地點自動完成

透過集合功能整理內容 你可以依據偏好儲存及分類內容。

「地點自動完成」服務是一項網路服務,可根據 HTTP 要求傳回地點預測。要求會指定文字搜尋字串和選用的地理範圍。這項服務可在使用者類型時傳回商家、地址和搜尋點等地點,藉此針對文字搜尋的地理搜尋提供自動完成功能。

「地點自動完成」要求

「地點自動完成」服務屬於 Places API 的一部分,會與 Places API 共用 API 金鑰和配額。

「地點自動完成」服務可比對完整的字詞和子字串,並解析地點名稱、地址和加號代碼。因此,應用程式會在使用者類型中傳送查詢,以便即時提供預測。

你必須正確設定 Plus Code 的格式。這表示您必須將網址逸出加號,以指向 %2B,而網址逸出空格也必須指向 %20

  • 全球代碼是四字元區域代碼,加上 6 個字元以上的地區代碼。例如,網址逸出的全域代碼 849VCWC8+R9849VCWC8%2BR9
  • 複合代碼是 6 個字元 (或更長的) 當地代碼,含有明確的位置。舉例來說,網址逸出的複合程式碼 CWC8+R9 Mountain View, CA, USA 就是 CWC8%2BR9%20Mountain%20View%20CA%20USA

傳回的預測訊息會呈現給使用者,協助他們選擇所需地點。您可以傳送 Place Details 要求,進一步瞭解傳回的任何地點。

「地方資訊自動完成」要求是採用下列格式的 HTTP 網址:

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/output?parameters

其中 output 可以是下列其中一個值:

  • json (建議) 代表 JavaScript 物件標記法 (JSON) 中的輸出內容
  • xml 表示輸出為 XML

需要某些參數才能啟動「地點自動完成」要求。如同網址的標準,所有參數都會以 & (&) 字元分隔。以下列出參數清單及其可能的值。

Required parameters

  • input

    The text string on which to search. The Place Autocomplete service will return candidate matches based on this string and order results based on their perceived relevance.

Optional parameters

  • components

    A grouping of places to which you would like to restrict your results. Currently, you can use components to filter by up to 5 countries. Countries must be passed as a two character, ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 compatible country code. For example: components=country:fr would restrict your results to places within France. Multiple countries must be passed as multiple country:XX filters, with the pipe character | as a separator. For example: components=country:us|country:pr|country:vi|country:gu|country:mp would restrict your results to places within the United States and its unincorporated organized territories.

    Note: If you receive unexpected results with a country code, verify that you are using a code which includes the countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest you intend. You can find code information at Wikipedia: List of ISO 3166 country codes or the ISO Online Browsing Platform.
  • language

    The language in which to return results.

    • See the list of supported languages. Google often updates the supported languages, so this list may not be exhaustive.
    • If language is not supplied, the API attempts to use the preferred language as specified in the Accept-Language header.
    • The API does its best to provide a street address that is readable for both the user and locals. To achieve that goal, it returns street addresses in the local language, transliterated to a script readable by the user if necessary, observing the preferred language. All other addresses are returned in the preferred language. Address components are all returned in the same language, which is chosen from the first component.
    • If a name is not available in the preferred language, the API uses the closest match.
    • The preferred language has a small influence on the set of results that the API chooses to return, and the order in which they are returned. The geocoder interprets abbreviations differently depending on language, such as the abbreviations for street types, or synonyms that may be valid in one language but not in another. For example, utca and tér are synonyms for street in Hungarian.
  • location

    The point around which to retrieve place information. This must be specified as latitude,longitude. The radius parameter must also be provided when specifying a location. If radius is not provided, the location parameter is ignored.

    When using the Text Search API, the `location` parameter may be overriden if the `query` contains an explicit location such as `Market in Barcelona`.
  • locationbias

    Prefer results in a specified area, by specifying either a radius plus lat/lng, or two lat/lng pairs representing the points of a rectangle. If this parameter is not specified, the API uses IP address biasing by default.

