GHSL: Global building volume 1975-2030 (P2023A)

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alos building built-environment copernicus dem ghsl jrc sdg sentinel2-derived srtm urban


This raster dataset depicts the global distribution of building volume, expressed in cubic metres per 100 m grid cell. The dataset measures the total building volume and the building volume allocated to grid cells of predominant non-residential (NRES) use. Estimates are based on the built-up surface and building height products.

More information about the GHSL data products can be found in the GHSL Data Package 2023 report

The Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) project is supported by the European Commission, Joint Research Centre, and Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy.


100 meters


Name Units Description
built_volume_total m^3

Total building volume per grid cell

built_volume_nres m^3

Non-residential building volume per grid cell

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

The GHSL has been produced by the European Commission Joint Research Centre as open and free data. Reuse is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. For more information, please read the use conditions (European Commission Reuse and Copyright Notice).




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Code Editor (JavaScript)

var image_1975 = ee.Image('JRC/GHSL/P2023A/GHS_BUILT_V/1975');
var image_2020 = ee.Image('JRC/GHSL/P2023A/GHS_BUILT_V/2020');
var volume_total_1975 ='built_volume_total');
var volume_total_2020 ='built_volume_total');

var visParams = {
  min: 0,
  max: 80000,
  palette: ['000004', '51127c', 'b73779', 'fc8961', 'fcfdbf'],

Map.setCenter(77.156, 28.6532, 10);
Map.addLayer(volume_total_1975, visParams, 'Total building volume [m3], 1975');
Map.addLayer(volume_total_2020, visParams, 'Total building volume [m3], 2020');
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