Update Passes Classes and Passes Objects

Keeping passes updated is an important way to engage with your customers and build a positive experience.

There are two resources that can be updated: The FlightClass and the FlightObject.

Best Practices

The following list contains helpful information to consider when updating your Boarding Pass classes and objects:

  • When you want to update an entire class or object, send an update request. When you want to update a small number of fields in a class or object, send a patch request.
  • When you make an update request, the entire object or class is updated. This means that any fields not included in the request will be cleared. Before sending an update request, we recommend you send a GET request to ensure you are working with the latest version and all of the intended fields are included in your request.
  • When making a patch request, only the patched fields are updated. Before sending a patch request, consider optionally sending a GET request to compare your changes against the latest version.
  • When making patch requests to update arrays, the original array is replaced with the one included in the request body. You cannot modify the elements in an array individually.
  • In some cases, you may not know when changes happen, or when to trigger updates. Consider periodically scheduling update or patch requests for all classes and objects.

Update a Passes Class

Use the Google Wallet Business Console

Pass classes (not objects) can be modified directly in the Google Pay & Wallet Console.

  1. Navigate to the console
  2. Select Google Wallet API
  3. Select the class you want to modify
  4. Select Edit
  5. Update the class properties
  6. Select Save

Once you save your changes, the class is updated automatically for any flight holders.

Use the Google Wallet API

Updating the FlightClass affects all users who have been provisioned Boarding Passes using this class. For example, to update the logo for your Boarding Passes, you would submit an update or patch request to the Google Wallet API at either of the following endpoints. The resourceId value would be the class ID (ISSUER_ID.CLASS_SUFFIX).

# Update
PUT https://walletobjects.googleapis.com/walletobjects/v1/flightclass/{resourceId}

# Patch
PATCH https://walletobjects.googleapis.com/walletobjects/v1/flightclass/{resourceId}

For more information, see the API reference.

Java

To start your integration in Java, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/**
 * Update a class.
 *
 * <p><strong>Warning:</strong> This replaces all existing class attributes!
 *
 * @param issuerId The issuer ID being used for this request.
 * @param classSuffix Developer-defined unique ID for this pass class.
 * @return The pass class ID: "{issuerId}.{classSuffix}"
 */
public String updateClass(String issuerId, String classSuffix) throws IOException {
  FlightClass updatedClass;

  // Check if the class exists
  try {
    updatedClass =
        service.flightclass().get(String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, classSuffix)).execute();
  } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException ex) {
    if (ex.getStatusCode() == 404) {
      // Class does not exist
      System.out.printf("Class %s.%s not found!%n", issuerId, classSuffix);
      return String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, classSuffix);
    } else {
      // Something else went wrong...
      ex.printStackTrace();
      return String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, classSuffix);
    }
  }

  // Class exists
  // Update the class by adding a homepage
  updatedClass.setHomepageUri(
      new Uri()
          .setUri("https://developers.google.com/wallet")
          .setDescription("Homepage description"));

  // Note: reviewStatus must be 'UNDER_REVIEW' or 'DRAFT' for updates
  updatedClass.setReviewStatus("UNDER_REVIEW");

  FlightClass response =
      service
          .flightclass()
          .update(String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, classSuffix), updatedClass)
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Class update response");
  System.out.println(response.toPrettyString());

  return response.getId();
}

PHP

To start your integration in PHP, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/**
 * Update a class.
 *
 * **Warning:** This replaces all existing class attributes!
 *
 * @param string $issuerId The issuer ID being used for this request.
 * @param string $classSuffix Developer-defined unique ID for this pass class.
 *
 * @return string The pass class ID: "{$issuerId}.{$classSuffix}"
 */
public function updateClass(string $issuerId, string $classSuffix)
{
  // Check if the class exists
  try {
    $updatedClass = $this->service->flightclass->get("{$issuerId}.{$classSuffix}");
  } catch (Google\Service\Exception $ex) {
    if (!empty($ex->getErrors()) && $ex->getErrors()[0]['reason'] == 'classNotFound') {
      // Class does not exist
      print("Class {$issuerId}.{$classSuffix} not found!");
      return "{$issuerId}.{$classSuffix}";
    } else {
      // Something else went wrong...
      print_r($ex);
      return "{$issuerId}.{$classSuffix}";
    }
  }

