构建任意编程语言的插件

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作为 Apps 脚本的替代方法,只要您可以返回格式正确的 JSON 供界面以卡片形式呈现,就可以使用任何所需编程语言构建插件。

设置运行时

选择托管基础架构并设置 HTTPS 端点。如果您想在 Google Cloud 上构建和托管插件,我们建议您使用 Google Cloud Run

创建部署资源

使用其他语言构建插件时,您需要在 Google Cloud 中配置该插件的部署资源。部署资源的工作原理类似于 Apps 脚本项目的清单文件。

请按照以下步骤配置插件的部署资源。

  1. 为您的插件创建 Google Cloud 项目(如果尚未创建)。
  2. 在 Google Cloud 项目顶部的搜索栏中,输入 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK,然后按 Enter 键。
  3. 在搜索结果中,点击 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK
  4. 如果您尚未启用 Google Workspace Marketplace SDK,请点击 Enable(启用)。如果您启用了此功能,请点击管理
  5. 点击左侧的备用运行时
  6. 在“Google Workspace Add-ons API”下,点击启用
  7. 点击顶部的创建新部署
  8. 为部署资源命名,然后点击下一步
  9. 以 JSON 格式添加您的插件信息,然后点击提交

示例:部署资源

以下是使用 HTTPS 端点在 Gmail 中触发唯一首页的示例部署资源。

{
  "oauthScopes": ["https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.execute", "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.metadata"],
  "addOns": {
    "common": {
      "name": "My HTTP Add-on",
      "logoUrl": "https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/i/googlematerialicons/markunread_mailbox/v6/black-24dp/1x/gm_markunread_mailbox_black_24dp.png",
      "homepageTrigger": {
        "runFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/HttpAddOn/exampleWidgets"
      }
    },
    "gmail": {
          "contextualTriggers": [
            {
              "unconditional": {},
              "onTriggerFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/GmailExample/simpleMessageInfo"
            }
          ]
     },
    "calendar": {},
    "drive": {}
  }
}

构建 JSON 卡片

使用卡片框架设计插件界面。使用 JSON(而非 Apps 脚本卡服务)构建卡片。如需详细了解卡片的 JSON 对象,请参阅参考文档

如需查看 JSON 卡片的示例,请参阅 JSON 卡片接口

创建 JSON 响应对象

插件的清单中列出的每个唯一入口点都需要唯一的 JSON 响应对象。

以下是包含示例 JSON 响应架构的热门插件入口点。 Google Workspace

Gmail、Google 日历、云端硬盘和编辑器的常见入口点

入口点说明JSON 响应
homepageTrigger.runFunction用户打开插件的首页renderActions
OnClick.action.function用户点击插件中的操作onClick
TextInput.autoCompleteAction.function 用户输入文本,插件会提供自动建议getAuto completionResponse

Gmail 入口点

入口点说明JSON 响应
contextualTrigger.onTriggerFunction 用户打开电子邮件 renderActions
composeTrigger 用户点击以打开 Compose 视图。 renderActions

Google 日历的入口点

入口点说明JSON 响应
eventOpenTrigger 用户打开事件renderActions
eventUpdateTrigger 用户更新事件。calendarClientActionMarkup

云端硬盘入口点

入口点说明JSON 响应
onItemsSelectedTrigger 用户选择一个文件renderActions

编辑器的入口点

入口点说明JSON 响应
onFileScopeGrantedTrigger 用户已完成响应 requestFileScopeForActiveDocument 操作的文件访问权限。renderActions

验证 JSON 请求

发送到端点的请求是 POST 请求,请求正文中包含 JSON 事件对象。

妥善保护 HTTPS 端点,确保仅针对来自 Google 的插件满足对插件的请求。如果您的 HTTPS 端点从您的服务返回用户数据,这一点尤为重要。

使用 authorizationEventObject ID 令牌访问 Google 服务并验证用户和服务帐号。

ID 令牌

令牌字段类型说明
authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken 字符串使用请求的范围授权的最终用户 OAuth 访问令牌。

请参阅此示例

authorizationEventObject.userIdToken 字符串最终用户 ID 令牌。用户的电子邮件地址将编码到最终用户 ID 令牌中,格式为 JSON 网络令牌

请参阅此示例

authorizationEventObject.systemIdToken字符串特定部署的 Google Workspace 插件服务帐号的 ID 令牌。它可用于验证请求是否来自 Google。

请参阅此示例

示例:获取用户的 Gmail 数据

如需访问用户的 Google 数据,请在插件的部署资源中请求相关范围。然后使用 authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken 传递 API 调用。

在以下示例中,该插件会在用户阅读电子邮件时使用上下文触发器来引用电子邮件收件人。如需详细了解 Gmail 中的上下文触发器,请参阅扩展邮件界面

添加触发器和范围

首先,更新部署资源以包含 Gmail 的上下文触发器和 OAuth 范围,以允许访问当前消息。

{
  "oauthScopes": [
    "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.execute",
    "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.addons.current.message.metadata"
  ],
  "addOns": {
    "common": {...},
    "gmail": {
      "contextualTriggers": [
        {
          "unconditional": {},
          "onTriggerFunction": "https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/GmailExample/simpleMessageInfo"
        }
      ],
    }
  }
}

指定在用户查看电子邮件时要应用的插件的 HTTPS 端点。

如果您不想使用网址路径来区分不同的入口点,则可以使用查询参数,例如 https://us-central1-test-http-runtime.cloudfunctions.net/HttpAddOn/exampleWidgets?trigger=onEmailOpen

触发后,用户打开电子邮件时,以下事件对象会作为 HTTP 正文中的 JSON blob 传递给插件。

{
  "commonEventObject": {
     "hostApp": "GMAIL",
     "platform": "WEB"
  },
  "authorizationEventObject": {
    "userOAuthToken": "ya29...",
    "systemIdToken": "eyJhbGc...",
    "userIdToken": "jaaa45...",
  },
  "gmailEventObject": {
     "messageId": "msg-f:1234567",
     "threadId": "thread-f:2345678",
     "accessToken": "xedf241...",
  },
}

提取信息

事件对象中没有用户的电子邮件地址或电子邮件内容。如需获取此信息,请使用 Gmail API 通过 messageId 获取电子邮件的内容。

如需使用 Gmail API 进行身份验证,请在 Authorization 标头中以不记名令牌的形式发送 OAuth2 令牌。从 authorizationEventObject.userOauthToken 发送 OAuth2 访问令牌。

使用各消息范围之一时,还要在额外的 X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token 标头中添加来自 gmail.accessToken 的消息令牌。

以下示例代码展示了如何使用 Gmail API 获取电子邮件内容:

Java

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonNode;
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.BearerToken;
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.Credential;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpHeaders;
import com.google.api.services.gmail.Gmail;
import com.google.api.services.gmail.model.Message;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class GmailMessageDemoController {

   @PostMapping("/message")
   public JsonNode onViewMessage(@RequestBody JsonNode event)
           throws Exception {
       String messageId = event.at("/gmail/messageId").asText();
       String messageToken = event.at("//gmail/accessToken").asText();
       String accessToken = event.at("//authorizationEventObject/userOauthToken")
               .asText();
       Credential credential = new Credential(BearerToken.authorizationHeaderAccessMethod());
       credential.setAccessToken(accessToken);

       Gmail gmailClient = new Gmail.Builder(
               GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
               JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
               credential)
               .setApplicationName("GSAO Demo")
               .build();
       HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders()
               .set("X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token", messageToken);
       Message message = gmailClient.users().messages().get("me", messageId)
               .setFormat("metadata")
               .setRequestHeaders(headers)
               .execute();
     // Build and return response...
   }
}

Node.JS

import express from "express";
import { Request, Response } from "express";
import { google } from "googleapis";
import asyncHandler from "express-async-handler";
import { OAuth2Client } from "google-auth-library";

const gmail = google.gmail({version: "v1"});

const app = express();

app.post("/", asyncHandler(async (req, res) => {
   const currentMessageId = req.body.gmail.messageId;
   const event = req.body;
   const accessToken = event.authorizationEventObject.userOAuthToken;
   const messageToken = event.gmail.accessToken;
   const auth = new OAuth2Client();
   auth.setCredentials({access_token: accessToken});

   const gmailResponse = await gmail.users.messages.get({
       id: currentMessageId,
       userId: "me",
       format: "metadata",
       auth,
       headers: { "X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token": messageToken }
   });

   const message = gmailResponse.data;
   const response = ...; // Build and return response
   res.json(response);
}));

示例:获取用户的电子邮件地址

如需验证用户 ID 令牌并提取用户 ID 和电子邮件地址,请使用以下代码:

Java

import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdToken;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdTokenVerifier;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleTokenResponse;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;

final static String CLIENT_ID = "";

//...