    • IP bias: Instructs the API to use IP address biasing. Pass the string ipbias (this option has no additional parameters).
    • Point: A single lat/lng coordinate. Use the following format: point:lat,lng.
    • Circular: A string specifying radius in meters, plus lat/lng in decimal degrees. Use the following format: circle:radius@lat,lng.
    • Rectangular: A string specifying two lat/lng pairs in decimal degrees, representing the south/west and north/east points of a rectangle. Use the following format:rectangle:south,west|north,east. Note that east/west values are wrapped to the range -180, 180, and north/south values are clamped to the range -90, 90.
  • locationrestriction

    Restrict results to a specified area, by specifying either a radius plus lat/lng, or two lat/lng pairs representing the points of a rectangle.

    • Circular: A string specifying radius in meters, plus lat/lng in decimal degrees. Use the following format: circle:radius@lat,lng.
    • Rectangular: A string specifying two lat/lng pairs in decimal degrees, representing the south/west and north/east points of a rectangle. Use the following format:rectangle:south,west|north,east. Note that east/west values are wrapped to the range -180, 180, and north/south values are clamped to the range -90, 90.
  • offset

    The position, in the input term, of the last character that the service uses to match predictions. For example, if the input is Google and the offset is 3, the service will match on Goo. The string determined by the offset is matched against the first word in the input term only. For example, if the input term is Google abc and the offset is 3, the service will attempt to match against Goo abc. If no offset is supplied, the service will use the whole term. The offset should generally be set to the position of the text caret.

  • origin

    The origin point from which to calculate straight-line distance to the destination (returned as distance_meters). If this value is omitted, straight-line distance will not be returned. Must be specified as latitude,longitude.

  • radius

    Defines the distance (in meters) within which to return place results. You may bias results to a specified circle by passing a location and a radius parameter. Doing so instructs the Places service to prefer showing results within that circle; results outside of the defined area may still be displayed.

    The radius will automatically be clamped to a maximum value depending on the type of search and other parameters.

    • Autocomplete: 50,000 meters
    • Nearby Search:
      • with keyword or name: 50,000 meters
      • without keyword or name
        • Up to 50,000 meters, adjusted dynamically based on area density, independent of rankby parameter.
        • When using rankby=distance, the radius parameter will not be accepted, and will result in an INVALID_REQUEST.
    • Query Autocomplete: 50,000 meters
    • Text Search: 50,000 meters
  • region

    The region code, specified as a ccTLD ("top-level domain") two-character value. Most ccTLD codes are identical to ISO 3166-1 codes, with some notable exceptions. For example, the United Kingdom's ccTLD is "uk" (.co.uk) while its ISO 3166-1 code is "gb" (technically for the entity of "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland").

  • sessiontoken

    A random string which identifies an autocomplete session for billing purposes.

    The session begins when the user starts typing a query, and concludes when they select a place and a call to Place Details is made. Each session can have multiple queries, followed by one place selection. The API key(s) used for each request within a session must belong to the same Google Cloud Console project. Once a session has concluded, the token is no longer valid; your app must generate a fresh token for each session. If the sessiontoken parameter is omitted, or if you reuse a session token, the session is charged as if no session token was provided (each request is billed separately).

    We recommend the following guidelines:

    • Use session tokens for all autocomplete sessions.
    • Generate a fresh token for each session. Using a version 4 UUID is recommended.
    • Ensure that the API key(s) used for all Place Autocomplete and Place Details requests within a session belong to the same Cloud Console project.
    • Be sure to pass a unique session token for each new session. Using the same token for more than one session will result in each request being billed individually.
  • strictbounds

    Returns only those places that are strictly within the region defined by location and radius. This is a restriction, rather than a bias, meaning that results outside this region will not be returned even if they match the user input.

  • types

    You can restrict results from a Place Autocomplete request to be of a certain type by passing the types parameter. This parameter specifies a type or a type collection, as listed in Place Types. If nothing is specified, all types are returned.

    For the value of the types parameter you can specify either:

    • Up to five values from Table 1 or Table 2. For multiple values, separate each value with a | (vertical bar). For example:

      types=book_store|cafe

    • Any supported filter in Table 3. You can safely mix the geocode and establishment types. You cannot mix type collections (address, (cities) or (regions)) with any other type, or an error occurs.