  // Update the class by adding a homepage
  $updatedClass->setHomepageUri(new Google_Service_Walletobjects_Uri([
    'uri' => 'https://developers.google.com/wallet',
    'description' => 'Homepage description'
  ]));

  // Note: reviewStatus must be 'UNDER_REVIEW' or 'DRAFT' for updates
  $updatedClass->setReviewStatus('UNDER_REVIEW');

  $response = $this->service->flightclass->update("{$issuerId}.{$classSuffix}", $updatedClass);

  print "Class update response\n";
  print_r($response);

  return $response->id;
}

Python

To start your integration in Python, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

def update_class(self, issuer_id: str, class_suffix: str) -> str:
    """Update a class.

    **Warning:** This replaces all existing class attributes!

    Args:
        issuer_id (str): The issuer ID being used for this request.
        class_suffix (str): Developer-defined unique ID for this pass class.

    Returns:
        The pass class ID: f"{issuer_id}.{class_suffix}"
    """

    # Check if the class exists
    response = self.http_client.get(
        url=f'{self.class_url}/{issuer_id}.{class_suffix}')

    if response.status_code == 404:
        print(f'Class {issuer_id}.{class_suffix} not found!')
        return f'{issuer_id}.{class_suffix}'
    elif response.status_code != 200:
        # Something else went wrong...
        print(response.text)
        return f'{issuer_id}.{class_suffix}'

    # Class exists
    updated_class = response.json()

    # Update the class by adding a homepage
    updated_class['homepageUri'] = {
        'uri': 'https://developers.google.com/wallet',
        'description': 'Homepage description'
    }

    # Note: reviewStatus must be 'UNDER_REVIEW' or 'DRAFT' for updates
    updated_class['reviewStatus'] = 'UNDER_REVIEW'

    response = self.http_client.put(
        url=f'{self.class_url}/{issuer_id}.{class_suffix}',
        json=updated_class)

    print('Class update response')
    print(response.text)

    return response.json().get('id')

C#

To start your integration in C#, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/// <summary>
/// Update a class.
/// <para />
/// <strong>Warning:</strong> This replaces all existing class attributes!
/// </summary>
/// <param name="issuerId">The issuer ID being used for this request.</param>
/// <param name="classSuffix">Developer-defined unique ID for this pass class.</param>
/// <returns>The pass class ID: "{issuerId}.{classSuffix}"</returns>
public string UpdateClass(string issuerId, string classSuffix)
{
  // Check if the class exists
  Stream responseStream = service.Flightclass
      .Get($"{issuerId}.{classSuffix}")
      .ExecuteAsStream();

  StreamReader responseReader = new StreamReader(responseStream);
  JObject jsonResponse = JObject.Parse(responseReader.ReadToEnd());

  if (jsonResponse.ContainsKey("error"))
  {
    if (jsonResponse["error"].Value<int>("code") == 404)
    {
      // Class does not exist
      Console.WriteLine($"Class {issuerId}.{classSuffix} not found!");
      return $"{issuerId}.{classSuffix}";
    }
    else
    {
      // Something else went wrong...
      Console.WriteLine(jsonResponse.ToString());
      return $"{issuerId}.{classSuffix}";
    }
  }

  // Class exists
  FlightClass updatedClass = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<FlightClass>(jsonResponse.ToString());

  // Update the class by adding a homepage
  updatedClass.HomepageUri = new Google.Apis.Walletobjects.v1.Data.Uri
  {
    UriValue = "https://developers.google.com/wallet",
    Description = "Homepage description"
  };

  // Note: reviewStatus must be 'UNDER_REVIEW' or 'DRAFT' for updates
  updatedClass.ReviewStatus = "UNDER_REVIEW";

  responseStream = service.Flightclass
      .Update(updatedClass, $"{issuerId}.{classSuffix}")
      .ExecuteAsStream();

  responseReader = new StreamReader(responseStream);
  jsonResponse = JObject.Parse(responseReader.ReadToEnd());

