Criar um arquivo de atalho para o conteúdo armazenado pelo app

Os atalhos de terceiros no Google Drive são arquivos vinculados a outros arquivos em sistemas de armazenamento externos de terceiros. Esses atalhos atuam como links de referência para os arquivos de "conteúdo" externos armazenados por um app.

Para criar um atalho de terceiros, use o método files.create da API Google Drive e defina o tipo MIME como application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk. Para mais informações, consulte Tipos MIME compatíveis com o Google Workspace e o Google Drive.

Não faça upload de conteúdo ao criar o arquivo.

Java

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/main/java/CreateShortcut.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.DriveScopes;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;

/* Class to demonstrate Drive's create shortcut use-case */
public class CreateShortcut {

  /**
   * Creates shortcut for file.
   *
   * @throws IOException if service account credentials file not found.
   */
  public static String createShortcut() throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application.*/
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Arrays.asList(DriveScopes.DRIVE_FILE));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);
    // Build a new authorized API client service.
    Drive service = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Drive samples")
        .build();
    try {
      // Create Shortcut for file.
      File fileMetadata = new File();
      fileMetadata.setName("Project plan");
      fileMetadata.setMimeType("application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk");

      File file = service.files().create(fileMetadata)
          .setFields("id")
          .execute();
      System.out.println("File ID: " + file.getId());
      return file.getId();
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      System.err.println("Unable to create shortcut: " + e.getDetails());
      throw e;
    }
  }
}

Python

drive/snippets/drive-v3/file_snippet/create_shortcut.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def create_shortcut():
  """Create a third party shortcut

  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()

  try:
    # create drive api client
    service = build("drive", "v3", credentials=creds)
    file_metadata = {
        "name": "Project plan",
        "mimeType": "application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk",
    }

    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    file = service.files().create(body=file_metadata, fields="id").execute()
    print(f'File ID: {file.get("id")}')

  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
  return file.get("id")


if __name__ == "__main__":
  create_shortcut()

PHP

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/DriveCreateShortcut.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Drive\DriveFile;
function createShortcut()
{
    try {

        $client = new Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE);
        $driveService = new Drive($client);
        $fileMetadata = new DriveFile(array(
            'name' => 'Project plan',
            'mimeType' => 'application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk'));
        $file = $driveService->files->create($fileMetadata, array(
            'fields' => 'id'));
        printf("File ID: %s\n", $file->id);
        return $file->id;

    } catch(Exception $e) {
        echo "Error Message: ".$e;
    }

}

.NET

drive/snippets/drive_v3/DriveV3Snippets/CreateShortcut.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3;
using Google.Apis.Services;

namespace DriveV3Snippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate Drive's create shortcut use-case
    public class CreateShortcut
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a third party shortcut.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>newly created shortcut file id, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static string DriveCreateShortcut()
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for 
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential
                    .GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(DriveService.Scope.Drive);

                // Create Drive API service.
                var service = new DriveService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Drive API Snippets"
                });

                // Create Shortcut for file.
                var fileMetadata = new Google.Apis.Drive.v3.Data.File()
                {
                    Name = "Project plan",
                    MimeType = "application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk"
                };
                var request = service.Files.Create(fileMetadata);
                request.Fields = "id";
                var file = request.Execute();
                // Prints the shortcut file id.
                Console.WriteLine("File ID: " + file.Id);
                return file.Id;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Node.js

drive/snippets/drive_v3/file_snippets/create_shortcut.js
/**
 * Create a third party shortcut
 * @return{obj} shortcut Id
 * */
async function createShortcut() {
  // Get credentials and build service
  // TODO (developer) - Use appropriate auth mechanism for your app

  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive',
  });
  const service = google.drive({version: 'v3', auth});
  const fileMetadata = {
    name: 'Project plan',
    mimeType: 'application/vnd.google-apps.drive-sdk',
  };

  try {
    const file = await service.files.create({
      resource: fileMetadata,
      fields: 'id',
    });
    console.log('File Id:', file.data.id);
    return file.data.id;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO(developer) - Handle error
    throw err;
  }
}

Adicionar miniaturas personalizadas e texto indexável

Para aumentar a detecção de arquivos associados a atalhos de terceiros, você pode fazer upload de imagens em miniatura e texto indexável ao inserir ou modificar os metadados do arquivo. Veja mais informações em Gerenciar metadados de arquivos.