    The request will be rejected with an INVALID_REQUEST error if:

    • More than five types are specified.
    • Any unrecognized types are present.
    • Any types from in Table 1 or Table 2 are mixed with any of the filters in Table 3.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

「地點自動完成」範例

要求包含「Amoeba」字串,且位於加州舊金山地區的區域。

網址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json
  ?input=amoeba
  &location=37.76999%2C-122.44696
  &radius=500
  &types=establishment
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999,-122.44696&radius=500&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

郵報

OpenAPI 規格也提供 Postman 集合。

在 Postman 中執行

同樣的要求,且只出現在舊金山的阿什伯里街和海特街 500 公尺處的結果:

網址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json
  ?input=amoeba
  &location=37.76999%2C-122.44696
  &radius=500
  &strictbounds=true
  &types=establishment
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&strictbounds=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&strictbounds=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&strictbounds=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&strictbounds=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999%2C-122.44696&radius=500&strictbounds=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=amoeba&types=establishment&location=37.76999,-122.44696&radius=500&strictbounds=true&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

郵報

OpenAPI 規格也提供 Postman 集合。

在 Postman 中執行

以下則是針對在搜尋結果中含有 "Vict" (法文) 的地址發出的要求範例:

網址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json
  ?input=Vict
  &language=fr
  &types=geocode
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=geocode&language=fr&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=geocode&language=fr&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=geocode&language=fr&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=geocode&language=fr&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=geocode&language=fr&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=geocode&language=fr&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

郵報

OpenAPI 規格也提供 Postman 集合。

在 Postman 中執行

針對包含「受害者」結果 (巴西地區結果) 的城市,下列要求:

網址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json
  ?input=Vict
  &language=pt_BR
  &types=%28cities%29
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=(cities)&language=pt_BR&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=(cities)&language=pt_BR&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=(cities)&language=pt_BR&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=(cities)&language=pt_BR&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=(cities)&language=pt_BR&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Vict&types=(cities)&language=pt_BR&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

郵報

OpenAPI 規格也提供 Postman 集合。

在 Postman 中執行

請注意,您必須將這些範例中的 API 金鑰替換成您自己的金鑰。

「地點自動完成」回應

Place Autocomplete 回應會以要求網址路徑內 output 標記表示的格式傳回。以下結果說明使用以下參數的查詢可能會傳回的內容:

網址

https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json
  ?input=Paris
  &types=geocode
  &key=YOUR_API_KEY

cURL

curl -L -X GET 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Paris&types=geocode&key=YOUR_API_KEY'

JavaScript

var axios = require('axios');

var config = {
  method: 'get',
  url: 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Paris&types=geocode&key=YOUR_API_KEY',
  headers: { }
};

axios(config)
.then(function (response) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response.data));
})
.catch(function (error) {
  console.log(error);
});

Python

import requests

url = "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Paris&types=geocode&key=YOUR_API_KEY"

payload={}
headers = {}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, data=payload)

print(response.text)

Java

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
  .build();
MediaType mediaType = MediaType.parse("text/plain");
RequestBody body = RequestBody.create(mediaType, "");
Request request = new Request.Builder()
  .url("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Paris&types=geocode&key=YOUR_API_KEY")
  .method("GET", body)
  .build();
Response response = client.newCall(request).execute();

Ruby

require "uri"
require "net/http"

url = URI("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Paris&types=geocode&key=YOUR_API_KEY")

https = Net::HTTP.new(url.host, url.port)
https.use_ssl = true

request = Net::HTTP::Get.new(url)

response = https.request(request)
puts response.read_body

Go

package main

import (
  "fmt"
  "net/http"
  "io/ioutil"
)

func main() {

  url := "https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/place/autocomplete/json?input=Paris&types=geocode&key=YOUR_API_KEY"
  method := "GET"

  client := &http.Client {
  }
  req, err := http.NewRequest(method, url, nil)

  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  res, err := client.Do(req)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  defer res.Body.Close()

  body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Println(err)
    return
  }
  fmt.Println(string(body))
}