GoogleIdToken.Payload decodeIdToken(JsonNode event) throws Exception {
    String idToken = event.at("/authorizationEventObject/userIdToken").asText();
    GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder builder = new GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder(
                GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
                JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance());
    builder.setAudience(Collections.singletonList(CLIENT_ID);
    GoogleIdTokenVerifier verifier = builder.build();
    GoogleIdToken decodedToken = verifier.verify(idToken);
    GoogleIdToken.Payload payload = decodedToken.getPayload();
    return payload;
    // E.g. payload.getEmail() for email,  payload.getSubject() for user ID
}

Node.JS

const { OAuth2Client } = require('google-auth-library');
const CLIENT_ID = '';

// ...

async decodeIdToken(event) {
   const decodedToken = await oAuth2Client.verifyIdToken({
        idToken: event.authorizationEventObject.userIdToken,
        audience: CLIENT_ID
    });
    const payload = decodedToken.getPayload();
    // E.g. payload.email for email,  payload.sub for user ID
    return payload;
}

示例:验证来自 Google 的请求

获取插件的服务帐号电子邮件地址

您需要使用服务帐号电子邮件地址来验证 authorizationEventObject.systemIdToken

如需获取服务帐号电子邮件地址,请按以下步骤操作:

  1. 在插件的 Google Cloud 项目中,转到 Google Workspace Workspace Marketplace SDK 中的“备用运行时”页面
  2. 在“授权资源”下方,复制服务帐号电子邮件地址。

以下示例使用插件的系统服务帐号对来自 Google 的请求进行身份验证。SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL 是服务帐号电子邮件地址的占位符。

Java


import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdToken;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleIdTokenVerifier;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

class Auth {
    static final String SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL;

   public static void authenticateRequest(HttpServletRequest httpRequest) throws Exception {
        String authHeader = httpRequest.getHeader("Authorization");

        if (authHeader == null || !authHeader.startsWith("Bearer ")) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Missing authorization header");
        }
        String idToken = authHeader.substring(7);
        String currentUrl = httpRequest.getRequestURL().toString();
        // Verify the ID token -- issued by Google & matches our current URL
        List audience = Collections.singletonList(currentUrl);
        GoogleIdTokenVerifier verifier = new GoogleIdTokenVerifier.Builder(
                GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
                JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance())
                .setAudience(audience)
                .build();
        GoogleIdToken decodedToken = verifier.verify(idToken);
        if (decodedToken == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Decoded token is null");
        }
        GoogleIdToken.Payload payload = decodedToken.getPayload();

        // Email should also match the service account issued for this add-on
        if (SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL != null && !serviceAccountEmail.equals(payload.getEmail())) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid email in system idToken");
        }
    }
}

Node.JS

const {OAuth2Client} = require('google-auth-library');
const SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL = process.env.SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL;

async function authenticateRequest(req) {
  let idToken = req.token; // Using express-bearer-token middleware
  if (!idToken) throw 'Missing bearer token';
  const audience = `${req.protocol}://${req.hostname}${req.originalUrl}`;
  const authClient = new OAuth2Client();
  const ticket = await authClient.verifyIdToken({idToken, audience});
  if (SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL && ticket.getPayload().email !== SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL) {
    throw 'Invalid email';
  }
}

识别 Google 以外的用户

您可能需要在保持用户的身份(例如请求 API 的 OAuth 授权)的情况下,将插件与 Google 以外的网址相关联。我们建议您使用 Google 登录功能保护目标应用。

使用登录期间颁发的身份令牌获取用户 ID。sub 声明包含用户的唯一 ID,并且可以与插件中的 ID 相关联。

测试您的插件

如需通过 Google Cloud Console 安装和测试插件,请参阅安装未发布的插件部分。

如需以编程方式执行此操作,请查看 Add-ons API 参考文档。 您还可以使用 gcloud 命令

安装未发布的插件

要安装插件以进行测试或个人用途,请按以下步骤操作:

  1. 在插件的 Google Cloud 项目中,转到 Google Workspace Workspace Marketplace SDK 中的“备用运行时”页面
  2. 在要测试的部署旁边,点击安装

卸载已取消发布的插件

要卸载已取消发布的插件,请按以下步骤操作:

  1. 在插件的 Google Cloud 项目中,转到 Google Workspace Workspace Marketplace SDK 中的“备用运行时”页面
  2. 在要卸载的部署旁边,点击卸载