  Console.WriteLine("Class update response");
  Console.WriteLine(jsonResponse.ToString());

  return $"{issuerId}.{classSuffix}";
}

Node.js

To start your integration in Node, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/**
 * Update a class.
 *
 * **Warning:** This replaces all existing class attributes!
 *
 * @param {string} issuerId The issuer ID being used for this request.
 * @param {string} classSuffix Developer-defined unique ID for this pass class.
 *
 * @returns {string} The pass class ID: `${issuerId}.${classSuffix}`
 */
async updateClass(issuerId, classSuffix) {
  let response;

  // Check if the class exists
  try {
    response = await this.httpClient.request({
      url: `${this.classUrl}/${issuerId}.${classSuffix}`,
      method: 'GET'
    });
  } catch (err) {
    if (err.response && err.response.status === 404) {
      console.log(`Class ${issuerId}.${classSuffix} not found!`);
      return `${issuerId}.${classSuffix}`;
    } else {
      // Something else went wrong...
      console.log(err);
      return `${issuerId}.${classSuffix}`;
    }
  }

  // Class exists
  let updatedClass = response.data;

  // Update the class by adding a homepage
  updatedClass['homepageUri'] = {
    'uri': 'https://developers.google.com/wallet',
    'description': 'Homepage description'
  };

  // Note: reviewStatus must be 'UNDER_REVIEW' or 'DRAFT' for updates
  updatedClass['reviewStatus'] = 'UNDER_REVIEW';

  response = await this.httpClient.request({
    url: `${this.classUrl}/${issuerId}.${classSuffix}`,
    method: 'PUT',
    data: updatedClass
  });

  console.log('Class update response');
  console.log(response);

  return `${issuerId}.${classSuffix}`;
}

Update a Passes Object

Updating an individual FlightObject affects only the user who has been provisioned that specific object. You should regularly update individual Boarding Passes to reflect changes that affect your customers and keep them engaged. The resourceId value would be the object ID (ISSUER_ID.OBJECT_SUFFIX).

# Update
PUT https://walletobjects.googleapis.com/walletobjects/v1/flightobject/{resourceId}

# Patch
PATCH https://walletobjects.googleapis.com/walletobjects/v1/flightobject/{resourceId}

For more information, see the API reference.

Java

To start your integration in Java, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/**
 * Update an object.
 *
 * <p><strong>Warning:</strong> This replaces all existing object attributes!
 *
 * @param issuerId The issuer ID being used for this request.
 * @param objectSuffix Developer-defined unique ID for this pass object.
 * @return The pass object ID: "{issuerId}.{objectSuffix}"
 */
public String updateObject(String issuerId, String objectSuffix) throws IOException {
  FlightObject updatedObject;

  // Check if the object exists
  try {
    updatedObject =
        service.flightobject().get(String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, objectSuffix)).execute();
  } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException ex) {
    if (ex.getStatusCode() == 404) {
      // Object does not exist
      System.out.printf("Object %s.%s not found!%n", issuerId, objectSuffix);
      return String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, objectSuffix);
    } else {
      // Something else went wrong...
      ex.printStackTrace();
      return String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, objectSuffix);
    }
  }

  // Object exists
  // Update the object by adding a link
  Uri newLink =
      new Uri()
          .setUri("https://developers.google.com/wallet")
          .setDescription("New link description");

  if (updatedObject.getLinksModuleData() == null) {
    // LinksModuleData was not set on the original object
    updatedObject.setLinksModuleData(new LinksModuleData().setUris(List.of(newLink)));
  } else {
    updatedObject.getLinksModuleData().getUris().add(newLink);
  }

  FlightObject response =
      service
          .flightobject()
          .update(String.format("%s.%s", issuerId, objectSuffix), updatedObject)
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Object update response");
  System.out.println(response.toPrettyString());

  return response.getId();
}

PHP

To start your integration in PHP, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/**
 * Update an object.
 *
 * **Warning:** This replaces all existing object attributes!
 *
 * @param string $issuerId The issuer ID being used for this request.
 * @param string $objectSuffix Developer-defined unique ID for this pass object.
 *
 * @return string The pass object ID: "{$issuerId}.{$objectSuffix}"
 */
public function updateObject(string $issuerId, string $objectSuffix)
{
  // Check if the object exists
  try {
    $updatedObject = $this->service->flightobject->get("{$issuerId}.{$objectSuffix}");
  } catch (Google\Service\Exception $ex) {
    if (!empty($ex->getErrors()) && $ex->getErrors()[0]['reason'] == 'resourceNotFound') {
      print("Object {$issuerId}.{$objectSuffix} not found!");
      return "{$issuerId}.{$objectSuffix}";
    } else {
      // Something else went wrong...
      print_r($ex);
      return "{$issuerId}.{$objectSuffix}";
    }
  }

