Set a label field on a file

This page describes how to set a label Field on a single Google Drive file.

To add metadata to a file by setting a file label, use the files.modifyLabels method. The request body contains an instance of ModifyLabelsRequest to modify the set of labels on a file. The request might contain several modifications that are applied atomically. That is, if any modifications aren't valid, then the entire update is unsuccessful and none of the (potentially dependent) changes are applied.

The ModifyLabelsRequest contains an instance of LabelModification which is a modification to a label on a file. It might also contain an instance of FieldModification which is a modification to a label's field.

If successful, the response body contains the labels added or updated by the request. These exist within a modifiedLabels object of type Label.


The following code sample shows how to use the fieldId of a text field to set a value for this Field on a file. When a label Field is initially set on a file, it applies the label to the file. You can then unset a single field or remove all fields associated with the label. For more information, see Unset a label field on a file and Remove a label from a file.


LabelFieldModification fieldModification =
new LabelFieldModification().setFieldId("FIELD_ID").setSetTextValues(ImmutableList.of("VALUE"));

ModifyLabelsRequest modifyLabelsRequest =
  new ModifyLabelsRequest()
              new LabelModification()

ModifyLabelsResponse modifyLabelsResponse = driveService.files().modifyLabels("FILE_ID", modifyLabelsRequest).execute();


field_modification = {'fieldId':'FIELD_ID','setTextValues':['VALUE']}
label_modification = {'labelId':'LABEL_ID', 'fieldModifications':[field_modification]}

modified_labels = drive_service.files().modifyLabels(fileId="FILE_ID", body = {'labelModifications' : [label_modification]}).execute();


* Set a label with a text field on a Drive file
* @return{obj} updated label data
async function setLabelTextField() {
  // Get credentials and build service
  // TODO (developer) - Use appropriate auth mechanism for your app

  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({scopes: ''});
  const service ={version: 'v3', auth});
  const fieldModification = {
    'fieldId': 'FIELD_ID',
    'setTextValues': ['VALUE'],
  const labelModification = {
    'labelId': 'LABEL_ID',
    'fieldModifications': [fieldModification],
  const labelModificationRequest = {
    'labelModifications': [labelModification],
  try {
    const updateResponse = await service.files.modifyLabels({
      fileId: 'FILE_ID',
      resource: labelModificationRequest,
    return updateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle error
    throw err;

Replace the following:

  • FIELD_ID: The fieldId of the field to modify. To locate the fieldId, retrieve the label using the Google Drive Labels API.
  • VALUE: The new value for this field.
  • LABEL_ID: The labelId of the label to modify.
  • FILE_ID: The fileId of the file for which the labels are modified.


  • To set a label with no fields, apply labelModifications with no fieldModifications present.
  • To set values for selection field options, use the Choice id of the value that you can get by fetching the label schema in the Drive Labels API.
  • Only a Field that supports lists of values can have multiple values set, otherwise you'll receive a 400: Bad Request error response.
  • Set the proper value type for the selected Field (such as integer, text, user, etc.), otherwise you'll receive a 400: Bad Request error response. You can retrieve the field data type using the Drive Labels API.