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Hello Analytics API: Java quickstart for installed applications

This tutorial walks through the steps required to access a Google Analytics account, query the Analytics APIs, handle the API responses, and output the results. The Core Reporting API v3.0, Management API v3.0, and OAuth2.0 are used in this tutorial.

Step 1: Enable the Analytics API

To get started using Google Analytics API, you need to first use the setup tool, which guides you through creating a project in the Google API Console, enabling the API, and creating credentials.

Create a client ID

From the Credentials page:

  1. Click Create Credentials and select OAuth client ID.
  2. Select Other for APPLICATION TYPE.
  3. Name the credential.
  4. Click Create.

Select the credential you just created and click Download JSON. Save the downloaded file as client_secrets.json; you need it later in the tutorial.

Step 2: Install the Google Client Library

To install the Google Analytics API Java Client, you must download a zip file containing all of the jars you need to extract and copy into your Java classpath.

  1. Download the Google Analytics Java client library, which is bundled as a ZIP file with all the required dependencies.
  2. Extract the ZIP file
  3. Add all of the JARs within the libs directory to your classpath.
  4. Add the google-api-services-analytics-v3-[version].jar jar to your classpath.

Step 3: Setup the sample

You'll need to create a single file named HelloAnalytics.java, which will contain the given sample code.

  1. Copy or download the following source code to HelloAnalytics.java.
  2. Move the previously downloaded client_secrets.json within the same directory as the sample code.
import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.Credential;
import com.google.api.client.extensions.java6.auth.oauth2.AuthorizationCodeInstalledApp;
import com.google.api.client.extensions.jetty.auth.oauth2.LocalServerReceiver;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleClientSecrets;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.JsonFactory;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.client.util.store.FileDataStoreFactory;
import com.google.api.services.analytics.Analytics;
import com.google.api.services.analytics.AnalyticsScopes;
import com.google.api.services.analytics.model.Accounts;
import com.google.api.services.analytics.model.GaData;
import com.google.api.services.analytics.model.Profiles;
import com.google.api.services.analytics.model.Webproperties;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;


/**
 * A simple example of how to access the Google Analytics API.
 */
public class HelloAnalytics {
  // Path to client_secrets.json file downloaded from the Developer's Console.
  // The path is relative to HelloAnalytics.java.
  private static final String CLIENT_SECRET_JSON_RESOURCE = "client_secrets.json";

  // The directory where the user's credentials will be stored.
  private static final File DATA_STORE_DIR = new File(
      System.getProperty("user.home"), ".store/hello_analytics");

  private static final String APPLICATION_NAME = "Hello Analytics";
  private static final JsonFactory JSON_FACTORY = GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  private static NetHttpTransport httpTransport;
  private static FileDataStoreFactory dataStoreFactory;

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
      Analytics analytics = initializeAnalytics();
      String profile = getFirstProfileId(analytics);
      printResults(getResults(analytics, profile));
    } catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }

  private static Analytics initializeAnalytics() throws Exception {

    httpTransport = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
    dataStoreFactory = new FileDataStoreFactory(DATA_STORE_DIR);

    // Load client secrets.
    GoogleClientSecrets clientSecrets = GoogleClientSecrets.load(JSON_FACTORY,
        new InputStreamReader(HelloAnalytics.class
            .getResourceAsStream(CLIENT_SECRET_JSON_RESOURCE)));

    // Set up authorization code flow for all auth scopes.
    GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow flow = new GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow
        .Builder(httpTransport, JSON_FACTORY, clientSecrets,
        AnalyticsScopes.all()).setDataStoreFactory(dataStoreFactory)
        .build();

    // Authorize.
    Credential credential = new AuthorizationCodeInstalledApp(flow,
        new LocalServerReceiver()).authorize("user");

    // Construct the Analytics service object.
    return new Analytics.Builder(httpTransport, JSON_FACTORY, credential)
        .setApplicationName(APPLICATION_NAME).build();
  }

  private static String getFirstProfileId(Analytics analytics) throws IOException {
    // Get the first view (profile) ID for the authorized user.
    String profileId = null;

    // Query for the list of all accounts associated with the service account.
    Accounts accounts = analytics.management().accounts().list().execute();

    if (accounts.getItems().isEmpty()) {
      System.err.println("No accounts found");
    } else {
      String firstAccountId = accounts.getItems().get(0).getId();

      // Query for the list of properties associated with the first account.
      Webproperties properties = analytics.management().webproperties()
          .list(firstAccountId).execute();

      if (properties.getItems().isEmpty()) {
        System.err.println("No properties found");
      } else {
        String firstWebpropertyId = properties.getItems().get(0).getId();

        // Query for the list views (profiles) associated with the property.
        Profiles profiles = analytics.management().profiles()
            .list(firstAccountId, firstWebpropertyId).execute();

        if (profiles.getItems().isEmpty()) {
          System.err.println("No views (profiles) found");
        } else {
          // Return the first (view) profile associated with the property.
          profileId = profiles.getItems().get(0).getId();
        }
      }
    }
    return profileId;
  }

  private static GaData getResults(Analytics analytics, String profileId) throws IOException {
    // Query the Core Reporting API for the number of sessions
    // in the past seven days.
    return analytics.data().ga()
        .get("ga:" + profileId, "7daysAgo", "today", "ga:sessions")
        .execute();
  }

  private static void printResults(GaData results) {
    // Parse the response from the Core Reporting API for
    // the profile name and number of sessions.
    if (results != null && !results.getRows().isEmpty()) {
      System.out.println("View (Profile) Name: "
        + results.getProfileInfo().getProfileName());
      System.out.println("Total Sessions: " + results.getRows().get(0).get(0));
    } else {
      System.out.println("No results found");
    }
  }
}

Step 4: Run the sample

After you have enabled the Analytics API, installed the Google APIs client library for Java, and set up the sample source code the sample is ready to run.

If you're using an IDE, make sure you have a default run target set to the HelloAnalytics class.

  1. The application will load the authorization page in a browser.
  2. If you are not already logged into your Google account, you will be prompted to log in. If you are logged into multiple Google accounts, you will be asked to select one account to use for the authorization.

When you finish these steps, the sample outputs the name of the authorized user's first Google Analytics view (profile) and the number of sessions for the last seven days.

With the authorized Analytics service object you can now run any of code samples found in the Management API reference docs. For example you could try changing the code to use the accountSummaries.list method.