  // Update the object by adding a link
  $newLink = new Google_Service_Walletobjects_Uri([
    'uri' => 'https://developers.google.com/wallet',
    'description' => 'New link description'
  ]);

  $linksModuleData = $updatedObject->getLinksModuleData();
  if (is_null($linksModuleData)) {
    // LinksModuleData was not set on the original object
    $linksModuleData = new Google_Service_Walletobjects_LinksModuleData([
      'uris' => []
    ]);
  }
  $uris = $linksModuleData->getUris();
  array_push(
    $uris,
    $newLink
  );
  $linksModuleData->setUris($uris);

  $updatedObject->setLinksModuleData($linksModuleData);

  $response = $this->service->flightobject->update("{$issuerId}.{$objectSuffix}", $updatedObject);

  print "Object update response\n";
  print_r($response);

  return $response->id;
}

Python

To start your integration in Python, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

def update_object(self, issuer_id: str, object_suffix: str) -> str:
    """Update an object.

    **Warning:** This replaces all existing object attributes!

    Args:
        issuer_id (str): The issuer ID being used for this request.
        object_suffix (str): Developer-defined unique ID for the pass object.

    Returns:
        The pass object ID: f"{issuer_id}.{object_suffix}"
    """

    # Check if the object exists
    response = self.http_client.get(
        url=f'{self.object_url}/{issuer_id}.{object_suffix}')

    if response.status_code == 404:
        print(f'Object {issuer_id}.{object_suffix} not found!')
        return f'{issuer_id}.{object_suffix}'
    elif response.status_code != 200:
        # Something else went wrong...
        print(response.text)
        return f'{issuer_id}.{object_suffix}'

    # Object exists
    updated_object = response.json()

    # Update the object by adding a link
    new_link = {
        'uri': 'https://developers.google.com/wallet',
        'description': 'New link description'
    }
    if not updated_object.get('linksModuleData'):
        updated_object['linksModuleData'] = {'uris': []}
    updated_object['linksModuleData']['uris'].append(new_link)

    response = self.http_client.put(
        url=f'{self.object_url}/{issuer_id}.{object_suffix}',
        json=updated_object)

    print('Object update response')
    print(response.text)

    return response.json().get('id')

C#

To start your integration in C#, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/// <summary>
/// Update an object.
/// <para />
/// <strong>Warning:</strong> This replaces all existing class attributes!
/// </summary>
/// <param name="issuerId">The issuer ID being used for this request.</param>
/// <param name="objectSuffix">Developer-defined unique ID for this pass object.</param>
/// <returns>The pass object ID: "{issuerId}.{objectSuffix}"</returns>
public string UpdateObject(string issuerId, string objectSuffix)
{
  // Check if the object exists
  Stream responseStream = service.Flightobject
      .Get($"{issuerId}.{objectSuffix}")
      .ExecuteAsStream();

  StreamReader responseReader = new StreamReader(responseStream);
  JObject jsonResponse = JObject.Parse(responseReader.ReadToEnd());

  if (jsonResponse.ContainsKey("error"))
  {
    if (jsonResponse["error"].Value<int>("code") == 404)
    {
      // Object does not exist
      Console.WriteLine($"Object {issuerId}.{objectSuffix} not found!");
      return $"{issuerId}.{objectSuffix}";
    }
    else
    {
      // Something else went wrong...
      Console.WriteLine(jsonResponse.ToString());
      return $"{issuerId}.{objectSuffix}";
    }
  }

  // Object exists
  FlightObject updatedObject = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<FlightObject>(jsonResponse.ToString());

