将数据合并到演示文稿中

Google 幻灯片 API 的一个实用应用是将来自一个或多个数据源的信息合并到一个模板化的演示文稿中。

本页概述了如何从外部来源获取数据,并将其插入现有模板演示文稿。此概念类似于使用文字处理器和电子表格进行邮件合并的概念。

此方法实用的原因有以下几种:

  • 设计人员可以使用 Google 幻灯片编辑器轻松对演示文稿的设计进行微调。这比调整应用中的参数来设置渲染的幻灯片设计要简单得多。

  • 将内容与演示文稿分离是一个众所周知的设计原则,它具有许多优势。

合并的概念图。

基本食谱

以下示例展示了如何使用幻灯片 API 将数据合并到演示文稿:

  1. 根据需要创建演示文稿,并使用占位符内容来帮助您进行设计。

  2. 对于您要插入的每个内容元素,使用标记替换占位符内容。标记是具有唯一字符串的文本框或形状。请务必使用不太可能正常出现的字符串。例如,{{account-holder-name}} 可能就是一个合适的标记。

  3. 在代码中,使用 Google Drive API 创建演示文稿的副本。

  4. 在您的代码中,使用幻灯片 API 的 batchUpdate 方法和一组 replaceAllText 请求来执行整个演示文稿中的所有文本替换。使用 replaceAllShapesWithImage 请求替换整个演示文稿中的图片。

创建包含标记的演示文稿后,请务必创建副本,并使用幻灯片 API 处理副本。请勿使用幻灯片 API 处理您的主“模板”副本!

以下部分包含介绍此流程部分操作的代码段。您还可以观看上面的视频,查看完整示例 (Python),这个示例组合了下面各个部分中的多个概念。

合并文本

您可以使用 replaceAllText 请求将演示文稿中给定文本字符串的所有实例替换为新文本。对于合并,这比单独查找和替换文本的每个实例更简单。这是最复杂的方法的一个原因是页面元素 ID 难以预测,特别是在协作者优化和维护模板演示文稿时。

示例

此示例使用 Drive API 复制模板演示文稿,并创建新的演示文稿实例。然后使用 Google 表格 API 从表格电子表格读取数据,最后使用幻灯片 API 更新新的演示文稿。

该示例从电子表格中命名范围所在行的 3 个单元格中提取数据。然后,每当出现字符串 {{customer-name}}{{case-description}}{{total-portfolio}} 时,它都会将该数据替换为演示文稿。

Apps 脚本

slides/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId
 * @param {string} dataSpreadsheetId
 * @returns {*[]}
 */
function textMerging(templatePresentationId, dataSpreadsheetId) {
  let responses = [];
  const dataRangeNotation = 'Customers!A2:M6';
  try {
    let values = SpreadsheetApp.openById(dataSpreadsheetId).getRange(dataRangeNotation).getValues();

    // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
    for (let i = 0; i < values.length; ++i) {
      const row = values[i];
      const customerName = row[2]; // name in column 3
      const caseDescription = row[5]; // case description in column 6
      const totalPortfolio = row[11]; // total portfolio in column 12

      // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
      const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
      let copyFile = {
        title: copyTitle,
        parents: [{id: 'root'}]
      };
      copyFile = Drive.Files.copy(copyFile, templatePresentationId);
      const presentationCopyId = copyFile.id;

      // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
      const requests = [{
        replaceAllText: {
          containsText: {
            text: '{{customer-name}}',
            matchCase: true
          },
          replaceText: customerName
        }
      }, {
        replaceAllText: {
          containsText: {
            text: '{{case-description}}',
            matchCase: true
          },
          replaceText: caseDescription
        }
      }, {
        replaceAllText: {
          containsText: {
            text: '{{total-portfolio}}',
            matchCase: true
          },
          replaceText: totalPortfolio + ''
        }
      }];

      // Execute the requests for this presentation.
      const result = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
        requests: requests
      }, presentationCopyId);
      // Count the total number of replacements made.
      let numReplacements = 0;
      result.replies.forEach(function(reply) {
        numReplacements += reply.replaceAllText.occurrencesChanged;
      });
      console.log('Created presentation for %s with ID: %s', customerName, presentationCopyId);
      console.log('Replaced %s text instances', numReplacements);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Go

slides/snippets/presentations.go
// Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
dataRangeNotation := "Customers!A2:M6"
sheetsResponse, _ := sheetsService.Spreadsheets.Values.Get(dataSpreadsheetId, dataRangeNotation).Do()
values := sheetsResponse.Values