郵報

OpenAPI 規格也提供 Postman 集合。

在 Postman 中執行

JSON

{
  "predictions":
    [
      {
        "description": "Paris, France",
        "matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
        "place_id": "ChIJD7fiBh9u5kcRYJSMaMOCCwQ",
        "reference": "ChIJD7fiBh9u5kcRYJSMaMOCCwQ",
        "structured_formatting":
          {
            "main_text": "Paris",
            "main_text_matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
            "secondary_text": "France",
          },
        "terms":
          [
            { "offset": 0, "value": "Paris" },
            { "offset": 7, "value": "France" },
          ],
        "types": ["locality", "political", "geocode"],
      },
      {
        "description": "Paris, TX, USA",
        "matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
        "place_id": "ChIJmysnFgZYSoYRSfPTL2YJuck",
        "reference": "ChIJmysnFgZYSoYRSfPTL2YJuck",
        "structured_formatting":
          {
            "main_text": "Paris",
            "main_text_matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
            "secondary_text": "TX, USA",
          },
        "terms":
          [
            { "offset": 0, "value": "Paris" },
            { "offset": 7, "value": "TX" },
            { "offset": 11, "value": "USA" },
          ],
        "types": ["locality", "political", "geocode"],
      },
      {
        "description": "Paris, TN, USA",
        "matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
        "place_id": "ChIJ4zHP-Sije4gRBDEsVxunOWg",
        "reference": "ChIJ4zHP-Sije4gRBDEsVxunOWg",
        "structured_formatting":
          {
            "main_text": "Paris",
            "main_text_matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
            "secondary_text": "TN, USA",
          },
        "terms":
          [
            { "offset": 0, "value": "Paris" },
            { "offset": 7, "value": "TN" },
            { "offset": 11, "value": "USA" },
          ],
        "types": ["locality", "political", "geocode"],
      },
      {
        "description": "Paris, Brant, ON, Canada",
        "matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
        "place_id": "ChIJsamfQbVtLIgR-X18G75Hyi0",
        "reference": "ChIJsamfQbVtLIgR-X18G75Hyi0",
        "structured_formatting":
          {
            "main_text": "Paris",
            "main_text_matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
            "secondary_text": "Brant, ON, Canada",
          },
        "terms":
          [
            { "offset": 0, "value": "Paris" },
            { "offset": 7, "value": "Brant" },
            { "offset": 14, "value": "ON" },
            { "offset": 18, "value": "Canada" },
          ],
        "types": ["neighborhood", "political", "geocode"],
      },
      {
        "description": "Paris, KY, USA",
        "matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
        "place_id": "ChIJsU7_xMfKQ4gReI89RJn0-RQ",
        "reference": "ChIJsU7_xMfKQ4gReI89RJn0-RQ",
        "structured_formatting":
          {
            "main_text": "Paris",
            "main_text_matched_substrings": [{ "length": 5, "offset": 0 }],
            "secondary_text": "KY, USA",
          },
        "terms":
          [
            { "offset": 0, "value": "Paris" },
            { "offset": 7, "value": "KY" },
            { "offset": 11, "value": "USA" },
          ],
        "types": ["locality", "political", "geocode"],
      },
    ],
  "status": "OK",
}

