GHSL: Global settlement characteristics (10 m) 2018 (P2023A)

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building built builtup copernicus ghsl height jrc landcover roads sdg sentinel2-derived settlement urban


This spatial raster dataset delineates human settlements at 10 m resolution, and describes their inner characteristics in terms of the functional and height-related components of the built environment.

More information about the GHSL data products can be found in the GHSL Data Package 2023 report

The Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) project is supported by the European Commission, Joint Research Centre, and Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy.


10 meters


Name Description

Settlement characteristics

built_characteristics Class Table

Value Color Description
1 #718c6c open spaces, low vegetation surfaces
2 #8ad86b open spaces, medium vegetation surfaces
3 #c1ffa1 open spaces, high vegetation surfaces
4 #01b7ff open spaces, water surfaces
5 #ffd501 open spaces, road surfaces
11 #d28200 built spaces, residential, building height <= 3m
12 #fe5900 built spaces, residential, 3m < building height <= 6m
13 #ff0101 built spaces, residential, 6m < building height <= 15m
14 #ce001b built spaces, residential, 15m < building height <= 30m
15 #7a000a built spaces, residential, building height > 30m
21 #ff9ff4 built spaces, non-residential, building height <= 3m
22 #ff67e4 built spaces, non-residential, 3m < building height <= 6m
23 #f701ff built spaces, non-residential, 6m < building height <= 15m
24 #a601ff built spaces, non-residential, 15m < building height <= 30m
25 #6e00fe built spaces, non-residential, building height > 30m

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

The GHSL has been produced by the European Commission Joint Research Centre as open and free data. Reuse is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. For more information, please read the use conditions (European Commission Reuse and Copyright Notice).




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Code Editor (JavaScript)

var image = ee.Image("JRC/GHSL/P2023A/GHS_BUILT_C/2018");
var built ='built_characteristics');
Map.setCenter(77.58, 12.97, 13);
Map.addLayer(built, {}, 'Settlement_characteristics (2018)');
Open in Code Editor