// For each record, create a new merged presentation.
for _, row := range values {
	customerName := row[2].(string)
	caseDescription := row[5].(string)
	totalPortfolio := row[11].(string)

	// Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
	copyTitle := customerName + " presentation"
	file := drive.File{
		Title: copyTitle,
	}
	presentationFile, _ := driveService.Files.Copy(templatePresentationId, &file).Do()
	presentationId := presentationFile.Id

	// Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
	requests := []*slides.Request{{
		ReplaceAllText: &slides.ReplaceAllTextRequest{
			ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
				Text:      "{{customer-name}}",
				MatchCase: true,
			},
			ReplaceText: customerName,
		},
	}, {
		ReplaceAllText: &slides.ReplaceAllTextRequest{
			ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
				Text:      "{{case-description}}",
				MatchCase: true,
			},
			ReplaceText: caseDescription,
		},
	}, {
		ReplaceAllText: &slides.ReplaceAllTextRequest{
			ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
				Text:      "{{total-portfolio}}",
				MatchCase: true,
			},
			ReplaceText: totalPortfolio,
		},
	}}

	// Execute the requests for this presentation.
	body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{
		Requests: requests,
	}
	response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()

Java

slides/snippets/src/main/java/TextMerging.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.Sheets;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.ValueRange;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.ReplaceAllTextRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Response;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.SubstringMatchCriteria;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slides Text Merging API */
public class TextMerging {
  /**
   * Changes specified texts with data from spreadsheet.
   *
   * @param templatePresentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param dataSpreadsheetId      - id of the spreadsheet containing data.
   * @return merged presentation id
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static List<BatchUpdatePresentationResponse> textMerging(
      String templatePresentationId, String dataSpreadsheetId) throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Arrays.asList(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS,
            SlidesScopes.DRIVE, SlidesScopes.SPREADSHEETS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Create the drive API client
    Drive driveService = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Create the sheets API client
    Sheets sheetsService = new Sheets.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    List<BatchUpdatePresentationResponse> responses = new ArrayList<>(5);
    // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
    String dataRangeNotation = "Customers!A2:M6";
    ValueRange sheetsResponse = sheetsService.spreadsheets().values()
        .get(dataSpreadsheetId, dataRangeNotation).execute();
    List<List<Object>> values = sheetsResponse.getValues();

    try {
      // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
      for (List<Object> row : values) {
        String customerName = row.get(2).toString();     // name in column 3
        String caseDescription = row.get(5).toString();  // case description in column 6
        String totalPortfolio = row.get(11).toString();  // total portfolio in column 12

        // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
        String copyTitle = customerName + " presentation";
        File content = new File().setName(copyTitle);
        File presentationFile =
            driveService.files().copy(templatePresentationId, content).execute();
        String presentationId = presentationFile.getId();

        // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
        List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
        requests.add(new Request()
            .setReplaceAllText(new ReplaceAllTextRequest()
                .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                    .setText("{{customer-name}}")
                    .setMatchCase(true))
                .setReplaceText(customerName)));
        requests.add(new Request()
            .setReplaceAllText(new ReplaceAllTextRequest()
                .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                    .setText("{{case-description}}")
                    .setMatchCase(true))
                .setReplaceText(caseDescription)));
        requests.add(new Request()
            .setReplaceAllText(new ReplaceAllTextRequest()
                .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                    .setText("{{total-portfolio}}")
                    .setMatchCase(true))
                .setReplaceText(totalPortfolio)));

        // Execute the requests for this presentation.
        BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
            new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
        BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response =
            service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();

        // Count total number of replacements made.
        int numReplacements = 0;
        for (Response resp : response.getReplies()) {
          numReplacements += resp.getReplaceAllText().getOccurrencesChanged();
        }
        // Prints the merged presentation id and count of replacements.
        System.out.println("Created merged presentation for " +
            customerName + " with ID: " + presentationId);
        System.out.println("Replaced " + numReplacements + " text instances.");
      }
    } catch (NullPointerException ne) {
      System.out.println("Text not found to replace with image.");
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", templatePresentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return responses;
  }
}