XML

<AutocompletionResponse>
 <status>OK</status>
 <prediction>
  <description>Paris, France</description>
  <type>locality</type>
  <type>political</type>
  <type>geocode</type>
  <reference>ChIJD7fiBh9u5kcRYJSMaMOCCwQ</reference>
  <term>
   <value>Paris</value>
   <offset>0</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>France</value>
   <offset>7</offset>
  </term>
  <matched_substring>
   <offset>0</offset>
   <length>5</length>
  </matched_substring>
  <place_id>ChIJD7fiBh9u5kcRYJSMaMOCCwQ</place_id>
  <structured_formatting>
   <description>Paris</description>
   <subdescription>France</subdescription>
   <description_matched_substring>
    <offset>0</offset>
    <length>5</length>
   </description_matched_substring>
  </structured_formatting>
 </prediction>
 <prediction>
  <description>Paris, TX, USA</description>
  <type>locality</type>
  <type>political</type>
  <type>geocode</type>
  <reference>ChIJmysnFgZYSoYRSfPTL2YJuck</reference>
  <term>
   <value>Paris</value>
   <offset>0</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>TX</value>
   <offset>7</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>USA</value>
   <offset>11</offset>
  </term>
  <matched_substring>
   <offset>0</offset>
   <length>5</length>
  </matched_substring>
  <place_id>ChIJmysnFgZYSoYRSfPTL2YJuck</place_id>
  <structured_formatting>
   <description>Paris</description>
   <subdescription>TX, USA</subdescription>
   <description_matched_substring>
    <offset>0</offset>
    <length>5</length>
   </description_matched_substring>
  </structured_formatting>
 </prediction>
 <prediction>
  <description>Paris, TN, USA</description>
  <type>locality</type>
  <type>political</type>
  <type>geocode</type>
  <reference>ChIJ4zHP-Sije4gRBDEsVxunOWg</reference>
  <term>
   <value>Paris</value>
   <offset>0</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>TN</value>
   <offset>7</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>USA</value>
   <offset>11</offset>
  </term>
  <matched_substring>
   <offset>0</offset>
   <length>5</length>
  </matched_substring>
  <place_id>ChIJ4zHP-Sije4gRBDEsVxunOWg</place_id>
  <structured_formatting>
   <description>Paris</description>
   <subdescription>TN, USA</subdescription>
   <description_matched_substring>
    <offset>0</offset>
    <length>5</length>
   </description_matched_substring>
  </structured_formatting>
 </prediction>
 <prediction>
  <description>Paris, Brant, ON, Canada</description>
  <type>neighborhood</type>
  <type>political</type>
  <type>geocode</type>
  <reference>ChIJsamfQbVtLIgR-X18G75Hyi0</reference>
  <term>
   <value>Paris</value>
   <offset>0</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>Brant</value>
   <offset>7</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>ON</value>
   <offset>14</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>Canada</value>
   <offset>18</offset>
  </term>
  <matched_substring>
   <offset>0</offset>
   <length>5</length>
  </matched_substring>
  <place_id>ChIJsamfQbVtLIgR-X18G75Hyi0</place_id>
  <structured_formatting>
   <description>Paris</description>
   <subdescription>Brant, ON, Canada</subdescription>
   <description_matched_substring>
    <offset>0</offset>
    <length>5</length>
   </description_matched_substring>
  </structured_formatting>
 </prediction>
 <prediction>
  <description>Paris, KY, USA</description>
  <type>locality</type>
  <type>political</type>
  <type>geocode</type>
  <reference>ChIJsU7_xMfKQ4gReI89RJn0-RQ</reference>
  <term>
   <value>Paris</value>
   <offset>0</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>KY</value>
   <offset>7</offset>
  </term>
  <term>
   <value>USA</value>
   <offset>11</offset>
  </term>
  <matched_substring>
   <offset>0</offset>
   <length>5</length>
  </matched_substring>
  <place_id>ChIJsU7_xMfKQ4gReI89RJn0-RQ</place_id>
  <structured_formatting>
   <description>Paris</description>
   <subdescription>KY, USA</subdescription>
   <description_matched_substring>
    <offset>0</offset>
    <length>5</length>
   </description_matched_substring>
  </structured_formatting>
 </prediction>
</AutocompletionResponse>

PlacesAutocompleteResponse

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
required Array<PlaceAutocompletePrediction>

Contains an array of predictions.

See PlaceAutocompletePrediction for more information.

requiredPlacesAutocompleteStatus

Contains the status of the request, and may contain debugging information to help you track down why the request failed.

See PlacesAutocompleteStatus for more information.

optionalstring

When the service returns a status code other than OK<, there may be an additional error_message field within the response object. This field contains more detailed information about thereasons behind the given status code. This field is not always returned, and its content is subject to change.

optionalArray<string>

When the service returns additional information about the request specification, there may be an additional info_messages field within the response object. This field is only returned for successful requests. It may not always be returned, and its content is subject to change.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

搜尋結果中的特定興趣是 place_id 元素,可使用該查詢透過個別查詢來要求地點的特定細節。請參閱 Place Details 要求

XML 回應由一個包含兩種子元素的單一 <AutocompletionResponse> 元素組成:

  • 單一 <status> 元素包含要求的中繼資料。請參閱下方的狀態碼
  • 零或多個 <prediction> 元素,每個元素都包含單一地點的相關資訊。如要瞭解這些結果,請參閱 Place Autocomplete 結果。Places API 最多可傳回 5 項結果。

除非應用程式因故而需要 xml,否則建議您使用 json 做為偏好的輸出旗標。處理 XML 樹狀結構需要特別注意,以參照適當的節點和元素。如需處理 XML 的相關協助,請參閱使用 XPath 處理 XML

PlacesAutocompleteStatus

Status codes returned by service.

