请求和回复

使用集合让一切井井有条 根据您的偏好保存内容并对其进行分类。

时区请求

Time Zone API 请求以网址字符串形式构建。该 API 会返回地球上由纬度/经度对指定的点的时区数据。请注意,系统可能无法提供水上位置(如海洋)的时区数据。

Time Zone API 请求采用以下格式:

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/outputFormat?parameters

其中,outputFormat 可以是以下两个值中的任意一个:

  • json(推荐),表示以 JavaScript 对象表示法 (JSON) 格式输出;或
  • xml 表示以 XML 格式输出,并封装在 <TimeZoneResponse> 节点中。

注意:网址必须经过正确编码才能生效,并且所有网络服务的字符数上限为 8192 个。构建网址时请注意此限制。请注意,不同的浏览器、代理和服务器可能还有不同的网址字符限制。

Required parameters

  • location

    A comma-separated latitude,longitude tuple, location=39.6034810,-119.6822510, representing the location to look up.

  • timestamp

    The desired time as seconds since midnight, January 1, 1970 UTC. The Time Zone API uses the timestamp to determine whether or not Daylight Savings should be applied, based on the time zone of the location.

    Note that the API does not take historical time zones into account. That is, if you specify a past timestamp, the API does not take into account the possibility that the location was previously in a different time zone.

Optional parameters

  • language

    The language in which to return results.

    • See the list of supported languages. Google often updates the supported languages, so this list may not be exhaustive.
    • If language is not supplied, the API attempts to use the preferred language as specified in the Accept-Language header.
    • The API does its best to provide a street address that is readable for both the user and locals. To achieve that goal, it returns street addresses in the local language, transliterated to a script readable by the user if necessary, observing the preferred language. All other addresses are returned in the preferred language. Address components are all returned in the same language, which is chosen from the first component.
    • If a name is not available in the preferred language, the API uses the closest match.
    • The preferred language has a small influence on the set of results that the API chooses to return, and the order in which they are returned. The geocoder interprets abbreviations differently depending on language, such as the abbreviations for street types, or synonyms that may be valid in one language but not in another. For example, utca and tér are synonyms for street in Hungarian.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

时区示例

此部分包括的一些示例查询展示了 API 的功能。

以下查询针对美国内华达州执行时区请求。时间戳设置为 2012 年 3 月 8 日。

网址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json
  ?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510
  &timestamp=1331161200
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331161200&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331161200&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331161200&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331161200&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331161200&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810,-119.6822510&timestamp=1331161200&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

邮员

OpenAPI 规范也作为 Postman 集合提供。

在 Postman 中运行

JSON

{
  "dstOffset": 0,
  "rawOffset": -28800,
  "status": "OK",
  "timeZoneId": "America/Los_Angeles",
  "timeZoneName": "Pacific Standard Time",
}

XML

<TimeZoneResponse>
 <status>OK</status>
 <raw_offset>-28800.0000000</raw_offset>
 <dst_offset>0.0000000</dst_offset>
 <time_zone_id>America/Los_Angeles</time_zone_id>
 <time_zone_name>Pacific Standard Time</time_zone_name>
</TimeZoneResponse>

以下查询针对美国内华达州执行时区请求。该位置与上述请求相同,但时间戳设置为 2012 年 3 月 15 日。响应现在包括了夏令时偏移。

网址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json
  ?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510
  &timestamp=1331766000
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810,-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

邮员

OpenAPI 规范也作为 Postman 集合提供。

在 Postman 中运行

JSON

{
  "dstOffset": 3600,
  "rawOffset": -28800,
  "status": "OK",
  "timeZoneId": "America/Los_Angeles",
  "timeZoneName": "Pacific Daylight Time",
}

XML

<TimeZoneResponse>
 <status>OK</status>
 <raw_offset>-28800.0000000</raw_offset>
 <dst_offset>3600.0000000</dst_offset>
 <time_zone_id>America/Los_Angeles</time_zone_id>
 <time_zone_name>Pacific Daylight Time</time_zone_name>
</TimeZoneResponse>

此示例与上述两个示例类似,但设置了语言参数。响应现在将本地化为西班牙语。

网址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json
  ?language=es
  &location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510
  &timestamp=1331766000
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&language=es&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&language=es&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&language=es&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&language=es&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810%2C-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&language=es&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/timezone/json?location=39.6034810,-119.6822510&timestamp=1331766000&language=es&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

邮员

OpenAPI 规范也作为 Postman 集合提供。

在 Postman 中运行

JSON

{
  "dstOffset": 3600,
  "rawOffset": -28800,
  "status": "OK",
  "timeZoneId": "America/Los_Angeles",
  "timeZoneName": "hora de verano del Pacífico",
}

XML

<TimeZoneResponse>
 <status>OK</status>
 <raw_offset>-28800.0000000</raw_offset>
 <dst_offset>3600.0000000</dst_offset>
 <time_zone_id>America/Los_Angeles</time_zone_id>
 <time_zone_name>hora de verano del Pacífico</time_zone_name>
</TimeZoneResponse>

时区响应

对于每个有效请求,时区服务都会以请求网址中指定的格式返回响应。

TimeZoneResponse

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredTimeZoneStatus See TimeZoneStatus for more information.
optionalnumber

The offset for daylight-savings time in seconds. This will be zero if the time zone is not in Daylight Savings Time during the specified timestamp.

optionalstring

Detailed information about the reasons behind the given status code. Included if status other than Ok.

optionalnumber

The offset from UTC (in seconds) for the given location. This does not take into effect daylight savings.

optionalstring

a string containing the ID of the time zone, such as "America/Los_Angeles" or "Australia/Sydney". These IDs are defined by Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR) project, and currently available in file timezone.xml. When a timezone has several IDs, the canonical one is returned. In xml responses, this is the first alias of each timezone. For example, "Asia/Calcutta" is returned, not "Asia/Kolkata".

optionalstring

The long form name of the time zone. This field will be localized if the language parameter is set. eg. Pacific Daylight Time or Australian Eastern Daylight Time.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

TimeZoneStatus

The status field within the Time Zone response object contains the status of the request. The status field may contain the following values:

  • OK indicates that the request was successful.

  • INVALID_REQUEST indicates that the request was malformed.

  • OVER_DAILY_LIMIT indicates any of the following:

    • The API key is missing or invalid.
    • Billing has not been enabled on your account.
    • A self-imposed usage cap has been exceeded.
    • The provided method of payment is no longer valid (for example, a credit card has expired).
  • OVER_QUERY_LIMIT indicates the requestor has exceeded quota.

  • REQUEST_DENIED indicates that the API did not complete the request. Confirm that the request was sent over HTTPS instead of HTTP.

  • UNKNOWN_ERROR indicates an unknown error.

  • ZERO_RESULTS indicates that no time zone data could be found for the specified position or time. Confirm that the request is for a location on land, and not over water.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

计算当地时间

给定位置的本地时间是 timestamp 参数以及结果中的 dstOffsetrawOffset 字段的总和。