        },
        "updateCard": {
          "type" : "object",
          "description": "Card stack updates the top card with a new card, preserving filled form\nfields values. For non-equivalent field, the value is dropped.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/card"
        }
      }
    },
    "action": {
      "$id": "/properties/action",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Google Workspace add-on response to interact with the end user. The most common interaction is to render a card with a navigation.",
      "properties": {
        "navigations": {
          "description": "Specify the navigation within the card stack.",
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/navigation"
          }
        },
        "link": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Immediately open the target link in a new tab or a popup.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/openLink"
        },
        "notification": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a notification to the end-user.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/notification"
        }
      }
    },
    "renderAction": {
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "action": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "Google Workspace add-on response to interact with the end user. The most common interaction is to render a card with a navigation."
        },
        "hostAppAction": {
          "type":"object",
          "description": "Actions handled by individual host apps.",
          "$ref": "./hostAppActionSchema.json#/definitions/hostAppActionMarkup"
        },
        "schema": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "This is a no-op schema field that may be present in the markup for syntax\n checking."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/renderAction"
}

Markup für Host-App-Aktionen

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "hostAppActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/hostAppActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "gmailAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/gmailAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./gmailSchema.json#/definitions/gmailClientActionMarkup"
        },
        "calendarAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/calendarAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./calendarSchema.json#/definitions/calendarClientActionMarkup"
        },
        "driveAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/driveAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./drive_schema.json#/definitions/drive_client_action_markup"
        },
        "editor_action": {
          "$id": "/properties/editor_action",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./editor_schema.json#/definitions/editor_client_action_markup"
        }
      },
      "description": ""
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/hostAppActionMarkup"
}

Gmail-Aktions-Markup

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "gmailClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/gmailClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "updateDraftActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update Draft Action Markup",
          "$ref": "#definitions/updateDraftActionMarkup"
        },
        "openCreatedDraftActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Open Created Draft Action Markup",
          "$ref": "#definitions/openCreatedDraftActionMarkup"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateDraftActionMarkup": {
      "$id" : "/properties/updateDraftActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "updateBody": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateBody"
        },
        "updateToRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update To Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateToRecipients"
        },
        "updateCcRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update CC Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateCcRecipients"
        },
        "updateBccRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update BCC Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateBccRecipients"
        },
        "updateSubject": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update Subject",
          "$ref": "#definitions/updateSubject"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateBody": {
      "$id": "/prioperties/updateBody",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A field which contains a series of updates action to perform on the draft\n body that user is currently editing.",
      "properties": {
        "insertContents": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A repeated field which contains a series of insert content to perform\n on the draft that user is currently editing. The content currently\n contains 1) HTML content or 2) plain text content.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/insertContent"
          }
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "",
          "enum": [
            "IN_PLACE_INSERT"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "insertContent": {
      "$id": "/prioperties/insertContent",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "content": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The content to be inserted"
        },
        "contentType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of inserted content",
          "enum": [
            "TEXT",
            "MUTABLE_HTML",
            "IMMUTABLE_HTML"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "recipient": {
      "$id": "/properties/recipient",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "recipient",
      "properties": {
        "email": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateToRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateToRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing To recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "toRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "To Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateCcRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateCcRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing Cc recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "CcRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "CC Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateBccRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateBccRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing Bcc recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "BccRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "BCC Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateSubject": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateSubject",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing subject of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "subject": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "openCreatedDraftActionMarkup": {
      "type": "object",
      "$id": "/properties/openCreatedDraftActionMarkup",
      "description": "",
      "properties": {
        "draftId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the newly-created draft in the form \"r123\"."
        },
        "draftThreadId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the thread containing the newly-created draft, e.g., \"15e9fa622ce1029d\"."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/gmailClientActionMarkup"
}

Aktions-Markup für Google Kalender

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "editAttendeesActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editAttendeesActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "addAttendeeEmails": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      },
      "description": ""
    },
    "editConferenceDataActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editConferenceDataActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "setConferenceData": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./conferenceDataMarkupSchema.json#/definitions/conferenceDataMarkup"
        }
      }
    },
    "calendarClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/calendarClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "editAttendeesActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/editAttendeesActionMarkup"
        },
        "editConferenceDataActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/editConferenceDataActionMarkup"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/calendarClientActionMarkup"
}

Aktionsaktion-Markup

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "driveClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "requestFileScope": {
          "type": "object",
          "properties": {
            "itemId": {
              "type": "string"
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/driveClientActionMarkup"
}

Aktions-Markup für den Editor

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "editor_client_action_markup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editor_client_action_markup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "request_file_scope_for_active_document": {
          "type": "object"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/editor_client_action_markup"
}

Automatische Vervollständigung erhalten

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "A response for getting autocomplete container, which includes elements\n necessary for showing auto complete items for text field.",
  "definitions": {
    "getAutocompletionResponse": {
      "$id": "/properties/getAutocompletionResponse",
      "type": "object",
      "required": ["autoComplete"],
      "properties": {
        "autoComplete": {
          "type" : "object",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/suggestions"
        },
        "schema": {
          "type" : "string",
          "description": "This is a no-op schema field that may be present in the markup for syntax checking."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/getAutocompletionResponse"
}