REST Resource: spaces.messages

Resource: Message

A message in a Google Chat space.

JSON representation
{
  "name": string,
  "sender": {
    object (User)
  },
  "createTime": string,
  "lastUpdateTime": string,
  "deleteTime": string,
  "text": string,
  "formattedText": string,
  "cards": [
    {
      object (Card)
    }
  ],
  "cardsV2": [
    {
      object (CardWithId)
    }
  ],
  "annotations": [
    {
      object (Annotation)
    }
  ],
  "thread": {
    object (Thread)
  },
  "space": {
    object (Space)
  },
  "fallbackText": string,
  "actionResponse": {
    object (ActionResponse)
  },
  "argumentText": string,
  "slashCommand": {
    object (SlashCommand)
  },
  "attachment": [
    {
      object (Attachment)
    }
  ],
  "matchedUrl": {
    object (MatchedUrl)
  },
  "threadReply": boolean,
  "clientAssignedMessageId": string,
  "emojiReactionSummaries": [
    {
      object (EmojiReactionSummary)
    }
  ],
  "privateMessageViewer": {
    object (User)
  },
  "deletionMetadata": {
    object (DeletionMetadata)
  },
  "quotedMessageMetadata": {
    object (QuotedMessageMetadata)
  },
  "attachedGifs": [
    {
      object (AttachedGif)
    }
  ],
  "accessoryWidgets": [
    {
      object (AccessoryWidget)
    }
  ]
}
Fields
name

string

Resource name of the message.

Format: spaces/{space}/messages/{message}

Where {space} is the ID of the space where the message is posted and {message} is a system-assigned ID for the message. For example, spaces/AAAAAAAAAAA/messages/BBBBBBBBBBB.BBBBBBBBBBB.

If you set a custom ID when you create a message, you can use this ID to specify the message in a request by replacing {message} with the value from the clientAssignedMessageId field. For example, spaces/AAAAAAAAAAA/messages/client-custom-name. For details, see Name a message.

sender

object (User)

Output only. The user who created the message. If your Chat app authenticates as a user, the output populates the user name and type.

createTime

string (Timestamp format)

Optional. Immutable. For spaces created in Chat, the time at which the message was created. This field is output only, except when used in import mode spaces.

For import mode spaces, set this field to the historical timestamp at which the message was created in the source in order to preserve the original creation time.

lastUpdateTime

string (Timestamp format)

Output only. The time at which the message was last edited by a user. If the message has never been edited, this field is empty.

deleteTime

string (Timestamp format)

Output only. The time at which the message was deleted in Google Chat. If the message is never deleted, this field is empty.

text

string

Plain-text body of the message. The first link to an image, video, or web page generates a preview chip. You can also @mention a Google Chat user, or everyone in the space.

To learn about creating text messages, see Send a text message.

formattedText

string

Output only. Contains the message text with markups added to communicate formatting. This field might not capture all formatting visible in the UI, but includes the following:

  • Markup syntax for bold, italic, strikethrough, monospace, and monospace block.

  • User mentions using the format <users/{user}>.

  • Custom hyperlinks using the format <{url}|{rendered_text}> where the first string is the URL and the second is the rendered text—for example, <http://example.com|custom text>.

  • Custom emoji using the format :{emoji_name}:—for example, :smile:. This doesn't apply to Unicode emoji, such as U+1F600 for a grinning face emoji.

For more information, see View text formatting sent in a message

cards[]
(deprecated)

object (Card)

Deprecated: Use cardsV2 instead.

Rich, formatted, and interactive cards that you can use to display UI elements such as: formatted texts, buttons, and clickable images. Cards are normally displayed below the plain-text body of the message. cards and cardsV2 can have a maximum size of 32 KB.

cardsV2[]

object (CardWithId)

An array of cards.

Only Chat apps can create cards. If your Chat app authenticates as a user, the messages can't contain cards.

To learn about cards and how to create them, see Design dynamic, interactive, and consistent UIs with cards.

Design and preview cards with the Card Builder.