示例 JSON 架构

您可以将以下架构示例整合到开发环境中。有关示例,请参阅 Visual Studio Code 对 JSON 的支持

JSON 卡接口

通用卡

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The card object used to build UIs for Google Workspace add-ons.",
  "definitions": {
    "textParagraph": {
      "$id": "/properties/textParagraph",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Text paragraph widget.",
      "required": [
        "text"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text of the paragraph. Can contain formatted text."
        }
      }
    },
    "image": {
      "$id": "/properties/image",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Image widget.",
      "required": [
        "imageUrl"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "imageUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Sets the image to use by providing its URL or data string."
        },
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Sets the alternative text of the image for accessibility."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Sets an action that executes when the object is clicked.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "icon": {
      "$id": "/properties/icon",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The icon, can be specified by KnownIcon string or a URL.",
      "oneOf": [
        {
          "properties": {
            "knownIcon": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The icon specified by the string name of a list of known icons"
            },
            "iconUrl": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The icon specified by a URL."
            }
          }
        }
      ],
      "properties": {
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The description of icon which is used for accessibility."
        }
      }
    },
    "divider": {
      "$id": "/properties/divider",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A horizontal divider."
    },
    "button": {
      "$id": "/properties/button",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A button. Can be a text button or an image button.",
      "required": ["onClick", "text"],
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text of the button."
        },
        "icon": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The icon image",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/icon"
        },
        "color": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "If set, the button is filled with solid background.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/color"
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onClick action of the button.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        },
        "disabled": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If true, the button is displayed in a disabled state and doesn't respond to user actions"
        }
      }
    },
    "buttonList": {
      "$id": "/properties/buttonList",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "buttons": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
          },
          "description": "A list of buttons laid out horizontally"
        }
      }
    },
    "decoratedText": {
      "$id": "/properties/decoratedText",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "text"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "button" : {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A button that can be clicked to trigger an action",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        },
        "switchControl": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A switch widget can be clicked to change its state or trigger an action.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/switchControl"
        },
        "icon": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The icon displayed in front of the text.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/icon"
        },
        "imageType": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE"
          ],
          "description": "Define the cropping of the image."
        },
        "topLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The formatted text label that shows above the main text."
        },
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The main widget formatted text."
        },
        "wrapText": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "The wrap text setting. If true, the text is wrapped and displayed in multiline.\nOtherwise the text is truncated."
        },
        "bottomLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The formatted text label that shows below the main text."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Only the top/bottom label + content region is clickable.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "switchControl": {
      "$id": "/properties/switchControl",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the switch widget which is used in formInput."
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The value is what is passed back in the Apps Script callback."
        },
        "selected": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If the switch is selected."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The action when the switch state is changed.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        },
        "controlType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The control type, it could be either Switch or Checkbox.",
          "enum": [
            "SWITCH",
            "CHECKBOX"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "onClick": {
      "$id": "/properties/onClick",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "action": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "An action is triggered by this onClick, if specified."
        },
        "openLink": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/openLink",
          "description": "This onClick triggers an open link action if specified."
        },
        "openDynamicLinkAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "An add-on triggers this action when the action needs to open a link.\nThis differs from the openLink above in that this needs to talk to server to get the link.\nThus some preparation work is required for web client to do before the open link action response comes back."
        },
        "card": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/card",
          "description": "A new card is pushed to the card stack after clicking if specified."
        }
      }
    },
    "openLink": {
      "$id": "/properties/openLink",
      "description": "Opens a URL",
      "required": ["url"],
      "properties": {
        "url": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL to open."
        },
        "openAs": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "When an onClick opens a link, then the client can either open it as a \n full size (window if that is the frame used by the client), or an \n overlay (such as a pop-up). The implementation depends on the client\nplatform capabilities, and the value selected may be ignored if the\nclient does not support it. FULL_SIZE is supported by all clients.",
          "enum": [
            "FULL_SIZE",
            "OVERLAY"
          ]
        },
        "onClose": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "NOTHING",
            "RELOAD"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "textInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/textInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A text input is a UI item where the users can input text.",
      "required": ["name"],
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the text input which is used in formInput."
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "At least one of label and hintText is required to be specified."
        },
        "hintText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The hint text."
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The default value when no input from user."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SINGLE_LINE",
            "MULTIPLE_LINE"
          ],
          "description": "The style of the text (for example, single line or multiple line)."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onChange action (for example, invoke an Apps Script)",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        },
        "initialSuggestions": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The initial suggestions made before any user input",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/suggestions"
        },
        "autoCompleteAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "The refresh function which returns suggestions based on the user's input text."
        },
        "multipleSuggestions": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "When set to true, a user can input multiple suggestions items."
        }
      }
    },
    "suggestions": {
      "$id": "/properties/suggestions",
      "description": "A container wrapping elements necessary for showing suggestion items used in text input autocomplete.",
      "properties": {
        "items": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A list of suggestion items which will be used in are used in autocomplete.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/suggestionItem"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "suggestionItem": {
      "$id": "/properties/suggestionItem",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A Suggestion Item. Only supports text for now.",
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Text."
        }
      }
    },
    "selectionInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/selectionInput",
      "description": "A widget which creates a UI item (for example, a drop-down list) with options for users to select.",
      "required": ["name"],
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": ""
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label displayed ahead of the switch control."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of the selection.",
          "enum": [
            "CHECK_BOX",
            "RADIO_BUTTON",
            "SWITCH",
            "DROPDOWN"
          ]
        },
        "items": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/selectionItem"
          },
          "description": "The item/items in the switch control."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "If specified, form is submitted when selection changes",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        }
      }
    },
    "selectionItem": {
      "type":"object",
      "$id": "/properties/selectionItem",
      "description": "The item in the switch control.",
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text to be displayed"
        },
        "value": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The value associated with this item which is sent back to Apps Script.\nThe client should use this as a form input value."
        },
        "selected": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If more than one items are selected for RADIO_BUTTON or DROPDOWN,\nthe first selected item is treated as selected and the after ones are all ignored."
        }
      }
    },
    "dateTimePicker": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateTimePicker",
      "description": "The widget to allow users to specify date and time",
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The name of the text input which is used in formInput, and uniquely identifies this input."
        },
        "label": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label for the field, which is displayed to the user."
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of the date time picker.",
          "enum": [
            "DATE_AND_TIME",
            "DATE_ONLY",
            "TIME_ONLY"
          ]
        },
        "valueMsEpoch": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The value to display which can be the default value before user input or previous user input.\nIt is represented in milliseconds (Epoch time)"
        },
        "timezoneOffsetDate": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number representing the time-zone offset from UTC, in minutes."
        },
        "onChangeAction": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Triggered when the user clicks on the Save, or Clear button from the date time picker dialog.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action"
        }
      }
    },
    "borderStyle": {
      "$id": "/properties/borderStyle",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A border style.",
      "required": ["type"],
      "properties": {
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The border type.",
          "enum": [
            "NO_BORDER",
            "STROKE"
          ]
        },
        "strokeColor": {
          "description": "The border color.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/color"
        },
        "cornerRadius": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The border corner radius."
        }
      }
    },
    "imageCropStyle": {
      "$id": "/properties/imageCropStyle",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A crop style that can be applied to images.",
      "required": ["type"],
      "properties": {
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The crop type.",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE",
            "RECTANGLE_CUSTOM",
            "RECTANGLE_4_3"
          ]
        },
        "aspectRatio": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The aspect ratio for a custom rectangular crop."
        }
      }
    },
    "imageComponent": {
      "$id": "/properties/imageComponent",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An image and its properties.",
      "required": ["imageUri"],
      "properties": {
        "imageUri": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL for the image resource."
        },
        "altText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The accessibility label for the image."
        },
        "cropStyle": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/imageCropStyle",
          "description": "The crop style to apply to the image."
        },
        "borderStyle": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/borderStyle",
          "description": "The border style to apply to the image."
        }
      }
    },
    "grid": {
      "$id": "/properties/grid",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A grid that displays a collection of grid items.",
      "required": [],
      "properties": {
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the grid."
        },
        "items": {
          "description": "List of grid items.",
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/griditem"
          }
        },
        "borderStyle": {
          "description": "The border style for the grid items.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/borderStyle"
        },
        "columnCount": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number of columns in the grid."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "description": "The action that executes when a grid item is clicked.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "griditem": {
      "$id": "/properties/griditem",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An item that can be displayed in a grid widget.",
      "required": [],
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An identifier for the grid item."
        },
        "image": {
          "description": "The image to display in the grid item.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/imageComponent"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the grid item."
        },
        "subtitle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The subtitle of the grid item."
        },
        "textAlignment": {
          "description": "The text alignment for the grid item's text.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/horizontalAlignment"
        },
        "layout": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The grid item layout.",
          "enum": [
            "TEXT_BELOW",
            "TEXT_ABOVE"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "horizontalAlignment": {
      "$id": "/properties/horizontalAlignment",
      "type": "string",
      "description": "Horizontal alignment options.",
      "enum": [
        "START",
        "CENTER",
        "END"
      ]
    },
    "widget": {
      "$id": "/properties/widget",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "textParagraph": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a text paragraph in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/textParagraph"
        },
        "image": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display an image in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/image"
        },
        "decoratedText": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a decorated text item in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/decoratedText"
        },
        "buttonList": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A List of buttons",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/buttonList"
        },
        "textInput": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a text input in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/textInput"
        },
        "selectionInput": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a switch control in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/selectionInput"
        },
        "dateTimePicker": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a date/time picker in this widget",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/dateTimePicker"
        },
        "horizontalAlignment": {
          "description": "The horizontal alignment of this widget.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/horizontalAlignment"
        },
        "divider": {
          "description": "Inserts a divider.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/divider"
        },
        "grid": {
          "description": "Display a grid control in this widget.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/grid"
        }
      }
    },
    "section": {
      "$id": "/properties/section",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "widgets"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "header": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The text header of a section"
        },
        "collapsible": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "Whether section can be collapsed or not."
        },
        "widgets": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/widget"
          },
          "description": "The widgets within a section. Example of a widget is TextParagraph or Image."
        },
        "uncollapsibleWidgetsCount": {
          "type": "number",
          "description": "The number of uncollapsable widgets"
        }
      }
    },
    "color": {
      "$id": "/properties/color",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Represents a color in the RGBA color space.",
      "required": [
        "red",
        "green",
        "blue"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "red": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of red in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "green": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of green in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "blue": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The amount of blue in the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]"
        },
        "alpha": {
          "type": "number",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 1,
          "description": "The alpha value of the color as a value in the interval [0, 1]. 1 is sloid color and 0 is transparent"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardHeader": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardHeader",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Optional header in the card.",
      "required": [
        "title"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Required title in the header."
        },
        "subtitle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Optional - renders beneath the title. If not specified, title will take up both lines."
        },
        "imageUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Optional - renders an image on the right of the title."
        },
        "imageType": {
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "SQUARE",
            "CIRCLE"
          ],
          "description": "Define the cropping of the image in the header."
        },
        "imageAltText": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The Alternative text of this image"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardAction": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardAction",
      "description": "A Card action is the action associated with the card.",
      "properties": {
        "actionLabel": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The label used to be displayed in the action menu item."
        },
        "onClick": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The onClick action for this action item.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/onClick"
        }
      }
    },
    "cardFixedFooter": {
      "$id": "/properties/cardFixedFooter",
      "description": "A persistent (sticky) footer that is added to the bottom of the card.",
      "properties": {
        "primaryButton": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Primary button of the fixed footer.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        },
        "secondaryButton": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Secondary button of the fixed footer.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/button"
        }
      }
    },
    "card": {
      "$id": "/properties/card",
      "type": "object",
      "required": [
        "sections"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "header": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Header of the card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardHeader"
        },
        "sections": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/section"
          },
          "description": "A card consist of 1 or more sections. Widgets are defined within a section."
        },
        "cardActions": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The actions of this card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardAction"
        },
        "name": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Name of the card which is used as an identifier for the card in the card navigation."
        },
        "fixedFooter": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The fixed footer that is shown at the bottom of this card.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardFixedFooter"
        },
        "displayStyle": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The Display Style for the peekCardHeader.",
          "enum": [
            "DISPLAY_STYLE_UNSPECIFIED",
            "PEEK",
            "REPLACE"
          ]
        },
        "peekCardHeader": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "When displaying contextual content, the peek card header acts as a placeholder so that the user can\nnavigate forward between the homepage cards and the contextual cards.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/cardHeader"
        }
      }
    },
    "action": {
      "$id": "/properties/action",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An action that describes the behavior when a form is submitted - triggered from an onclick event on an input widget (e.g. button).",
      "required": [
        "function"
      ],
      "properties": {
        "function": {
          "description": "The apps script callback function or the https endpoint if using alternate runtimes.",
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/card"
}

开支应用

{
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Budget Performance",
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "text": "Current Quarter
Budget $18,000 (Ends in 5 days)
Spent: $410.75
", "wrapText": true } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Top Expense Category" } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Flights · 30%", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_flight_grey_64.png" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Hotels · 50%", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png" } } } ] }, { "header": "Expense Awaiting Your Approval", "widgets": [ { "decoratedText": { "text": "Submitted by Pam Bee", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcQDQGRxqHJ2XZenPL496tC1EkP2b8wtvENQ4QIClnde2Hq1C7u3" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Team Lunch (Internal)
Cost: $85.00 USD
Date: 10/16/2019
Expense no. #7453" } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Approve", "color": { "red": 0, "green": 0.4784, "blue": 0.353 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve" } } }, { "text": "Decline", "color": { "red": 1, "green": 0.07843, "blue": 0.07843 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/decline" } } }, { "text": "View Details", "color": { "red": 0.650, "green": 0.650, "blue": 0.650 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/view" } } } ] } } ] }, { "widgets": [ { "decoratedText": { "text": "Submitted by Dwight Smith", "icon": { "iconUrl" : "https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcQDQGRxqHJ2XZenPL496tC1EkP2b8wtvENQ4QIClnde2Hq1C7u3" } } }, { "decoratedText": { "text": "Flight to New York
Cost: 530.00 USD
Date: 11/21/2019
Expense no. #9866" } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Approve", "color": { "red": 0, "green": 0.4784, "blue": 0.353 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve" } } }, { "text": "Decline", "color": { "red": 1, "green": 0.07843, "blue": 0.07843 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/decline" } } }, { "text": "View Details", "color": { "red": 0.650, "green": 0.650, "blue": 0.650 }, "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.domain.com/view" } } } ] } } ] } ] } } ] } }

表单提交

/**
 * A sample Google Workspace Add-on with a form submit with a happy/sad button.
 */
exports.homepage = (req, res) => {
  console.log("event: ", req.body);
  console.log("headers: ",JSON.stringify(req.headers));
  let parameters = req.body.commonEventObject.parameters;
  if (parameters) {
    let happy = parameters.happy;
    if (happy == '1') {
      res.status(200).send(createHappyCard());
    } else {
      res.status(200).send(createSadCard());
    }
  } else {
    res.status(200).send(createQuestionCard());
  }
};

function createSadCard() {
  return {
    "renderActions": {
      "action": {
        "navigations": [
          {
            "pushCard": {
              "sections": [
                {
                  "widgets": [
                    {
                      "image": {
                        "imageUrl": "https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2017/08/15/12/58/emoticon-2643814_960_720.jpg"
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  };
}

function createHappyCard() {
  return {
    "renderActions": {
      "action": {
        "navigations": [
          {
            "pushCard": {
              "sections": [
                {
                  "widgets": [
                    {
                      "image": {
                        "imageUrl": "https://dg.imgix.net/do-you-think-you-re-happy-jgdbfiey-en/landscape/do-you-think-you-re-happy-jgdbfiey-9bb0198eeccd0a3c3c13aed064e2e2b3.jpg"
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  };
}

function createQuestionCard() {
  return {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "textParagraph": {
                      "text": "Are you having a good day today?"
                    }
                  },
                  {
                    "buttonList": {
                      "buttons": [
                        {
                          "text": "Happy",
                          "color": {
                            "red": 0,
                            "green": 0.4784,
                            "blue": 0.353
                          },
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "https://us-central1-elevated-surge-267316.cloudfunctions.net/HttpGSAO",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "happy",
                                  "value": "1"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        },
                        {
                          "text": "Sad",
                          "color": {
                            "red": 1,
                            "green": 0.07843,
                            "blue": 0.07843
                          },
                          "onClick": {
                            "action": {
                              "function": "https://us-central1-elevated-surge-267316.cloudfunctions.net/HttpGSAO",
                              "parameters": [
                                {
                                  "key": "happy",
                                  "value": "0"
                                }
                              ]
                            }
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  };
}

审批

{
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "You have a new request:"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text":
                      "John Dolittle - New Device Request"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Type:",
                    "text": "Computer (laptop)"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "When:",
                    "text": "Submitted Aug 10"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Reason:",
                    "text": "Keyboard is not working"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Specs:",
                    "text": "Cheetah Pro 15"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "text": "Approve",
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "green": 0.4784,
                          "blue": 0.353
                        },
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "https://www.domain.com/approve"
                          }
                        }
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Deny",
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "green": 0.07843,
                          "blue": 0.07843
                        },
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "https://www.domain.com/deny"
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