  • OK indicating the API request was successful.
  • ZERO_RESULTS indicating that the search was successful but returned no results. This may occur if the search was passed a bounds in a remote location.
  • INVALID_REQUEST indicating the API request was malformed, generally due to the missing input parameter.
  • OVER_QUERY_LIMIT indicating any of the following:
    • You have exceeded the QPS limits.
    • Billing has not been enabled on your account.
    • The monthly $200 credit, or a self-imposed usage cap, has been exceeded.
    • The provided method of payment is no longer valid (for example, a credit card has expired).
    See the Maps FAQ for more information about how to resolve this error.
  • REQUEST_DENIED indicating that your request was denied, generally because:
    • The request is missing an API key.
    • The key parameter is invalid.
  • UNKNOWN_ERROR indicating an unknown error.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

當「地點」服務從搜尋傳回 JSON 結果時,會將結果放入 predictions 陣列中。即使服務並未傳回任何結果 (例如 location 是遠端),仍會傳回空白的 predictions 陣列。XML 回應由零或多個 <prediction> 元素組成。

PlaceAutocompletePrediction

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredstring

Contains the human-readable name for the returned result. For establishment results, this is usually the business name. This content is meant to be read as-is. Do not programmatically parse the formatted address.

required Array<PlaceAutocompleteMatchedSubstring>

A list of substrings that describe the location of the entered term in the prediction result text, so that the term can be highlighted if desired.

See PlaceAutocompleteMatchedSubstring for more information.

requiredPlaceAutocompleteStructuredFormat

Provides pre-formatted text that can be shown in your autocomplete results. This content is meant to be read as-is. Do not programmatically parse the formatted address.

See PlaceAutocompleteStructuredFormat for more information.

required Array<PlaceAutocompleteTerm>

Contains an array of terms identifying each section of the returned description (a section of the description is generally terminated with a comma). Each entry in the array has a value field, containing the text of the term, and an offset field, defining the start position of this term in the description, measured in Unicode characters.

See PlaceAutocompleteTerm for more information.

optionalinteger

The straight-line distance in meters from the origin. This field is only returned for requests made with an origin.

optionalstring

A textual identifier that uniquely identifies a place. To retrieve information about the place, pass this identifier in the placeId field of a Places API request. For more information about place IDs, see the Place IDs overview.

optionalstring

See place_id.

optionalArray<string>

Contains an array of types that apply to this place. For example: [ "political", "locality" ] or [ "establishment", "geocode", "beauty_salon" ]. The array can contain multiple values. Learn more about Place types.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

PlaceAutocompleteMatchedSubstring

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requirednumber

Length of the matched substring in the prediction result text.

requirednumber

Start location of the matched substring in the prediction result text.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

PlaceAutocompleteStructuredFormat

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requiredstring

Contains the main text of a prediction, usually the name of the place.

required Array<PlaceAutocompleteMatchedSubstring>

Contains an array with offset value and length. These describe the location of the entered term in the prediction result text, so that the term can be highlighted if desired.

See PlaceAutocompleteMatchedSubstring for more information.

requiredstring

Contains the secondary text of a prediction, usually the location of the place.

optional Array<PlaceAutocompleteMatchedSubstring>

Contains an array with offset value and length. These describe the location of the entered term in the prediction result text, so that the term can be highlighted if desired.

See PlaceAutocompleteMatchedSubstring for more information.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

PlaceAutocompleteTerm

FieldRequiredTypeDescription
requirednumber

Defines the start position of this term in the description, measured in Unicode characters

requiredstring

The text of the term.