Open the Card Builder

annotations[]

object (Annotation)

Output only. Annotations associated with the text in this message.

thread

object (Thread)

The thread the message belongs to. For example usage, see Start or reply to a message thread.

space

object (Space)

If your Chat app authenticates as a user, the output populates the space name.

fallbackText

string

A plain-text description of the message's cards, used when the actual cards can't be displayed—for example, mobile notifications.

actionResponse

object (ActionResponse)

Input only. Parameters that a Chat app can use to configure how its response is posted.

argumentText

string

Output only. Plain-text body of the message with all Chat app mentions stripped out.

slashCommand

object (SlashCommand)

Output only. Slash command information, if applicable.

attachment[]

object (Attachment)

User-uploaded attachment.

matchedUrl

object (MatchedUrl)

Output only. A URL in spaces.messages.text that matches a link preview pattern. For more information, see Preview links.

threadReply

boolean

Output only. When true, the message is a response in a reply thread. When false, the message is visible in the space's top-level conversation as either the first message of a thread or a message with no threaded replies.

If the space doesn't support reply in threads, this field is always false.

clientAssignedMessageId

string

Optional. A custom ID for the message. You can use field to identify a message, or to get, delete, or update a message. To set a custom ID, specify the messageId field when you create the message. For details, see Name a message.

emojiReactionSummaries[]

object (EmojiReactionSummary)

Output only. The list of emoji reaction summaries on the message.

privateMessageViewer

object (User)

Immutable. Input for creating a message, otherwise output only. The user that can view the message. When set, the message is private and only visible to the specified user and the Chat app. Link previews and attachments aren't supported for private messages.

Only Chat apps can send private messages. If your Chat app authenticates as a user to send a message, the message can't be private and must omit this field.

For details, see Send private messages to Google Chat users.

deletionMetadata

object (DeletionMetadata)

Output only. Information about a deleted message. A message is deleted when deleteTime is set.

quotedMessageMetadata

object (QuotedMessageMetadata)

Output only. Information about a message that's quoted by a Google Chat user in a space. Google Chat users can quote a message to reply to it.

attachedGifs[]

object (AttachedGif)

Output only. GIF images that are attached to the message.

accessoryWidgets[]

object (AccessoryWidget)

One or more interactive widgets that appear at the bottom of a message. You can add accessory widgets to messages that contain text, cards, or both text and cards. Not supported for messages that contain dialogs.

Creating a message with accessory widgets requires app authentication.

The following example shows a Chat app that uses accessory widgets (thumbs up and thumbs down buttons) in a text message:

Example accessory widgets message

The JSON for this example message is the following:

{
  "text": "Rate your experience with this Chat app.",
  "accessoryWidgets": [
    {
      "buttonList": {
        "buttons": [
          {
            "icon": {
              "materialIcon": {
                "name": "thumb_up"
              }
            },
            "color": {
              "red": 0,
              "blue": 255,
              "green": 0
            },
            "onClick": {
              "action": {
                "function": "doUpvote",
              }
            }
          },
          {
            "icon": {
              "materialIcon": {
                "name": "thumb_down"
              }
            },
            "color": {
              "red": 0,
              "blue": 255,
              "green": 0
            },
            "onClick": {
              "action": {
                "function": "doDownvote",
              }
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}

CardWithId

A card in a Google Chat message.

Only Chat apps can create cards. If your Chat app authenticates as a user, the message can't contain cards.

Design and preview cards with the Card Builder.

Open the Card Builder

JSON representation
{
  "cardId": string,
  "card": {
    object (Card)
  }
}
Fields
cardId

string

Required if the message contains multiple cards. A unique identifier for a card in a message.

card

object (Card)

A card. Maximum size is 32 KB.

Annotation

Output only. Annotations associated with the plain-text body of the message. To add basic formatting to a text message, see Format text messages.

Example plain-text message body:

Hello @FooBot how are you!"

The corresponding annotations metadata:

"annotations":[{
  "type":"USER_MENTION",
  "startIndex":6,
  "length":7,
  "userMention": {
    "user": {
      "name":"users/{user}",
      "displayName":"FooBot",
      "avatarUrl":"https://goo.gl/aeDtrS",
      "type":"BOT"
    },
    "type":"MENTION"
   }
}]
JSON representation
{
  "type": enum (AnnotationType),
  "length": integer,
  "startIndex": integer,

  // Union field metadata can be only one of the following:
  "userMention": {
    object (UserMentionMetadata)
  },
  "slashCommand": {
    object (SlashCommandMetadata)
  }
  // End of list of possible types for union field metadata.
}
Fields
type

enum (AnnotationType)

The type of this annotation.

length

integer

Length of the substring in the plain-text message body this annotation corresponds to.

startIndex

integer

Start index (0-based, inclusive) in the plain-text message body this annotation corresponds to.