  // Update the object by adding a link
  Google.Apis.Walletobjects.v1.Data.Uri newLink = new Google.Apis.Walletobjects.v1.Data.Uri
  {
    UriValue = "https://developers.google.com/wallet",
    Description = "New link description"
  };

  if (updatedObject.LinksModuleData == null)
  {
    // LinksModuleData was not set on the original object
    updatedObject.LinksModuleData = new LinksModuleData
    {
      Uris = new List<Google.Apis.Walletobjects.v1.Data.Uri>()
    };
  }
  updatedObject.LinksModuleData.Uris.Add(newLink);

  responseStream = service.Flightobject
      .Update(updatedObject, $"{issuerId}.{objectSuffix}")
      .ExecuteAsStream();

  responseReader = new StreamReader(responseStream);
  jsonResponse = JObject.Parse(responseReader.ReadToEnd());

  Console.WriteLine("Object update response");
  Console.WriteLine(jsonResponse.ToString());

  return $"{issuerId}.{objectSuffix}";
}

Node.js

To start your integration in Node, refer to our complete code samples on Github.

/**
 * Update an object.
 *
 * **Warning:** This replaces all existing object attributes!
 *
 * @param {string} issuerId The issuer ID being used for this request.
 * @param {string} objectSuffix Developer-defined unique ID for the pass object.
 *
 * @returns {string} The pass object ID: `${issuerId}.${objectSuffix}`
 */
async updateObject(issuerId, objectSuffix) {
  let response;

  // Check if the object exists
  try {
    response = await this.httpClient.request({
      url: `${this.objectUrl}/${issuerId}.${objectSuffix}`,
      method: 'GET'
    });
  } catch (err) {
    if (err.response && err.response.status === 404) {
      console.log(`Object ${issuerId}.${objectSuffix} not found!`);
      return `${issuerId}.${objectSuffix}`;
    } else {
      // Something else went wrong...
      console.log(err);
      return `${issuerId}.${objectSuffix}`;
    }
  }

  // Object exists
  let updatedObject = response.data;

  // Update the object by adding a link
  let newLink = {
    'uri': 'https://developers.google.com/wallet',
    'description': 'New link description'
  }
  if (updatedObject['linksModuleData'] === undefined) {
    updatedObject['linksModuleData'] = {
      'uris': [newLink]
    };
  } else {
    updatedObject['linksModuleData']['uris'].push(newLink);
  }

  response = await this.httpClient.request({
    url: `${this.objectUrl}/${issuerId}.${objectSuffix}`,
    method: 'PUT',
    data: updatedObject
  });

  console.log('Object update response');
  console.log(response);

  return `${issuerId}.${objectSuffix}`;
}

Data sources for flight updates

If the time given by class.localScheduledDepartureDateTime was in the past 24 hours or is in the next 48 hours, a flight status card appears to users. When this happens, Google Wallet can display data from either Google Flights or the information given in the Google Wallet pass. Which source is used depends on the following:

  • If class.localEstimatedOrActualDepartureDateTime is not provided, then Google Flights is used. In this case, any class.flightStatus you set is ignored.

    For instance, if a flight is delayed, users see a card under the "Home" tab of the Google Wallet app that displays the new departure time. A similar delay card also surfaces to users under the "Passes" tab.

  • If you've provided the class.localEstimatedOrActualDepartureDateTime but not class.flightStatus, the provided time is used to determine if a flight is delayed. The flight status on the card is then surfaced to users based on the following logic:
    • If class.localEstimatedOrActualDepartureDateTime is greater than class.localScheduledDepartureDateTime, show users a card with the flight listed as delayed.
    • If class.localEstimatedOrActualDepartureDateTime is not greater than class.localScheduledDepartureDateTime, show users the card with the flight information but without any status message.

If you don't want to use Google Flights as a source of information about flights, be sure to provide the flightStatus, localScheduledDepartureDateTime, and localEstimatedOrActualDepartureDateTime of a FlightClass. Only your data is used on the card. Alternatively, if you use an ICAO carrier code instead of an IATA code in FlightClass, Google Flights is not used as a source of flight information.

When certain fields are changed, the user receives push notifications about the changes. For more details, see Receive flight update notifications.