Generated from the OpenAPI specification. Edit Report bug

Place Autocomplete 最佳化

本節將說明最佳做法,協助您充分運用 Place Autocomplete 服務。

以下列出幾項一般準則:

  • 如要開發有效的使用者介面,最快的方法就是使用 Maps JavaScript API Autocomplete 小工具、Places SDK for Android Autocomplete 小工具,或 Places SDK for iOS Autocomplete UI 控制項
  • 從一開始就嘗試瞭解 Place Autocomplete 的必要資料欄位
  • 「位置自訂調整」和「位置限制」為自選欄位,但可能會對自動完成效能產生重大影響。
  • 使用錯誤處理機制,可以減輕 API 傳回錯誤時對應用程式效能造成的影響。
  • 確保應用程式能處理未選取任何項目的情況,以便使用者繼續操作。

費用最佳化最佳做法

基本費用最佳化

為了讓 Place Autocomplete 服務費用發揮最大效益,請使用 Place Details 和 Place Autocomplete 小工具中的欄位遮罩,只傳回您需要的地點資料欄位

進階費用最佳化

建議您透過程式輔助方式導入 Place Autocomplete,採用按請求計價,並要求已選地點 (而非 Place Details) 的相關 Geocoding API 結果。如果同時符合以下兩項條件,搭配 Geocoding API 使用「按要求」計價會比使用「按工作階段」(以工作階段為準) 計價更具成本效益:

  • 如果您只需要針對使用者選取的地點取得經緯度或地址,透過 Geocoding API 擷取這項資訊,支付的費用會比使用 Place Details 呼叫更低。
  • 如果使用者在平均四次以內的自動預測結果要求選取了自動預測結果,則「按要求」計價可能會比「按工作階段」計價更符合成本效益。
如要瞭解如何選取符合需求的 Place Autocomplete 導入方式,請回答下列問題,並選取對應的分頁標籤。

除了所選預測結果的地址和經緯度,應用程式是否需要任何其他資訊?

是,需要更多詳細資料

搭配 Place Details 使用以工作階段為準的 Place Autocomplete。
您的應用程式會要求 Place Details (例如地點名稱、商家狀態或營業時間),因此在導入 Place Autocomplete 時,建議使用工作階段符記 (透過程式輔助方式,或是內建於 JavaScriptAndroidiOS 小工具),總費用為每個工作階段 $0.017 美元,再加上適用的地點資料 SKU (視您要求的地點資料欄位而定)1

透過小工具導入
JavaScriptAndroidiOS 小工具自動內建工作階段管理功能,其中包含對已選取的預測結果提出的 Place Autocomplete 要求和 Place Details 要求。請務必指定 fields 參數,確保您只要求所需的地點資料欄位

透過程式輔助方式導入
搭配 Place Autocomplete 要求使用工作階段符記。要求所選預測結果的相關 Place Details 時,請加入下列參數:

  1. Place Autocomplete 回應中的地點 ID
  2. Place Autocomplete 要求中使用的工作階段符記
  3. 指定所需地點資料欄位fields 參數

否,只需要地址和位置資訊

對您的應用程式而言,Geocoding API 可能比 Place Details 更符合成本效益,視 Place Autocomplete 使用效能而定。每個應用程式的自動完成效率各不相同,可能取決於使用者輸入的內容、使用應用程式的位置,以及是否採用效能最佳化最佳做法

為了找出以下問題的解答,請分析使用者在應用程式中選取 Place Autocomplete 預測結果前,平均輸入的字元數量。

使用者是否會在平均四次以內的要求中選取 Place Autocomplete 預測結果?

透過程式輔助方式導入 Place Autocomplete,但不使用工作階段符記,並針對已選取的地點預測結果呼叫 Geocoding API。
Geocoding API 提供地址和經緯度座標,收費為每次要求 $0.005 美元。提出四次 Place Autocomplete - Per Request 要求的費用為 $0.01132 美元,因此如果將四次要求加上所選地點預測結果的相關 Geocoding API 呼叫,總費用就會是 $0.01632 美元,低於自動完成功能「按工作階段」計價的每個工作階段 $0.017 美元1

建議您採用效能最佳做法,讓使用者以更少的字元找到需要的預測結果。

搭配 Place Details 使用以工作階段為準的 Place Autocomplete。
您預期使用者在選取 Place Autocomplete 預測結果前提出的平均要求數量,會超過「按工作階段」計價的費用,因此在導入 Place Autocomplete 時,建議針對 Place Autocomplete 要求和相關聯的 Place Details 要求都使用工作階段符記,總費用為每個工作階段 $0.017 美元1