Union field metadata. Additional metadata about the annotation. metadata can be only one of the following:
userMention

object (UserMentionMetadata)

The metadata of user mention.

slashCommand

object (SlashCommandMetadata)

The metadata for a slash command.

AnnotationType

Type of the annotation.

Enums
ANNOTATION_TYPE_UNSPECIFIED Default value for the enum. Don't use.
USER_MENTION A user is mentioned.
SLASH_COMMAND A slash command is invoked.

UserMentionMetadata

Annotation metadata for user mentions (@).

JSON representation
{
  "user": {
    object (User)
  },
  "type": enum (Type)
}
Fields
user

object (User)

The user mentioned.

type

enum (Type)

The type of user mention.

Type

Enums
TYPE_UNSPECIFIED Default value for the enum. Don't use.
ADD Add user to space.
MENTION Mention user in space.

SlashCommandMetadata

Annotation metadata for slash commands (/).

JSON representation
{
  "bot": {
    object (User)
  },
  "type": enum (Type),
  "commandName": string,
  "commandId": string,
  "triggersDialog": boolean
}
Fields
bot

object (User)

The Chat app whose command was invoked.

type

enum (Type)

The type of slash command.

commandName

string

The name of the invoked slash command.

commandId

string (int64 format)

The command ID of the invoked slash command.

triggersDialog

boolean

Indicates whether the slash command is for a dialog.

Type

Enums
TYPE_UNSPECIFIED Default value for the enum. Don't use.
ADD Add Chat app to space.
INVOKE Invoke slash command in space.

Thread

A thread in a Google Chat space. For example usage, see Start or reply to a message thread.

If you specify a thread when creating a message, you can set the messageReplyOption field to determine what happens if no matching thread is found.

JSON representation
{
  "name": string,
  "threadKey": string
}
Fields
name

string

Output only. Resource name of the thread.

Example: spaces/{space}/threads/{thread}

threadKey

string

Optional. Input for creating or updating a thread. Otherwise, output only. ID for the thread. Supports up to 4000 characters.

This ID is unique to the Chat app that sets it. For example, if multiple Chat apps create a message using the same thread key, the messages are posted in different threads. To reply in a thread created by a person or another Chat app, specify the thread name field instead.

ActionResponse

Parameters that a Chat app can use to configure how its response is posted.

JSON representation
{
  "type": enum (ResponseType),
  "url": string,
  "dialogAction": {
    object (DialogAction)
  },
  "updatedWidget": {
    object (UpdatedWidget)
  }
}
Fields
type

enum (ResponseType)

Input only. The type of Chat app response.

url

string

Input only. URL for users to authenticate or configure. (Only for REQUEST_CONFIG response types.)

dialogAction

object (DialogAction)

Input only. A response to an interaction event related to a dialog. Must be accompanied by ResponseType.Dialog.

updatedWidget

object (UpdatedWidget)

Input only. The response of the updated widget.

ResponseType

The type of Chat app response.

Enums
TYPE_UNSPECIFIED Default type that's handled as NEW_MESSAGE.
NEW_MESSAGE Post as a new message in the topic.
UPDATE_MESSAGE Update the Chat app's message. This is only permitted on a CARD_CLICKED event where the message sender type is BOT.
UPDATE_USER_MESSAGE_CARDS Update the cards on a user's message. This is only permitted as a response to a MESSAGE event with a matched url, or a CARD_CLICKED event where the message sender type is HUMAN. Text is ignored.
REQUEST_CONFIG Privately ask the user for additional authentication or configuration.
DIALOG Presents a dialog.
UPDATE_WIDGET Widget text autocomplete options query.

DialogAction

Contains a dialog and request status code.

JSON representation
{
  "actionStatus": {
    object (ActionStatus)
  },

  // Union field action can be only one of the following:
  "dialog": {
    object (Dialog)
  }
  // End of list of possible types for union field action.
}
Fields
actionStatus

object (ActionStatus)

Input only. Status for a request to either invoke or submit a dialog. Displays a status and message to users, if necessary. For example, in case of an error or success.

Union field action.

action can be only one of the following:

dialog

object (Dialog)

Input only. Dialog for the request.

Dialog

Wrapper around the card body of the dialog.

