MCD12Q1.061 MODIS Land Cover Type Yearly Global 500m

MODIS/061/MCD12Q1
Dataset Availability
2001-01-01T00:00:00Z–2022-01-01T00:00:00
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
ee.ImageCollection("MODIS/061/MCD12Q1")
Tags
landcover modis nasa usgs yearly

Description

The Terra and Aqua combined Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Land Cover Type (MCD12Q1) Version 6.1 data product provides global land cover types at yearly intervals. The MCD12Q1 Version 6.1 data product is derived using supervised classifications of MODIS Terra and Aqua reflectance data. Land cover types are derived from the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), University of Maryland (UMD), Leaf Area Index (LAI), BIOME-Biogeochemical Cycles (BGC), and Plant Functional Types (PFT) classification schemes. The supervised classifications then underwent additional post-processing that incorporate prior knowledge and ancillary information to further refine specific classes. Additional land cover property assessment layers are provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) for land cover, land use, and surface hydrology.

Layers for Land Cover Type 1-5, Land Cover Property 1-3, Land Cover Property Assessment 1-3, Land Cover Quality Control (QC), and a Land Water Mask are also provided.

Documentation:

Bands

Resolution
500 meters

Bands

Name Units Min Max Description
LC_Type1

Land Cover Type 1: Annual International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) classification

LC_Type2

Land Cover Type 2: Annual University of Maryland (UMD) classification

LC_Type3

Land Cover Type 3: Annual Leaf Area Index (LAI) classification

LC_Type4

Land Cover Type 4: Annual BIOME-Biogeochemical Cycles (BGC) classification

LC_Type5

Land Cover Type 5: Annual Plant Functional Types classification

LC_Prop1_Assessment % 0 100

LCCS1 land cover layer confidence

LC_Prop2_Assessment % 0 100

LCCS2 land use layer confidence

LC_Prop3_Assessment % 0 100

LCCS3 surface hydrology layer confidence

LC_Prop1

FAO-Land Cover Classification System 1 (LCCS1) land cover layer

LC_Prop2

FAO-LCCS2 land use layer

LC_Prop3

FAO-LCCS3 surface hydrology layer

QC

Product quality flags

LW

Binary land (class 2) / water (class 1) mask derived from MOD44W

LC_Type1 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 #05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
2 #086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
3 #54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
4 #78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
5 #009900 Mixed Forests: dominated by neither deciduous nor evergreen (40-60% of each) tree type (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
6 #c6b044 Closed Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) >60% cover.
7 #dcd159 Open Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) 10-60% cover.
8 #dade48 Woody Savannas: tree cover 30-60% (canopy >2m).
9 #fbff13 Savannas: tree cover 10-30% (canopy >2m).
10 #b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m).
11 #27ff87 Permanent Wetlands: permanently inundated lands with 30-60% water cover and >10% vegetated cover.
12 #c24f44 Croplands: at least 60% of area is cultivated cropland.
13 #a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt and vehicles.
14 #ff6d4c Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with natural tree, shrub, or herbaceous vegetation.
15 #69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
16 #f9ffa4 Barren: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) areas with less than 10% vegetation.
17 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.

LC_Type2 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 #05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
2 #086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
3 #54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
4 #78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
5 #009900 Mixed Forests: dominated by neither deciduous nor evergreen (40-60% of each) tree type (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
6 #c6b044 Closed Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) >60% cover.
7 #dcd159 Open Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m height) 10-60% cover.
8 #dade48 Woody Savannas: tree cover 30-60% (canopy >2m).
9 #fbff13 Savannas: tree cover 10-30% (canopy >2m).
10 #b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m).
11 #27ff87 Permanent Wetlands: permanently inundated lands with 30-60% water cover and >10% vegetated cover.
12 #c24f44 Croplands: at least 60% of area is cultivated cropland.
13 #a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt and vehicles.
14 #ff6d4c Cropland/Natural Vegetation Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with natural tree, shrub, or herbaceous vegetation.
15 #f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow and ice with less than 10% vegetation.

LC_Type3 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 #b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) including cereal croplands.
2 #dcd159 Shrublands: shrub (1-2m) cover >10%.
3 #c24f44 Broadleaf Croplands: bominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) that are cultivated with broadleaf crops.
4 #fbff13 Savannas: between 10-60% tree cover (>2m).
5 #086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
6 #78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
7 #05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
8 #54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (canopy >2m). Tree cover >60%.
9 #f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow and ice with less than 10% vegetation.
10 #a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt and vehicles.

LC_Type4 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 #05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Vegetation: dominated by evergreen conifer trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
2 #086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Vegetation: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
3 #54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Vegetation: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
4 #78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Vegetation: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees and shrubs (>1m). Woody vegetation cover >10%.
5 #009900 Annual Broadleaf Vegetation: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cultivated broadleaf crops.
6 #b6ff05 Annual Grass Vegetation: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) including cereal croplands.
7 #f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
8 #a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt, and vehicles.

LC_Type5 Class Table

Value Color Description
0 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
1 #05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Trees: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
2 #086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Trees: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
3 #54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Trees: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
4 #78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Trees: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (>2m). Tree cover >10%.
5 #dcd159 Shrub: Shrub (1-2m) cover >10%.
6 #b6ff05 Grass: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) that are not cultivated.
7 #dade48 Cereal Croplands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cultivated cereal crops.
8 #c24f44 Broadleaf Croplands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cultivated broadleaf crops.
9 #a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% impervious surface area including building materials, asphalt, and vehicles.
10 #69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
11 #f9ffa4 Non-Vegetated Lands: at least 60% of area is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) with less than 10% vegetation.

