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User Activity API

The User Activity API allows a Google Analytics property owner to retrieve all analytics measurement data associated with a single user. Specifically, the API retrieves all of the measurement data associated with a particular User ID or Client ID.

Making a User Activity Request

To make a User Activity Request, construct a request object with the following fields:

  1. The Client ID or User ID associated with the user

  2. An Analytics View ID containing the data associated with the user.

  3. While not required, you will probably need a date range for the data you're interested in. By default, the API lists user activity for the past week.

Sample Request

POST https://analyticsreporting.googleapis.com/v4/userActivity:search

{
    "viewId": "9999999",
    "user": {
        "type": "CLIENT_ID",
        "userId": "1034600000.76425000000"
    },
    "dateRange": {
        "startDate": "2018-01-01",
        "endDate": "2018-12-31",
    }
}

Sample Response

{
    "sessions": [{
        "sessionId": "1539184430",
        "deviceCategory": "desktop",
        "platform": "Windows",
        "dataSource": "web",
        "sessionDate": "2018-10-10"
        "activities": [{
            "activityTime": "2018-10-10T08:13:50.555105Z",
            "source": "(direct)",
            "medium": "(none)",
            "channelGrouping": "Direct",
            "campaign": "(not set)",
            "keyword": "(not set)",
            "hostname": "shop.googlemerchandisestore.com",
            "landingPagePath": "/gpsmap",
            "activityType": "PAGEVIEW",
            "customDimension": [{
                "index": 1,
                "value": "(not set)"
            }, ...]
        }, ...]
    }, ...]
    "totalRows": 1000,
    "nextPageToken": "A6JGY3",
    "sampleRate": 1
}

Sessions and Activities

User activity data is grouped by session. Each session contains general information about the session, such as session ID and date, as well as a list of user activities for that session. The user activities in a session consist of every "hit" for which the user was responsible; this includes things like pageviews, ecommerce events, and custom events sent via gtag(...) or ga(...).

Pagination

The User Activity API uses pagination to break up large data sets into multiple requests and responses. However, because the data returned by the API is structured hierarchically, some special considerations need to be taken by the developer in order to correctly collate the data.

The basic "row" type for the purpose of pagination is the Activity. Because User Data is grouped by session, this means that a page boundary can occur inside of a session, and that session can have can have activities spanning multiple pages.

Sample Data

For demonstration purposes, we'll use the following sample data. In this example, the user interacted with the site in 6 sessions over the course of 3 days.

Date Session ID Event Label Time
2018-11-23 1 A 10:26
2018-11-23 1 B 10:32
2018-11-23 1 C 10:39
2018-11-23 2 A 18:04
2018-11-23 2 B 18:11
2018-11-23 2 C 18:26
2018-11-24 3 A 11:26
2018-11-24 3 B 11:29
2018-11-24 3 C 11:39
2018-11-24 3 D 11:42
2018-11-24 4 A 23:50
2018-11-24 4 B 23:54
2018-11-25 5 C 00:02
2018-11-25 5 D 00:13
2018-11-25 6 A 13:01
2018-11-25 6 B 13:09
2018-11-25 6 C 13:12
2018-11-25 6 D 13:23

Single Page

If you make a user activity request with a pageSize of at least 18, the data will all be delivered in a single page, and will look something like this:

POST https://analyticsreporting.googleapis.com/v4/userActivity:search

{
    "viewId": "9999999",
    "user": {
        "type": "CLIENT_ID",
        "userId": "1034600000.76425000000",
    },
    "dateRange": {
        "startDate": "2018-11-20",
        "endDate": "2018-11-30",
    },
    "pageSize": 100,
}
{
    "totalRows": 18,
    "sessions": [{
            "sessionId": "1",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-23",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T10:26:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T10:32:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T10:39:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "2",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-23",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T18:04:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T18:11:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T18:26:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "3",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-24",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:26:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:29:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:39:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:42:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "D"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "4",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-24",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T23:50:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T23:54:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "5",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-25",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T00:01:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T00:13:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "D"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "6",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-25",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T13:01:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T13:09:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T10:12:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T10:23:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "D"}
                }]
        }]
}

Multiple Pages

However, if your page size is 5, then this data will be broken up into 4 response pages:

DateSession IDEvent LabelTime
Page 1:
2018-11-231A10:26
2018-11-231B10:32
2018-11-231C10:39
2018-11-232A18:04
2018-11-232B18:11
Page 2:
2018-11-232C18:26
2018-11-243A11:26
2018-11-243B11:29
2018-11-243C11:39
2018-11-243D11:42
Page 3:
2018-11-244A23:50
2018-11-244B23:54
2018-11-255C00:02
2018-11-255D00:13
2018-11-256A13:01
Page 4:
2018-11-256B13:09
2018-11-256C13:12
2018-11-256D13:23

Notice that session 2 is broken up across the first and second pages, and that the 2 sessions on November 24 are broken up across the second and third pages. The responses will look something like this:

{
    "totalRows": 18,
    "nextPageToken": "UGMGQS",
    "sessions": [{
            "sessionId": "1",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-23",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T10:26:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T10:32:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T10:39:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "2",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-23",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T18:04:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T18:11:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }]
        }]
}
{
    "totalRows": 18,
    "nextPageToken": "1FKOME",
    "sessions": [{
            "sessionId": "2",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-23",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-23T18:26:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "3",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-24",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:26:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:29:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:39:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T11:42:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "D"}
                }]
        }]
}
{
    "totalRows": 18,
    "nextPageToken": "7S77H6",
    "sessions": [{
            "sessionId": "4",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-24",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T23:50:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-24T23:54:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "5",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-25",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T00:01:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T00:13:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "D"}
                }]
        }, {
            "sessionId": "6",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-25",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T13:01:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "A"}
                }]
        }]
}
{
    "totalRows": 18,
    "sessions": [{
            "sessionId": "6",
            "sessionDate": "2018-11-25",
            "activities": [{
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T13:09:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "B"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T10:12:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "C"}
                }, {
                    "activityTime": "2018-11-25T10:23:00",
                    "event": {"eventLabel": "D"}
                }]
        }]
}

Data Sampling

If a client has accumulated a huge amount of data for the requested date range, the API may return only a sampled subset of activities. When this happens, the sampleRate field will indicate what fraction of the user's activities were returned.

How data is sampled

The user data is sampled at the activity level. For instance, with a sampling rate of 50% (0.5), half of the user's activities will be present in the response.

These sampled activities are selected arbitrarily; the API does not provide any guarantees about random sampling, nor that the sampling is proportional across activities for the given date range.

Prevent data sampling

Because this API treats a session as simply a collection of activities, any sessions for which no activities appear in the sampled set will not appear in the response. If you require a comprehensive list of sessions or activities, make follow-up requests with smaller date ranges.

For example, if you request data from 2018-01-01 to 2018-12-31, and the response indicates a sampling rate of 0.25, divide the requested date range into 4 parts, such that each part will hopefully contain about a quarter of the original data:

  • 2018-01-01 to 2018-03-31
  • 2018-04-01 to 2018-06-30
  • 2018-07-01 to 2018-09-30
  • 2018-10-01 to 2018-12-31