联系人列表

/**
 * A sample Google Workspace Add-on that creates a top level card with a list of
 * contacts. Clicking on a contact will navigate (client side) to a full contact
 * card.
 */
exports.homepage = (req, res) => {
  res.status(200).send(createListCard());
};

function createContactCard(name, title, email, phone, location) {
  return {
    "header": {
      "imageType": "CIRCLE",
      "imageUrl": "https://ssl.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/avatar_square_blue_512dp.png",
      "title": name,
      "subtitle": title
    },
    "sections": [
      {
        "widgets": [
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Email:",
              "text": email
            }
          },
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Phone Number:",
              "text": phone
            }
          },
          {
            "decoratedText": {
              "topLabel": "Location:",
              "text": location
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  };
}

function createContactListEntry(name, title, email, phone, location) {
  return {
    "decoratedText": {
      "topLabel": title,
      "text": name,
      "onClick": {
        "card": createContactCard(name, title, email, phone, location)
      },
      "icon": {
        "iconUrl": "https://ssl.gstatic.com/images/branding/product/1x/avatar_square_blue_512dp.png"
      }
    }
  };
}

function createListCard() {
  var LIST1 = createContactListEntry("John Dolittle", "President", "john@gmail.com", "800-555-0100", "Markham, ON");
  var LIST2 = createContactListEntry("Huckleberry Finn", "CFO", "huck@gmail.com", "800-555-0111", "Kingston, ON");
  var LIST3 = createContactListEntry("Grace Harlowe", "Senior Director", "grace@gmail.com", "800-555-0122", "Toronto, ON");
  return {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  LIST1,
                  LIST2,
                  LIST3
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  };
}

JSON 微件

通用微件

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/renderActionSchema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Main Card"
          },
          "name": "Main Card",
          "peekCardHeader": {
            "title": "This is a peek card",
            "imageType": "SQUARE",
            "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
            "imageAltText": "Image of Cards",
            "subtitle": "No Subtitle"
          },
          "cardActions": [
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 1",
              "onClick": {
                "openDynamicLinkAction": {
                  "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/openLinkCallback"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 2",
              "onClick": {
                "action": {
                  "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/generic_submit_form_response"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 3",
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "onClose": "RELOAD",
                  "openAs": "OVERLAY",
                  "url": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/open_link_sample"
                }
              }
            },
            {
              "actionLabel": "This is Card action - 4",
              "onClick": {
                "card": {
                  "header": {
                    "title": "This card is shown after card action 4 is clicked"
                  },
                  "sections": [
                    {
                      "widgets": [
                        {
                          "textParagraph": {
                            "text": "This is a sample text for the card that's shown after action 4 of the card is clicked"
                          }
                        }
                      ]
                    }
                  ]
                }
              }
            }
          ],
          "fixedFooter": {
            "primaryButton": {
              "text": "Primary Button",
              "color": {
                "red": 0,
                "blue": 0,
                "green": 0
              },
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "url": "www.google.ca",
                  "onClose": "NOTHING",
                  "openAs": "FULL_SIZE"
                }
              }
            },
            "secondaryButton": {
              "text": "Secondary Button - Disabled",
              "disabled": true,
              "color": {
                "red": 0.32421,
                "blue": 0.23421,
                "green": 0.2353614
              },
              "onClick": {
                "openLink": {
                  "url": "www.google.com",
                  "onClose": "NOTHING",
                  "openAs": "FULL_SIZE"
                }
              }
            }
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Section 1 - Date Time",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Time Picker - EST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - EST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -240,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Picker - CST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - CST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -300,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                },
                {
                  "dateTimePicker": {
                    "name": "Date Time Picker - PST",
                    "label": "Date Time Picker - PST",
                    "valueMsEpoch": 1585166673000,
                    "onChangeAction": {
                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/sample_notification"
                    },
                    "timezoneOffsetDate": -420,
                    "type": "DATE_AND_TIME"
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 2 - Decorated Text",
              "collapsible": true,
              "uncollapsibleWidgetsCount": 2,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "CHECKBOX",
                      "name": "Name - Check Box Sample",
                      "value": "Value - Check Box Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image"
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text SWITCH",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "SWITCH",
                      "name": "Name - SWITCH Sample",
                      "value": "Value - SWITCH Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text SWITCH",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image",
                                  "onClick": {
                                    "action": {
                                      "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/pop_to_root"
                                    }
                                  }
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Button",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Button",
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text Button",
                    "button": {
                      "icon": {
                        "altText": "Assessment Blue",
                        "icon_url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png"
                      },
                      "text": "Assessment Blue",
                      "onClick": {
                        "openLink": {
                          "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                          "openAs": "OVERLAY",
                          "onClose": "RELOAD"
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "switchControl": {
                      "controlType": "CHECKBOX",
                      "name": "Name - Check Box Sample",
                      "value": "Value - Check Box Sample"
                    },
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text CHECKBOX",
                    "wrapText": false,
                    "onClick": {
                      "card": {
                        "header": {
                          "title": "Decorated Text - On Click Action Card"
                        },
                        "sections": [
                          {
                            "widgets": [
                              {
                                "image": {
                                  "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat/says/hello%20world!",
                                  "altText": "Hello World - Cat Image"
                                }
                              }
                            ]
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "text": "Text - Decorated Text Icon",
                    "icon": {
                      "iconUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                      "altText": "Arrow Right Blue"
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Wrap",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Wrap",
                    "text": "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam fringilla facilisis ne.",
                    "wrapText": true
                  }
                },
                {
                  "decoratedText": {
                    "topLabel": "Top Label - Decorated Text Non-Wrap",
                    "bottomLabel": "Bottom Label - Decorated Text Non-Wrap",
                    "text": "Nunc ultrices massa ut nisl porttitor, ut euismod nisl tincidunt. Vivamus pharetra, est sed sagittis consequat, arcu nisi.",
                    "wrapText": false
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 3 - Button List",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "buttonList": {
                    "buttons": [
                      {
                        "icon": {
                          "iconUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                          "altText": "G - Button"
                        },
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "blue": 0,
                          "green": 1
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Green - Google.ca"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "blue": 0,
                          "green": 0
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "action": {
                            "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/pop_to_card_2"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Pop to Card 2"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 0,
                          "blue": 1,
                          "green": 0
                        },
                        "disabled": false,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }
                        },
                        "text": "Blue - Google"
                      },
                      {
                        "color": {
                          "red": 1,
                          "blue": 1,
                          "green": 1
                        },
                        "disabled": true,
                        "onClick": {
                          "openLink": {
                            "url": "www.google.ca/"
                          }

                        },
                        "text": "Disabled Button"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 4 - Images",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "image": {
                    "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                    "onClick": {
                      "openLink": {
                        "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                        "openAs": "FULL_SIZE",
                        "onClose": "NOTHING"
                      }
                    }
                  }
                },
                {
                  "image": {
                    "imageUrl": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                    "altText": "Commute - Black",
                    "onClick": {
                      "openLink": {
                        "url": "http://ssl.gstatic.com/travel-trips-fe/icon_hotel_grey_64.png",
                        "openAs": "FULL_SIZE",
                        "onClose": "RELOAD"
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 5 - Text Paragraph",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam fringilla facilisis neque, condimentum egestas dolor dapibus id."
                  }
                }
              ]
            },
            {
              "header": "Section 6 - Selection Input",
              "collapsible": true,
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Check box",
                    "label": "Selection Input Check box",
                    "type": "CHECK_BOX",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Dropdown",
                    "label": "Selection Input Dropdown",
                    "type": "DROPDOWN",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Radio",
                    "label": "Selection Input Radio",
                    "type": "RADIO_BUTTON",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                },
                {
                  "selectionInput": {
                    "name": "Selection Input Switch",
                    "label": "Selection Input Switch",
                    "type": "SWITCH",
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 1 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 1 Value"
                      },
                      {
                        "text": "Selection Input item 2 Text",
                        "value": "Selection Input item 2 Value"
                      }
                    ]
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

显示通知

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "notification": {
        "text": "This is a sample notification"
      }
    }
  }
}

弹出至根卡

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "popToRoot": true
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

跳到特定卡片

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "render_actions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "popToCard": "card_2"
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}
{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/render_action_schema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Open Link Test Case - HTTP"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "textParagraph": {
                    "text": "Verify a link is opened in a new tab. When returned to Gmail, the bolded text should say AFTER.