JavaScript

slides/snippets/slides_text_merge.js
function textMerging(templatePresentationId, dataSpreadsheetId, callback) {
  // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
  const responses = [];
  const dataRangeNotation = 'Customers!A2:M6';
  try {
    gapi.client.sheets.spreadsheets.values.get({
      spreadsheetId: dataSpreadsheetId,
      range: dataRangeNotation,
    }).then((sheetsResponse) => {
      const values = sheetsResponse.result.values;
      // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
      for (let i = 0; i < values.length; ++i) {
        const row = values[i];
        const customerName = row[2]; // name in column 3
        const caseDescription = row[5]; // case description in column 6
        const totalPortfolio = row[11]; // total portfolio in column 12

        // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
        const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
        const request = {
          name: copyTitle,
        };
        gapi.client.drive.files.copy({
          fileId: templatePresentationId,
          requests: request,
        }).then((driveResponse) => {
          const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.result.id;

          // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
          const requests = [{
            replaceAllText: {
              containsText: {
                text: '{{customer-name}}',
                matchCase: true,
              },
              replaceText: customerName,
            },
          }, {
            replaceAllText: {
              containsText: {
                text: '{{case-description}}',
                matchCase: true,
              },
              replaceText: caseDescription,
            },
          }, {
            replaceAllText: {
              containsText: {
                text: '{{total-portfolio}}',
                matchCase: true,
              },
              replaceText: totalPortfolio,
            },
          }];

          // Execute the requests for this presentation.
          gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
            presentationId: presentationCopyId,
            requests: requests,
          }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
            const result = batchUpdateResponse.result;
            responses.push(result.replies);
            // Count the total number of replacements made.
            let numReplacements = 0;
            for (let i = 0; i < result.replies.length; ++i) {
              numReplacements += result.replies[i].replaceAllText.occurrencesChanged;
            }
            console.log(`Created presentation for ${customerName} with ID: ${presentationCopyId}`);
            console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} text instances`);
            if (responses.length === values.length) { // callback for the last value
              if (callback) callback(responses);
            }
          });
        });
      }
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

slides/snippets/slides_text_merge.js
/**
 * Adds data from a spreadsheet to a template presentation.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId The template presentation ID.
 * @param {string} dataSpreadsheetId  The data spreadsheet ID.
 */
async function textMerging(templatePresentationId, dataSpreadsheetId) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: [
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive',
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets',
    ],
  });

  const slidesService = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});
  const sheetsService = google.sheets({version: 'v4', auth});
  const driveService = google.drive({version: 'v2', auth});

  // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
  const responses = [];
  const dataRangeNotation = 'A2:M6';

  try {
    const sheetsResponse = await sheetsService.spreadsheets.values.get({
      spreadsheetId: dataSpreadsheetId,
      range: dataRangeNotation,
    });
    const values = sheetsResponse.data.values;

    // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
    for (let i = 0; i < values.length; ++i) {
      const row = values[i];
      const customerName = row[2]; // name in column 3
      const caseDescription = row[5]; // case description in column 6
      const totalPortfolio = row[11]; // total portfolio in column 12

      // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
      const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
      let requests = {
        name: copyTitle,
      };

      const driveResponse = await driveService.files.copy({
        fileId: templatePresentationId,
        requests,
      });

      const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.data.id;
      // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
      requests = [
        {
          replaceAllText: {
            containsText: {
              text: '{{customer-name}}',
              matchCase: true,
            },
            replaceText: customerName,
          },
        },
        {
          replaceAllText: {
            containsText: {
              text: '{{case-description}}',
              matchCase: true,
            },
            replaceText: caseDescription,
          },
        },
        {
          replaceAllText: {
            containsText: {
              text: '{{total-portfolio}}',
              matchCase: true,
            },
            replaceText: totalPortfolio,
          },
        },
      ];
      // Execute the requests for this presentation.
      const batchUpdateResponse = await slidesService.presentations.batchUpdate(
          {
            presentationId: presentationCopyId,
            resource: {
              requests,
            },
          },
      );
      const result = batchUpdateResponse.data;
      // Count the total number of replacements made.
      let numReplacements = 0;
      for (let i = 0; i < result.replies.length; ++i) {
        numReplacements += result.replies[i].replaceAllText.occurrencesChanged;
      }
      console.log(
          `Created presentation for ${customerName} with ID: ` +
          presentationCopyId,
      );
      console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} text instances`);
      return result;
    }
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