JSON representation
{
  "body": {
    object (Card)
  }
}
Fields
body

object (Card)

Input only. Body of the dialog, which is rendered in a modal. Google Chat apps don't support the following card entities: DateTimePicker, OnChangeAction.

ActionStatus

Represents the status for a request to either invoke or submit a dialog.

JSON representation
{
  "statusCode": enum (Code),
  "userFacingMessage": string
}
Fields
statusCode

enum (Code)

The status code.

userFacingMessage

string

The message to send users about the status of their request. If unset, a generic message based on the statusCode is sent.

Code

The canonical error codes for gRPC APIs.

Sometimes multiple error codes may apply. Services should return the most specific error code that applies. For example, prefer OUT_OF_RANGE over FAILED_PRECONDITION if both codes apply. Similarly prefer NOT_FOUND or ALREADY_EXISTS over FAILED_PRECONDITION.

Enums
OK

Not an error; returned on success.

HTTP Mapping: 200 OK

CANCELLED

The operation was cancelled, typically by the caller.

HTTP Mapping: 499 Client Closed Request

UNKNOWN

Unknown error. For example, this error may be returned when a Status value received from another address space belongs to an error space that is not known in this address space. Also errors raised by APIs that do not return enough error information may be converted to this error.

HTTP Mapping: 500 Internal Server Error

INVALID_ARGUMENT

The client specified an invalid argument. Note that this differs from FAILED_PRECONDITION. INVALID_ARGUMENT indicates arguments that are problematic regardless of the state of the system (e.g., a malformed file name).

HTTP Mapping: 400 Bad Request

DEADLINE_EXCEEDED

The deadline expired before the operation could complete. For operations that change the state of the system, this error may be returned even if the operation has completed successfully. For example, a successful response from a server could have been delayed long enough for the deadline to expire.

HTTP Mapping: 504 Gateway Timeout

NOT_FOUND

Some requested entity (e.g., file or directory) was not found.

Note to server developers: if a request is denied for an entire class of users, such as gradual feature rollout or undocumented allowlist, NOT_FOUND may be used. If a request is denied for some users within a class of users, such as user-based access control, PERMISSION_DENIED must be used.

HTTP Mapping: 404 Not Found

ALREADY_EXISTS

The entity that a client attempted to create (e.g., file or directory) already exists.

HTTP Mapping: 409 Conflict

PERMISSION_DENIED

The caller does not have permission to execute the specified operation. PERMISSION_DENIED must not be used for rejections caused by exhausting some resource (use RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED instead for those errors). PERMISSION_DENIED must not be used if the caller can not be identified (use UNAUTHENTICATED instead for those errors). This error code does not imply the request is valid or the requested entity exists or satisfies other pre-conditions.

HTTP Mapping: 403 Forbidden

UNAUTHENTICATED

The request does not have valid authentication credentials for the operation.

HTTP Mapping: 401 Unauthorized

RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED

Some resource has been exhausted, perhaps a per-user quota, or perhaps the entire file system is out of space.

HTTP Mapping: 429 Too Many Requests

FAILED_PRECONDITION

The operation was rejected because the system is not in a state required for the operation's execution. For example, the directory to be deleted is non-empty, an rmdir operation is applied to a non-directory, etc.

Service implementors can use the following guidelines to decide between FAILED_PRECONDITION, ABORTED, and UNAVAILABLE: (a) Use UNAVAILABLE if the client can retry just the failing call. (b) Use ABORTED if the client should retry at a higher level. For example, when a client-specified test-and-set fails, indicating the client should restart a read-modify-write sequence. (c) Use FAILED_PRECONDITION if the client should not retry until the system state has been explicitly fixed. For example, if an "rmdir" fails because the directory is non-empty, FAILED_PRECONDITION should be returned since the client should not retry unless the files are deleted from the directory.

HTTP Mapping: 400 Bad Request

ABORTED

The operation was aborted, typically due to a concurrency issue such as a sequencer check failure or transaction abort.

See the guidelines above for deciding between FAILED_PRECONDITION, ABORTED, and UNAVAILABLE.

HTTP Mapping: 409 Conflict

OUT_OF_RANGE

The operation was attempted past the valid range. E.g., seeking or reading past end-of-file.

Unlike INVALID_ARGUMENT, this error indicates a problem that may be fixed if the system state changes. For example, a 32-bit file system will generate INVALID_ARGUMENT if asked to read at an offset that is not in the range [0,2^32-1], but it will generate OUT_OF_RANGE if asked to read from an offset past the current file size.