LC_Prop1 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 #f9ffa4 Barren: at least of area 60% is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
2 #69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
3 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
11 #05450a Evergreen Needleleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen conifer trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
12 #086a10 Evergreen Broadleaf Forests: dominated by evergreen broadleaf and palmate trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
13 #54a708 Deciduous Needleleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous needleleaf (larch) trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
14 #78d203 Deciduous Broadleaf Forests: dominated by deciduous broadleaf trees (>2m). Tree cover >60%.
15 #005a00 Mixed Broadleaf/Needleleaf Forests: co-dominated (40-60%) by broadleaf deciduous and evergreen needleleaf tree (>2m) types. Tree cover >60%.
16 #009900 Mixed Broadleaf Evergreen/Deciduous Forests: co-dominated (40-60%) by broadleaf evergreen and deciduous tree (>2m) types. Tree cover >60%.
21 #006c00 Open Forests: tree cover 30-60% (canopy >2m).
22 #00d000 Sparse Forests: tree cover 10-30% (canopy >2m).
31 #b6ff05 Dense Herbaceous: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) at least 60% cover.
32 #98d604 Sparse Herbaceous: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) 10-60% cover.
41 #dcd159 Dense Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m) >60% cover.
42 #f1fb58 Shrubland/Grassland Mosaics: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m) 10-60% cover with dense herbaceous annual understory.
43 #fbee65 Sparse Shrublands: dominated by woody perennials (1-2m) 10-60% cover with minimal herbaceous understory.

LC_Prop2 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 #f9ffa4 Barren: at least of area 60% is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
2 #69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
3 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
9 #a5a5a5 Urban and Built-up Lands: at least 30% of area is made up ofimpervious surfaces including building materials, asphalt, and vehicles.
10 #003f00 Dense Forests: tree cover >60% (canopy >2m).
20 #006c00 Open Forests: tree cover 10-60% (canopy >2m).
25 #e3ff77 Forest/Cropland Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with >10% natural tree cover.
30 #b6ff05 Natural Herbaceous: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 10% cover.
35 #93ce04 Natural Herbaceous/Croplands Mosaics: mosaics of small-scale cultivation 40-60% with natural shrub or herbaceous vegetation.
36 #77a703 Herbaceous Croplands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m). At least 60% cover. Cultivated fraction >60%.
40 #dcd159 Shrublands: shrub cover >60% (1-2m).

LC_Prop3 Class Table

Value Color Description
1 #f9ffa4 Barren: at least of area 60% is non-vegetated barren (sand, rock, soil) or permanent snow/ice with less than 10% vegetation.
2 #69fff8 Permanent Snow and Ice: at least 60% of area is covered by snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year.
3 #1c0dff Water Bodies: at least 60% of area is covered by permanent water bodies.
10 #003f00 Dense Forests: tree cover >60% (canopy >2m).
20 #006c00 Open Forests: tree cover 10-60% (canopy >2m).
27 #72834a Woody Wetlands: shrub and tree cover >10% (>1m). Permanently or seasonally inundated.
30 #b6ff05 Grasslands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) >10% cover.
40 #c6b044 Shrublands: shrub cover >60% (1-2m).
50 #3aba73 Herbaceous Wetlands: dominated by herbaceous annuals (<2m) >10% cover. Permanently or seasonally inundated.
51 #1e9db3 Tundra: tree cover <10%. Snow-covered for at least 8 months of the year.

QC Class Table

Value Color Description
0 Classified land: has a classification label and is land according to the water mask.
1 Unclassified land: not classified because of missing data but land according to the water mask, labeled as barren.
2 Classified water: has a classification label and is water according to the water mask.
3 Unclassified water: not classified because of missing data but water according to the water mask.
4 Classified sea ice: classified as snow/ice but water mask says it is water and less than 100m elevation, switched to water.
5 Misclassified water: classified as water but water mask says it is land, switched to secondary label.
6 Omitted snow/ice: land according to the water mask that was classified as something other than snow but with a maximum annual temperature below 1°C, relabeled as snow/ice.
7 Misclassified snow/ice: land according to the water mask that was classified as snow but with a minimum annual temperature greater than 1°C, relabeled as barren.
8 Backfilled label: missing label from stabilization, filled with the pre-stabilized result.
9 Forest type changed: climate-based change to forest class.

LW Class Table

Value Color Description
1 #1c0dff Water
2 #f9ffa4 Land,

Terms of Use

Terms of Use

MODIS data and products acquired through the LP DAAC have no restrictions on subsequent use, sale, or redistribution.

Citations

Citations:

DOIs

Explore with Earth Engine

Code Editor (JavaScript)

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection('MODIS/061/MCD12Q1');
var igbpLandCover = dataset.select('LC_Type1');
var igbpLandCoverVis = {
  min: 1.0,
  max: 17.0,
  palette: [
    '05450a', '086a10', '54a708', '78d203', '009900', 'c6b044', 'dcd159',
    'dade48', 'fbff13', 'b6ff05', '27ff87', 'c24f44', 'a5a5a5', 'ff6d4c',
    '69fff8', 'f9ffa4', '1c0dff'
  ],
};
Map.setCenter(6.746, 46.529, 6);
Map.addLayer(igbpLandCover, igbpLandCoverVis, 'IGBP Land Cover');
Open in Code Editor