Membuat file pintasan ke konten yang disimpan oleh aplikasi Anda

Pintasan pihak ketiga di Google Drive adalah file yang ditautkan ke file lain di sistem penyimpanan eksternal milik pihak ketiga. Pintasan ini berfungsi sebagai link referensi ke file "konten" luar yang disimpan oleh aplikasi.

Untuk membuat pintasan pihak ketiga, gunakan metode files.create dari Google Drive API dan pastikan Anda menetapkan jenis MIME ke application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk. Untuk mengetahui informasi selengkapnya, lihat Jenis MIME yang didukung Google Workspace & Google Drive.

Jangan mengupload konten apa pun saat membuat file.

Java

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/main/java/CreateShortcut.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.DriveScopes;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;

/* Class to demonstrate Drive's create shortcut use-case */
public class CreateShortcut {

  /**
   * Creates shortcut for file.
   *
   * @throws IOException if service account credentials file not found.
   */
  public static String createShortcut() throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application.*/
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Arrays.asList(DriveScopes.DRIVE_FILE));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);
    // Build a new authorized API client service.
    Drive service = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Drive samples")
        .build();
    try {
      // Create Shortcut for file.
      File fileMetadata = new File();
      fileMetadata.setName("Project plan");
      fileMetadata.setMimeType("application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk");

      File file = service.files().create(fileMetadata)
          .setFields("id")
          .execute();
      System.out.println("File ID: " + file.getId());
      return file.getId();
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      System.err.println("Unable to create shortcut: " + e.getDetails());
      throw e;
    }
  }
}

Python

drive/snippets/drive-v3/file_snippet/create_shortcut.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def create_shortcut():
  """Create a third party shortcut

  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()

  try:
    # create drive api client
    service = build("drive", "v3", credentials=creds)
    file_metadata = {
        "name": "Project plan",
        "mimeType": "application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk",
    }

    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    file = service.files().create(body=file_metadata, fields="id").execute()
    print(f'File ID: {file.get("id")}')

  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
  return file.get("id")


if __name__ == "__main__":
  create_shortcut()

PHP

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/DriveCreateShortcut.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Drive\DriveFile;
function createShortcut()
{
    try {

        $client = new Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE);
        $driveService = new Drive($client);
        $fileMetadata = new DriveFile(array(
            'name' => 'Project plan',
            'mimeType' => 'application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk'));
        $file = $driveService->files->create($fileMetadata, array(
            'fields' => 'id'));
        printf("File ID: %s\n", $file->id);
        return $file->id;

    } catch(Exception $e) {
        echo "Error Message: ".$e;
    }

}

.NET

drive/snippets/drive_v3/DriveV3Snippets/CreateShortcut.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3;
using Google.Apis.Services;

namespace DriveV3Snippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate Drive's create shortcut use-case
    public class CreateShortcut
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a third party shortcut.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>newly created shortcut file id, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static string DriveCreateShortcut()
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for 
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential
                    .GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(DriveService.Scope.Drive);

                // Create Drive API service.
                var service = new DriveService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Drive API Snippets"
                });

                // Create Shortcut for file.
                var fileMetadata = new Google.Apis.Drive.v3.Data.File()
                {
                    Name = "Project plan",
                    MimeType = "application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk"
                };
                var request = service.Files.Create(fileMetadata);
                request.Fields = "id";
                var file = request.Execute();
                // Prints the shortcut file id.
                Console.WriteLine("File ID: " + file.Id);
                return file.Id;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Node.js

drive/snippets/drive_v3/file_snippets/create_shortcut.js
/**
 * Create a third party shortcut
 * @return{obj} shortcut Id
 * */
async function createShortcut() {
  // Get credentials and build service
  // TODO (developer) - Use appropriate auth mechanism for your app

  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive',
  });
  const service = google.drive({version: 'v3', auth});
  const fileMetadata = {
    name: 'Project plan',
    mimeType: 'application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk',
  };

  try {
    const file = await service.files.create({
      resource: fileMetadata,
      fields: 'id',
    });
    console.log('File Id:', file.data.id);
    return file.data.id;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO(developer) - Handle error
    throw err;
  }
}

Menambahkan thumbnail khusus & teks yang dapat diindeks

Untuk meningkatkan visibilitas file yang terkait dengan pintasan pihak ketiga, Anda dapat mengupload gambar thumbnail dan teks yang dapat diindeks saat menyisipkan atau mengubah metadata file. Untuk mengetahui informasi selengkapnya, lihat Mengelola metadata file.