\nText BEFORE opening the link." } }, { "buttonList": { "buttons": [ { "text": "Open tab, close, refresh", "onClick": { "openLink": { "url": "https://www.google.ca/", "onClose": "RELOAD", "openAs": "OVERLAY" } } } ] } } ] } ] } } ] } }

表单提交回复

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/submit_form_response_schema.json",
  "stateChanged": true,
  "renderActions": {
    "action": {
      "navigations": [
        {
          "pushCard": {
            "peekCardHeader": {
              "title": "Peek Card"
            },
            "header": {
              "title": "Generic Submit Form Response Card"
            },
            "sections": [
              {
                "widgets": [
                  {
                    "image": {
                      "imageUrl": "https://cataas.com/cat"
                    }
                  }
                ]
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}

网格

{
  "$schema": "/Users/dummy_user/Documents/JSON_schema/render_action_schema.json",
  "action": {
    "navigations": [
      {
        "pushCard": {
          "header": {
            "title": "Main Card"
          },
          "sections": [
            {
              "header": "Grid Widget",
              "widgets": [
                {
                  "grid": {
                    "title": "A fine collection of cats",
                    "borderStyle": {
                      "type": "STROKE",
                      "cornerRadius": 5.0
                    },
                    "columnCount": 2,
                    "items": [
                      {
                        "id": "itemA",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.001",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "First cat"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemB",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.002",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Second cat",
                        "subtitle": "Top rated"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemC",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.003",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Third cat"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemD",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.004",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Fourth cat",
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemE",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.005",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Fifth cat",
                        "subtitle": "Top rated"
                      },
                      {
                        "id": "itemF",
                        "image": {
                          "imageUri": "https://cataas.com/cat?0.006",
                          "cropStyle": {
                            "type": "CIRCLE"
                          }
                        },
                        "title": "Sixth cat"
                      }
                    ],
                    "onClick": {
                      "action": {
                        "function": "https://dummy-function-from-resources.net/grid_item_clicked",
                        "parameters": [
                          {
                            "key": "datasource",
                            "value": "Favorite cat pics"
                          }
                        ]
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              ]
            }
          ]
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

JSON 事件对象

常见(Gmail、Google 日历、云端硬盘和编辑器)

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type":"object",
  "definitions": {
    "eventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/eventObject",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "Event objects are JSON structures that are automatically constructed and passed as parameters to trigger or callback functions when a user interacts with an add-on (https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/concepts/event-objects)",
      "properties": {
        "commonEventObject": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/commonEventObject"
        },
        "authorizationEventObject": {
          "$ref": "#/definitions/authorizationEventObject",
          "description": "Set for requests to HTTP endpoints"
        },
        "gmail": {
          "$ref": "./gmail_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/gmailEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Gmail information."
        },
        "drive": {
          "$ref": "./drive_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/driveEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Drive information."
        },
        "docs": {
          "$ref": "./docs_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/docsEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Docs information."
        },
        "sheets": {
          "$ref": "./sheets_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/sheetsEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Sheets information."
        },
        "slides": {
          "$ref": "./slides_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/slidesEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing Slides information."
        },
        "calendar": {
          "$ref": "./calendar_event_object_schema.json#/definitions/calendarEventObject",
          "description": "An object containing calendar and event information."
        }
      }
    },
    "commonEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/commonEventObject",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "An object containing information common to all event objects, regardless of the host application.",
      "properties": {
        "userLocale": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The user's language and country/region identifier in the format of ISO 639 language code-ISO 3166 country/region code. For example, en-US."
        },
        "hostApp": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Indicates the host app the add-on is active in when the event object is generated. Possible values include the following:\nGMAIL\nCALENDAR\nDRIVE",
          "enum": ["GMAIL", "DRIVE", "CALENDAR"]
        },
        "platform": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Indicates where the event originates (`WEB`, `IOS`, or `ANDROID`)",
          "enum": ["WEB", "ANDRIOD", "IOS"]
        },
        "timeZone": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/timeZone",
          "description": "The timezone ID and offset. To enable this field, you must set `addOns.common.useLocaleFromApp` to `true` in your add-on's manifest. Your add-on's scope list must also include `https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.locale`\n See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details"
        },
        "formInputs": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "A map containing the current values of the widgets in the displayed card. The map keys are the string IDs assigned with each widget, and each value is another wrapper object with a single \"\" key.",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type":"object",
            "properties": {
              "stringInputs": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/stringInputs"
              },
              "dateTimeInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/dateTimeInput"
              },
              "dateInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/dateInput"
              },
              "timeInput": {
                "$ref": "#/definitions/timeInput"
              }
            }
          }
        },
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Any additional parameters.",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "authorizationEventObject": {
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "userOAuthToken": {
          "description": "The end user OAuth access token, authorized with the requested scopes",
          "type": "string"
        },
        "userIdToken": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An end-user ID token, if appropriate ID scopes are requested"
        },
        "systemIdToken": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "An ID token for the Google Workspace Add-ons service account for this deployment"
        }
      }
    },
    "timeZone": {
      "$id": "/properties/timeZone",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The timezone identifier of the user's timezone. Examples include: America/New_York, Europe/Vienna, and Asia/Seoul. To enable this field, you must set `addOns.common.useLocaleFromApp` to `true` in your add-on's manifest. Your add-on's scope list must also include `https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.locale`. See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details"
        },
        "offset": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time offset from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) of the user's timezone, measured in milliseconds. See https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/how-tos/access-user-locale for more details",
          "minimum": -2147483648,
          "maximum": 2147483647
        }
      }
    },
    "stringInputs": {
      "$id": "/properties/stringInputs",
      "type":"object",
      "description": "Input parameter for regular widgets.\nFor single-valued widgets, it will be a single value list; for\nmulti-valued widgets, such as checkbox, all the values are presented.",
      "properties": {
        "value": {
          "type":"array",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "dateTimeInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateTimeInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Input Parameter for Date and Time Picker widget.",
      "properties": {
        "msSinceEpoch": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time selected by the user, in milliseconds since epoch (00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970).",
          "minimum": -9223372036854775808,
          "maximum": 9223372036854775807
        },
        "hasDate": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the input date time includes a date; if false only a time is included."
        },
        "hasTime": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the input date time includes a time; if false only a date is included."
        }
      }
    },
    "dateInput": {
      "$id": "/properties/dateInput",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Input Parameter for Date Picker widget.",
      "properties": {
        "msSinceEpoch": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The time selected by the user, in milliseconds since epoch (00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970).",
          "minimum": -9223372036854775808,
          "maximum": 9223372036854775807
        }
      }
    },
    "timeInput": {
      "description": "Input Parameter for Time Picker widget.",
      "$id": "/properties/timeInput",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "hours": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The hour number selected by the user.",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 23
        },
        "minutes": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The minute number selected by the user.",
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 59
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/eventObject"
}
  

Gmail

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "gmailEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/gmailEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Gmail event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Gmail messages. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Gmail.",
      "properties": {
        "messageId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the currently open Gmail message."
        },
        "threadId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The currently open Gmail thread ID."
        },
        "accessToken": {
          "description": "The Gmail-specific access token. You can use this token with the \"X-Goog-Gmail-Access-Token\" HTTP header to grant your add-on temporary access to a user's currently open Gmail message or let your add-on compose new drafts.",
          "type": "string"
        },
        "toRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"To:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        },
        "ccRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"CC:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        },
        "bccRecipients": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "The list of \"BCC:\" recipient email addresses currently included in a draft the add-on is composing",
          "items": {
            "type":"string"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/gmailEventObject"
}