slides/snippets/src/SlidesTextMerging.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;

function textMerging($templatePresentationId, $dataSpreadsheetId)
{

    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    $driveService = new Google_Service_Drive($client);
    $sheetsService = new Google_Service_Sheets($client);
    try {
        $responses = array();
        // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
        $dataRangeNotation = 'Customers!A2:M6';
        $sheetsResponse =
            $sheetsService->spreadsheets_values->get($dataSpreadsheetId, $dataRangeNotation);
        $values = $sheetsResponse['values'];

        // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
        foreach ($values as $row) {
            $customerName = $row[2];     // name in column 3
            $caseDescription = $row[5];  // case description in column 6
            $totalPortfolio = $row[11];  // total portfolio in column 12

            // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
            $copy = new Google_Service_Drive_DriveFile(array(
                'name' => $customerName . ' presentation'
            ));
            $driveResponse = $driveService->files->copy($templatePresentationId, $copy);
            $presentationCopyId = $driveResponse->id;

            // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
            $requests = array();
            $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
                'replaceAllText' => array(
                    'containsText' => array(
                        'text' => '{{customer-name}}',
                        'matchCase' => true
                    ),
                    'replaceText' => $customerName
                )
            ));
            $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
                'replaceAllText' => array(
                    'containsText' => array(
                        'text' => '{{case-description}}',
                        'matchCase' => true
                    ),
                    'replaceText' => $caseDescription
                )
            ));
            $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
                'replaceAllText' => array(
                    'containsText' => array(
                        'text' => '{{total-portfolio}}',
                        'matchCase' => true
                    ),
                    'replaceText' => $totalPortfolio
                )
            ));

            // Execute the requests for this presentation.
            $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
                'requests' => $requests
            ));
            $response =
                $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationCopyId, $batchUpdateRequest);
            $responses[] = $response;
            // Count the total number of replacements made.
            $numReplacements = 0;
            foreach ($response->getReplies() as $reply) {
                $numReplacements += $reply->getReplaceAllText()->getOccurrencesChanged();
            }
            printf("Created presentation for %s with ID: %s\n", $customerName, $presentationCopyId);
            printf("Replaced %d text instances.\n", $numReplacements);
        }
        return $responses;
    } catch (Exception $e) {
        echo 'Message: ' . $e->getMessage();
    }
}

Python

slides/snippets/slides_text_merge.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def text_merging(template_presentation_id, data_spreadsheet_id):
  """
  Run Text merging the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member

  try:
    service = build("slides", "v1", credentials=creds)
    sheets_service = build("sheets", "v4", credentials=creds)
    drive_service = build("drive", "v3", credentials=creds)
    # Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
    data_range_notation = "Customers!A2:M6"
    sheets_response = (
        sheets_service.spreadsheets()
        .values()
        .get(spreadsheetId=data_spreadsheet_id, range=data_range_notation)
        .execute()
    )
    values = sheets_response.get("values")

    # For each record, create a new merged presentation.
    for row in values:
      customer_name = row[2]  # name in column 3
      case_description = row[5]  # case description in column 6
      total_portfolio = row[11]  # total portfolio in column 12

      # Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
      copy_title = customer_name + " presentation"
      body = {"name": copy_title}
      drive_response = (
          drive_service.files()
          .copy(fileId=template_presentation_id, body=body)
          .execute()
      )
      presentation_copy_id = drive_response.get("id")

      # Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests
      # for this presentation.
      requests = [
          {
              "replaceAllText": {
                  "containsText": {
                      "text": "{{customer-name}}",
                      "matchCase": True,
                  },
                  "replaceText": customer_name,
              }
          },
          {
              "replaceAllText": {
                  "containsText": {
                      "text": "{{case-description}}",
                      "matchCase": True,
                  },
                  "replaceText": case_description,
              }
          },
          {
              "replaceAllText": {
                  "containsText": {
                      "text": "{{total-portfolio}}",
                      "matchCase": True,
                  },
                  "replaceText": total_portfolio,
              }
          },
      ]