There is a fair bit of overlap between FAILED_PRECONDITION and OUT_OF_RANGE. We recommend using OUT_OF_RANGE (the more specific error) when it applies so that callers who are iterating through a space can easily look for an OUT_OF_RANGE error to detect when they are done.

HTTP Mapping: 400 Bad Request

UNIMPLEMENTED

The operation is not implemented or is not supported/enabled in this service.

HTTP Mapping: 501 Not Implemented

INTERNAL

Internal errors. This means that some invariants expected by the underlying system have been broken. This error code is reserved for serious errors.

HTTP Mapping: 500 Internal Server Error

UNAVAILABLE

The service is currently unavailable. This is most likely a transient condition, which can be corrected by retrying with a backoff. Note that it is not always safe to retry non-idempotent operations.

See the guidelines above for deciding between FAILED_PRECONDITION, ABORTED, and UNAVAILABLE.

HTTP Mapping: 503 Service Unavailable

DATA_LOSS

Unrecoverable data loss or corruption.

HTTP Mapping: 500 Internal Server Error

UpdatedWidget

The response of the updated widget. Used to provide autocomplete options for a widget.

JSON representation
{
  "widget": string,

  // Union field updated_widget can be only one of the following:
  "suggestions": {
    object (SelectionItems)
  }
  // End of list of possible types for union field updated_widget.
}
Fields
widget

string

The ID of the updated widget. The ID must match the one for the widget that triggered the update request.

Union field updated_widget.

updated_widget can be only one of the following:

suggestions

object (SelectionItems)

List of widget autocomplete results

SelectionItems

List of widget autocomplete results.

JSON representation
{
  "items": [
    {
      object (SelectionItem)
    }
  ]
}
Fields
items[]

object (SelectionItem)

An array of the SelectionItem objects.

SlashCommand

A slash command in Google Chat.

JSON representation
{
  "commandId": string
}
Fields
commandId

string (int64 format)

The ID of the slash command invoked.

MatchedUrl

A matched URL in a Chat message. Chat apps can preview matched URLs. For more information, see Preview links.

JSON representation
{
  "url": string
}
Fields
url

string

Output only. The URL that was matched.

EmojiReactionSummary

The number of people who reacted to a message with a specific emoji.

JSON representation
{
  "emoji": {
    object (Emoji)
  },
  "reactionCount": integer
}
Fields
emoji

object (Emoji)

Emoji associated with the reactions.

reactionCount

integer

The total number of reactions using the associated emoji.

DeletionMetadata

Information about a deleted message. A message is deleted when deleteTime is set.

JSON representation
{
  "deletionType": enum (DeletionType)
}
Fields
deletionType

enum (DeletionType)

Indicates who deleted the message.

DeletionType

Who deleted the message and how it was deleted.

Enums
DELETION_TYPE_UNSPECIFIED This value is unused.
CREATOR User deleted their own message.
SPACE_OWNER The space owner deleted the message.
ADMIN A Google Workspace admin deleted the message.
APP_MESSAGE_EXPIRY A Chat app deleted its own message when it expired.
CREATOR_VIA_APP A Chat app deleted the message on behalf of the user.
SPACE_OWNER_VIA_APP A Chat app deleted the message on behalf of the space owner.

QuotedMessageMetadata

Information about a quoted message.

JSON representation
{
  "name": string,
  "lastUpdateTime": string
}
Fields
name

string

Output only. Resource name of the quoted message.

Format: spaces/{space}/messages/{message}

lastUpdateTime

string (Timestamp format)

Output only. The timestamp when the quoted message was created or when the quoted message was last updated.

AttachedGif

A GIF image that's specified by a URL.

JSON representation
{
  "uri": string
}
Fields
uri

string

Output only. The URL that hosts the GIF image.

AccessoryWidget

A borderless widget attached to the bottom of an app's message.

JSON representation
{

  // Union field action can be only one of the following:
  "buttonList": {
    object (ButtonList)
  }
  // End of list of possible types for union field action.
}
Fields

Union field action.

action can be only one of the following:

buttonList

object (ButtonList)

A list of buttons that are displayed under the message.

Methods

create

Creates a message in a Google Chat space.

delete

Deletes a message.

get

Returns details about a message.

list

Lists messages in a space that the caller is a member of, including messages from blocked members and spaces.

patch

Updates a message.

update

Updates a message.