透過小工具導入
JavaScriptAndroidiOS 小工具自動內建工作階段管理功能,其中包含對已選取的預測結果提出的 Place Autocomplete 要求和 Place Details 要求。請務必指定 fields 參數,確保只要求需要的 Basic Data 欄位。

透過程式輔助方式導入
搭配 Place Autocomplete 要求使用工作階段符記。要求所選預測結果的相關 Place Details 時,請加入下列參數:

  1. Place Autocomplete 回應中的地點 ID
  2. Place Autocomplete 要求中使用的工作階段符記
  3. 指定地址和幾何圖形等 Basic Data 欄位的 fields 參數

考慮延後 Place Autocomplete 要求
您可以運用一些策略,例如將 Place Autocomplete 要求延後到使用者輸入三或四個字元時再開始,藉此減少應用程式提出要求數量。舉例來說,如果您是在使用者輸入第三個字元「之後」才針對每個字元提出 Place Autocomplete 要求,那麼當使用者在輸入七個字元後,選取您透過單次 Geocoding API 要求帶出的一筆預測結果,總費用就是 $0.01632 美元 (4 * $0.00283 Autocomplete Per Request + $0.005 美元 Geocoding)1

如果延後要求可以讓平均程式輔助要求少於四次,您可以按照使用 Geocoding API 提高 Place Autocomplete 效能的指南操作。請注意,如果使用者希望每輸入一個字就能看到預測結果,可能就會將延後要求視為時間上的延遲。

建議您採用效能最佳做法,讓使用者以更少的字元找到需要的預測結果。


  1. 這裡列出的費用是以美元計算。如需完整計價資訊,請參閱「Google 地圖平台計費方式」頁面。

效能最佳做法

以下準則說明如何將 Place Autocomplete 效能最佳化:

  • 針對導入的 Place Autocomplete 加入國家/地區限制、位置自訂調整和 (適用於程式輔助導入) 語言偏好設定。小工具會從使用者的瀏覽器或行動裝置選擇語言偏好設定,因此不需要設定語言偏好。
  • 如果 Place Autocomplete 附帶地圖,您就可以根據地圖可視區域進行位置自訂調整。
  • 如果使用者沒有選擇任何自動預測結果 (通常是因為這些預測結果並非他們想要的地址),您可以重複使用原始使用者輸入內容,嘗試取得更相關的結果:
    • 如果您預期使用者只會輸入地址資訊,請在 Geocoding API 呼叫中重複使用原始使用者輸入內容。
    • 如果您預期使用者會依名稱或地址查詢某個地點,請使用「Find Place」要求。如果希望將結果範圍限制在特定區域,請使用位置自訂調整
    適合改回使用 Geocoding API 的其他情況如下:
    • 在國家/地區輸入「地點自動完成」功能不完整的國家/地區 (例如捷克、愛沙尼亞和立陶宛),且使用者輸入了該州的房地產地址。例如,捷克地址「Stroupeønického 3191/17, Praha」會在 Place Autocomplete 中產生部分預測。
    • 使用者輸入的地址含有路段前置字元,例如紐約的「23-30 29th St, Queens」或夏威夷考艾島的「47-380 Kamehameha Hwy, Kaneohe」。

位置偏誤

您可以透過傳送 location 參數和 radius 參數,將結果偏向指定區域。這會指示「地點自動完成」服務偏好在指定區域內顯示結果。系統仍會顯示超出定義區域的結果。您可以使用 components 參數來篩選結果,只顯示特定國家/地區中的這些地點。

提示:搜尋範圍很大時,建築物搜尋結果的排名通常不會夠高。如果您想讓建築物出現在混合的建築物/地理編碼結果中,可以指定較小的半徑。或者,您也可以使用 types=establishment 將結果限制為僅限機構使用。

位置限制

您可以傳送 locationrestriction 參數,將結果限制為特定區域。

您也可以新增 strictbounds 參數,將結果限制在 locationradius 參數定義的地區。這會指示「地點自動完成」服務「只」傳回該地區內的搜尋結果。