      # Execute the requests for this presentation.
      body = {"requests": requests}
      response = (
          service.presentations()
          .batchUpdate(presentationId=presentation_copy_id, body=body)
          .execute()
      )

      # Count the total number of replacements made.
      num_replacements = 0
      for reply in response.get("replies"):
        if reply.get("occurrencesChanged") is not None:
          num_replacements += reply.get("replaceAllText").get(
              "occurrencesChanged"
          )
      print(
          "Created presentation for "
          f"{customer_name} with ID: {presentation_copy_id}"
      )
      print(f"Replaced {num_replacements} text instances")

  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Put the template_presentation_id, data_spreadsheet_id
  # of slides

  text_merging(
      "10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4",
      "17eqFZl_WK4WVixX8PjvjfLD77DraoFwMDXeiHB3dvuM",
  )

Ruby

slides/snippets/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
data_range_notation = 'Customers!A2:M6'
sheets_response = sheets_service.get_spreadsheet_values(
  data_spreadsheet_id,
  data_range_notation
)
values = sheets_response.values

# For each record, create a new merged presentation.
values.each do |row|
  customer_name = row[2]       # name in column 3
  case_description = row[5]    # case description in column 6
  total_portfolio = row[11]    # total portfolio in column 12

  # Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
  copy_title = customer_name + ' presentation'
  body = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::Presentation.new
  body.title = copy_title
  drive_response = drive_service.copy_file(template_presentation_id, body)
  presentation_copy_id = drive_response.id

  # Create the text merge (replace_all_text) requests for this presentation.
  requests = [] << {
    replace_all_text: {
      contains_text: {
        text:       '{{customer-name}}',
        match_case: true
      },
      replace_text:  customer_name
    }
  } << {
    replace_all_text: {
      contains_text: {
        text:       '{{case-description}}',
        match_case: true
      },
      replace_text:  case_description
    }
  } << {
    replace_all_text: {
      contains_text: {
        text:       '{{total-portfolio}}',
        match_case: true
      },
      replace_text:  total_portfolio
    }
  }

  # Execute the requests for this presentation.
  req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
  response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(
    presentation_copy_id,
    req
  )

合并图片

您还可以使用 replaceAllShapesWithImage 请求将图片合并到演示文稿中。此请求会将包含提供的文本字符串的所有形状实例替换为提供的图片。该请求会根据标记形状的边界自动确定图片的位置和缩放比例,同时保持图片的宽高比。

示例

此示例使用 Google Drive API 复制模板演示文稿,并创建新的演示文稿实例。然后,它使用 Tables API 查找包含文本 {{company-logo}} 的任何形状,并将其替换为公司徽标图片。该请求还会将任何形状替换为文本 {{customer-graphic}},并替换为其他图片。

Apps 脚本

slides/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId
 * @param {string} imageUrl
 * @param {string} customerName
 * @returns {*}
 */
function imageMerging(templatePresentationId, imageUrl, customerName) {
  const logoUrl = imageUrl;
  const customerGraphicUrl = imageUrl;

  const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
  let copyFile = {
    title: copyTitle,
    parents: [{id: 'root'}]
  };

  try {
    copyFile = Drive.Files.copy(copyFile, templatePresentationId);
    const presentationCopyId = copyFile.id;

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    const requests = [{
      replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
        imageUrl: logoUrl,
        imageReplaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
        containsText: {
          text: '{{company-logo}}',
          matchCase: true
        }
      }
    }, {
      replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
        imageUrl: customerGraphicUrl,
        imageReplaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
        containsText: {
          text: '{{customer-graphic}}',
          matchCase: true
        }
      }
    }];

    // Execute the requests for this presentation.
    let batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationCopyId);
    let numReplacements = 0;
    batchUpdateResponse.replies.forEach(function(reply) {
      numReplacements += reply.replaceAllShapesWithImage.occurrencesChanged;
    });
    console.log('Created merged presentation with ID: %s', presentationCopyId);
    console.log('Replaced %s shapes with images.', numReplacements);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Go

slides/snippets/presentations.go
// Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
copyTitle := customerName + " presentation"
file := drive.File{
	Title: copyTitle,
}
presentationFile, _ := driveService.Files.Copy(templatePresentationId, &file).Do()
presentationId := presentationFile.Id

// Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	ReplaceAllShapesWithImage: &slides.ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest{
		ImageUrl:      logoURL,
		ReplaceMethod: "CENTER_INSIDE",
		ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
			Text:      "{{company-logo}}",
			MatchCase: true,
		},
	},
}, {
	ReplaceAllShapesWithImage: &slides.ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest{
		ImageUrl:      customerGraphicURL,
		ReplaceMethod: "CENTER_INSIDE",
		ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
			Text:      "{{customer-graphic}}",
			MatchCase: true,
		},
	},
}}

// Execute the requests for this presentation.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()

// Count total number of replacements made.
var numReplacements int64 = 0
for _, resp := range response.Replies {
	numReplacements += resp.ReplaceAllShapesWithImage.OccurrencesChanged
}
fmt.Printf("Created merged presentation with ID %s\n", presentationId)
fmt.Printf("Replaced %d shapes instances with images.\n", numReplacements)

Java

slides/snippets/src/main/java/ImageMerging.java
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Response;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.SubstringMatchCriteria;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slides Image Merging API */
public class ImageMerging {
  /**
   * Changes specified texts into images.
   *
   * @param templatePresentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param imageUrl               - Url of the image.
   * @param customerName           - Name of the customer.
   * @return merged presentation id
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse imageMerging(String templatePresentationId,
                                                             String imageUrl,
                                                             String customerName)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Arrays.asList(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS,
            SlidesScopes.DRIVE));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Create the drive API client
    Drive driveService = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
    String copyTitle = customerName + " presentation";
    File content = new File().setName(copyTitle);
    File presentationFile =
        driveService.files().copy(templatePresentationId, content).execute();
    String presentationId = presentationFile.getId();

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setReplaceAllShapesWithImage(new ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest()
            .setImageUrl(imageUrl)
            .setImageReplaceMethod("CENTER_INSIDE")
            .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                .setText("{{company-logo}}")
                .setMatchCase(true))));

    // Execute the requests.
    BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
        new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response =
        service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();

    int numReplacements = 0;
    try {
      // Count total number of replacements made.
      for (Response resp : response.getReplies()) {
        numReplacements += resp.getReplaceAllShapesWithImage().getOccurrencesChanged();
      }

      // Prints the merged presentation id and count of replacements.
      System.out.println("Created merged presentation with ID: " + presentationId);
      System.out.println("Replaced " + numReplacements + " shapes instances with images.");
    } catch (NullPointerException ne) {
      System.out.println("Text not found to replace with image.");
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

slides/snippets/slides_image_merge.js
function imageMerging(
    templatePresentationId,
    imageUrl,
    customerName,
    callback,
) {
  const logoUrl = imageUrl;
  const customerGraphicUrl = imageUrl;

  // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
  const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
  try {
    gapi.client.drive.files
        .copy({
          fileId: templatePresentationId,
          resource: {
            name: copyTitle,
          },
        })
        .then((driveResponse) => {
          const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.result.id;

          // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
          const requests = [
            {
              replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
                imageUrl: logoUrl,
                replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
                containsText: {
                  text: '{{company-logo}}',
                  matchCase: true,
                },
              },
            },
            {
              replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
                imageUrl: customerGraphicUrl,
                replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
                containsText: {
                  text: '{{customer-graphic}}',
                  matchCase: true,
                },
              },
            },
          ];
          // Execute the requests for this presentation.
          gapi.client.slides.presentations
              .batchUpdate({
                presentationId: presentationCopyId,
                requests: requests,
              })
              .then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
                let numReplacements = 0;
                for (
                  let i = 0;
                  i < batchUpdateResponse.result.replies.length;
                  ++i
                ) {
                  numReplacements +=
                batchUpdateResponse.result.replies[i].replaceAllShapesWithImage
                    .occurrencesChanged;
                }
                console.log(
                    `Created merged presentation with ID: ${presentationCopyId}`,
                );
                console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} shapes with images.`);
                if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
              });
        });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

slides/snippets/slides_image_merge.js
/**
 * Add an image to a template presentation.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId The template presentation ID.
 * @param {string} imageUrl The image URL
 * @param {string} customerName A customer name used for the title
 */
async function imageMerging(templatePresentationId, imageUrl, customerName) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: [
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive',
    ],
  });

  const slidesService = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});
  const driveService = google.drive({version: 'v2', auth});
  const logoUrl = imageUrl;
  const customerGraphicUrl = imageUrl;

  // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
  const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
  try {
    const driveResponse = await driveService.files.copy({
      fileId: templatePresentationId,
      resource: {
        name: copyTitle,
      },
    });
    const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.data.id;

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    const requests = [
      {
        replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
          imageUrl: logoUrl,
          replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
          containsText: {
            text: '{{company-logo}}',
            matchCase: true,
          },
        },
      },
      {
        replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
          imageUrl: customerGraphicUrl,
          replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
          containsText: {
            text: '{{customer-graphic}}',
            matchCase: true,
          },
        },
      },
    ];

    // Execute the requests for this presentation.
    const batchUpdateResponse = await slidesService.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationCopyId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    let numReplacements = 0;
    for (let i = 0; i < batchUpdateResponse.data.replies.length; ++i) {
      numReplacements +=
        batchUpdateResponse.data.replies[i].replaceAllShapesWithImage
            .occurrencesChanged;
    }
    console.log(`Created merged presentation with ID: ${presentationCopyId}`);
    console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} shapes with images.`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

slides/snippets/src/SlidesImageMerging.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\DriveFile;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;


function imageMerging($templatePresentationId, $imageUrl, $customerName)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    $driveService = new Google_Service_Drive($client);
    // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
    $copy = new Google_Service_Drive_DriveFile([
        'name' => $customerName . ' presentation'
    ]);

    $driveResponse = $driveService->files->copy($templatePresentationId, $copy);
    $presentationCopyId = $driveResponse->id;

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.

    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request([
        'replaceAllShapesWithImage' => [
            'imageUrl' => $imageUrl,
            'replaceMethod' => 'CENTER_INSIDE',
            'containsText' => [
                'text' => '{{company-logo}}',
                'matchCase' => true
            ]
        ]
    ]);
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request([
        'replaceAllShapesWithImage' => [
            'imageUrl' => $imageUrl,
            'replaceMethod' => 'CENTER_INSIDE',
            'containsText' => [
                'text' => '{{customer-graphic}}',
                'matchCase' => true
            ]
        ]
    ]);

    // Execute the requests.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest([
        'requests' => $requests
    ]);
    $response =
        $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationCopyId, $batchUpdateRequest);

    // Count the total number of replacements made.
    $numReplacements = 0;
    foreach ($response->getReplies() as $reply) {
        $numReplacements += $reply->getReplaceAllShapesWithImage()->getOccurrencesChanged();
    }
    printf("Created presentation for %s with ID: %s\n", $customerName, $presentationCopyId);
    printf("Replaced %d shapes with images.\n", $numReplacements);
    return $response;
}

Python

slides/snippets/slides_image_merge.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def image_merging(template_presentation_id, image_url, customer_name):
  """image_merging require template_presentation_id,
  image_url and customer_name
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  try:
    slides_service = build("slides", "v1", credentials=creds)
    drive_service = build("drive", "v3", credentials=creds)
    logo_url = image_url

    customer_graphic_url = image_url

    # Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
    copy_title = customer_name + " presentation"
    drive_response = (
        drive_service.files()
        .copy(fileId=template_presentation_id, body={"name": copy_title})
        .execute()
    )
    presentation_copy_id = drive_response.get("id")

    # Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    requests = []
    requests.append(
        {
            "replaceAllShapesWithImage": {
                "imageUrl": logo_url,
                "replaceMethod": "CENTER_INSIDE",
                "containsText": {
                    "text": "{{company-logo}}",
                    "matchCase": True,
                },
            }
        }
    )
    requests.append(
        {
            "replaceAllShapesWithImage": {
                "imageUrl": customer_graphic_url,
                "replaceMethod": "CENTER_INSIDE",
                "containsText": {
                    "text": "{{customer-graphic}}",
                    "matchCase": True,
                },
            }
        }
    )

    # Execute the requests.
    body = {"requests": requests}
    response = (
        slides_service.presentations()
        .batchUpdate(presentationId=presentation_copy_id, body=body)
        .execute()
    )

