애플리케이션별 데이터 저장

컬렉션을 사용해 정리하기 내 환경설정을 기준으로 콘텐츠를 저장하고 분류하세요.

애플리케이션 데이터 폴더는 앱에서 구성 파일과 같은 애플리케이션별 데이터를 저장하는 데 사용할 수 있는 특별한 숨겨진 폴더입니다. 애플리케이션 데이터 폴더에 파일을 만들려고 하면 자동으로 생성됩니다. 이 폴더를 사용하여 사용자가 직접 상호작용하지 않아야 하는 파일을 저장합니다. 이 폴더는 애플리케이션에서만 액세스할 수 있으며 폴더의 콘텐츠는 사용자 및 다른 Drive 앱에 표시되지 않습니다.

사용자가 내 Drive에서 앱을 제거하면 애플리케이션 데이터 폴더가 삭제됩니다. 사용자는 앱의 데이터 폴더를 수동으로 삭제할 수도 있습니다.

애플리케이션 데이터 폴더 범위

애플리케이션 데이터 폴더에 액세스하려면 먼저 https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.appdata 범위에 대한 액세스를 요청해야 합니다. 범위 및 범위에 대한 액세스를 요청하는 방법에 관한 자세한 내용은 사용자 인증을 참고하세요.

애플리케이션 데이터 폴더에 파일 만들기

애플리케이션 데이터 폴더에 파일을 만들려면 파일의 parents 속성에 appDataFolder를 지정하고 files.create 메서드를 사용하여 파일을 폴더에 업로드합니다. 다음 예에서는 클라이언트 라이브러리를 사용하여 파일을 폴더에 삽입하는 방법을 보여줍니다.

자바

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/main/java/UploadAppData.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.FileContent;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.DriveScopes;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collections;

/**
 * Class to demonstrate use-case of create file in the application data folder.
 */
public class UploadAppData {

  /**
   * Creates a file in the application data folder.
   *
   * @return Created file's Id.
   */
  public static String uploadAppData() throws IOException {
        /*Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application.*/
    GoogleCredentials credentials = null;
    try {
      credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
          .createScoped(Arrays.asList(DriveScopes.DRIVE_APPDATA));
    } catch (IOException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Build a new authorized API client service.
    Drive service = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Drive samples")
        .build();
    try {
      // File's metadata.
      File fileMetadata = new File();
      fileMetadata.setName("config.json");
      fileMetadata.setParents(Collections.singletonList("appDataFolder"));
      java.io.File filePath = new java.io.File("files/config.json");
      FileContent mediaContent = new FileContent("application/json", filePath);
      File file = service.files().create(fileMetadata, mediaContent)
          .setFields("id")
          .execute();
      System.out.println("File ID: " + file.getId());
      return file.getId();
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      System.err.println("Unable to create file: " + e.getDetails());
      throw e;
    }
  }

}

Python

드라이브/스니펫/drive-v3/app_data_snippet/upload_appdata.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError
from googleapiclient.http import MediaFileUpload


def upload_appdata():
    """Insert a file in the application data folder and prints file Id.
    Returns : ID's of the inserted files

    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()

    try:
        # call drive api client
        service = build('drive', 'v3', credentials=creds)

        # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
        file_metadata = {
            'name': 'abc.txt',
            'parents': ['appDataFolder']
        }
        media = MediaFileUpload('abc.txt',
                                mimetype='text/txt',
                                resumable=True)
        file = service.files().create(body=file_metadata, media_body=media,
                                      fields='id').execute()
        print(F'File ID: {file.get("id")}')

    except HttpError as error:
        print(F'An error occurred: {error}')
        file = None

    return file.get('id')


if __name__ == '__main__':
    upload_appdata()

Node.js

drive/snippets/drive_v3/appdata_snippets/upload_appdata.js
/**
 * Insert a file in the application data folder and prints file Id
 * */
async function uploadAppdata() {
  // Get credentials and build service
  // TODO (developer) - Use appropriate auth mechanism for your app

  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');
  const fs = require('fs');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.appdata',
  });
  const service = google.drive({version: 'v3', auth});
  const fileMetadata = {
    name: 'config.json',
    parents: ['appDataFolder'],
  };
  const media = {
    mimeType: 'application/json',
    body: fs.createReadStream('files/config.json'),
  };
  try {
    const file = await service.files.create({
      resource: fileMetadata,
      media: media,
      fields: 'id',
    });
    console.log('File Id:', file.data.id);
    return file.data.id;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO(developer) - Handle error
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/DriveUploadAppData.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
function uploadAppData()
{
   try {
    $client = new Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE);
    $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE_APPDATA);
    $driveService = new Drive($client);
    $fileMetadata = new Drive\DriveFile(array(
        'name' => 'config.json',
        'parents' => array('appDataFolder')
    ));
    $content = file_get_contents('../files/config.json');
    $file = $driveService->files->create($fileMetadata, array(
        'data' => $content,
        'mimeType' => 'application/json',
        'uploadType' => 'multipart',
        'fields' => 'id'));
    printf("File ID: %s\n", $file->id);
    return $file->id;