日历

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "calendarEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/calendarEventObject",
      "description": "The Calendar event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's calendar and calendar events. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Calendar.",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The event ID."
        },
        "recurringEventId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of a recurring event."
        },
        "calendarId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The calendar ID."
        },
        "organizer": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing the organizer of the event.",
          "properties": {
            "email": {
              "description": "The event organizer's email address.",
              "type": "string"
            }
          }
        },
        "attendees": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A list of the attendees of the calendar event.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/attendee"
          }
        },
        "conferenceData": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing any conference data associated with this event, such as Google Meet conference details.",
          "$ref": "#definitions/conferenceData"
        },
        "capabilities": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object describing the capabilities of the add-on to view or update event information.",
          "properties": {
            "canSeeAttendees": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can read the event attendee list; false otherwise."
            },
            "canAddAttendees": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can add new attendees to the event attendee list; false otherwise."
            },
            "canSeeConferenceData": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can read the event conference data; false otherwise."
            },
            "canSetConferenceData": {
              "type": "boolean",
              "description": "true if the add-on can update the event conference data; false otherwise."
            }
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "attendee": {
      "type": "object",
      "$id": "/properties/attendee",
      "properties": {
        "email": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee email address."
        },
        "optional": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendance for this attendee is marked as optional; false otherwise."
        },
        "displayName": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee displayed name."
        },
        "organizer": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendee is an organizer for this event."
        },
        "self": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if this attendee represents the calendar in which this event appears; false otherwise."
        },
        "resource": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "true if the attendee represents a resource, such as room or piece of equipment; false otherwise."
        },
        "responseStatus": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee's response status. Possible values include the following:\naccepted: The attendee has accepted the event invitation.\ndeclined: The attendee has declined the event invitation.\nneedsAction: The attendee has not responded to the event invitation.\ntentative: The attendee has tentatively accepted the event invitation."
        },
        "comment": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The attendee's response comment, if any."
        },
        "additionalGuests": {
          "type": "integer",
          "description": "The number of additional guests the attendee had indicated they are bringing. Defaults to zero.",
          "default": 0,
          "minimum": 0,
          "maximum": 2147483647
        }
      }
    },
    "conferenceData": {
      "$id": "/properties/conferenceData",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "conferenceId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the conference. This ID is meant to allow applications to keep track of conferences; you shouldn't display this ID to users."
        },
        "conferenceSolution": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "An object representing the conference solution, such as Hangouts or Google Meet.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/conferenceSolution"
        },
        "entryPoints": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "The list of conference entry points, such as URLs or phone numbers.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/entryPoint"
          }
        },
        "notes": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Additional notes (such as instructions from the domain administrator or legal notices) about the conference to display to the user. Can contain HTML. The maximum length is 2048 characters."
        },
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/parameters",
          "description": "An object containing a map of defined parameter data for use by the add-on."
        }
      }
    },
    "conferenceSolution": {
      "type": "object",
      "description": "An object representing the conference solution, such as Hangouts or Google Meet.",
      "$id": "/properties/conferenceSolution",
      "properties": {
        "iconUri": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URI for the user-visible icon representing this conference solution."
        },
        "key": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The key which uniquely identifies the conference solution for this event.",
          "properties": {
            "type": {
              "type": "string",
              "description": "The conference solution type. Possible values include the following:\neventHangout for Hangouts for consumers (http://hangouts.google.com).\neventNamedHangout for classic Hangouts for Google Workspace users (http://hangouts.google.com).\nhangoutsMeet for Google Meet (http://meet.google.com)."
            }
          }
        },
        "name": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The user-visible name of this conference solution (not localized)."
        }
      }
    },
    "entryPoint": {
      "$id": "/properties/entryPoint",
      "description": "Entry point objects carry information about the established means of accessing a given conference, such as by phone or video. This information is present in the event object if and only if the data is present in the Calendar event and the add-on sets its addOns.calendar.currentEventAccess manifest (https://developers.google.com/workspace/add-ons/concepts/manifests#calendar_fields) field to READ or READ_WRITE.",
      "properties": {
        "accessCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The access code used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "entryPointFeatures": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "Features of the entry point. Currently these features only apply to phone entry points:\ntoll: The entry point is a toll phone call.\ntoll_free: The entry point is a toll-free phone call.",
          "items": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        },
        "entryPointType": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The type of entry point. Possible values are the following:\nmore: Additional conference joining instructions, such as alternate phone numbers. A conference can only have one more entry point; if present at least one other type of entry point is also required.\nphone: Join the conference via a phone number. A conference can have zero or more phone entry points. Google Calendar only displays the first two phone entry points, after formatting and sorting alphabetically.\nsip: Join the conference over SIP. A conference can have at most one sip entry point.\nvideo: Join the conference over HTTP. A conference can have at most one video entry point."
        },
        "label": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The user-visible label for the entry point URI (not localized)."
        },
        "meetingCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The meeting code used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "passcode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The passcode used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "password": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The password used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "pin": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The PIN used to access the conference. The maximum length is 128 characters. Conference providers typically only use a subset of {accessCode, meetingCode, passcode, password, pin} to provide access to conferences. Match and only ever display the fields the conference provider uses."
        },
        "regionCode": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "Region code of the phone number. Needed by users if the URI doesn't include a country code. Values are based on the public CLDR list of region codes (http://cldr.unicode.org/translation/country-names)."
        },
        "uri": {
          "type":"string",
          "description": "The URI of the entry point. The maximum length is 1300 characters. The formatting depends on the entry point type:\nmore: A http: or https: schema is required.\nphone: A tel: schema is required. The URI should include the entire dial sequence (for example, \"tel:+12345678900,,,12345678;1234\").\nsip: A sip: or sips: schema is required. For example \"sip:12345678@myprovider.com\".\nvideo: A http: or https: schema is required."
        }
      }
    },
    "parameters": {
      "$id": "/properties/parameters",
      "description": "An object containing a map of defined parameter data for use by the add-on.",
      "properties": {
        "addOnParameters": {
          "description": "A map of parameter string keys and values. These keys and values are defined by the add-on developer to attach information to a specific conference for the add-on's use.",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/addOnParameters"
        }
      }
    },
    "addOnParameters": {
      "$id": "/properties/addOnParameters",
      "description": "A map of parameter string keys and values. These keys and values are defined by the add-on developer to attach information to a specific conference for the add-on's use.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "parameters": {
          "type": "object",
          "additionalProperties": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/calendarEventObject"
}

云端硬盘

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "driveEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Drive event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Drive and its contents. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Drive.",
      "properties": {
        "activeCursorItem": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "The Drive item currently active.",
          "$ref": "#definitions/driveItemMetaData"
        },
        "selectedItems": {
          "type":"array",
          "description": "A list of items (files or folders) selected in Drive.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/driveItemMetaData"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "driveItemMetaData": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveItemMetaData",
      "type":"object",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the selected item."
        },
        "iconUrl": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The URL of the icon that represents the selected item."
        },
        "mimeType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The MIME type of the selected item."
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the selected item."
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type": "boolean",
          "description": "If true, the add-on has requested and received https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.file scope authorization for this item; otherwise this field is false."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/driveEventObject"
}

文档

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Docs event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Docs document. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Docs.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Docs UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Docs UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

表格

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Docs event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Sheet and its contents. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Sheets.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Sheets UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Sheets UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

幻灯片

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "type": "object",
  "definitions": {
    "docsEventObject": {
      "$id": "/properties/docsEventObject",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "The Slides event object is the portion of the overall event object that carries information about a user's Google Slides document. It's only present in an event object if the host application is Google Slides.",
      "properties": {
        "id": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the document open in the Slides UI"
        },
        "title": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The title of the document open in the Slides UI"
        },
        "addonHasFileScopePermission": {
          "type":"boolean",
          "description": " Whether or not the add-on has drive.file scope permission for this document."
        }
      }
    },
  },
  "$ref": "#/definitions/docsEventObject"
}

