Data Layer: Polygon

This example uses the Data layer to create a polygon with two internal holes. If you don't use the data layer to create an inner hole, you must define a path wound in the opposite direction to the outer path as shown in this alternative.

Read the documentation.

TypeScript

// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
// to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.

function initMap(): void {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      zoom: 6,
      center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 },
    }
  );

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.
  const outerCoords = [
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 }, // north west
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 }, // south west
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 }, // south east
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 }, // north east
  ];

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.
  const innerCoords1 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 },
  ];

  // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.
  const innerCoords2 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 },
  ];

  map.data.add({
    geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
      outerCoords,
      innerCoords1,
      innerCoords2,
    ]),
  });
}

JavaScript

// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
// to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.
function initMap() {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    zoom: 6,
    center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 },
  });
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.
  const outerCoords = [
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 },
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 },
    { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 },
    { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 },
  ];
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.
  const innerCoords1 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 },
  ];
  // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.
  const innerCoords2 = [
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 },
    { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 },
    { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 },
  ];
  map.data.add({
    geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
      outerCoords,
      innerCoords1,
      innerCoords2,
    ]),
  });
}

CSS

/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}

/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Data Layer: Polygon</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./index.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>

    <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. -->
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      async
    ></script>
  </body>
</html>

All

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Data Layer: Polygon</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <style type="text/css">
      /* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
      #map {
        height: 100%;
      }

      /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
      html,
      body {
        height: 100%;
        margin: 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
    </style>
    <script>
      // This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer
      // to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it.
      function initMap() {
        const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
          zoom: 6,
          center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 },
        });
        // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path.
        const outerCoords = [
          { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 },
          { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 },
          { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 },
          { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 },
        ];
        // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path.
        const innerCoords1 = [
          { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 },
          { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 },
          { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 },
          { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 },
        ];
        // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path.
        const innerCoords2 = [
          { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 },
          { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 },
          { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 },
          { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 },
        ];
        map.data.add({
          geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([
            outerCoords,
            innerCoords1,
            innerCoords2,
          ]),
        });
      }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="map"></div>

    <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. -->
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly"
      async
    ></script>
  </body>
</html>
// This example uses the Google Maps JavaScript API's Data layer // to create a rectangular polygon with 2 holes in it. function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { zoom: 6, center: { lat: -33.872, lng: 151.252 }, }); // Define the LatLng coordinates for the outer path. const outerCoords = [ { lat: -32.364, lng: 153.207 }, { lat: -35.364, lng: 153.207 }, { lat: -35.364, lng: 158.207 }, { lat: -32.364, lng: 158.207 }, ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for an inner path. const innerCoords1 = [ { lat: -33.364, lng: 154.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 154.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 155.207 }, { lat: -33.364, lng: 155.207 }, ]; // Define the LatLng coordinates for another inner path. const innerCoords2 = [ { lat: -33.364, lng: 156.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 156.207 }, { lat: -34.364, lng: 157.207 }, { lat: -33.364, lng: 157.207 }, ]; map.data.add({ geometry: new google.maps.Data.Polygon([ outerCoords, innerCoords1, innerCoords2, ]), }); }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Data Layer: Polygon</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div id="map"></div> <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. --> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyBIwzALxUPNbatRBj3Xi1Uhp0fFzwWNBkE&callback=initMap&libraries=&v=weekly" async ></script> </body> </html>