    # Count the number of replacements made.
    num_replacements = 0

    for reply in response.get("replies"):
      # add below line

      if reply.get("occurrencesChanged") is not None:
        # end tag
        num_replacements += reply.get("replaceAllShapesWithImage").get(
            "occurrencesChanged"
        )

    print(f"Created merged presentation with ID:{presentation_copy_id}")
    print(f"Replaced {num_replacements} shapes with images")
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    print("Images is not merged")
    return error

  return response


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Put the template_presentation_id, image_url and customer_name

  image_merging(
      "10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4",
      "https://www.google.com/images/branding/"
      "googlelogo/2x/googlelogo_color_272x92dp.png",
      "Fake Customer",
  )

Ruby

slides/snippets/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
copy_title = customer_name + ' presentation'
body = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::Presentation.new
body.title = copy_title
drive_response = drive_service.copy_file(template_presentation_id, body)
presentation_copy_id = drive_response.id

# Create the image merge (replace_all_shapes_with_image) requests.
requests = [] << {
  replace_all_shapes_with_image: {
    image_url:      logo_url,
    replace_method: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
    contains_text:  {
      text:       '{{company-logo}}',
      match_case: true
    }
  }
} << {
  replace_all_shapes_with_image: {
    image_url:      customer_graphic_url,
    replace_method: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
    contains_text:  {
      text:       '{{customer-graphic}}',
      match_case: true
    }
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(
  presentation_copy_id,
  req
)

# Count the number of replacements made.
num_replacements = 0
response.replies.each do |reply|
  num_replacements += reply.replace_all_shapes_with_image.occurrences_changed
end
puts "Created presentation for #{customer_name} with ID: #{presentation_copy_id}"
puts "Replaced #{num_replacements} shapes with images"

替换特定文本框或图片实例

replaceAllTextreplaceAllShapesWithImage 请求对于替换整个演示文稿中的标记非常有用,但有时您只需根据其他条件(例如位于特定幻灯片上)替换元素。

在这些情况下,您必须检索要替换的标记形状的 ID。如需替换文本,请删除这些形状中的现有文本,然后插入新文本(请参阅在指定形状中修改文本示例)。

图像替换则较为复杂。如需在图片中进行合并,您需要:

  1. 获取标记形状的 ID。
  2. 从代码中复制尺寸和转换信息。
  3. 使用大小和转换信息将图片添加到页面。
  4. 删除标记形状。

在保持图片的宽高比的同时将图片缩放到所需大小时,可能需要谨慎操作,如以下部分所述。另请参阅此示例:将形状标记替换为图片

保持宽高比

使用幻灯片 API 创建图片时,宽高比仅取决于图片大小,而不是大小和转换数据。系统会将您在 createImage 请求中提供的尺寸数据视为图片的所需尺寸。API 根据所需的大小调整图片的宽高比,然后应用提供的转换。

将标记替换为图片时,您可以通过按如下方式设置图片的尺寸和缩放比例来保持图片的宽高比:

  • width:设为代码的 widthscaleX 的乘积
  • height:设置为代码的 heightscaleY 的乘积
  • scale_x:设置为 1
  • scale_y:设置为 1

这样,Slides API 会根据标记的视觉大小(而不是未缩放后的大小)调整图片的宽高比(请参阅将形状标记替换为图片)。将缩放参数设置为 1 可防止图片被缩放两次。

这种安排可确保图片宽高比不变,并防止图片超出标记形状的大小。该图片与标记形状具有相同的中心点。

管理模板

对于应用定义并拥有的模板演示文稿,请使用表示应用的专用帐号创建模板。 使用服务帐号是一个不错的选择,可以避免限制共享的 Google Workspace 政策的复杂性。

通过模板创建演示文稿的实例时,请始终使用最终用户凭据。这样,用户就可以完全控制生成的呈现形式,并防止出现与 Google 云端硬盘中每位用户限制相关的扩缩问题。

要使用服务帐号创建模板,请使用应用凭据执行以下步骤:

  1. 使用幻灯片 API 中的 presentations.create 创建演示文稿。
  2. 更新权限以允许演示文稿收件人使用 Drive API 中的 permissions.create 读取演示文稿。
  3. 更新权限,允许模板作者使用 Drive API 中的 permissions.create 对其进行写入操作。
  4. 根据需要修改模板。

如需创建演示文稿的实例,请使用用户凭据执行以下步骤:

  1. 在 Drive API 中使用 files.copy 创建模板的副本。
  2. 在幻灯片 API 中使用 presentation.batchUpdate 替换值。