   } catch(Exception $e) {
     echo "Error Message: ".$e;
   }  
}

.NET

drive/snippets/drive_v3/DriveV3snippets/UploadAppData.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3;
using Google.Apis.Services;

namespace DriveV3Snippets
{
    // Class of demonstrate the use of Drive upload app data. 
    public class UploadAppData
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Insert a file in the application data folder and prints file Id.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="filePath">File path to upload.</param>
        /// <returns>ID's of the inserted files, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static string DriveUploadAppData(string filePath)
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(DriveService.Scope.DriveAppdata);

                // Create Drive API service.
                var service = new DriveService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Drive API Snippets"
                });
                var fileMetadata = new Google.Apis.Drive.v3.Data.File()
                {
                    Name = "config.json",
                    Parents = new List<string>()
                    {
                        "appDataFolder"
                    }
                };
                FilesResource.CreateMediaUpload request;
                using (var stream = new FileStream(filePath,
                           FileMode.Open))
                {
                    request = service.Files.Create(
                        fileMetadata, stream, "application/json");
                    request.Fields = "id";
                    request.Upload();
                }

                var file = request.ResponseBody;
                // Prints the file id.
                Console.WriteLine("File ID: " + file.Id);
                return file.Id;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

폴더에 파일을 만드는 방법에 관한 자세한 내용은 폴더 만들기 및 채우기를 참고하세요.

애플리케이션 데이터 폴더에서 파일 검색

애플리케이션 데이터 폴더에서 파일을 검색하려면 spaces 필드를 appDataFolder로 설정하고 files.list 메서드를 사용합니다. 다음 예에서는 클라이언트 라이브러리를 사용하여 애플리케이션 데이터 폴더에서 파일을 검색하는 방법을 보여줍니다.

자바

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/main/java/ListAppData.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.DriveScopes;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.FileList;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 * Class to demonstrate use-case of list 10 files in the application data folder.
 */
public class ListAppData {

  /**
   * list down files in the application data folder.
   *
   * @return list of 10 files.
   */
  public static FileList listAppData() throws IOException {
        /*Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application.*/
    GoogleCredentials credentials = null;
    try {
      credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
          .createScoped(Arrays.asList(DriveScopes.DRIVE_APPDATA));
    } catch (IOException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Build a new authorized API client service.
    Drive service = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Drive samples")
        .build();
    try {
      FileList files = service.files().list()
          .setSpaces("appDataFolder")
          .setFields("nextPageToken, files(id, name)")
          .setPageSize(10)
          .execute();
      for (File file : files.getFiles()) {
        System.out.printf("Found file: %s (%s)\n",
            file.getName(), file.getId());
      }

      return files;
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      System.err.println("Unable to list files: " + e.getDetails());
      throw e;
    }
  }

}

Python

드라이브/스니펫/drive-v3/app_data_snippet/list_appdata.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def list_appdata():
    """List all files inserted in the application data folder
    prints file titles with Ids.
    Returns : List of items

    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()

    try:
        # call drive api client
        service = build('drive', 'v3', credentials=creds)

        # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
        response = service.files().list(spaces='appDataFolder',
                                        fields='nextPageToken, files(id, '
                                               'name)', pageSize=10).execute()
        for file in response.get('files', []):
            # Process change
            print(F'Found file: {file.get("name")}, {file.get("id")}')

    except HttpError as error:
        print(F'An error occurred: {error}')
        response = None

    return response.get('files')


if __name__ == '__main__':
    list_appdata()

Node.js

drive/snippets/drive_v3/appdata_snippets/list_appdata.js
/**
 * Copyright 2022 Google LLC
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

/**
 * List all files inserted in the application data folder
 * */
async function listAppdata() {
  // Get credentials and build service
  // TODO (developer) - Use appropriate auth mechanism for your app

  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.appdata',
  });
  const service = google.drive({version: 'v3', auth});
  try {
    const res = await service.files.list({
      spaces: 'appDataFolder',
      fields: 'nextPageToken, files(id, name)',
      pageSize: 100,
    });
    res.data.files.forEach(function(file) {
      console.log('Found file:', file.name, file.id);
    });
    return res.data.files;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO(developer) - Handle error
    throw err;
  }
}

module.exports = listAppdata;

PHP

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/DriveListAppData.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
function listAppData()
{
    try {
        $client = new Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE);
        $driveService = new Drive($client);
        $response = $driveService->files->listFiles(array(
            'spaces' => 'appDataFolder',
            'fields' => 'nextPageToken, files(id, name)',
            'pageSize' => 10
        ));
        foreach ($response->files as $file) {
            printf("Found file: %s (%s)", $file->name, $file->id);
        }
        return $response->files;

    }catch(Exception $e) {
        echo "Error Message: ".$e;
    }

}

.NET

drive/snippets/drive_v3/DriveV3snippets/ListAppData.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3.Data;
using Google.Apis.Services;

namespace DriveV3Snippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate use-case of Drive's list files in the application data folder.
    public class ListAppData
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// List down files in the application data folder.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>list of 10 files, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static FileList DriveListAppData()
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(DriveService.Scope.DriveAppdata);

                // Create Drive API service.
                var service = new DriveService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Drive API Snippets"
                });

                var request = service.Files.List();
                request.Spaces = "appDataFolder";
                request.Fields = "nextPageToken, files(id, name)";
                request.PageSize = 10;
                var result = request.Execute();
                foreach (var file in result.Files)
                {
                    // Prints the list of 10 file names.
                    Console.WriteLine("Found file: {0} ({1})", file.Name, file.Id);
                }
                return result;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}