JSON 响应对象

表单提交

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The response to a form submit from the add-on.  The most common response will contain a navigation of cards - e.g.  pushing a card to render content to reflected the modified content.",
  "definitions": {
    "submitFormResponse": {
      "$id": "/properties/submitFormResponse",
      "type": "object",
      "required": ["renderActions"],
      "properties": {
        "renderActions": {
          "type" : "object",
          "$ref": "./renderActionSchema.json#/definitions/renderAction"
        },
        "stateChanged": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Whether the state of the cards has changed and data in existing cards is stale."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/submitFormResponse"
}

渲染操作

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "The response to the invocation of the add-on. The most common response will contain a navigation for cards - e.g. pushing a card to render content.",
  "definitions": {
    "notification": {
      "$id": "/properties/notification",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Card action which displays a notification in the host app.",
      "properties":{
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "Plain text to display for the notification, without html tags."
        }
      }
    },
    "navigation": {
      "$id": "/properties/navigation",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "popToRoot": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Card stack pops all card off except the root card."
        },
        "pop": {
          "type" : "boolean",
          "description": "Card stack pops one card off."
        },
        "popToCard": {
          "type" : "string",
          "description": "Card stack pops all cards above the specified card with given card name."
        },
        "pushCard": {
          "type" : "object",
          "description": "A card to push on top of the stack, which will be shown to end users.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/card"
        },
        "updateCard": {
          "type" : "object",
          "description": "Card stack updates the top card with a new card, preserving filled form\nfields values. For non-equivalent field, the value is dropped.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/card"
        }
      }
    },
    "action": {
      "$id": "/properties/action",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "Google Workspace add-on response to interact with the end user. The most common interaction is to render a card with a navigation.",
      "properties": {
        "navigations": {
          "description": "Specify the navigation within the card stack.",
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/navigation"
          }
        },
        "link": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Immediately open the target link in a new tab or a popup.",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/openLink"
        },
        "notification": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Display a notification to the end-user.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/notification"
        }
      }
    },
    "renderAction": {
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "action": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/action",
          "description": "Google Workspace add-on response to interact with the end user. The most common interaction is to render a card with a navigation."
        },
        "hostAppAction": {
          "type":"object",
          "description": "Actions handled by individual host apps.",
          "$ref": "./hostAppActionSchema.json#/definitions/hostAppActionMarkup"
        },
        "schema": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "This is a no-op schema field that may be present in the markup for syntax\n checking."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/renderAction"
}

托管应用操作标记

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "hostAppActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/hostAppActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "gmailAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/gmailAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./gmailSchema.json#/definitions/gmailClientActionMarkup"
        },
        "calendarAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/calendarAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./calendarSchema.json#/definitions/calendarClientActionMarkup"
        },
        "driveAction": {
          "$id": "/properties/driveAction",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./drive_schema.json#/definitions/drive_client_action_markup"
        },
        "editor_action": {
          "$id": "/properties/editor_action",
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./editor_schema.json#/definitions/editor_client_action_markup"
        }
      },
      "description": ""
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/hostAppActionMarkup"
}

Gmail 操作标记

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "gmailClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/gmailClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "updateDraftActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update Draft Action Markup",
          "$ref": "#definitions/updateDraftActionMarkup"
        },
        "openCreatedDraftActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Open Created Draft Action Markup",
          "$ref": "#definitions/openCreatedDraftActionMarkup"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateDraftActionMarkup": {
      "$id" : "/properties/updateDraftActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "updateBody": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateBody"
        },
        "updateToRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update To Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateToRecipients"
        },
        "updateCcRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update CC Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateCcRecipients"
        },
        "updateBccRecipients": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update BCC Recipients.",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/updateBccRecipients"
        },
        "updateSubject": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "Update Subject",
          "$ref": "#definitions/updateSubject"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateBody": {
      "$id": "/prioperties/updateBody",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "A field which contains a series of updates action to perform on the draft\n body that user is currently editing.",
      "properties": {
        "insertContents": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "A repeated field which contains a series of insert content to perform\n on the draft that user is currently editing. The content currently\n contains 1) HTML content or 2) plain text content.",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#definitions/insertContent"
          }
        },
        "type": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "",
          "enum": [
            "IN_PLACE_INSERT"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "insertContent": {
      "$id": "/prioperties/insertContent",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "content": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The content to be inserted"
        },
        "contentType": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The type of inserted content",
          "enum": [
            "TEXT",
            "MUTABLE_HTML",
            "IMMUTABLE_HTML"
          ]
        }
      }
    },
    "recipient": {
      "$id": "/properties/recipient",
      "type": "object",
      "description": "recipient",
      "properties": {
        "email": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "updateToRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateToRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing To recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "toRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "To Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateCcRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateCcRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing Cc recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "CcRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "CC Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateBccRecipients": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateBccRecipients",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing Bcc recipients of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "BccRecipients": {
          "type": "array",
          "description": "BCC Recipients",
          "items": {
            "$ref": "#/definitions/recipient"
          }
        }
      }
    },
    "updateSubject": {
      "$id": "/properties/updateSubject",
      "description": "If set, replaces the existing subject of the draft the user is currently editing.",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "subject": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "openCreatedDraftActionMarkup": {
      "type": "object",
      "$id": "/properties/openCreatedDraftActionMarkup",
      "description": "",
      "properties": {
        "draftId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the newly-created draft in the form \"r123\"."
        },
        "draftThreadId": {
          "type": "string",
          "description": "The ID of the thread containing the newly-created draft, e.g., \"15e9fa622ce1029d\"."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/gmailClientActionMarkup"
}

日历操作标记

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "editAttendeesActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editAttendeesActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "addAttendeeEmails": {
          "type": "array",
          "items": {
            "type": "string"
          }
        }
      },
      "description": ""
    },
    "editConferenceDataActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editConferenceDataActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "setConferenceData": {
          "type": "object",
          "$ref": "./conferenceDataMarkupSchema.json#/definitions/conferenceDataMarkup"
        }
      }
    },
    "calendarClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/calendarClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "editAttendeesActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/editAttendeesActionMarkup"
        },
        "editConferenceDataActionMarkup": {
          "type": "object",
          "description": "",
          "$ref": "#/definitions/editConferenceDataActionMarkup"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/calendarClientActionMarkup"
}

云端硬盘操作标记

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "driveClientActionMarkup": {
      "$id": "/properties/driveClientActionMarkup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "requestFileScope": {
          "type": "object",
          "properties": {
            "itemId": {
              "type": "string"
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/driveClientActionMarkup"
}

编辑器操作标记

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "definitions": {
    "editor_client_action_markup": {
      "$id": "/properties/editor_client_action_markup",
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "request_file_scope_for_active_document": {
          "type": "object"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/editor_client_action_markup"
}

获取自动补全查询

{
  "$schema": "http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema#",
  "description": "A response for getting autocomplete container, which includes elements\n necessary for showing auto complete items for text field.",
  "definitions": {
    "getAutocompletionResponse": {
      "$id": "/properties/getAutocompletionResponse",
      "type": "object",
      "required": ["autoComplete"],
      "properties": {
        "autoComplete": {
          "type" : "object",
          "$ref": "./cardSchema.json#/definitions/suggestions"
        },
        "schema": {
          "type" : "string",
          "description": "This is a no-op schema field that may be present in the markup for syntax checking."
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "type": "object",
  "$ref": "#/definitions/getAutocompletionResponse"
}