Are your users using Classroom with Google Meet? Check out the Apps Script quickstart covering how to check student attendance in Google Meet courses.

Python Quickstart

Complete the steps described in the rest of this page to create a simple Python command-line application that makes requests to the Classroom API.


To run this quickstart, you need the following prerequisites:

  • Python 2.6 or greater.
  • The pip package management tool
  • A Google Cloud Platform project with the API enabled. To create a project and enable an API, refer to Create a project and enable the API
  • Authorization credentials for a desktop application. To learn how to create credentials for a desktop application, refer to Create credentials.

  • A G Suite for Education account with Google Classroom enabled.

Step 1: Install the Google client library

To install the Google client library for Python, run the following command:

  pip install --upgrade google-api-python-client google-auth-httplib2 google-auth-oauthlib

For alternate installation options, refer to the Python library's Installation section.

Step 2: Configure the sample

To configure the sample:

  1. In your working directory, create a file named
  2. Include the following code in

    from __future__ import print_function
    import os.path
    from googleapiclient.discovery import build
    from google_auth_oauthlib.flow import InstalledAppFlow
    from google.auth.transport.requests import Request
    from google.oauth2.credentials import Credentials
    # If modifying these scopes, delete the file token.json.
    SCOPES = ['']
    def main():
        """Shows basic usage of the Classroom API.
        Prints the names of the first 10 courses the user has access to.
        creds = None
        # The file token.json stores the user's access and refresh tokens, and is
        # created automatically when the authorization flow completes for the first
        # time.
        if os.path.exists('token.json'):
            creds = Credentials.from_authorized_user_file('token.json', SCOPES)
        # If there are no (valid) credentials available, let the user log in.
        if not creds or not creds.valid:
            if creds and creds.expired and creds.refresh_token:
                flow = InstalledAppFlow.from_client_secrets_file(
                    'credentials.json', SCOPES)
                creds = flow.run_local_server(port=0)
            # Save the credentials for the next run
            with open('token.json', 'w') as token:
        service = build('classroom', 'v1', credentials=creds)
        # Call the Classroom API
        results =
        courses = results.get('courses', [])
        if not courses:
            print('No courses found.')
            for course in courses:
    if __name__ == '__main__':

Step 3: Run the sample

To run the sample:

  1. From the command-line, execute the following command:

  2. (optional). If this is your first time running the sample, the sample opens a new window prompting you to authorize access to your data:

    1. If you are not already signed in to your Google account, you are prompted to sign in. If you are signed in to multiple Google accounts, you are asked to select one account to use for the authorization.
    1. Click Accept. The app is authorized to access your data.
  3. The sample executes.

If you have problems, refer to the Troubleshoot the sample section.

Troubleshoot the sample

This section describes some common issues that you may encounter while attempting to run this quickstart and suggests possible solutions.

AttributeError: 'Module_six_moves_urllib_parse' object has no attribute 'urlparse'

This error can occur in Mac OSX where the default installation of the six module (a dependency of the Python library) is loaded before the one that pip installed. To fix the issue, add pip's install location to the PYTHONPATH system environment variable:

  1. Determine pip's install location with the following command:

    pip show six | grep "Location:" | cut -d " " -f2
  2. Add the following line to your ~/.bashrc file, replacing <pip_install_path> with the value determined above:

    export PYTHONPATH=$PYTHONPATH:<pip_install_path>
  3. Reload your ~/.bashrc file in any open terminal windows using the following command:

    source ~/.bashrc

TypeError: sequence item 0: expected str instance, bytes found

This error is due to a bug in httplib2. To resolve this problem, upgrade to the latest version of httplib2 using this command:

pip install --upgrade httplib2</code>

Cannot uninstall 'six'

When running the pip install command you may receive the following error:

"Cannot uninstall 'six'. It is a distutils installed project and thus we cannot accurately determine which files belong to it which would lead to only a partial uninstall."

This error occurs on Mac OSX when pip attempts to upgrade the pre-installed six package. To work around this issue, add the flag --ignore-installed six to the pip install command listed in step 2.

This app isn't verified

If the OAuth consent screen displays the warning "This app isn't verified," your app is requesting scopes that provide access to sensitive user data. If your application uses sensitive scopes, your your app must go through the verification process to remove that warning and other limitations. During the development phase you can continue past this warning by clicking Advanced > Go to {Project Name} (unsafe).

Further reading

For further information on the APIs used in this quickstart, refer to the following: