Text bearbeiten und gestalten

Auf dieser Seite erfahren Sie, wie Sie mit der Slides API Text in Ihrer Präsentation bearbeiten und gestalten.

Text

Der Text in Ihrer Präsentation ist immer in einer Form oder einer Tabellenzelle enthalten. Mit der API können Sie diesen Text auf verschiedene Arten ändern:

  • Sie können Text in Ihrer Präsentation einfügen, löschen oder ersetzen.
  • Sie können Absatzformatierungen hinzufügen, um Listen mit Aufzählungszeichen zu erstellen.
  • Sie können die Zeichenformatierung ändern, z. B. fett, kursiv, Farbe, Schriftgröße oder Hyperlinks.

Auf der Konzeptseite Textstruktur und -stile finden Sie einen allgemeinen Überblick über die Funktionsweise der Textstile in der Slides API. Sehen Sie sich auch das Video oben an, um ein vollständiges Beispiel (Python) zu sehen, in dem verschiedene Formatierungskonzepte aus den folgenden Abschnitten kombiniert werden.

Text einfügen, löschen oder ersetzen

Es gibt zwei Möglichkeiten, Text in einer Präsentation mithilfe der Slides API zu ersetzen: entweder durch globales Suchen und Ersetzen oder durch explizites Löschen und Hinzufügen von Text. In beiden Fällen wird die Methode batchUpdate verwendet, jedoch mit unterschiedlichen Anfragetypen.

Globales Suchen und Ersetzen

Verwenden Sie ReplaceAllTextRequest, um in der gesamten Präsentation globale Suchen und Ersetzen durchzuführen.

Im Abschnitt Textzusammenführung des Leitfadens zum Zusammenführen von Daten finden Sie ein Beispiel für die Verwendung dieses Anfragetyps.

Text in einer Form ersetzen

Mit der Slides API können Sie den Textinhalt einer Form ändern. Sie können einzelne Textbereiche entfernen und Text an einer bestimmten Stelle einfügen.

Verwenden Sie InsertTextRequest und DeleteTextRequest, um diese Vorgänge auszuführen.

Das Ersetzen eines bestimmten Textbereichs besteht aus einem Löschvorgang und dann einem Einfügen. Dies können Sie mit den folgenden Schritten ausführen:

  1. Identifizieren Sie das Seitenelement, das den Text enthält.
  2. Legen Sie die Start- und Endposition des zu ersetzenden Textes fest.
  3. Rufen Sie batchUpdate mit den folgenden zwei Anfragen auf:
    1. DeleteTextRequest, wobei der zu löschende Textbereich angegeben wird.
    2. InsertTextRequest, wobei dieselbe Startposition und der einzufügende Textstring angegeben werden.

Damit beim Ersetzen von Text Atomarität gewährleistet ist, müssen beide Anfragen in denselben BatchUpdate-Aufruf aufgenommen werden. Dies wird im folgenden Beispiel gezeigt, bei dem der gesamte Text in einer Form durch neuen Text ersetzt wird:

Apps Script

Folien/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
 * @param {string} presentationId
 * @param {string?} shapeId
 * @param {string} replacementText
 * @returns {*}
 */
function simpleTextReplace(presentationId, shapeId, replacementText) {
  const requests = [{
    deleteText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL'
      }
    }
  }, {
    insertText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      insertionIndex: 0,
      text: replacementText
    }
  }];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationId);
    console.log('Replaced text in shape with ID: %s', shapeId);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Ok

Slides/snippets/presentations.go
// Remove existing text in the shape, then insert the new text.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	DeleteText: &slides.DeleteTextRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type: "All",
		},
	},
}, {
	InsertText: &slides.InsertTextRequest{
		ObjectId:       shapeId,
		InsertionIndex: 0,
		Text:           replacementText,
	},
}}

// Execute the requests.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()
fmt.Printf("Replaced text in shape with ID: %s", shapeId)

Java

Folien/snippets/src/main/java/SimpleTextReplace.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.DeleteTextRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.InsertTextRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Range;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slides Replace Text API */
public class SimpleTextReplace {
  /**
   * Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
   *
   * @param presentationId  - id of the presentation.
   * @param shapeId         - id of the shape.
   * @param replacementText - New replacement text.
   * @return response
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse simpleTextReplace(
      String presentationId, String shapeId, String replacementText) throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert the new text.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setDeleteText(new DeleteTextRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("ALL"))));
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setInsertText(new InsertTextRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setInsertionIndex(0)
            .setText(replacementText)));

    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response = null;
    try {
      // Execute the requests.
      BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
          new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
      response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();
      System.out.println("Replaced text in shape with ID: " + shapeId);
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 400) {
        System.out.printf("Shape not found with id '%s'.\n", shapeId);
      } else if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", presentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

Folien/Snippets/slides_simple_text_replace.js
function simpleTextReplace(presentationId, shapeId, replacementText, callback) {
  // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
  const requests = [{
    deleteText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL',
      },
    },
  }, {
    insertText: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      insertionIndex: 0,
      text: replacementText,
    },
  }];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationId,
      requests: requests,
    }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
      console.log(`Replaced text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
      if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

Folien/Snippets/slides_simple_text_replace.js
/**
 * Replaces text in the provided shape ID.
 * @param {string} presentationId The presentation ID.
 * @param {string} shapeId The shape ID to delete existing text and insert new text into.
 * @param {string} replacementText The new replacement text.
 */
async function simpleTextReplace(presentationId, shapeId, replacementText) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
  });

  const service = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});
  // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
  const requests = [
    {
      deleteText: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'ALL',
        },
      },
    },
    {
      insertText: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        insertionIndex: 0,
        text: replacementText,
      },
    },
  ];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = await service.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    console.log(`Replaced text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

Folien/snippets/src/SlidesSimpleTextReplace.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;

function simpleTextReplace($presentationId, $shapeId, $replacementText)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    // Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
    $requests = array();
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'deleteText' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'ALL'
            )
        )
    ));
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'insertText' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'insertionIndex' => 0,
            'text' => $replacementText
        )
    ));

    // Execute the requests.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
        'requests' => $requests
    ));
    $response = $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationId, $batchUpdateRequest);
    printf("Replaced text in shape with ID: %s", $shapeId);
    return $response;
}

Python

Folien/Snippets/slides_simple_text_replace.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def simple_text_replace(presentation_id, shape_id, replacement_text):
    """
    Run simple_text_replace the user has access to.
    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()
    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    try:
        slides_service = build('slides', 'v1', credentials=creds)
        # Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
        requests = []
        requests.append({
            'deleteText': {
                'objectId': shape_id,
                'textRange': {
                    'type': 'ALL'
                }
            }
        })
        requests.append({
            'insertText': {
                'objectId': shape_id,
                'insertionIndex': 0,
                'text': replacement_text
            }
        })

        # Execute the requests.
        body = {
            'requests': requests
        }
        response = slides_service.presentations().batchUpdate(
            presentationId=presentation_id, body=body).execute()
        print(f"Replaced text in shape with ID: {shape_id}")
        return response
    except HttpError as error:
        print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
        print("Text is not merged")
        return error


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Put the presentation_id, shape_id and replacement_text
    simple_text_replace('10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4',
                        'MyTextBox_6',
                        'GWSpace_now')

Ruby

Folien/snippets/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Remove existing text in the shape, then insert new text.
requests = [] << {
  delete_text: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type: 'ALL'
    }
  }
} << {
  insert_text: {
    object_id_prop:  shape_id,
    insertion_index: 0,
    text:            replacement_text
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(
  presentation_id,
  req
)
puts "Replaced text in shape with ID: #{shape_id}"

Zeichenformatierung ändern

Die Zeichenformatierung bestimmt das Rendern von Textzeichen in Ihrer Präsentation, einschließlich Schriftart, Farbe und Hyperlinks.

Auf der Konzeptseite Textstruktur und -stile wird beschrieben, wie die Slides API Informationen zum Textstil darstellt.

Verwenden Sie batchUpdate mit UpdateTextStyleRequest, um die Zeichenformatierung von Text zu ändern. Sie müssen die ID der Form oder Tabellenzelle angeben, die den Text enthält, sowie einen Bereich mit den folgenden Informationen:

  • Der Spezifizierer FIXED_RANGE zusammen mit den Start- und Endindexen, die den zu formatierenden Textbereich definieren.
  • Der Spezifizierer FROM_START_INDEX zusammen mit einem Startindex, der den Anfang des Textbereichs definiert, den Sie gestalten möchten.
  • Den Spezifizierer ALL ohne Indexe, um den gesamten Text in der Zielform zu gestalten.

Im folgenden Beispiel werden mehrere Textstilvorgänge für den Text in einer Form ausgeführt:

  • Legt die Schriftart der Zeichen 0 bis 4 auf Fett- und Kursivdruck fest.
  • Legt die Farbe der Zeichen 5–9 in blue (14-pt-Time-New Roman-Schriftart) fest.
  • Verlinkt die Zeichen 10–14 mit www.example.com.

Eine einfache Möglichkeit besteht darin, eine Liste von Anfragen zu erstellen und dann einen batchUpdate-Aufruf zu verwenden:

Apps Script

Folien/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
 * and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
 * New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
 * @param {string} presentationId
 * @param {string} shapeId
 * @returns {*}
 */
function textStyleUpdate(presentationId, shapeId) {
  const requests = [{
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 0,
        endIndex: 5
      },
      style: {
        bold: true,
        italic: true
      },
      fields: 'bold,italic'
    }
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 5,
        endIndex: 10
      },
      style: {
        fontFamily: 'Times New Roman',
        fontSize: {
          magnitude: 14,
          unit: 'PT'
        },
        foregroundColor: {
          opaqueColor: {
            rgbColor: {
              blue: 1.0,
              green: 0.0,
              red: 0.0
            }
          }
        }
      },
      fields: 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize'
    }
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 10,
        endIndex: 15
      },
      style: {
        link: {
          url: 'www.example.com'
        }
      },
      fields: 'link'
    }
  }];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationId);
    console.log('Updated the text style for shape with ID: %s', shapeId);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Ok

Slides/snippets/presentations.go
// Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
// and italicized, and the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
// New Roman font, and the next five are hyperlinked.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	UpdateTextStyle: &slides.UpdateTextStyleRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type:            "FIXED_RANGE",
			StartIndex:      ptrInt64(0),
			EndIndex:        ptrInt64(5),
			ForceSendFields: []string{"StartIndex"},
		},
		Style: &slides.TextStyle{
			Bold:   true,
			Italic: true,
		},
		Fields: "bold,italic",
	},
}, {
	UpdateTextStyle: &slides.UpdateTextStyleRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type:       "FIXED_RANGE",
			StartIndex: ptrInt64(5),
			EndIndex:   ptrInt64(10),
		},
		Style: &slides.TextStyle{
			FontFamily: "Times New Roman",
			FontSize: &slides.Dimension{
				Magnitude: 14.0,
				Unit:      "PT",
			},
			ForegroundColor: &slides.OptionalColor{
				OpaqueColor: &slides.OpaqueColor{
					RgbColor: &slides.RgbColor{
						Blue:  1.0,
						Green: 0.0,
						Red:   0.0,
					},
				},
			},
		},
		Fields: "foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize",
	},
}, {
	UpdateTextStyle: &slides.UpdateTextStyleRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type:       "FIXED_RANGE",
			StartIndex: ptrInt64(10),
			EndIndex:   ptrInt64(15),
		},
		Style: &slides.TextStyle{
			Link: &slides.Link{
				Url: "www.example.com",
			},
		},
		Fields: "link",
	},
}}

// Execute the requests.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()
fmt.Printf("Updated text style for shape with ID: %s", shapeId)

Java

Folien/snippets/src/main/java/TextStyleUpdate.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Dimension;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Link;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.OpaqueColor;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.OptionalColor;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Range;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.RgbColor;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.TextStyle;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.UpdateTextStyleRequest;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slide Text Structure and Styling API */
public class TextStyleUpdate {
  /**
   * Styles text in the shape.
   *
   * @param presentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param shapeId        - id of the shape.
   * @return shape id
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse textStyleUpdate(String presentationId,
                                                                String shapeId)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
    // and italicized, and the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
    // New Roman font, and the next five are hyperlinked.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setUpdateTextStyle(new UpdateTextStyleRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("FIXED_RANGE")
                .setStartIndex(0)
                .setEndIndex(5))
            .setStyle(new TextStyle()
                .setBold(true)
                .setItalic(true))
            .setFields("bold,italic")));
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setUpdateTextStyle(new UpdateTextStyleRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("FIXED_RANGE")
                .setStartIndex(5)
                .setEndIndex(10))
            .setStyle(new TextStyle()
                .setFontFamily("Times New Roman")
                .setFontSize(new Dimension()
                    .setMagnitude(14.0)
                    .setUnit("PT"))
                .setForegroundColor(new OptionalColor()
                    .setOpaqueColor(new OpaqueColor()
                        .setRgbColor(new RgbColor()
                            .setBlue(1.0F)
                            .setGreen(0.0F)
                            .setRed(0.0F)))))
            .setFields("foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize")));
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setUpdateTextStyle(new UpdateTextStyleRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("FIXED_RANGE")
                .setStartIndex(10)
                .setEndIndex(15))
            .setStyle(new TextStyle()
                .setLink(new Link()
                    .setUrl("www.example.com")))
            .setFields("link")));

    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response = null;
    try {
      // Execute the requests.
      BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
          new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
      response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();
      System.out.println("Updated text style for shape with ID: " + shapeId);
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 400) {
        System.out.printf("Shape not found with id '%s'.\n", shapeId);
      } else if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", presentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

Folien/Snippets/slides_text_style_update.js
function textStyleUpdate(presentationId, shapeId, callback) {
  // Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
  // and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
  // New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
  const requests = [{
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 0,
        endIndex: 5,
      },
      style: {
        bold: true,
        italic: true,
      },
      fields: 'bold,italic',
    },
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 5,
        endIndex: 10,
      },
      style: {
        fontFamily: 'Times New Roman',
        fontSize: {
          magnitude: 14,
          unit: 'PT',
        },
        foregroundColor: {
          opaqueColor: {
            rgbColor: {
              blue: 1.0,
              green: 0.0,
              red: 0.0,
            },
          },
        },
      },
      fields: 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize',
    },
  }, {
    updateTextStyle: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
        startIndex: 10,
        endIndex: 15,
      },
      style: {
        link: {
          url: 'www.example.com',
        },
      },
      fields: 'link',
    },
  }];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationId,
      requests: requests,
    }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
      console.log(`Updated the text style for shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
      if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

Folien/Snippets/slides_text_style_update.js
/**
 * Updates text style for a specific presentation's shape ID.
 * @param {string} presentationId The presentation ID.
 * @param {string} shapeId The shape ID.
 */
async function textStyleUpdate(presentationId, shapeId) {
  // Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
  // and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
  // New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
  });

  const service = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});

  const requests = [
    {
      updateTextStyle: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
          startIndex: 0,
          endIndex: 5,
        },
        style: {
          bold: true,
          italic: true,
        },
        fields: 'bold,italic',
      },
    },
    {
      updateTextStyle: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
          startIndex: 5,
          endIndex: 10,
        },
        style: {
          fontFamily: 'Times New Roman',
          fontSize: {
            magnitude: 14,
            unit: 'PT',
          },
          foregroundColor: {
            opaqueColor: {
              rgbColor: {
                blue: 1.0,
                green: 0.0,
                red: 0.0,
              },
            },
          },
        },
        fields: 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize',
      },
    },
    {
      updateTextStyle: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'FIXED_RANGE',
          startIndex: 10,
          endIndex: 15,
        },
        style: {
          link: {
            url: 'www.example.com',
          },
        },
        fields: 'link',
      },
    },
  ];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = await service.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    console.log(`Updated the text style for shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exceptions
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

Folien/snippets/src/SlidesTextStyleUpdate.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;
use Google\Service\Slides\BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;


function textStyleUpdate($presentationId, $shapeId)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    $requests = array();
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'updateTextStyle' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'FIXED_RANGE',
                'startIndex' => 0,
                'endIndex' => 5
            ),
            'style' => array(
                'bold' => true,
                'italic' => true
            ),
            'fields' => 'bold,italic'
        )
    ));
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'updateTextStyle' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'FIXED_RANGE',
                'startIndex' => 5,
                'endIndex' => 10
            ),
            'style' => array(
                'fontFamily' => 'Times New Roman',
                'fontSize' => array(
                    'magnitude' => 14,
                    'unit' => 'PT'
                ),
                'foregroundColor' => array(
                    'opaqueColor' => array(
                        'rgbColor' => array(
                            'blue' => 1.0,
                            'green' => 0.0,
                            'red' => 0.0
                        )
                    )
                )
            ),
            'fields' => 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize'
        )
    ));
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'updateTextStyle' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'FIXED_RANGE',
                'startIndex' => 10,
                'endIndex' => 15
            ),
            'style' => array(
                'link' => array(
                    'url' => 'www.example.com'
                )
            ),
            'fields' => 'link'
        )
    ));

    // Execute the requests.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
        'requests' => $requests
    ));
    $response = $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationId, $batchUpdateRequest);
    printf("Updated the text style for shape with ID: %s", $shapeId);
    return $response;
}

Python

Folien/Snippets/slides_text_style_update.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def text_style_update(presentation_id, shape_id):
    """
    create_sheets_chart the user has access to.
    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()
    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    try:
        service = build('slides', 'v1', credentials=creds)
        # Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
        # and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
        # New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
        requests = [
            {
                'updateTextStyle': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'FIXED_RANGE',
                        'startIndex': 0,
                        'endIndex': 5
                    },
                    'style': {
                        'bold': True,
                        'italic': True
                    },
                    'fields': 'bold,italic'
                }
            },
            {
                'updateTextStyle': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'FIXED_RANGE',
                        'startIndex': 5,
                        'endIndex': 10
                    },
                    'style': {
                        'fontFamily': 'Times New Roman',
                        'fontSize': {
                            'magnitude': 14,
                            'unit': 'PT'
                        },
                        'foregroundColor': {
                            'opaqueColor': {
                                'rgbColor': {
                                    'blue': 1.0,
                                    'green': 0.0,
                                    'red': 0.0
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    },
                    'fields': 'foregroundColor,fontFamily,fontSize'
                }
            },
            {
                'updateTextStyle': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'FIXED_RANGE',
                        'startIndex': 10,
                        'endIndex': 15
                    },
                    'style': {
                        'link': {
                            'url': 'www.example.com'
                        }
                    },
                    'fields': 'link'
                }
            }
        ]

        # Execute the requests.
        body = {
            'requests': requests
        }
        response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(
            presentationId=presentation_id, body=body).execute()
        print(f"Updated the text style for shape with ID:{shape_id}")

        return response
    except HttpError as error:
        print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
        return error


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Put the presentation_id, shape_id of slides
    # to be submitted.
    text_style_update("10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4",
                      "MyTextBox_9")

Ruby

Folien/snippets/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Update the text style so that the first 5 characters are bolded
# and italicized, the next 5 are displayed in blue 14 pt Times
# New Roman font, and the next 5 are hyperlinked.
requests = [] << {
  update_text_style: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type:        'FIXED_RANGE',
      start_index: 0,
      end_index:   5
    },
    style:          {
      bold:   true,
      italic: true
    },
    fields:         'bold,italic'
  }
} << {
  update_text_style: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type:        'FIXED_RANGE',
      start_index: 5,
      end_index:   10
    },
    style:          {
      font_family:      'Times New Roman',
      font_size:        {
        magnitude: 14,
        unit:      'PT'
      },
      foreground_color: {
        opaque_color: {
          rgb_color: {
            blue:  1.0,
            green: 0.0,
            red:   0.0
          }
        }
      }
    },
    fields:         'foreground_color,font_family,font_size'
  }
} << {
  update_text_style: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type:        'FIXED_RANGE',
      start_index: 10,
      end_index:   15
    },
    style:          {
      link: {
        url: 'www.example.com'
      }
    },
    fields:         'link'
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(presentation_id, req)
puts "Updated the text style for shape with ID: #{shape_id}"

Absatzformatierung ändern

Mit der Absatzformatierung legen Sie fest, wie Textblöcke in Ihrer Präsentation gerendert werden, einschließlich Ausrichtung, Einrückung und Listenornamentierung.

Auf der Konzeptseite Textstruktur und -styling wird beschrieben, wie die [[slides_api_short]] Informationen zum Absatzstil darstellen.

Mit der Slides API können Absatzstile aktualisiert, einfache Absätze in Aufzählungslisten umgewandelt und Aufzählungszeichen aus Absätzen entfernt werden.

Absätze in eine Liste umwandeln

Eine gängige Absatzformatierung ist das Umwandeln von Absätzen in eine Liste mit Aufzählungszeichen. Im folgenden Beispiel werden alle Absätze einer Form in eine Aufzählungsliste umgewandelt und ein explizites Aufzählungszeichen angegeben, das verwendet werden soll.

Apps Script

Folien/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
 */
function createBulletedText(presentationId, shapeId) {
  const requests = [{
    createParagraphBullets: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL'
      },
      bulletPreset: 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
    }
  }];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationId);
    console.log('Added bullets to text in shape with ID: %s', shapeId);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Ok

Slides/snippets/presentations.go
// Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	CreateParagraphBullets: &slides.CreateParagraphBulletsRequest{
		ObjectId: shapeId,
		TextRange: &slides.Range{
			Type: "ALL",
		},
		BulletPreset: "BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC",
	},
}}

// Execute the requests.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()
fmt.Printf("Added a linked Sheets chart with ID %s", shapeId)

Java

Folien/snippets/src/main/java/CreateBulletedText.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.CreateParagraphBulletsRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Range;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slide Create Bulleted Text API */
public class CreateBulletedText {
  /**
   * Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
   *
   * @param presentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param shapeId        - id of the shape.
   * @return response
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse createBulletedText(String presentationId,
                                                                   String shapeId)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Collections.singleton(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setCreateParagraphBullets(new CreateParagraphBulletsRequest()
            .setObjectId(shapeId)
            .setTextRange(new Range()
                .setType("ALL"))
            .setBulletPreset("BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC")));

    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response = null;
    try {
      // Execute the request.
      BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
          new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
      response = service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();
      System.out.println("Added bullets to text in shape with ID: " + shapeId);
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 400) {
        System.out.printf("Shape not found with id '%s'.\n", shapeId);
      } else if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", presentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

Folien/Snippets/slides_create_bulleted_text.js
function createBulletedText(presentationId, shapeId, callback) {
  // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
  const requests = [{
    createParagraphBullets: {
      objectId: shapeId,
      textRange: {
        type: 'ALL',
      },
      bulletPreset: 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC',
    },
  }];
  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationId,
      requests: requests,
    }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
      console.log(`Added bullets to text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
      if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

Folien/Snippets/slides_create_bulleted_text.js
/**
 * Creates bulleted text for a presentation.
 * @param {string} presentationId The presentation ID.
 * @param {string} shapeId The shape ID to add bulleted text to.
 */
async function createBulletedText(presentationId, shapeId) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
  });

  const service = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});

  // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
  const requests = [
    {
      createParagraphBullets: {
        objectId: shapeId,
        textRange: {
          type: 'ALL',
        },
        bulletPreset: 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC',
      },
    },
  ];

  // Execute the requests.
  try {
    const batchUpdateResponse = await service.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    console.log(`Added bullets to text in shape with ID: ${shapeId}`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

Slides/snippets/src/SlidesCreateBulletedText.php.
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;


function createBulletedText($presentationId, $shapeId)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    // Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
    $requests = array();
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
        'createParagraphBullets' => array(
            'objectId' => $shapeId,
            'textRange' => array(
                'type' => 'ALL'
            ),
            'bulletPreset' => 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
        )
    ));

    // Execute the request.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
        'requests' => $requests
    ));
    $response = $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationId, $batchUpdateRequest);
    printf("Added bullets to text in shape with ID: %s", $shapeId);
    return $response;
}

Python

Folien/Snippets/slides_create_bulleted_text.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def create_bulleted_text(presentation_id, shape_id):
    """
        Run create_bulleted_text the user has access to.
        Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
        for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
        """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()
    # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
    try:

        slides_service = build('slides', 'v1', credentials=creds)
        # Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
        requests = [
            {
                'createParagraphBullets': {
                    'objectId': shape_id,
                    'textRange': {
                        'type': 'ALL'
                    },
                    'bulletPreset': 'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
                }
            }
        ]

        # Execute the requests.
        body = {
            'requests': requests
        }
        response = slides_service.presentations().batchUpdate(
            presentationId=presentation_id, body=body).execute()
        print(f"Added bullets to text in shape with ID: {shape_id}")

        return response
    except HttpError as error:
        print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
        return error


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Put the presentation_id and shape_id
    # to be submitted.
    create_bulleted_text("1VD1xmi1-9DonI4zmCKENTzlVxIL5SdGGTmbHmnBjQ1E", "MyTextBox_9")

Ruby

Folien/snippets/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Add arrow-diamond-disc bullets to all text in the shape.
requests = [] << {
  create_paragraph_bullets: {
    object_id_prop: shape_id,
    text_range:     {
      type: 'ALL'
    },
    bulletPreset:   'BULLET_ARROW_DIAMOND_DISC'
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(presentation_id, req)
puts "Added bullets to text in shape with ID: #{shape_id}"